Wolfgang Rabitsch

Wolfgang Rabitsch
Umweltbundesamt, Austria · Biodiversity and Nature Conservation

Dr

About

209
Publications
190,731
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11,962
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2005 - present
Umweltbundesamt, Austria
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (209)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Es wird für Deutschland die erste konsequent kriterienbasierte Bewertung der naturschutzfachlichen Invasivität von gebietsfremden terrestrischen Wirbellosen Arten (alle Gruppen außer Insekten) vorgelegt. Zusätzlich werden kommentierte Gesamtartenlisten aller in Deutschland wild lebend nachgewiesenen gebietsfremden terrestrischen Arten (Archäozoa un...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Es wird für Deutschland die erste konsequent kriterienbasierte Bewertung der naturschutzfachlichen Invasivität von gebietsfremden terrestrischen Arten aus den Gruppen der I. Moose, Flechten und II. Pilze vorgelegt. Zusätzlich werden kommentierte Gesamtartenlisten aller in Deutschland wild lebend nachgewiesenen gebietsfremden terrestrischen Moose, F...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Insekten sind die artenreichste Tiergruppe auf der Erde. Es ist derzeit rund eine Million Arten bekannt, das entspricht mehr als 60 % aller Tierarten. Sie sind formen- und farbenreich, haben eine Vielzahl an Ernährungs- und Verhaltensweisen hervorgebracht und sind für den Menschen von großer Bedeutung. Das sogenannte „Insektensterben“, ein dramatis...
Article
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The number of alien species arriving within new regions has increased at unprecedented rates. Managing the pathways through which alien species arrive and spread is important to reduce the threat of biological invasions. Harmonising information on pathways across individual sectors and user groups is therefore critical to underpin policy and action...
Article
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Managing the impacts of invasive alien species (IAS) is a great societal challenge. A wide variety of terms have been used to describe the management of invasive alien species and the sequence in which they might be applied. This variety and lack of consistency creates uncertainty in the presentation and description of management in policy, science...
Article
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The coypu ( Myocastor coypus ) is a semi-aquatic rodent native to South America which has become invasive in Europe and other parts of the world. Although recently listed as species of European Union concern in the EU Invasive Alien Species Regulation, an analysis of the current European occurrence and of its potential current and future distributi...
Article
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Understanding the likely future impacts of biological invasions is crucial yet highly challenging given the multiple relevant environmental, socio‐economic and societal contexts and drivers. In the absence of quantitative models, methods based on expert knowledge are the best option for assessing future invasion trajectories. Here, we present an ex...
Article
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Climate-driven range dynamics of species will interact with land use patterns that have reduced and fragmented habitat types needed for species’ survival. This interaction could either amplify or mitigate the threats to species from climate change, but has so far been little explored. Here, we investigate whether shifts of suitable areas under futu...
Article
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Increasing evidence—synthesized in this paper—shows that economic growth contributes to biodiversity loss via greater resource consumption and higher emissions. Nonetheless, a review of international biodiversity and sustainability policies shows that the majority advocate economic growth. Since improvements in resource use efficiency have so far n...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document aims to answer frequently asked questions (FAQs) on how the EU Invasive Alien Species Regulation (IAS Regulation) can support the implementation of the EU Habitats and Birds Directives (the Nature Directives) and vice versa. The document is aimed at the competent authorities responsible for implementing the IAS Regulation, and the com...
Article
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The Antarctic is considered to be a pristine environment relative to other regions of the Earth, but it is increasingly vulnerable to invasions by marine, freshwater and terrestrial non-native species. The Antarctic Peninsula region (APR), which encompasses the Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland Islands and South Orkney Islands, is by far the most...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Evidence-based assessments of the risks posed by invasive alien species (IAS) are critical to underpin policies and prioritise action. Over the last three years, a template for producing structured risk assessments has been developed and tested for thirty selected species spanning various taxonomic groups across marine, terrestrial and freshwater e...
Article
For many species, human-induced environmental changes are important indirect drivers of range expansion into new regions. We argue that it is important to distinguish the range dynamics of such species from those that occur without, or with less clear, involvement of human-induced environmental changes. We elucidate the salient features of the rapi...
Article
Disturbances have frequently been shown to increase the invasibility of plant communities. Harvesting, the most common and severe type of anthropogenic disturbance in forests, creates pulses of enhanced resource availability for alien plants and for native colonizers. However, it is unclear for how long initial changes in species composition of the...
Article
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The fifth insect camp of the Entomological Society of Austria (ESA) was conducted from April 27 to May 2, 2018. Many of the 39 participants were recognized experts on different arthropod groups. Fifty-seven localities within and nearby the Donau-Auen National Park were investigated, and a total of 1265 invertebrate species identified: 8 Collembola,...
Article
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Standardized tools are needed to identify and prioritize the most harmful non-native species (NNS). A plethora of assessment protocols have been developed to evaluate the current and potential impacts of non-native species, but consistency among them has received limited attention. To estimate the consistency across impact assessment protocols, 89...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Executive summary 1. The threat posed by escalating numbers of INNS to biodiversity, human health and the economy is a major concern for the UK Overseas Territories (OTs). Indeed it is estimated that there are at least 2,261 non-native species occurring across the OTs (Bermuda has the highest documented occurrences with 1,139 species recorded and t...
Article
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The European Union (EU) has recently published its first list of invasive alien species (IAS) of EU concern to which current legislation must apply. The list comprises species known to pose great threats to biodiversity and needs to be maintained and updated. Horizon scanning is seen as critical to identify the most threatening potential IAS that d...
Chapter
This paper summarises the results regarding aquatic invertebrates of a few excursions to the Vjosa in Albania, in the vicinity of the villages Poçem und Kutë. It mainly aims to document the status of one of the last free-flowing rivers in Europe, based on its aquatic communities prior to the realisation of the planned building of hydropower plants....
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No saturation in the introduction, acceleration of spread and the increasing impacts of alien species are a characteristic feature of the Anthropocene. Concomitantly, alien species affecting human health are supposed to increase, mainly due to increasing global trade and climate change. In this study, we assess challenges and solutions posed by suc...
Chapter
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There is mounting evidence that climate change will facilitate biological invasions. Regarding alien species relevant for human health, climate change can modify their impacts by altering the likelihood of their introduction, establishment, distribution and abundance, the scale of impacts and management. In this chapter, we summarize climate change...
Article
We present 180 species of true bugs (Insecta: Heteroptera) from the biogeographic regions „Oberes Weserbergland“, „Westhessisches Berg- und Senkenland“ and „Osthessisches Bergland”. All records have been obtained in August 2017 within the framework of the 43rd meeting of the “Working group of the Central European Heteropterists” held in Hofgeismar...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Nach Artikel 13 Abs. 1 der EU-VO muss jeder Mitgliedstaat bis Anfang 2018 eine Untersuchung und Priorisierung der nicht vorsätzlichen Pfade der Einbringung und Ausbreitung der Arten der Unionsliste für sein Hoheitsgebiet vorlegen. Als Priorisierungskriterien werden in der EU-VO das Artenvolumen oder der potenzielle Schaden vorgeschlagen. In der vor...
Article
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Terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems are connected via multiple biophysical and ecological processes. Identifying and quantifying links among ecosystems is necessary for the uptake of integrated conservation actions across realms. Such actions are particularly important for species using habitats in more than one realm during their daily...
Article
Human activities such as the transport of species to new regions and modifications of the environment are increasingly reshaping the distribution of biota. Accordingly, developing robust, repeatable, and consistent definitions of alien species that serve scientific and policy purposes has become of prime importance. We provide a set of classificati...
Article
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Biological invasions threaten biodiversity in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems, requiring substantial conservation and management efforts. To examine how the conservation planning literature addresses biological invasions and if planning in the marine environment could benefit from experiences in the freshwater and terrestrial systems,...
Article
Zur Umsetzung der Verordnung (EU) Nr. 1143/2014 ist es notwendig, die wichtigsten Pfade der nicht vorsätzlichen Einbringung und Ausbreitung der Arten auf der so genannten „Unionsliste“ für Deutschland zu identifizieren. Auf Grundlage des standardisierten Pfad-Klassifikationsschemas des Übereinkommens über die biologische Vielfalt (CBD) wurden im vo...
Chapter
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Everything you wanted to know about Nezara viridula (Heteroptera)
Article
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Our ability to predict the identity of future invasive alien species is largely based upon knowledge of prior invasion history. Emerging alien species-those never encountered as aliens before-therefore pose a significant challenge to biosecurity interventions worldwide. Understanding their temporal trends, origins, and the drivers of their spread i...
Article
1. Many alien taxa are known to cause socio-economic impacts by affecting the different constituents of human well-being (security; material and non-material assets; health; social, spiritual and cultural relations; freedom of choice and action). Attempts to quantify socio-economic impacts in monetary terms are unlikely to provide a useful basis fo...
Article
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Background: Alien species are frequently considered a serious environmental threat but negative impacts on human health through injury, allergy, or as vectors of disease sometimes have the most dire consequences for human livelihoods. Climate change and the increasing magnitude and frequency of introductions of species across geographic barriers as...
Article
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True Bugs recorded during the 42nd meeting of “Arbeitsgruppe Mitteleuropäischer Heteropterologen” at Zwieseler Winkel, Nationalpark Bayerischer Wald (19.–21. 8.2016) – with remarks on cicadas, beetles and ants. In total, 130 Heteroptera species were recorded during the conference, including pre- and post-conference excursions; 115 of these within...
Article
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Rapid climatic changes and increasing human influence at high elevations around the world will have profound impacts on mountain biodiversity. However, forecasts from statistical models (e.g. species distribution models) rarely consider that plant community changes could substantially lag behind climatic changes, hindering our ability to make tempo...
Article
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Anthropogenic habitat fragmentation represents a major obstacle to species shifting their range in response to climate change. Conservation measures to increase the (meta-)population capacity and permeability of landscapes may help but the effectiveness of such measures in a warming climate has rarely been evaluated. Here, we simulate range dynamic...
Article
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1. Effective prevention and control of invasive species generally relies on a comprehensive , coherent and representative list of species that enables resources to be used optimally. European Union (EU) Regulation 1143/2014 on invasive alien species (IAS) aims to control or eradicate priority species, and to manage pathways to prevent the introduct...
Article
Full-text available
Biological invasions are a threat to biodiversity, society and the economy. There is an urgent need to provide evidence-based assessments of the risks posed by invasive alien species (IAS) to prioritise action. Risk assessments underpin IAS policies in many ways: informing legislation; providing justification of restrictions in trade or consumer ac...
Book
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Features: • Presents a brief history of past classifications, a summary of present classification, and speculation on how the classification may evolve in the future • Includes keys for the identification of families and subfamilies of the Pentatomoidea and for the tribes in the Pentatomidae • Explains transmission of plant pathogens and concepts o...
Article
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According to the Convention on Biological Diversity, by 2020 invasive alien species (IAS) should be identified and their impacts assessed, so that species can be prioritized for implementation of appropriate control strategies and measures put in place to manage invasion pathways. For one quarter of the IAS listed as the “100 of the world's worst”...
Article
The ambush bugs (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Phymatinae) are a diverse clade of predators known for their cryptic hunting behavior and morphologically diverse raptorial forelegs. Despite their striking appearance, role as pollinator predators, and intriguing biogeographic distribution, phylogenetic relationships within Phymatinae are largely unknown a...
Article
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Hemiptera records gained in July 2015 in course of the 7 th European Hemiptera Congress in Styria are presented. In total, 144 Auchenorrhyncha, 143 Heteroptera, 13 Psylloidea and 2 Aphididae species were collected. Ribautodelphax imitans (Delphacidae), Eurhadina saageri (Cicadellidae), Notonecta maculata (Notonectidae), Notonecta meridionalis (Noto...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Es wird für Deutschland die erste konsequent kriterienbasierte Bewertung der naturschutzfachlichen Invasivität von gebietsfremden aquatischen Arten aus den Gruppen der Pilze, Niederen Pflanzen und Wirbellosen Tiere vorgelegt. Zusätzlich werden kommentierte Gesamtartenlisten aller in Deutschland wild lebend nachgewiesenen gebietsfremden aquatischen...
Chapter
Full-text available
Case histories of aquatic non-indigenous and cryptogenic species [in German]
Chapter
Globalisation has led to unprecedented changes in the distribution and incidence of human diseases. Pathogens, animal vectors, and reservoir species have been unintentionally displaced across natural geographic boundaries, resulting in serious human suffering and enormous economic costs. Non-native diseases can also threaten ecosystems and put ecos...
Chapter
The observational evidence on non-native plants, mammals, reptiles, fish, mollusks earthworms, and insects as drivers of population declines or extinctions of native taxa suggests that non-native predators are far more likely to cause the extinction of native species than non-native competitors. Notable examples of such taxa include non-native vert...
Article
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Although research on human-mediated exchanges of species has substantially intensified during the last centuries, we know surprisingly little about temporal dynamics of alien species accumulations across regions and taxa. Using a novel database of 45,813 first records of 16,926 established alien species, we show that the annual rate of first record...
Data
Supplementary Figures 1-12, Supplementary Tables 1-2, Supplementary Note 1 and Supplementary References
Article
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Aim Effective policy and management responses to the multiple threats posed by invasive alien species (IAS) rely on the ability to assess their impacts before conclusive empirical evidence is available. A plethora of different IAS risk and/ or impact assessment protocols have been proposed, but it remains unclear whether, how and why the outcomes o...
Article
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Prioritization of introduction pathways is seen as an important component of the management of biological invasions. We address whether established alien plants, mammals, freshwater fish and terrestrial invertebrates with known ecological impacts are associated with particular introduction pathways (release, escape, contaminant, stowaway, corridor...
Article
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Die Koralpe (Steirisches Randgebirge, höchste Erhebung: Großer Speikkogel mit 2.140 m) ist hinsichtlich ihrer Endemitenfauna und-ora eines der bedeutendsten Biodiversitäts-zentren des Ostalpenraumes. Vom Koralpenmassiv sind insgesamt 111 für das österreichische Bundesgebiet endemische und subendemische Tier-und 20 PPanzenarten nachgewiesen. Die Tie...
Article
Biological invasions cause many impacts that differ widely in how they are perceived. We argue that many conflicts in the valuation of the impacts of alien species are attributable to differences in the framing of the issue and implicit assumptions—such conflicts are often not acknowledged. We present 13 principles that can help guide valuation and...
Article
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The question whether taxonomic descriptions naming new animal species without type specimen(s) deposited in collections should be accepted for publication by scientific journals and allowed by the Code has already been discussed in Zootaxa (Dubois & Nemésio 2007; Donegan 2008, 2009; Nemésio 2009a–b; Dubois 2009; Gentile & Snell 2009; Minelli 2009;...
Data
This plot is not part of the published stance but derives from it. The plot shows the number of authors by geographic region (courtesy of Dr. Diego Astua).
Article
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The European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN) aims to facilitate the exploration of alien species information in Europe, and is recognized as the information system supporting European Union Member States in the implementation of the recently published Invasive Alien Species Regulation. In this paper, we present the role and activities of...
Article
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Background Alien species are severely impacting the environment, public health and socioeconomy at a global scale. Their management is thus of crucial importance and the subject of intensive research efforts. Common ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. is an alien species with negative impacts on agriculture, human health and biodiversity. It is a hi...