Winston Maxwell

Winston Maxwell
Télécom ParisTech · Department of social sciences


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Publications (49)
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The recent enthusiasm for artificial intelligence (AI) is due principally to advances in deep learning. Deep learning methods are remarkably accurate, but also opaque, which limits their potential use in safety-critical applications. To achieve trust and accountability, designers and operators of machine learning algorithms must be able to explain...
Many firms, including those that do not regard of themselves as traditional ‘tech’ firms, consider the prospect of artificial intelligence (AI) both an intriguing possibility and a potential new area of risk for their businesses. The application of existing AI technologies raises significant new issues in some of the most fundamental areas of law,...
Regulators increasingly ask Internet intermediaries to limit access to harmful content. These actions can create negative externalities that are not fully taken into account when the regulatory decision is adopted. Drawing on law and economics literature on better regulation and cost-benefit analyses, the thesis proposes a system to help regulators...
How to regulate digital platforms in Europe? The success of digital platforms, which play a role both constructive and destructive in certain sectors of the economy, has aroused societal, political and economic concerns. In Europe as in France, the question of regulating platforms is on the agenda. Though recognizing the problems stemming from powe...
textbox> Key Points This article reviews the concept of fair processing under US and EU laws, highlighting the Federal Trade Commission's cost–benefit analysis and comparing it with the European approach. The article examines how ‘fairness’ in the privacy field would be approached from a law and economics standpoint, highlighting the difficulties...
The term "technology neutrality" (or "technological neutrality") is a principle of good regulation in Internet, telecoms and data protection regulation. Yet the term has several distinct meanings: • Meaning 1: technology neutrality means that technical standards designed to limit negative externalities (eg. radio interference, pollution, safety) s...
Countries around the world are debating ways to better limit online copyright infringement ("OCI") without unduly harming Internet freedoms. Courts and policymakers have focused so far on the substantive rights that must be balanced before implementing any measure to limit OCI: Are users' privacy rights preserved? Will the mechanism hurt freedom of...
In August 2008, the FCC found that Comcast's restrictions on peer-to-peer upload transmissions were unreasonably discriminatory, arbitrarily targeted a particular application, and deprived consumers of their rights to run Internet applications and use services of their choice. The Comcast ruling represents a significant change in the FCC's directio...
Network neutrality refers to a policy principle regarding access for online content and service providers to broadband infrastructures. It implies a general and ex ante obligation of non-discrimination for network operators when granting access to providers of online services, with the aim of excluding practices such as blocking access to non-affil...


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