Wim Vanhaverbeke

Wim Vanhaverbeke
University of Antwerp | UA · Department of Management

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About

244
Publications
309,832
Reads
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16,291
Citations
Introduction
Wim Vanhaverbeke is professor Digital Innovation and Entrepreneurship at the Surrey Business School. He is Co-Editor-in-Chief of Technovation and published in several international journals and books about open innovation and innovation ecosystems. He is currently working on digital transformation and the innovation ecosystems companies need to succeed. He has been recognized by IAMOT as one of the world's top 50 authors in innov. & technology management.
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
University of Surrey
Position
  • Professor
February 2019 - June 2019
NEOMA Business School
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Professor Strategy and entrepreneurship
February 2019 - December 2020
Hasselt University
Position
  • Professor
Education
November 1990 - December 1995
IESE (Barcelona) - Universidad de Navarra
Field of study
  • Innovation management

Publications

Publications (244)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Innovation ecosystems have not been defined univocally. The authors compare the different approaches to innovation ecosystems in the literature, the link with open innovation, the value creating and value capturing processes in innovation ecosystems, and the need to orchestrate them properly. In this way, the purpose of this paper is to pro...
Article
Full-text available
Embracing outside-in open innovation (OI) can result in a plethora of organizational advantages, including improved innovation performance. Although some studies have found that outside-in OI improves innovation performance, while others have shown that it has no effect or even a negative effect. This mixed empirical evidence leads to a need to unp...
Article
Although Open Innovation (OI) may be a source of opportunities for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), it also represents risks. How SMEs manage the balance between potential benefits and associated risks remains an overlooked topic in the literature. In parallel, recognizing the need for a more fine-grained level of analysis, we introduce the con...
Article
Full-text available
While creating value in open innovation (OI) requires knowledge sharing, appropriating value in OI entails some closedness and protectiveness. Hence, tensions between generating and appropriating value, known as the paradox of openness, may emerge in OI collaborations. Such tensions have been scarcely explored at the micro-level, even though it is...
Article
Full-text available
To be competitive, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) need to transform their business models. To overcome the liability of smallness, SMEs often need to collaborate with external partners—implement open innovation. The complex processes behind business model transformation and open innovation combined remain unexplored. Linking the literatu...
Article
Full-text available
The International Journal of Technological Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Technology Management (Technovation) is a flagship journal in the fields of management and technological innovation. This renowned position is largely a result of academic interest, as demonstrated by the large number of citations received from other prestigious journals, a...
Article
Digital technologies have the potential to transform healthcare, but newly emerging ecosystems in this sector also face considerable challenges. Based on three in-depth case studies of digital technology applications that can transform healthcare, we provide managerial recommendations to help overcome these challenges. First, scaling in healthcare...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to introduce the value proposition and structure of the business ecosystem of peer-to-peer electricity trading through a future oriented approach. Design/Methodology/Approach: This study follows a qualitative approach. It conducts conceptual analyses by utilizing previously validated tools in similar contexts....
Article
Embracing business-to-business open innovation (B2B OI) can enable firms to remain competitive in an increasingly saturated business environment. Whilst B2B OI is generally undertaken to serve the needs of a specific innovation project, previous research has mainly studied it from the firm-level perspective. Accordingly, the number of project-level...
Article
In a highly competitive business environment, firms are increasingly opening up to external partners and gathering their knowledge to improve internal innovation processes. Although researchers have found that outside-in open innovation (OI) has a multitude of positive outcomes (e.g., improved innovation performance), few have studied its anteceden...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to elevate the current understanding of value creation and value capture tensions that emerge in open innovation projects and of their potential solutions. In contrast with prior studies that often suggest specific solutions to individual tensions, our study takes an integrative approach by considering complex (bundles of) tensions...
Chapter
Innovation becomes one of the important tools to enhance innovation management of companies and for successful innovation results knowledge management and open innovation approaches have been recommended. The knowledge is one of the key inputs for innovation and therefore the managing the knowledge is crucial. Open innovation urges companies to col...
Article
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This study explores how organizations in innovation ecosystems co-create and capture value and what types of challenges they face in creating and capturing value. Based on a multiple case study, the authors show that organizations in nano-electronics establish innovation ecosystems to access not only knowledge and technology, but also other complem...
Article
Full-text available
Recent literature on open innovation (OI) highlights the need for studies regarding the factors that influence firms to switch from a closed to an OI strategy. At the same time, stakeholder literature points out the scarcity of knowledge regarding antecedent factors fostering collaboration with the firm’s stakeholders and their engagement for highe...
Conference Paper
Climate change, a grand challenge of our time is threatening to be a runaway problem. Solutions for climate change would require coupling of technological and social innovation. Such coupling can be enabled by open innovation for unlocking new frontiers of climate solutions. In this symposium we will discuss how open innovation may usher a new para...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose-Boundary-spanning exploration through establishing alliances is an effective strategy to explore technologies beyond local search in innovating firms. The purpose of this paper is to argue that it is useful to make a distinction in boundary-spanning exploration between what a firm learns from its alliance partners (explorative learning from...
Chapter
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Article
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Open innovation strategies in large firms have been changing considerably during the last 15 years. Some multinationals are now taking a long-term, strategic approach to Open innovation, thereby actively developing a regionally bounded innovation ecosystem. This approach goes beyond the tradition of open innovation, which emphasized the opening of...
Preprint
p>Companies can create value by effectively applying and managing open business models. In order to understand the full potential of open business models, we suggest broadening the concept beyond Chesbrough’s original idea, which is predominantly defined in an open innovation context that limits its full potential to be applied in other contexts. W...
Preprint
Full-text available
Companies can create value by effectively applying and managing open business models. In order to understand the full potential of open business models, we suggest broadening the concept beyond Chesbrough’s original idea, which is predominantly defined in an open innovation context that limits its full potential to be applied in other contexts. We...
Article
Full-text available
We extend the Profit from Innovation (PFI) framework (Teece, 1986) by combining it with open innovation insights: we explore when and how managers make the transition between closed and open innovation, and how they use appropriation (formal and informal defense mechanisms) and project strategies to capture the value generated from the innovation a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
https://www.iveycases.com/ProductView.aspx?id=96841In 2007, the owner and director of marketing and research and development at Jaga was preparing for a meeting. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the future of the Belgian company’s Uchronia project (an online community and playground for creativity and product development). Over the previou...
Technical Report
Full-text available
https://www.iveycases.com/ProductView.aspx?id=96843 Jaga suffered negative economic effects from the 2008 financial crisis. As the crisis persisted in 2011, management planned to substantially reduce the number of employees, but the founder instead chose to fire half of the management team and reorganize the company. Although this decision was cons...
Article
Full-text available
Economic development initiatives in Tanzania recognise the importance of enterprises in the country’s economy. Similarly, rural entrepreneurship has the potential to stimulate the rural economy. The promotion of rural entrepreneurship can help to fulfil that potential, with creation of value for customers as one of the promotion initiatives. Instit...
Article
Full-text available
Beekeeping is a long established economic activity in Tanzania. It contributes to the national economy by generating some US$ 19 million per annum and employing more than million per annum and employing more than two million people. Beekeeping produces food and medicines, makes a significant contribution to bio-diversity , and encourages agricultur...
Chapter
Full-text available
Open Innovation involves multiple parties to succeed in collaborative innovation. We propose to create a temporary form for collaboration during the innovation process: e.g., a project consortium, a (public-private) partnership, a network or any other (informal) type of collaboration. This collaboration then becomes the vehicle for the first steps...
Chapter
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Industrial innovation processes are becoming more open. The large, vertically integrated R&D laboratory systems of the 20th century are giving way to more vertically disintegrated networks of innovation that connect numerous companies into ecosystems. Since innovation policy ultimately rests on the activities and initiatives of the private sector,...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides a systematic review of the open innovation (OI) research carried out within the context of small and mediumsized enterprises (SMEs). The chapter should provide an accurate understanding of current literature about OI in SMEs, and it elaborates many future research avenues. The recent increase in the number of publications in t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Firms need to innovate and develop dynamic capabilities to create a sustainable competitive advantage. Due to this pressure, firms in high-tech industries invest a high percentage of their revenues in innovation. Despite the vast number of innovation success stories, only one in five innovation projects reach the market. It is important to understa...
Article
Full-text available
Beekeeping is a long established economic activity in Tanzania. It contributes to the national economy by generating some US$ 19 million per annum and employing more than two million people. Beekeeping produces food and medicines, makes a significant contribution to bio-diversity, and encourages agricultural production through pollination. Moreover...
Article
Full-text available
Economic development initiatives in Tanzania recognise the importance of enterprises in the country’s economy. Similarly, rural entrepreneurship has the potential to stimulate the rural economy. The promotion of rural entrepreneurship can help to fulfil that potential, with creation of value for customers as one of the promotion initiatives. Instit...
Book
The concept of open innovation (OI) has become a very popular topic during the last decade, with increasing number of SMEs embracing OI practices to gain competitive advantage. This edited volume is a timely opportunity to gather research on OI in SMEs, to investigate how OI is managed and implemented to determine the peculiarities compared to OI m...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyses the reasons of value creation inability of wood furniture manufacturing Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) which are in rural areas of Tanzania. The lack of financial capital, lack of appropriate technologies, lack of the market, lack of raw materials, lack of skills and lack of commitments restrains ability of rural MSEs to cre...
Article
Firms need to innovate and develop dynamic capabilities to create a sustainable competitive advantage. Due to this pressure, firms in high-tech industries invest a high percentage of their revenues in innovation. Despite the vast amount of available innovation success stories, only one in five innovation projects will ever reach the market. It is i...
Article
Full-text available
Four cases of open innovation in private family SMEs in low- and medium-technology industries are considered in order to examine the ways in which family firms can both foster their willingness and use their ability to engage in open innovation activities. Our cases illustrate how family SMEs can successfully engage in open innovation by handling m...
Technical Report
Full-text available
https://www.iveycases.com/ProductView.aspx?id=87307 Curana BVBA was a small family-owned company in Belgium. In the 1990s, it was producing mudguards and fenders as an original equipment manufacturer for the European bicycle industry. As Curana BVBA faced increasing competition in 2009, it needed to make a strategic turnaround. The company focused...
Book
Full-text available
The concept of open innovation (OI) has become a very popular topic during the last decade, with an increasing number of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) embracing OI practices to gain competitive advantage. With the majority of publications focusing on large firms, open innovation in SMEs has received scant attention from both scholars a...
Article
Full-text available
INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REPORT CIMS INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REPORT " Instead of 'fail fast to succeed early, " we need to 'learn fast to succeed early', " Curtis R. Carlson told the 8th Global Peter Drucker Forum, Nov. 2016, in Vienna, Austria (druckerforum.org). Carlson is the founder and CEO of Practice of Innovation, a Silicon Valley, California com...
Technical Report
Full-text available
We know virtually nothing about the managers and practitioners who are driving open innovation in large companies. Who are the managers operating in open innovation teams or units? What is their profile? How long do they stay in an open innovation job, and what is their tenure in the company? Where did they work before their open innovation job, an...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyses the reasons of value creation inability of wood furniture manufacturing Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) which are in rural areas of Tanzania. The lack of financial capital, lack of appropriate technologies, lack of the market, lack of raw materials, lack of skills and lack of commitments restrains ability of rural MSEs to cre...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Open innovation in start-ups is a relatively unexplored field and studies focusing on collaborative innovation between start-ups with large companies seen from the former’s point of view are virtually inexistent. The authors address this gap in an exploratory study built on in-depth case studies. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate h...
Book
Full-text available
Companies that are experienced in open innovation integrate open 7 innovation activities as part of their strategy. By contrast, open innovation research 8 has not been adequately integrated into the strategy literature and vice versa. In this 9 chapter, we discuss a number of existing strategy fields that offer inroads to connect 10 open innovatio...
Technical Report
In 2014, the Patient Room of the Future (PRoF) was the largest European open innovation consortium in the healthcare sector. Established in 2009 by a group of manufacturers who were suppliers to the health care sector, PRoF brought more than 300 professionals from multiple disciplines and industries together to think about and contribute to the fut...
Technical Report
Full-text available
www.iveycases.com Quilts of Denmark was a Danish start-up company founded in 2000 with the goal of producing high-quality, functional quilts and pillows that contributed to healthy sleep. The company’s open innovation with a space agency and technology company resulted in an “intelligent” quilt that regulated body heat, providing users with an elus...
Chapter
Full-text available
Companies that are experienced in open innovation integrate open innovation activities as part of their strategy. By contrast, open innovation research has not been adequately integrated into the strategy literature and vice versa. In this chapter, we discuss a number of existing strategy fields that offer inroads to connect open innovation to stra...
Article
Full-text available
A n increasing number of companies are practicing open innovation by relying on external sources of technology. 1 However, inbound open innovation is not always leading to the expected improvements in innovation performance. A key factor for success is quickly and reliably determining which technology or solution a company should source externally....
Research
Full-text available
Patent databases have are great resources to discover open innovation opportunities for companies. Yet, very few scholars have been exploring how a method can be developed to unlock that potential. In this paper we try to get an answer on the fowling three questions: (1) how to find the right technology and partners in this mountain of information?...
Article
Full-text available
Search for external knowledge is vital for firms' innovative activities. To understand search, we propose two knowledge search dimensions: search space (local or distant) and search heuristics (experiential or cognitive). Combining these two dimensions, we distinguish four search paths – situated paths, analogical paths, sophisticated paths, and sc...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates to what extent internal R&D efforts and different types of external knowledge sources jointly affect innovation performance of firms in emerging economies. Based on a survey about external knowledge sourcing activities of Chinese innovative firms, we categorize external knowledge sources into four groups: science-based partn...
Article
Full-text available
Technology development in firms is frequently based on a combination of internal and external technological learning. Consequently, firms need to develop both technological capital (a patent portfolio) and alliance capital (a portfolio of technology alliances). This paper examines the relationship between technological capital, alliance capital and...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we investigate the cooperative relationships of innovating firms with (dis)similar partners during the technology life cycle. We test the impact of such cooperative relationships on the innovative and market performance of these firms. To do so, we use a sample of 83 Application Specific Integrated Circuit firms over the period 1986–...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the past 10 years, numerous interesting articles, book chapters, and books have been written on open innovation strategies in mainly large companies. While closed innovation models have resulted in important breakthrough innovations, many large companies have abandoned vertical integration strategies in recent years and have moved toward a combi...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the past decades, the alliance literature has paid significant attention to the biotechnological revolution and the role strategic alliances, most notably R&D partnerships between large pharmaceutical companies and small biotechnological firms, have played in bringing about this transition. As the initial hype faded and venture capitalists pulle...
Technical Report
https://www.thecasecentre.org/main/ This negotiation case describes a situation in which an investment manager of a large chemical company (ACE) has to decide about a corporate venturing investment in a small high-tech start-up (Sanus). To win board approval for this investment, an ACE business unit (in this case, ACE Food Specialties) must write...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the organization of new product development in large, R&D-intensive firms. In these firms, research and development activities are often separated. Research is conducted in dedicated research projects at specialized research labs. Once research results are achieved by research projects, they are transferred to business units f...
Chapter
Full-text available
3.1 INTRODUCTION Open innovation and open business models have received a lot of atten-tion during the last decade both from practitioners and academia since Henry Chesbrough launched the two concepts respectively in 2003 and 2006 (Chesbrough, 2003a and 2006a). Careful observation of publications about these two concepts reveals that most researche...
Chapter
Full-text available
6.1 INTRODUCTION Firms are increasingly adopting open innovation strategies in their innova-tion activities (Huston & Sakkab, 2007; Kirschbaum, 2005; Van den Biesen, 2008). In the last two decades, several factors pushed companies to source technologies from external parties and monetize their unused technologies through licensing agreements or spi...
Chapter
Full-text available
14.1 INTRODUCTION The concept of open innovation primarily stems from observing changing innovation management practices in companies (Chesbrough, 2003a, 2006a). This practice-based approach explains to some extent why open innovation research has not been grounded systematically in prior management research. The failure to connect the phenomenon o...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this chapter is to describe some of the implementation challenges related to practicing open innovation (OI) through R&D partnerships with different types of partners and ways for companies to successfully deal with these challenges internally. OI has been a hot item in both academic publications and the popular literature in the pas...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we explore how small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) engage in external knowledge sourcing, a form of inbound open innovation. We draw upon a sample of 1,411 SMEs and empirically conceptualize a typology of strategic types of external knowledge sourcing, namely minimal, supply-chain, technology-oriented, application-oriented, and...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the relationship between (outside-in) open innovation and the financial performance of R&D projects, drawing on a unique dataset that contains information on the open innovation practices, management and performance of 489 R&D projects of a large European multinational firm. We introduce two types of open innovation partnerships...
Article
Full-text available
While clique-embeddedness is generally considered to enhance firm performance, there are also reasons to expect that under conditions of technological turbulence clique-membership is less beneficial or might even become a liability. To address this, we study the innovative performance of clique members during periods of both technological change an...
Article
Full-text available
In the past 10 years, numerous interesting articles, book chapters, and books have been written on open innovation strategies in mainly large companies. While closed innovation models have resulted in important breakthrough innovations, many large companies have abandoned vertical integration strategies in recent years and have moved toward a combi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the strategic dimensions of R&D decisions toward novelty and openness in explaining the performance of latecomer firms in a developing economy. A structural equation model of R&D decision-making is formulated using survey data from 279 Chinese firms. The dimension of R&D novelty is defined as the degree of technological newness...