Wim Marivoet

Wim Marivoet
International Food Policy Research Institute · West and Central Africa Office

PhD

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45
Publications
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141
Citations

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Motivation Spatial variation in crop and livestock production, combined with variation in market purchases and food transfers, lead to geographic differences in malnutrition that can inform food system policies. Purpose This paper quantifies nutrient production and consumption by sub-region in Uganda, to identify the magnitude and location of gaps...
Article
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To guide the design of future agriculture and food value chain interventions, this paper combines two existing spatial food and nutrition security typologies and applies them to the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Apart from estimating absolute and relative inefficiencies along the food system from agricultural potential...
Article
The Food Consumption Score (FCS), a food frequency indicator developed by the World Food Programme (WFP) that aims to capture both diet quantity and quality of household food consumption, has been validated only against calorie intake in a limited number of rather small countries. This article examines the potential of FCS to capture variation in d...
Article
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In this paper we develop a typology to help design and improve spatial targeting of food and nutrition security (FNS) interventions. Using a comprehensive framework, the proposed approach allows for the broad identification and location of major food security bottlenecks. The resulting typology is based on an amendable demarcation of areas in a fou...
Article
This analysis reassesses the IMF's decision to grant debt relief to the DRC in 2010 based on the country's poverty reduction and growth performance: would the IMF come to the same conclusion given the current knowledge available about the impact of the debt relief process on public governance and service delivery? First, it shows that, whereas the...
Article
Many Congolese seem to have withstood their country’s protracted economic crisis relatively well, despite its length and severity. This study analyses whether and to what extent this livelihood paradox can be explained by a strategy of asset depletion. In general, this strategy seems not to have played an important role. Marked reductions in househ...
Article
By means of the latest seven national household surveys of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, this article uncovers the very volatile sampling frame used underneath all survey designs. As a result, the reliability of much associated survey information as well as any corresponding temporal analysis are seriously jeopardized. Relying on recent vac...
Article
As a consequence of a concatenation of external and internal events, the economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has informalized to an unprecedented level over the last few decades. A comparison of budget surveys carried out in 1975 and 2004 respectively allows us to ascertain the effect of this process on income inequality and pover...
Article
This paper proposes a particular methodology to render budget data more comparable over highly diverse regions. More specifically, a set of regional poverty lines will be derived and employed as deflators to correct household expenditures for spatial differences in prices and needs. The quality of these deflators depends on the extent to which the...
Article
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In this article, we shed light on the changing living conditions between 1975 and 2005 in eight major cities in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). To this end, household data from two sets of surveys have been combined and analyzed in terms of budget and asset ownership. Although this exercise is seriously constrained by methodological difficu...
Article
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Abstract This paper presents a comprehensive assessment of the national information architecture in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) between 1970 and 2010. In general, "the numbers" can be qualified as poorly reliable, though an important distinction should be made between aggregate country statistics and microlevel survey data. Whereas the l...
Chapter
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In the absence of a well-functioning administration to collect and analyze information on a permanent basis, household surveys are potentially very useful tools to get a better idea on the exact living conditions of a population as well as the concrete policies the state should develop to improve them. Since the last national census in 1984, severa...
Chapter
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In this article, we shed light on the changing living conditions between 1975 and 2005 in eight major cities in the DRC. Although this exercise is seriously constrained by methodological difficulties, some salient facts do come out. To begin with, the urban sector does not seem to be that much affected by the formal crisis the country went through....
Article
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We argue that the capability approach can be very helpful in exploring the links between poverty and place, thereby providing a more accurate understanding of poverty processes. We demonstrate how Sen's list of 'conversion factors' allows one to incorporate but also to go beyond the usual description of the connection between place and well-being i...
Chapter
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By using a recent and comprehensive household survey on the DRC, this article attempts to centralize the very scarce information written on the contemporary socio-economic situation of South Kivu. In the first part, we analyse the socio-economic performance of South Kivu in a comparative perspective, identifying it as one of the poorest provinces i...
Preprint
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In this paper we present a specific methodology to make spatial well-being and poverty assessments based on expenditure data to some extent sensitive to contextual aspects other than price differentials. The rationale behind this method coincides with the view expressed by the advocates of human development pointing to the irrelevance of (real) inc...
Chapter
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Résumé Par l'approbation de la nouvelle Constitution par la population congolaise en 2006, la République Démocratique du Congo s'est engagée dans un processus de décentralisation administrative qui redécoupera les 11 provinces actuelles en 26 nouvelles. À part les considérations concernant la faible capacité institutionnelle ainsi que l'insensibili...
Article
Officially announced on 24 April 1990, the political transition in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) would eventually culminate in presidential elections. By comparing the results of two household surveys, conducted in 1986 and 2004 respectively, we are able to trace the economic reflection of this process in the standard of living of the Kino...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As a consequence of a concatenation of external and internal events, the economy of Congo DRC has informalised to an unprecedented level over the last decades. Yet, a comparison between historical datasets and a recent household survey in the capital city of Kinshasa demonstrates that surprisingly, this process of informalisation has not resulted i...
Chapter
Full-text available
We attempt to look at the everyday consequences in Kinshasa of the Political Transition, officially announced at the 24th of April 1990 and expected to be closed with the upcoming presidential elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The empirical material to do so is provided by an (ex ante) household survey organized in 1986 and an (qua...
Article
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Par nécessité ainsi qu’à cause de leur valeur intrinsèque et complémentaire, les méthodes synthétiques sur base des avoirs (en anglais: « asset-based approaches ») ont dernièrement regagné en importance dans l’évaluation de la pauvreté. Dans ce papier de recherche, on va appliquer l’une de ces méthodes statistiques sur les données de l’Enquête 1-2-...

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Project
On the 28-29 of September 2017, we held a seminar in Kinshasa gathering academic researchers across the country, data partners and institutions involved in the usage or implementation of the various national household surveys in the DRC, to discuss the methodological challenges encountered while using the data and potential solutions. Access to reliable data being a recurrent difficulty among researchers, our goal under this platform is to support poverty research on the DRC by enabling researchers to access primary data on household surveys, including their relevant background metadata. Under this platform, our community of DRC based researchers are able to access data, hold discussions on analytical challenges, connect with each other and share research tips to advance poverty research on the DRC. https://www.researchgate.net/project/Analyses-et-critiques-methodologiques-des-enquetes-nationales-en-RDC/update/5a8edb644cde266d588ceb35 Résumé en FRANÇAIS: Ceci est une plateforme numérique d'échanges des bases des données entre chercheurs Congolais. Notre objectif est de faciliter la recherche par la mise a disposition des données primaires/brutes des enquêtes nationales en RDC et leurs « métadonnées ». Cette plateforme permettra de: - Partager des nouvelles données, - Partager des matériels de support (nouveau et ancien), - Communiquer et échanger sur les difficultés rencontrées ainsi que les solutions qui sont apportées. https://www.researchgate.net/project/Analyses-et-critiques-methodologiques-des-enquetes-nationales-en-RDC/update/5a8edb644cde266d588ceb35