William E. Rosa

William E. Rosa
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | MSKCC · Memorial Hospital Research

PhD
Palliative care and psycho-oncology researcher for equitable access to human-centered care during serious illness.

About

156
Publications
12,242
Reads
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983
Citations
Citations since 2016
140 Research Items
977 Citations
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Introduction
My research focuses on exploring LGBTQ+ inclusive palliative care needs; empathic, person-centered communication; meaning-centered interventions to alleviate healthcare worker existential distress; and psychedelic-assisted therapies at the end-of-life.

Publications

Publications (156)
Article
Purpose of review: A rapid review was conducted to synthesize evidence of palliative care delivery changes during the COVID-19 pandemic. Changes were synthesized according to the eight domains of high-quality palliative care and enduring implications for oncology nurses beyond the pandemic discussed. Recent findings: The most significant changes...
Article
Context Advance care planning (ACP) intends to support person-centered medical decision-making by eliciting patient preferences. Research has not identified significant associations between ACP and goal-concordant end-of-life care, leading to justified scientific debate regarding ACP utility. Objective To delineate ACP's potential benefits and mis...
Article
Evidence-based advocacy underpins the sustainable delivery of quality, publicly guaranteed, and universally available palliative care. More than 60 million people in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have no or extremely limited access to either palliative care services or essential palliative care medicines (e.g., opioids) on the World Heal...
Article
Objective We evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a novel intervention, the Geriatric Communication Skills Training Program (Geriatric Comskil Training) for multidisciplinary healthcare providers (HCPs). Methods Three 2-h modules comprised the training: Geriatrics 101, Cognitive Syndromes, and Shared Decision-Makin...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 has unveiled and amplified the burnout, grief, and other forms of distress among healthcare providers (HCPs) that long preceded the pandemic. The suffering of the healthcare workforce cannot be simply and sufficiently addressed with a single psychotherapeutic intervention. Nevertheless, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and...
Article
New York City was a “global COVID-19 hotspot” in spring 2020. Many health teams rapidly transitioned to telehealth platforms. Little is known about the experiences of inpatient palliative care services who delivered telehealth services during the pandemic. This study was aimed to explore the experiences of an interdisciplinary palliative care team...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The Patient Dignity Question (PDQ), “What do I need to know about you as a person to give you the best care possible?” is a validated instrument designed to assess patient priorities and stressors. Administration of the PDQ has been demonstrated to improve patient-provider relationships. The PDQ has been evaluated in multiple settings, but...
Article
Outcomes 1. The participants will be able to identify three barriers in delivering palliative care during climate-related natural disasters 2. The participants will be able to identify three at-risk populations during natural disasters Importance The ongoing climate crisis is a significant public health concern, causing an increase in natural disa...
Article
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the rapid expansion of telehealth service delivery. We explored the experiences of a multidisciplinary palliative care team delivering telepalliative care for oncology inpatients during a 10-weeks COVID-19 surge in New York City. Methods/participants: We conducted semi-structured qualitative interview...
Article
Outcomes 1. Discuss advances in psychedelic-assisted therapy science relevant to palliative care settings 2. Explain implications of psychedelic-assisted therapy from myriad disciplinary perspectives with the goal of advancing collaboration and the field more broadly 3. Reflect on palliative care practice models as exemplars for relationship-based...
Article
Clinicians in health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) often work in practices with fewer resources and higher workloads, challenging recruitment and retention efforts. Nurse practitioners (NPs) frequently care for underserved patients in HPSAs. As a result, HPSA NPs may be susceptible to poor workforce outcomes, including burnout and job dissati...
Article
Psychedelic-assisted therapy (PAT) is a burgeoning treatment with growing interest across a variety of settings and disciplines. Empirical evidence supports PAT as a novel therapeutic approach that provides safe and effective treatment for people suffering from a variety of diagnoses, including treatment-resistant depression, substance use disorder...
Article
Objective On October 5–6, 2021, the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Supportive Care Service and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences hosted the 2nd Annual United States (US) Celebration of World Hospice and Palliative Care Day (WHPCD). The purpose of this article is to describe the event within the broader context of the internat...
Chapter
Originating from group A streptococcus pyogenes infection (commonly strep pharyngitis or strep throat), rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is the leading acquired heart disease among children, adolescents, and young adults worldwide. If left untreated or not properly managed with the appropriate antibiotic regimen, the disease can develop into an inflam...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed and amplified the longstanding occupational circumstances of nurses. In this article, the authors provide updates to their 2020 institutional recommendations and craft a national plan to tackle burnout and moral suffering.
Article
Background: In response to the 2011 Future of Nursing report, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation created the Future of Nursing Scholars (FNS) Program in partnership with select schools of nursing to increase the number of PhD-prepared nurses using a 3-year curriculum. Method: A group of scholars and FNS administrative leaders reflect on lessons...
Article
This article is one in a series in which contributing authors discuss how the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are linked to everyday clinical issues; national public health emergencies; and other nursing issues, such as leadership, shared governance, and advocacy. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a 15-year plan...
Article
Racial disparities, including decreased hospice utilization, lower quality symptom management, and poor-quality end-of-life care have been well documented in Black Americans. Improving health equity and access to high-quality serious illness care is a national palliative care (PC) priority. Accomplishing these goals requires clinician reflection, e...
Article
PURPOSE Research eliciting patients' illness concerns has typically focused later in the cancer continuum, rather than during cancer treatments. Family caregiver concerns are overlooked during this time. Less is known about how patients and caregivers prioritize concerns during cancer treatments, which holds potential for improving supportive oncol...
Article
Background Mutually respectful and long-term global partnerships are critical to increasing hospice and palliative care access as a key component of universal health coverage. The importance of sustained, transnational palliative care collaboration has become more urgent since the COVID-19 pandemic. Aim To provide an overview of characteristics fo...
Article
The purpose of this consensus paper was to convene leaders and scholars from eight Expert Panels of the American Academy of Nursing and provide recommendations to advance nursing's roles and responsibility to ensure universal access to palliative care. On behalf of the Academy, these evidence-based recommendations will guide nurses, policy makers,...
Article
The purpose of this consensus paper was to convene leaders and scholars from eight Expert Panels of the American Academy of Nursing and provide recommendations to advance nursing's roles and responsibility to ensure universal access to palliative care. Part I of this consensus paper herein provides the rationale and background to support the policy...
Article
This article is one in a series in which contributing authors discuss how the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are linked to everyday clinical issues; national public health emergencies; and other nursing issues, such as leadership, shared governance, and advocacy. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a 15-year plan...
Article
Full-text available
Palliative care access is an urgent and ethical imperative to effectively manage the increasing burden of serious health-related suffering worldwide. Understanding the palliative care educational needs of health care professionals is critical to support evidence-based clinical practice in Rwanda and other low- and middle-income countries. A cross-s...
Article
This article is one in a series in which contributing authors discuss how the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are linked to everyday clinical issues; national public health emergencies; and other nursing issues, such as leadership, shared governance, and advocacy. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a 15-year plan...
Article
Context: Palliative care access is fundamental to the highest attainable standard of health and a core component of universal health coverage. Forging universal palliative care access is insurmountable without strategically optimizing the nursing workforce and integrating palliative nursing into health systems at all levels. The COVID-19 pandemic...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has amplified the central role nurses play across settings and systems in optimising health outcomes on a global scale. They are key players in providing high-quality clinical care of individuals, families and communities and make expert contributions across policy, education and research domains. Nurses are at the frontlines...
Article
Nurses are confronting a number of negative mental health consequences owing to high burdens of grief during COVID-19. Despite increased vaccination efforts and lower hospitalization and mortality rates, the long-term effects of mass bereavement are certain to impact nurses for years to come. The nurse coaching process is an evidence-based strategy...
Article
Purpose: To highlight ongoing and emergent roles of nurses and midwives in advancing the United Nations 17 Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 at the intersection of social and economic inequity, the climate crisis, interprofessional partnership building, and the rising status and visibility of the professions worldwide. Design: Discussion pap...
Article
Full-text available
Psychedelics are a class of psychoactive substances that were studied extensively between 1943 and 1970 as potential therapies for treating a host of mental health disorders, including addiction. Despite promising early results, U.S. psychedelic research was halted in the early 1970s with the enactment of the Controlled Substances Act. As the field...
Article
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused unprecedented system and clinician strain worldwide, disproportionately impacting resource poor settings. This project describes the use of a virtual nurse coaching session to improve the well-being of a nurse-led community-based palliative care team in Liberia, West Africa. Staff response...
Article
The escalating global burden of serious health-related suffering makes the need for funded policies that integrate palliative care (PC) into the continuum of services more urgent than ever. Palliative specialists are uniquely positioned to merge their clinical expertise with empirical evidence to advocate for improved PC delivery. There is a vital...
Article
Persons experiencing homelessness (PEH) face countless barriers to equitable health, social, and palliative care across all settings. Brandon was a 23-year-old male, well-spoken, groomed, and polite despite difficult circumstances. He was severely abused then abandoned as a child, living in multiple foster homes until 18. With no consistent caring...
Article
Full-text available
Psychedelic therapies intentionally combine a caring/healing environment, psychotherapy, and psychedelic medicine as a powerful means of treating intractable conditions of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder. This article utilizes the nursing theory of human caring science, as articulated by Jean Watson, to describe the essential and funda...
Article
Individuals who identify as transgender (trans) or other gender-diverse identities are highly marginalized populations within the United States health care system. Transgender individuals experience a broad range of health disparities leading to devastating health outcomes. Experiences with discrimination and biased care often result in a lack of t...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to affect the health and well-being of individuals and communities worldwide. Patients with cancer are particularly vulnerable to experiencing serious health-related suffering from COVID-19. This requires oncology nurses in inpatient and clinic settings to ensure the delivery of primary palliative care while consider...
Article
This article is one in a series in which contributing authors discuss how the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are linked to everyday clinical issues; national public health emergencies; and other nursing issues, such as leadership, shared governance, and advocacy. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a 15-year plan...
Article
Objective On October 10, 2020, the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Supportive Care Service hosted their first-ever United States (US) World Hospice and Palliative Care Day (WHPCD) Celebration. The purpose of this article is to describe the US inaugural event in alignment with the broader goals of WHPCD and provide lessons learned in anticipa...
Article
Background: COVID-19 has highlighted the need for universal palliative care access. Nurses require palliative care education throughout the trajectory of professional training to effectively achieve this vision. Method: Review of the National Consensus Project Clinical Practice Guidelines for Quality Palliative Care and use of educational exempl...
Article
Objectives: To determine whether clusters based on analgesic treatment beliefs among patients with cancer predict objective analgesic adherence. Sample & setting: 207 patients with cancer in the outpatient setting who were aged 18 years or older, self-identified as White or African American, were diagnosed with solid tumor or multiple myeloma, a...
Article
This article is one in a series in which contributing authors discuss how the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are linked to everyday clinical issues; national public health emergencies; and other nursing issues, such as leadership, shared governance, and advocacy. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a 15-year plan...
Article
Aim: To argue that nurse practitioners have been under-utilized generally in the current global health environment, creating barriers to achieving universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals. Background: Nurse practitioners are advanced practice nurses possessing expert knowledge and leadership skills that can be optimized to...
Article
Background The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has led to escalating infection rates and associated deaths worldwide. Amid this public health emergency, the urgent need for palliative care integration throughout critical care settings has never been more crucial. Objective To promote palliative care engagement in critical care; share palliative...
Article
Minimizing burnout and moral distress among the nursing workforce.
Article
The COVID-19 crisis has amplified the importance of palliative care to countless patients suffering with and dying from this disease, as well as to their families, communities, and the worldwide cadre of overburdened healthcare workers. Particularly urgent is the need for spiritual care specialists and generalists to address spiritual suffering giv...
Article
The alleviation of suffering during the COVID-19 pandemic - William E. Rosa, Betty R. Ferrell, Allison J. Applebaum
Article
Full-text available
With the daily number of confirmed COVID-19 cases and associated deaths rising exponentially, social fabrics on a global scale are being worn by panic, uncertainty, fear, and other consequences of the health care crisis. Comprising more than half of the global health care workforce and the highest proportion of direct patient care time than any oth...
Article
In this paper, we strongly advocate for universal palliative care access during the COVID‐19 pandemic. The delivery of universal palliative care services has been called for by leading global health organizations and experts. Nurses are critical to realizing this goal. COVID‐19 diagnoses and fatalities continue to rise, underscoring the importance...
Article
This article is one in a series in which contributing authors discuss how the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are linked to everyday clinical issues; national public health emergencies; and other nursing issues, such as leadership, shared governance, and advocacy. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a 15-year plan...
Article
As Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to impact the seriously ill and their families on a global scale, considerations given to marginalized groups amid the pandemic is essential to ensure the provision of high-quality, dignified care. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, gender-nonconforming, queer and/or questioning (LGBTQ+) identified...
Article
The 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) are intended to promote a safe, healthy, and equitable world by the year 2030. Nurses are at the forefront of realizing the 2030 agenda through concerned citizenship and professional leadership. Nursing theory informs knowledge development and theory-guided practice essential for nurses work...
Article
A call for a vision of interconnectedness.