William o'Donohue

William o'Donohue
University of Nevada, Reno | UNR · Department of Psychology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

350
Publications
48,611
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
5,552
Citations

Publications

Publications (350)
Chapter
Several factors limit the capacity for primary care providers to deliver behavioral health-focused preventive care. Novel systems of care are needed to integrate prevention into a healthcare system primarily designed for treatment. The integration of behavioral health providers into wellness visits could address this need. Integrating behavioral he...
Poster
Exposure to trauma is highly prevalent in the US general population,particularly for economically disadvantaged individuals.Psychoeducation can be a cost-effective and brief intervention that can address barriers to care by increasing individuals’ mental health literacy (MHL).The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of a web-based psych...
Article
Confirmation bias is one of the most important sources of error in clinical assessment and clinical judgment. There has been little scholarship on the role of confirmation bias in forensic interviews with children who may have been abused sexually. This article reviews relevant research and explores the possible role of confirmation bias in forensi...
Book
This handbook is a comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date source on prevention technologies specifically for integrated care settings. It covers general issues related to prevention including the practical issues of financing, and staffing, and a general introduction to the advantages of prevention efforts. It covers a range of behavioral heal...
Article
Quality behavioral health care depends on a multitude of factors, from the strength of the therapeutic alliance to the use of evidence-based treatments. However, one factor that can easily be overlooked is the coordination of care between providers via the transmission of client records. Overall, the transmission of client records has lagged signif...
Article
The correlation between child age and caretaker age reported in Table 2 was incorrectly reported as .051. Table 2 has been revised to indicate that the correlation between child age and caretaker age was 0.51. In addition, the revised article has corrected errors in the formatting of the confidence intervals.
Article
Understanding caretaker attitudes towards the prevention of pediatric behavioral disorders is important for the effective delivery of prevention services. Caretakers of children ages 0–18 (N = 385) read a description of pediatric prevention services in an integrated primary care setting. Attitudes towards these services were assessed. The majority...
Article
Full-text available
Behavioral health problems are involved in the majority of primary care visits. These behavior disorders (e.g., depression, anxiety, smoking, insomnia, etc.) are costly, burdensome to both the patient and the healthcare system, and result in greater medical utilization/cost and poorer future health outcomes. Integrated behavioral healthcare has bee...
Chapter
Politics deals with the interrelated problems of power and justice. Academics largely hold views of what can be called the political left to these questions of power and justice. It is the political left that wields power in the academy. This can create a bias (perhaps even a “prejudice”) toward the minority on the political right. Political ideolo...
Chapter
Clinical psychology as a profession could be justifiably accused of neglecting or at best only obliquely addressing prejudice, stigma, privilege, oppression, and discrimination. Admittedly, it is not clear that any behavioral health profession or health profession for that matter has done any better. While there is no doubt that these problems have...
Book
This book addresses the ways in which clinical psychologists ought to conceptualize and respond to the prejudice and oppression that their clients experience. Thus, the link between prejudice and oppression to psychopathology is explored. Basic scientific information about prejudice is reviewed, and the current status of the major minority groups i...
Article
Beginning in 1953 the American Psychological Association (APA) has advanced twelve iterations of a professional ethical code. In recent years the adequacy of the Ethics Code as well as APA’s ethics enforcement has come under increased scrutiny. In 2015 the APA empaneled an Ethics Commission which made a series of recommendations; however, the Commi...
Article
This was a record review study. Data from all cases seen ( N = 121) at the Victims of Crime Treatment Center over a 7-year period were examined to collect demographic information and determine diagnoses, the intervention that was used, and whether or not the client successfully completed treatment. Results from a logistic regression revealed that e...
Poster
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to identify how response to trauma exposure was associated with demographics, behavioral health concerns, and service utilization among an underserved population. As part of a larger study examining the effectiveness of a trauma-focused psychoeducational intervention on mental health literacy, a total of 88 participant...
Book
This information-rich volume expands current knowledge about sexually violent predators and critiques SVP laws with the goal of fostering improvements in clinical practice and public policy. It offers a finely detailed evidence base on this problematic class of offenders, including the complex interactions of biophysiological and environmental fact...
Book
This timely handbook provides in-depth overviews of the myriad and multi-faceted issues surrounding sexual assault and its pervasiveness in today’s culture. Drawing for multiple viewpoints and experts, the book is divided into seven comprehensive sections, covering such topics as risk factors, varying theoretical frameworks, prevention and interven...
Article
Full-text available
Mobile applications (apps) to support behavioral health are increasing in number and are recommended frequently by medical providers in a variety of settings. As with the use of any adjunct tool in therapy, psychologists adopting new technologies in clinical practice must comply with relevant professional ethics codes and legal standards. However,...
Chapter
In the last few decades, integrated care has received a wide amount of favorable comment and even fairly widespread adoption. Histories of our field will likely note that this dramatic shift has been nearly unprecedented in the first century of applied psychology: perhaps only the role of the Veteran Affairs after WWII has behavioral health demonst...
Article
Full-text available
El Síndrome de Alienación Parental (SAP), tal como lo define su creador, el Dr. Richard Gardner (2001), es un constructo pseudocientífico mal definido, pobremente investigado y controvertido, que surge principalmente en el contexto de las disputas por la custodia de los hijos. El síndrome se manifiesta supuestamente como una campaña irracional e in...
Article
Psychology is one of the most popular undergraduate majors in American universities, despite the fact that the discipline still has many unsettled questions regarding fundamental philosophical and methodological issues (Lilienfeld, 2012; O’Donohue, 2013). These issues may be associated with a lack of clarity regarding an accurate conception of scie...
Chapter
Full-text available
Despite numerous definitional, conceptual, and empirical problems, the construct of cultural competence will not be going away anytime soon in applied psychology training. The content of cultural competence courses for training future psychologists is shaped from a combination of instructor preferences, student expectations/preferences, college/uni...
Chapter
The current zeitgeist in applied psychology training portrays the development of cultural competence as a necessary and highly valued component of clinical training. The American Psychological Association (APA) has created guidelines for multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologists and mandated...
Chapter
Historically, disadvantaged racial and ethnic groups (Institute of Medicine, Unequal treatment: confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 2002) and sexual minorities (Avery et al, Am J Public Health 91(6):990, 2001) have been problematically served by mental health interventions. This problem...
Chapter
Cultural competence training does not occur acontextually. Historically, little work has been done on the extent to which standard cultural competence training interferes with basic civil liberties such as free speech, freedom to practice one’s religion, or even academic freedom. This chapter notes how the cultural sensitivity movement often ignore...
Chapter
There have been significant problems in precisely defining cultural competence and cultural sensitivity in applied psychology. This chapter examines definitional issues related to this problem and suggests that these constructs rest, at least partially, on an ethical premise. This may account for the paucity of empirical evaluation as ethical claim...
Chapter
In the field of applied psychology, there have been a recent emphasis and even a requirement to employ what has become known as “culturally sensitive” or “culturally competent” practices in all professional services (e.g., Betancourt et al, Public Health Rep, 2016; Griner and Smith, Culturally adapted mental health intervention: a meta-analytic rev...
Article
The rate of false allegations has been a topic of research spanning back to as early as the 1970s. Studies have often relied on data gathered by Child Protective Services workers and court administrators. Some researchers have also used hypothetical scenarios to estimate rates. However, given the plethora of sampling methods, there is a large varia...
Poster
Full-text available
Difficulties with sex often developing following experiences of sexual assault or rape, yet are rarely targeted in trauma-focused interventions. Ample evidence indicates that trauma, particularly sexual victimization, is associated with a number of negative sexual health outcomes including orgasm difficulties, inhibited arousal or desire, fear of s...
Chapter
An estimated 1 in 3 people in the United States report experiencing extreme stress, with approximately 75% of Americans endorsing physical and psychological symptoms related to stress (American Psychological Association, [APA], 2008). Excessive stress is associated with psychological distress and is often the precursor to many medical conditions. T...
Chapter
Sexual dysfunction is a major health concern in the general population and associated with impaired quality of life, diminished satisfaction with one’s sexual life, and personal and/or relationship difficulties. A multifaceted interplay of psychological, somatic, emotional, and relational factors contributes to the development and maintenance of se...
Chapter
Child sexual abuse is a type of a traumatic event that may involve “unwanted and inappropriate sexual solicitation of, or exposure to, a child by an older person; genital touching or fondling; or penetration in terms of oral, anal or vaginal intercourse or attempted intercourse” (Andrews, Corry, Slade, Issakidis, & Swanston, 2004). A national surve...
Chapter
The assessment and treatment of sexual pain presents a daunting challenge and demands close collaboration between the behavioral health provider (BHP) and the medical treatment team. Some of the primary factors that contribute to the difficulty of assessing and treating sexual pain include confusion about what constitutes “sexual pain” (and what se...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this chapter is to help health-care professionals understand low sexual desire disorder (“LSDD”)—the most common sexual dysfunction affecting both women and men (Simons & Carey, 2001)—assess for problems of sexual desire, and implement empirically supported interventions for LSDD. With research advances and widespread marketing for “the...
Book
This timely volume provides the practitioner with evidence based treatments for many of the clinical problems encountered in integrated care. It applies the core concepts of stepped care to integrating brief mental health interventions as a way to address ongoing problems in the modern healthcare landscape. It sets out in depth the state of the hea...
Article
The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to further understand the goals of cultural competency trainings and the procedures used to train psychologists, and to synthesize evaluations of the outcomes of these trainings. Seventeen training outcome studies were identified. Results from revealed a wide variety of training procedures...
Book
The first volume of its kind, this provocative book evaluates the construct of cultural competence from multiple perspectives. At the intersection of diverse disciplines and domains, contributors argue for greater clarity in understanding the cultural competence construct, a deeper level of analysis as to its multifaceted components, and call for c...
Chapter
Behavioral health costs have continued to escalate in the United States, with 36.2 million Americans paying a total of $57.5 billion in 2006 for behavioral health services (National Institute of Mental Health (2006) Mental healthcare cost data for all Americans (2006). Retrieved from National Institute of Menal Health. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/heal...
Book
This evidence-to-practice volume deftly analyzes the processes and skills of integrating mental healthcare with primary care, using multiple perspectives to address challenges that often derail these joint efforts. Experts across integrative medicine offer accessible blueprints for smoothly implementing data-based behavioral interventions, from dis...
Book
Healthcare economics is a topic of increasing importance due to the substantial changes that are expected to radically alter the way Americans obtain and finance healthcare. Understanding Healthcare Economics, 2nd Edition provides an evidence-based framework to help practitioners comprehend the changes already underway in our nation’s healthcare sy...
Chapter
Mindfulness practice adapted to the field of behavioral health in recent decades is said to have a close connection to Zen Buddhism. This introductory chapter highlights the background and aims of the present edited book, Zen, mindfulness, and behavioral health, including a brief overview of included chapters and editors’ notes. Whereas generally e...
Chapter
The diversity of sexual urges and behaviors underlying the term “paraphilia” becomes problematic not only when defining the term, but also in attempting to create a unified etiological theory. In the paraphilia and sexual offending literature, refusing treatment or dropping out of treatment has been linked to higher recidivism rates. Medical treatm...
Chapter
Increasingly, the field of behavioral health has recognized that there is a problem that might be called: the problem of behavioral health service delivery (O’Donohue & Dyer, 1993). That is, just because there are individuals who have problems (or will have problems); just because there is knowledge about how to remedy (or prevent) these problems;...
Chapter
Prevention of behavioral health problems is integral to promoting worldwide health. Alarmingly, many behavioral health problems occur early in life, significantly disrupting normal developmental processes. Most people that require intervention never engage in care and symptoms worsen over time. This chapter articulates a viable solution—integration...
Book
This practice-building resource examines the psychology behind non-adherence and the importance of building commitment to treatment as the foundation of successful therapy. Coverage starts by illustrating the complex phenomena of non-adherence at different stages of intervention—including mechanisms and situations that may prevent even initial enga...
Book
This comprehensive handbook presents a Zen account of fundamental and important dimensions of daily living. It explores how Zen teachings inform a range of key topics across the field of behavioral health and discuss the many uses of meditation and mindfulness practice in therapeutic contexts, especially within cognitive-behavioral therapies. Chapt...
Chapter
Latinos constitute the largest minority group in the United States making up approximately 16 % of the total US population (U.S. Census Bureau, Hispanic or Latino by type: 2010. http:// factfinder. census. gov/ faces/ tableservices/ jsf/ pages/ productview. xhtml? pid= DEC_ 10_ SF1_ QTP10& prodType= table). The contemporary issues that this group e...
Article
“Parental alienation syndrome” (PAS) is a phrase first coined by Dr. Richard Gardner. Since its inception several scholars have reviewed and criticized this construct, and it has never been accepted by the scientific community as a legitimate scientific construct, as a syndrome or as a mental disorder. Despite its general rejection as unscientific,...
Chapter
Behavioral health services have historically accounted for a small percentage of overall healthcare costs—usually around 5 %, with psychotropic medications accounting for the majority of this spending (Cummings, O’Donohue, & Cummings, 2011). While this historically low utilization of behavioral health services may be attributed to multiple factors...
Chapter
The landscape of the healthcare system in the USA is rapidly changing. With seminal reports from the Institute of Medicine (IOM), like Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001) and Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions (2006), and the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the basic ideas of what quality care is, h...
Chapter
The American Psychological Association’s Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct (APA, 2010) are foundational partly because they prove the ethical and legal definition of how psychologists ought to behave and conduct themselves professionally. Failure to abide by the enforceable standards advanced by the APA may result in a wide range of negative c...
Book
This innovative volume presents a cogent case for quality improvement (QI) in behavioral healthcare as ethical practice, solid science, and good business. Divided between foundational concepts, key QI tools and methods, and emerging applications, it offers guidelines for raising care standards while addressing ongoing issues of treatment validity,...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific testing, including randomly controlled trials, can vary in quality. We describe the Popperian concept of severe testing and delineate ways in which a randomly controlled trial can be weakened and thus made easier to pass. The acceptance and commitment (ACT) publications we have examined appear to instantiate many of these problematic res...
Chapter
The DSM-5 diagnostic category of paraphilia is critically examined. Significant problems are found including: whether these are properly subtyped, the extent to which it relies on an unclear definitional strategy, whether the justification and process for revisions was sound, how the paraphilias relate to the general definition of mental disorders...
Book
This rigorous survey offers a comprehensive rethinking of the assessment and treatment of sexual offenders for a bold challenge to practitioners. It critiques what we understand about offenders and the mechanisms of offending behaviors, and examines how this knowledge can best be used to reduce offending and relapses. To this end, experts weigh the...
Chapter
Children who may have been sexually abused are interviewed by various professionals using a variety of different interviewing methods in an effort to elicit the greatest number of correct details while minimizing suggestibility and other factors that may reduce the accuracy and/or adequacy of the children’s statements. The statements elicited by th...
Chapter
Adults in many settings sometimes question children with the goal of discovering information about their experiences. When a variety of professionals (e.g., police officers, social workers, clinical psychologists, physicians) engage in this for the purpose of gaining information that is legally relevant this process is generally called “a forensic...
Chapter
“Grooming” (also known as “entrapment,” “engagement,” “subjection,” etc.) is the seduction stage which can precede incidences of child sexual abuse (e.g., Elliott, Browne, & Kilcoyne, Child Abuse & Neglect, 19(5), 579–594, 1995; Conte, Wolf, & Smith, Child Abuse & Neglect, 13(2), 293–301, 1989; Budin & Johnson, Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 77–87, 198...
Chapter
When an allegation of child sexual abuse is made, law enforcement often immediately becomes involved and some kind of investigation regarding the child’s allegations is undertaken. O’Donohue, Benuto, and Fanetti (2010) previously proposed a systematic model of pathways to false allegations whereby they identified two major pathways to a false alleg...
Chapter
The question of the child’s veracity regarding sexual abuse can arise in several contexts. Parents can wonder about their children’s allegations or lack thereof (e.g., given other children’s allegations or worrying signs such as genital rashes). Law enforcement facing decisions about arrest and prosecution also can want to understand this question....
Book
This timely volume examines the potential of integrated care in providing effective, accessible behavioral healthcare for Latino clients. The integrated care model is discussed in practical terms, with guidelines for the addressing the needs of Latinos in a coordinated, patient-focused setting. Specific points of attention include common behavioral...
Book
This wide-ranging volume combines the current findings and frontline knowledge working practitioners need to know about forensic interviewing of children in sexual abuse cases. Coverage begins with the basics: legal and ethical principles, interview planning and procedure, psychometric and cultural issues, pitfalls and how to avoid them. Perspectiv...
Article
Behavior therapy is inextricably tied to the health care environment and its practice is subject to the same market forces as other therapeutic orientations like psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapy, humanistic therapy, and theoretical eclecticism. Of course, as most practitioners who have had to navigate through current procedural terminology...
Article
Behavior therapy has a complicated history and ever-changing web of intellectual allegiances and influences, including behaviorism, behavior science, cognitive science, folk psychology, and Eastern philosophical traditions, to name only a few. These schools of thought are extremely difficult if not impossible to encapsulate using a few simple prope...
Article
First-generation or first-wave behavior therapy developed out of dissatisfaction with psychoanalysis. Though it showed much promise in treating rather intractable conditions that eluded psychoanalysts at the time, it, too, was not above criticism – which gave rise to the second wave of behavior therapy. Cognitive therapy and cognitive behavior ther...
Book
This timely analysis spotlights the concepts and possibilities of the Patient-Centered Medical Home for bringing mental health and other specialties into primary care. Overview chapters present the Patient-Centered Medical Home model, emphasizing how such systems are organized to solve widespread problems with accessibility, affordability, efficien...
Chapter
The argument that behavioral health providers (BHPs) require specialized training to meet the unique demands of the primary care than what is usually provided in, for example, the standard clinical psychology or social work curricula has been a topic discussed by others. Recommendations about what basic competencies an integrated care BHP requires...
Chapter
To address numerous problems with costly, unsafe, and inefficient fragmented care in the US health-care system, primary care reform has become a major area of interest. Proposed reforms have been centered around goals first articulated in the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001), namely reducing medical errors, controll...
Article
The American Psychological Association’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct places ethical obligations upon psychologists based on another’s “age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language or socioeconomic status.” This article explores 18 major proble...
Article
Approximately 20 years ago O’Donohue and Elliott (1992) reviewed the treatment outcome literature for sexually abused children and evaluated each study on several criteria (e.g., adequacy of the description of therapy, subjects, and research design; assessment of clinical significance and social validity; inclusion of follow-up assessment to establ...
Article
There have been numerous indications that the scientific literature regarding treatment safety and effectiveness can be biased. In this case study, we examine several reports relevant to an acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) intervention attempting to improve diabetes self-management. The analysis indicated that several key negative results fo...
Article
Arrigo, Debatto, Rockwood, and Mawe have taken issue with a number of arguments in our previous paper. We respond in four major ways: (1) pointing out that they never really take on, let alone refute, the key argument in our paper—that utilitarian, deontic, and virtue ethical theories are not only consistent with the use of enhanced interrogation a...
Article
Full-text available
Fragmented health care delivery is recognized as increasingly problematic. Integrated care has been advanced as a reform that will improve quality of care and lower costs. Despite the application of integrated care systems in the United States, there has been a limited amount of empirical work explicating the most effective health care pathways. St...
Chapter
The phrase scientific metaphysics is controversial and reveals some of the key developments in twentieth-century analytic philosophy and philosophy of science. This entry reviews some of the major arguments concerning scientific metaphysics in the twentieth century. The logical positivists thought that metaphysics was meaningless and, as such, coul...
Chapter
Termination refers to the ending of a period of psychotherapy. There has been a wide variety of views on its significance and how it ought to be conducted. Most termination seems to be patient initiated (i.e., the result of the client not showing up for a scheduled session). Termination can also depend on a number of variables, such as the theoreti...
Chapter
Carl Hempel (1905–97) was a twentieth-century philosopher of science who was initially associated with logical positivism but went on to do important work on scientific explanation, induction, and the structure of scientific theories, particularly regarding problems of how theoretical terms relate to observational terms. Hempel claimed that there w...
Article
Objective: The present study was a preliminary evaluation of a parental self-report questionnaire appropriate for the pediatric primary care setting (The Pediatric Screening Inventory; PSI). The PSI assesses three domains: parenting skills, child behavior problems, and behaviors related to medical compliance. Methods: Piloting of the PSI involved a...
Article
In this paper we reviewed the literature to determine what "culturally sensitive" interventions (whereby "culturally sensitive" was defined as any study that included a specific focus on the cultural group of interest) can be considered well-established, beneficial treatments for use with Hispanic populations. Despite several hundred publications o...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Behavioral health problems (e.g., depression, anxiety, smoking, insomnia, etc.) are involved in the majority (70%) of primary care visits. Integrated behavioral healthcare is a unique setting in which preventive care could be further expanded. This project focuses on the implementation of preventive efforts in integrated care.
Archived project
This project investigated an online intervention for depressive symptoms associated with infertility. Secondary aims were related to psychometric properties of instruments and the association of resilience and other variables.