William Kerry Mummery

William Kerry Mummery
University of Alberta | UAlberta · Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation

PhD

About

233
Publications
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Publications

Publications (233)
Article
This investigation sought to examine physical activity (PA) as a potential determinant of chronic boredom and associated well-being within the context of COVID-related restrictions. A representative sample of U.K. adults ( N = 1,521) completed a survey on June 1, 2020. Bivariate analyses demonstrated that individuals who met guidelines and maintain...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This study examined the usage, acceptability, usability, perceived usefulness, and satisfaction of a web-based video-tailored physical activity (PA) intervention (“TaylorActive”) in adults. Methods: In 2013–2014, 501 Australian adults aged 18+ years were randomized into a video-tailored intervention, text-tailored intervention, or control...
Article
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Understanding for whom behaviour change interventions work is important, however there is a lack of studies examining potential moderators in such interventions. This study investigated potential moderators on the effectiveness of a computer-tailored intervention to increase physical activity among Australian adults. People who had <150 minutes of...
Article
Objectives This study examined the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on the physical activity (PA) of UK adults and potential motivational determinants of such behaviour. Design and methods A survey was conducted with 1,521 UK adults recruited through Prolific.co in early June 2020. Along with demographic information, questions assessed current PA, c...
Article
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Background Accumulating evidence suggests that the built environment is associated with physical activity. The extent to which the built environment may support adherence to physical activity interventions is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the neighbourhood built environment constrains or facilitates adherence and steps t...
Article
Objectives Some online, personally tailored, text-based physical activity interventions have proven effective. However, people tend to ‘skim’ and ‘scan’ web-based text rather than thoroughly read their contents. In contrast, online videos are more engaging and popular. We examined whether web-based personally tailored physical activity videos were...
Chapter
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The 10,000 Steps program originated from a landmark whole-ofcommunity multi-strategy intervention to increase physical activity (PA) in Rockhampton, Australia in 2001-2003. It used a social ecological framework to promote physical activity at the individual, population, environmental and policy level. Two of the fundamental aspects of the original...
Chapter
Full-text available
Health behaviour change programs that utilise IT-based delivery have great potential to improve health. Whilst more static Web 1.0 technologies have been somewhat effective, they often failed to promote longer-term user engagement required for greater health promotion impact. With Web 2.0 technologies, however, there is potential for greater engage...
Article
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Objectives Internet-facilitated physical activity interventions are becoming more common. A better understanding about the barriers and facilitators experienced by participants is needed to improve the delivery and effectiveness of these types of interventions. Our study explored perceived individual, social, and physical environment characteristic...
Article
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Background This study aimed to investigate the validity of the Active Australia Survey across different subgroups and its responsiveness to change, as few previous studies have examined this. Methods The Active Australia Survey was validated against the ActiGraph as an objective measure of physical activity. Participants (n = 465) wore the ActiGra...
Article
BACKGROUND: Time spent engaging in sedentary behavior represents a growing public health concern, with many national physical activity guidelines now also including recommendations on reducing sedentary time. Sedentary behavior contributes to a range of poor health outcomes. Web-based interventions are increasingly used in health promotion given th...
Article
We begin by thanking Dr. Nancy Edwards for her interest in our recent systematic review of interventions to increase stair use.
Article
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Background: Interactive web-based physical activity interventions using Web 2.0 features (e.g., social networking) have the potential to improve engagement and effectiveness compared to static Web 1.0 interventions. However, older adults may engage with Web 2.0 interventions differently than younger adults. The aims of this study were to determine...
Article
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Background: The translation of Web-based physical activity intervention research into the real world is lacking and becoming increasingly important. Objective: To compare usage and effectiveness, in real-world settings, of a traditional Web 1.0 Web-based physical activity intervention, providing limited interactivity, to a Web 2.0 Web-based physica...
Article
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While physical and mental health benefits of regular physical activity are well known, increasing evidence suggests that limiting sedentary behaviour is also important for health. Evidence shows associations of physical activity and sedentary behaviour with health-related quality of life (HRQoL), however, these findings are based predominantly on d...
Data
Trial protocol–Ethics committee approved. (PDF)
Article
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Background/Aim Web 2.0 internet technology has great potential in promoting physical activity. This trial investigated the effectiveness of a Web 2.0-based intervention on physical activity behaviour, and the impact on website usage and engagement. Methods 504 (328 women, 126 men) insufficiently active adult participants were randomly allocated to...
Article
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Background Requiring individuals to obtain medical clearance to exercise prior to participation in physical activity interventions is common. The impact this has on the socio-demographic characteristic profiles of participants who end up participating in the intervention is not clear. Methods As part of the multi-component eligibility screening for...
Article
Context Stair climbing is an accessible activity that can be incorporated into one’s daily lifestyle to increase physical activity levels and provide health benefits. This review summarizes the effectiveness of stair interventions and explores key differences that may influence intervention effectiveness. Evidence acquisition Interventions to incr...
Article
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UWALK is a multi-strategy, multi-sector, theory-informed, community-wide approach using e and mHealth to promote physical activity in Alberta, Canada. The aim of UWALK is to promote physical activity, primarily via the accumulation of steps and flights of stairs, through a single over-arching brand. This paper describes the development of the UWALK...
Article
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Objective: To describe in detail the recruitment methods and enrollment rates, the screening methods, and the baseline characteristics of a sample of adults participating in the Walk 2.0 Study, an 18 month, 3-arm randomized controlled trial of a Web 2.0 based physical activity intervention. Methods: A two-fold recruitment plan was developed and imp...
Article
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Background Physical activity (PA) offers numerous benefits to health and well-being, but most adults are not sufficiently physically active to afford such benefits. The 10,000 steps campaign has been a popular and effective approach to promote PA. The Transtheoretical Model posits that individuals have varying levels of readiness for health behavio...
Article
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Background: Physical activity (PA) behavior change interventions among cancer survivors have used face-to-face, telephone, email, and print-based methods. However, computer-tailored, Internet-delivered programs may be a more viable option to achieve PA behavior change.
Presentation
Purpose: Previously, we reported the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an internet-delivered physical activity (PA) behaviour change program among cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine effects of this program on motivation. Methods: 95 cancer survivors were randomized into either UCAN, a Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)...
Article
Full-text available
Background Physical inactivity levels are unacceptably high and effective interventions that can increase physical activity in large populations at low cost are urgently needed. Web-based interventions that use computer-tailoring have shown to be effective, though people tend to ‘skim’ and ‘scan’ text on the Internet rather than thoroughly read it....
Article
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To identify and compare the prevalence and correlates of strength exercise among breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors. . Cross-sectional, descriptive survey. . Nova Scotia, Canada. . 741 breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors. . A stratified sample of 2,063 breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors diagnosed from...
Article
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Translating evidence-based interventions into community practice is vital to health promotion. This study used the RE-AIM framework to evaluate the larger dissemination of the ManUp intervention, an intervention which utilized interactive web-based technologies to improve the physical activity and nutrition behaviors of residents in Central Queensl...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence for effectiveness of school-based studies for prevention of adolescent obesity is equivocal. Tailoring interventions to specific settings is considered necessary for effectiveness and sustainability. The PRECEDE framework provides a formative research approach for comprehensive understanding of school environments and identification of key...
Article
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Introduction: Low levels of health-enhancing physical activity require novel approaches that have the potential to reach broad populations. Web-based interventions are a popular approach for behaviour change given their wide reach and accessibility. However, challenges with participant engagement and retention reduce the long-term maintenance of b...
Article
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Background: Physical activity (PA) preferences may vary by cancer survivor group, but few studies have made direct comparisons. The purpose of this study was to compare the PA preferences of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors in Nova Scotia (NS), Canada. Methods: Two thousand sixty-two breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survi...
Conference Paper
This paper presents a new visual analytics framework for analyzing health-related physical activity data. Existing techniques mostly rely on node-links visualizations to represent the usage patterns as social networks. This work takes a different approach that provides interactive scatter-plot visualizations on classified and time-based data. By pr...
Article
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Background: The high number of adult males engaging in low levels of physical activity and poor dietary practices, and the health risks posed by these behaviors, necessitate broad-reaching intervention strategies. Information technology (IT)-based (Web and mobile phone) interventions can be accessed by large numbers of people, yet there are few re...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To explore the effects of targeted physical activity (PA) print material on PA and quality of life (QOL) in young adult cancer survivors (YACS) aged 18-39 either on or off treatment. Methods: YACS (N=212) recruited from a cancer registry were randomly assigned to a Targeted Physical Activity Guidebook (TPAG) or the Canadian Physical Activi...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Physical activity (PA) preferences may vary by cancer survivor group but few studies have made direct comparisons. The purpose of this study was to identify and compare the PA preferences of breast, prostate and colorectal cancer survivors in Nova Scotia, Canada. Methods: A stratified sample of 2063 breast, prostate and colorectal cance...
Article
Website-delivered interventions are increasingly used to deliver physical activity interventions, yet problems with engagement and retention result in reduced effectiveness. Hence, alternative modes of online intervention delivery need to be explored. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of a computer-tailored...
Article
Objectives The purpose of this study was to examine the leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) of South Asians living in Canada using a four-mode, bidimensional acculturation framework. Design Cross-sectional, descriptive study. Methods A random sample (N = 204) of South Asian adults living in Calgary, Canada completed a telephone interview that a...
Conference Paper
Translating evidence-based interventions into community practice is vital to health promotion. This study used the RE-AIM framework to evaluate the larger dissemination of the ManUp intervention, an intervention which utilized interactive web-based technologies to improve the physical activity and nutrition behaviors of residents in Central Queensl...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to compare the medical, demographic and social cognitive correlates of physical activity (PA) in breast (BCS), prostate (PCS) and colorectal (CRCS) cancer survivors. A stratified random sample of 2062 BC, PC and CRC survivors diagnosed between 2003 and 2011 was identified by the Nova Scotia Cancer Registry (NSCR) and m...
Article
Background: Gender is a sociocultural factor known to impact the physical activity (PA) behaviors of South Asians. The purpose of this research was to examine gender-associated perceptions of barriers and motivators for PA in a South Asian population living Canada. Methods: A random sample (N = 204) of South Asian Punjabi adults (18yrs+) complet...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Physical activity (PA) correlates may vary across cancer survivor groups but few studies have directly compared cancer sites. The purpose of this study was to compare the medical, demographic and social cognitive correlates of PA in breast (BC), prostate (PC) and colorectal (CRC) cancer survivors. Methods: A stratified random sample of...
Article
Within a health context, men in Western societies are a hard-to-reach population who experience higher rates of chronic disease compared with women. Innovative technology-based interventions that specifically target men are needed; however, little is known about how these should be developed for this group. This study aimed to examine opinions and...
Article
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Background Physical inactivity is one of the leading modifiable causes of death and disease in Australia. National surveys indicate less than half of the Australian adult population are sufficiently active to obtain health benefits. The Internet is a potentially important medium for successfully communicating health messages to the general populati...
Article
Full-text available
Strong evidence exists for the role of physical activity in preventing and managing a range of chronic health conditions. A particular challenge in promoting physical activity as a health strategy exists in culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups, as such groups demonstrate high risk for a range of non-communicable diseases. The aim of...
Article
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Background: Population surveys are frequently used to assess prevalence, correlates and health benefits of physical activity. However, nonsampling errors, such as question order effects, in surveys may lead to imprecision in self reported physical activity. This study examined the impact of modified question order in a commonly used physical activ...
Article
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Background: Energy excess, low fruit and vegetable intake and other suboptimal dietary habits contribute to an increased poor health and the burden of disease in males. However the best way to engage males into nutrition programs remains unclear. This review provides a critical evaluation of the nature and effectiveness of nutrition interventions...
Article
Background: Interventions that facilitate access to cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention programs are in demand. Methods: This pilot study used a mixed methods design to evaluate the feasibility of an Internet-based, electronic Outpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation (eOCR). Patients who had suffered a cardiac event and their case managers...
Article
Full-text available
Background The aims of this study were to examine temporal trends in the prevalence of sufficient moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA), high levels of screen time, combined measures of these behaviors and overweight or obesity in Australian adults during the period 2002–2008. Trends over this time period in overweight or obesity...
Article
Objective. This study examined the effectiveness of a fully automated web-based programme to increase physical activity in adults with Type 2 diabetes. Methods. Between May and July 2010, participants were randomly allocated into either a 12-week intervention (n = 195) or a control (n = 202) group. Participants were adults diagnosed with Type 2 dia...
Conference Paper
Introduction: The internet has become an increasingly important communication tool, and web-based physical activity (PA) interventions have the potential to reach large populations and contribute to the promotion of PA and behaviour change. Despite the proliferation of publically-accessible health-related and health promotion websites, relatively l...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The Heart Foundation Tick aims to help consumers make healthier food choices and overcome confusion in understanding food labels. Little is known about what factors differentiate frequent from infrequent users and the effectiveness of this scheme in helping Australians make healthier food choices. Design: A cross-sectional survey was...
Article
Despite the numerous health benefits, population physical activity levels are low and declining with age. A continued increase of Internet access allows for website-delivered interventions to be implemented across age-groups, though older people have typically not been considered for this type of intervention. Therefore, the purpose of this study w...
Article
Objectives: Limited research exists addressing the development of health-related smartphone apps, a new and potentially effective health promotion delivery strategy. This article describes the development and formative evaluation of a smartphone app associated with a physical activity promotion website. Methods: A combination of qualitative and...
Article
Full-text available
Background Compared to females, males experience higher rates of chronic disease and mortality, yet few health promotion initiatives are specifically aimed at men. Therefore, the aim of the ManUp Study is to examine the effectiveness of an IT-based intervention to increase the physical activity and nutrition behaviour and literacy in middle-aged ma...
Article
Aim: This study examined adolescent nutrition behaviours and associations with a range of adolescent and parent characteristics to underpin the development of key objectives for focus in the development of school-based interventions for the prevention of adolescent overweight/obesity. Methods: Three hundred and sixty-two adolescents from six second...