William GardinerLaboratory Consulting Sources, Inc. · Analytech
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Citations since 2017
3 Research Items
Investigations into the origins of useful minerals and materials in the near environment of the earth from the electrified plasma within and without the heliosphere, performing laboratory simulations including but not limited to graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry
The solar wind streaming radially outward from the Sun offers a natural contact force for spacecraft propulsion. The Solar Sail is limited in degrees of freedom by the general unidirectional velocity vector of the solar wind. We discuss aspects of a focal natural comet stream opposing the solar wind direction, pellets of charged, incandescent matt...
Our objective is to determine whether the Kreutz group of sun-grazing comets represent a material transport process that can be emulated. The Kreutz comets typically move through the solar system at 0.2% of lightspeed, 480-600 km/sec (1.3 million mph). This allows a typical Kreutz comet to cross the distance between Mars and Earth in as little as a...
On October 18, 2014, comet Siding Spring (C/2013 A1) passed near Mars at ⅓ the Earth's lunar distance and showed an energizing effect on the upper Martian atmosphere of the whole planetary hemisphere and its magnetic field. While this effect might create concern about human Mars exploration, it provides an opportunity for insight into the true natu...