Willemijn Verkoren

Willemijn Verkoren
Radboud University | RU · Center for International Conflict - Analysis and Management (CICAM)

About

28
Publications
3,384
Reads
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395
Citations
Citations since 2017
2 Research Items
271 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Full-text available
Although important roles in peacebuilding are attributed to civil society (CS), few studies have so far analysed how CS actors fare amid ongoing war. Our empirical analysis of CS organisations in Yemen shows that their potential for peacebuilding is severely restrained not only by the security situation but also by political capture, corruption, an...
Article
Using a case study of Prey Lang Community Network (PLCN) in Cambodia, this article adds to emerging literature on local responses to land grabbing. While much of this literature has focused on political opportunity structures, this article looks at the agency of local groups organizing in response to land grabbing. Noting that organization and conn...
Book
This book aims to understand the processes and outcomes that arise from frictional encounters in peacebuilding, when global and local forces meet. Building a sustainable peace after violent conflict is a process that entails competing ideas, political contestation and transformation of power relations. This volume develops the concept of ‘friction...
Article
Full-text available
Current peacebuilding debates centre around the idea that international and local activities need to be better aligned. However, the distinction between ‘local’ and ‘international’ actors and processes obscures both power and interest differentials among actors and the various interconnections between international, national and local actors and di...
Chapter
Policies to promote peace in conflict-torn societies increasingly include “civil society (CS) building” as an aim; however, in such settings, it is often difficult – if not impossible – to distinguish between state and society, or between “civil” and “uncivil”. Local legitimacy (representativeness and a strong support base) and international legiti...
Article
What happens when global meets local? This special issue focuses on the dynamic interaction between externally conceived plans for peacebuilding intervention and local people's own approaches and strategies. The notion of ‘friction’ provides a perspective that acknowledges the unpredictable and unexpected nature of this interaction. The ‘hybrid’ ou...
Article
State building is considered to be the solution to Afghanistan's ills. State-building efforts largely aim to mirror Afghanistan to a market democracy. However, a market democracy is the outcome of specific historical and geo-graphical circumstances, and cannot be replicated easily. This article explores four models of state formation: the Western,...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses frictions in strengthening civil society (CS) for peacebuilding. It argues that frictions are caused by the fact that policies for CS support in post-conflict settings are rooted in a Western discourse on the role of civic actors in politics and society. Consequently, intervention practices do not match local practices of civi...
Article
Recent years have witnessed a fierce debate about the ‘liberal peace’: a specific vision of peace that has come to be leading and that promotes democracy, human rights, free markets and the rule of law as the solution for war-torn countries around the world. Critics have called for moderated and alternative policy models for what is seen as an impo...
Article
Strengthening or even ‘building’ civil society has become a preoccupation of international development actors working in post-conflict settings. However, how to do so effectively remains a difficult and theoretically underexplored question. This article identifies two core challenges. The first is how to overcome the discrepancy between what intern...
Article
Literature and policies on learning by NGOs focus on internal processes in Northern organisations. This article examines the learning processes of Southern NGOs by studying peacebuilding organisations in several African and Asian countries. These organisations learn mostly in an interactive way, emphasising exchange with other practitioners and ben...
Article
Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) is a set of activities that forms part of strategies for peacebuilding after civil war. DDR has become the standard way of addressing security threats in immediate post-conflict situations. However, DDR is designed to promote national security, rather than human- or community security. This create...
Article
Full-text available
The connection between community security and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) is a largely omitted topic in most current policy approaches and is relatively unexplored in both academic and policy literature. The few available reports indicate that community security and community-based DDR initiatives have something to offer and...
Article
Full-text available
It is increasingly recognised that the mobilisation and exchange of knowledge between different sectors (such as academia, policymakers, and practitioners) and regions (between North and South as well as among conflict regions) can be of paramount importance in the field of peacebuilding. As a result, the number of knowledge networks in this field...
Article
Full-text available
The devastating conflicts in many developing countries have triggered many NGOs to devote increasing attention to conflict prevention, conflict transformation and post-conflict development. In each of the prominent conflict countries (like Afghanistan, East Timor, Kosovo), several hundred foreign NGOs are active. They come from different corners: h...
Article
Local non-governmental organisations in conflict-torn countries find themselves in rapidly changing circumstances. This calls for flexibility and the capacity to learn. Locally appropriate ways to deal with conflict are needed but difficult to find. Peacebuilders (the dove) face various constraints as they develop and share their knowledge (the owl...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
The project investigates the challenges the complex circumstances pose to local and international CSOs striving to offer humanitarian assistance, deliver basic services, provide psychosocial support, report human rights violations and reduce the effects of war on people’s daily lives. It addresses the question, how do international and local CSOs view the challenges posed by war and what roles do they play in peacebuilding? In order to be able to carry out an in-depth analysis uncovering the complexity of CS operations during war, we opted for a single case design. Yemen is an interesting case for my project because it is in the midst of war. For security reasons the majority of research on CS and peacebuilding is carried out in relatively stable settings; however, our team of researchers from inside and outside of Yemen offered a unique opportunity to undertake field research in an unstable setting. It also provides an investigation into the relationship between HA distribution and the survival of war economies, as an important factor in prolonging conflict. The current body of research is limited and often inconclusive and there is currently no general consensus on the effectiveness of these HA distributions and conflict. Given the amount of money donated to many conflicted countries and the cost of conflict on lives around these countries, the importance of understanding the extent to which HA influences conflict and the consequential impact on vulnerable recipients is recognized, as is its role in enabling war economies to thrive in countries experiencing conflict. Our project expands on the existing literature to offer empirical data regarding the role of local and international NGO-humanitarian organisations in prolonging the conflict and exploring the impact of HA on war economies in conflicting countries.