Willem van Vliet—

Willem van Vliet—
University of Colorado Boulder | CUB · College of Architecture & Planning

About

66
Publications
37,547
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824
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2013 - present
University of Colorado Boulder
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) spells out many rights, including the right to participate in decision-making. Within an urban context, a child’s ‘right to the city’ includes the opportunity to participate in local governance. Youth councils (YCs) provide such opportunities. Using a nationwide survey in the United Sta...
Chapter
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Shifting demographics, along with changing family structures and household dynamics worldwide, make it increasingly important to reflect on successful practices that provide opportunities for interaction, engagement, and support across more than two generations. This chapter, therefore, explores three key areas of research: (1) elder-friendly commu...
Article
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The outgoing co-editors reflect on their service to Children, Youth and Environments by describing the historical themes, current trends, future directions in the fields, and their legacy. The transition to a new “home base” for the journal at the University of Cincinnati is described and the incoming co-editors are introduced. Goals for the journa...
Technical Report
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United Nations Human Settlements Programme.
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This paper compares residential satisfaction and aspects of housing tenure and affordability for the elderly in the United States and the Netherlands. The observed differences are examined against the background of differences in the national systems of general housing provision. In this regard, the United States and the Netherlands represent two v...
Article
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The Child-Friendly City (CFC) label means different things to different people, influenced by their professional interests. We distinguish several approaches to CFCs and sketch their emergence within the context of profit-oriented urban markets shaped by processes of globalization. Against this background, we propose a typology of children acting a...
Technical Report
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United Nations Human Settlements Programme. ISBN(Volume): 978-92-1-132628-4
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Socially just, intergenerational urban spaces should not only accommodate children and adolescents, but engage them as participants in the planning and design of welcoming spaces. With this goal, city agencies in Boulder, Colorado, the Boulder Valley School District, the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado, and a n...
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This article describes an evaluation of student experiences in environmental design courses with a community engagement focus. It aims to identify pedagogical approaches that minimize obstacles faced by students while maximizing learning opportunities. Focus groups composed of undergraduate students in seven classes generated three major findings:...
Article
Housing institutions in developing countries include a range of actors playing very different roles in the provision of housing. This article presents a way to understand the interconnectedness of the different housing institutions in housing provision in developing countries. It also points to some recent trends in the way housing institutions hav...
Chapter
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Children and the environment cover a broad, interdisciplinary field of research and practice. The social sciences often use the word “environment” to mean the social, political, or economic context of children’s lives, but this bibliography covers physical settings. It focuses on a place-based scale that children can see, hear, taste, smell, touch,...
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Following a brief review of rights-based approaches to creating child- and elder-friendly cities, this paper draws from practical examples of intergenerational initiatives and programs from around the world to identify benefits and challenges of synergistic efforts to create livable cities for all ages. It suggests points of convergence, describes...
Technical Report
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Central Office) www.unhabitat.org HS Number: HS/112/11E ISBN Number(Series): 978-92-1-132028-2 ISBN Number(Volume): 978-92-1-132405-1
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We examined whether schoolyard improvements led to increased physical activity levels among both boys and girls and assessed the aspects of schoolyard design that have an impact on physical activity. In a quasi-experimental research design, 6 schools with renovated schoolyards and 3 control schools were divided into activity areas. We calculated me...
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The literature on environmental effects on children is pervaded by value‐laden statements. This article stresses careful examination of the factual basis of such statements. Selected research findings on children's health, play behavior, social interactions, and school behavior indicate a need for environmental policies for children. This need is f...
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This issue of American Behavioral Scientist makes available some of the most recent research on the growing social, economic, and human development impacts of homelessness on families—specifically, on the lives of children and youth. The seven studies from the United States and Canada compiled here provide important evidence-based insights to infor...
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Referencing the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child as the basis to make cities more supportive of children's needs, this paper discusses the emergence and characteristics of child- friendly cities. It then reviews the development of an initiative in Denver, Colorado, to become the Number One child-friendly city in the USA, and describes Lea...
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By various indicators of scholarly viability,housing research is thriving. Its relevance,however, is unclear. This paper addressesquestions concerning the practical significanceof housing research. Is anyone actually usingthe findings? If so, who, how, and to whichends? A survey of 41 authors of articles,published in this journal from 1996 to 1999,...
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This paper describes the key role that city authorities and their civil societies should play in mediating the relationship between economic globalization and human development so that cities act not only as engines of growth but also as agents for greater social justice and environmental sustainability. In a globalizing and urbanizing world, urban...
Article
Sustainable development is frequently oriented towards aspects of environmental quality and carrying capacity.1 A broader view, endorsed by the UN Centre for Human Settlements, includes aspects of social and economic equity as well. In this connection, global restructuring presents a significant context. Its associated processes, including internat...
Article
Housing in Japan is of interest as an example of how improvements in living conditions have not kept pace with national economic growth. This paper describes basic housing conditions in Japan and offers an assessment of them against the background of progress over time and within the context of housing conditions in several Western countries. Housi...
Article
Notwithstanding serious competing domestic policy concerns, governments in many less-industrialised countries allocate an excessive share of the national budget to military expenditures. Costa Rica stands out as a singular exception. After the 1948 revolution, it redefined national security. It determined that the well-being of the population would...
Article
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This brief introduction to the articles in this issue situates the topics being addressed in the context of questions raised by current analyses of and research on housing in less developed countries. Drawing on several examples, the discussion stresses the need to correct prevailing misconceptions regarding squatters and their housing and, in this...
Chapter
One of the underlying purposes of community planning is the creation of settings that support the activities of households and institutions. In this context, spatial planning aims at the realization and maintenance of a state of congruence between human behavior and the physical environment. The relationships between individual and institutional ac...
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According to the most recent census data, nearly eleven million children in the United States annually change their residence. Residential relocation can be a severely disruptive event for adults, but little is known about its effects on children. After a brief sketch of the ldimensions-a-nfdfiackground of the problem, this article reviews the exta...
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Reviews research on how the physical environment affects children, giving special attention to possible adverse effects. Implications of environmental factors, ranging from the home to the community, are examined in each of 6 areas: safety, physical health, mental health, social relations, play behaviour, and school performance. Recommendations are...
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In Israel, housing policy has traditionally been aimed at broader objectives beyond the supply of adequate shelter. Using data from a nationwide survey of young couples (N = 2,591), this study examines the relationship between the government's major housing-assistance program and two principal national goals: a spatially balanced and socially integ...
Article
The government has formulated a housing policy offering young couples incentives to settle in new towns. Against this background, national survey data are used to compare the quality of the residential environment in new towns with that of other urban areas, according to standard housing measures and respondents' personal evaluations. Implications...
Book
Many of the papers were initially prepared (and later revised) for the 1982 International Sociological Association Congress in Mexico. There are four divisions in the book, each with an editorial introduction: 1) housing needs: implications of household composition; 2) the provision of housing; the role of the states; 3) the provision of housing: s...
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Reports on an empirical study, conducted in Israel, on the relation between housing tenure and participation of residents on committees concerned with maintenance of buildings and the neighbourhood. Outlines the literature and concludes that home owners are significantly more involved than renters. -after Authors
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In this study of a sample of 148 teenagers from metropolitan Toronto, home range is found to be smaller in the city, in lower social classes, and-in the suburbs only-for girls and younger teenagers. Home range is the spatial manifestation of exploring the "fourth environment," which is globally defined as the environment outside the home, playgroun...
Article
Traditionally, sociologists have conceived their subject matter in social terms. However, there is a growing awareness that in order to explain social facts it may be necessary to consider variables of the physical environment as socially significant. This research applies such awareness to the study of scientific communities. Previous research in...
Article
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In this article, it is suggested that apartment dwellings may become a realistic housing choice for a growing number of American families. Some consequences of this possibility are explored. Specifically, results from previous research on the effects of apartment living on children are reviewed. Some problems limiting the reliability and validity o...
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Evaluates the travel patterns, after school and at weekends, for two samples of teenagers in Toronto, Canada. The aim was to determine differences due to age, sex, socio-economic status, and home environment. An overall aim was to challenge basic assumptions of planners that hinder the planning of urban areas for young people.-R.Land
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A consistent finding in research on housing choice and residential satisfaction has been the preference of parents for suburbs as child-rearing environments. Children themselves though, have rarely been asked about different types of neighborhoods as places to live. The present study is an attempt to address this gap. This article discusses some re...
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By recognizing the unique developmental needs of children and youth, environments can be planned and designed so that they support children's healthy development. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) provides a broad framework for defining obligations, goals and strategies for such support. However, despite nearly universal ratificati...
Article
Summary Demographic data show a strong increase among the elderly in most industrial- ized countries. This development has important implications for the design, planning and management of environments supportive of the elderly's needs. The trend projected for the Netherlands indicates that, by the middle of the next century, the Dutch will be amon...

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