Will Simm

Will Simm
Lancaster University | LU · School of Computing and Communications

MEng, PhD

About

43
Publications
7,253
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551
Citations

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Full-text available
Digital technology is having a major impact on many areas of society, and there is equal opportunity for impact on science. This is particularly true in the environmental sciences as we seek to understand the complexities of the natural environment under climate change. This perspective presents the outcomes of a summit in this area, a unique cross...
Article
Lagos, Nigeria, is rapidly urbanizing and is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world, with a population that is increasing at almost 500 000 people per year. Yet the impacts on Lagos’s local climate via its urban heat island (UHI) have not been well explored. Considering that the tropics already have year-round high temperatures and humidity...
Article
Full-text available
The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) community model is widely used to explore cross‐scale atmospheric features. Although WRF uncertainty studies exist, these usually involve ensembles where different physics options are selected (e.g., the boundary layer scheme) or adjusting individual parameters. Uncertainty from perturbing initial conditio...
Chapter
Full-text available
There is growing interest in the application of the latest trends in computing and data science methods to improve environmental science. However we found the penetration of best practice from computing domains such as software engineering and cloud computing into supporting every day environmental science to be poor. We take from this work a real...
Chapter
This chapter explores co-production with community groups of innovative digital technologies designed to address challenging social issues. It presents lessons learned from the Catalyst project (http://www.catalystproject.org.uk), which carried out 13 such co-production projects over a three year period developing digital solutions in areas as dive...
Article
This article argues that human values – such as responsibility, transparency, creativity, and equality – are heavily under-represented in software engineering methods. Based on experiences with real-world projects with not-for-profits, we explore how human values can be integrated into existing participatory agile practices. We propose new ways of...
Article
Full-text available
The concept ‘models of everywhere’ was first introduced in the mid 2000s as a means of reasoning about the environmental science of a place, changing the nature of the underlying modelling process, from one in which general model structures are used to one in which modelling becomes a learning process about specific places, in particular capturing...
Conference Paper
This paper reports on the first year of a three-year-long co-creation project with older adults. We focus our analysis on one particular workshop in which participants stopped designing and began to think about promoting the app we were co-creating. The workshop proved uniquely important for examining assumptions we had made about how and why the c...
Conference Paper
New and emergent computing architectures and software engineering practices provide an opportunity for environmental models to be deployed more efficiently and democratically. In this paper we aim to capture the software engineering practices of environmental scientists, highlight opportunities for software engineering and work towards developing a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ensemble is an interdisciplinary research team, working to explore the opportunity of new and emergent digital technologies in understanding, mitigating and adapting to environmental change. Using methods drawn from computer science, environmental science, social science, statistics, art, design and writing the team aim to transform the work of env...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present design insights for developing mobile services for senior citizens which have emerged through substantive engagement with end users and other stakeholders. We describe the aims of the Mobile Age project, and the ideas and rationale for applications that have emerged through a co-creation process. A trusted data platform is proposed along...
Conference Paper
Whether it is in the form of software, system architecture or interface design, anything digital is inevitably affected by values: the organizational values of the project sponsor, the values of the research partners, and the values of each developer and designer. Some values (e.g. commercial success, academic prestige) are easier to quantify than...
Conference Paper
Automated passive sensing applications and self-reported smart diaries seem to hold promise for the management of anxiety in autism and other mental health conditions. However, passive sensing often struggles with noisy data, ambiguous feedback and weak user agency over the device, whilst self-reporting relies on user-entered data which can be time...
Article
Full-text available
The realization that software has a far reaching impact on politics, society and the environment is not new. However, only recently software impact has been explicitly described as `systemic' and framed around complex social problems such as sustainability. We argue that `wicked' social problems are consequences of the interplay between complex eco...
Conference Paper
For many people living with conditions such as autism, anxiety manifests so powerfully it has a big impact on quality of life. By investigating the suitability of truly customizable wearable health devices we build on prior research that found each experience of anxiety in people with autism is unique, so 'one-suits all' solutions are not suitable....
Conference Paper
In many parts of the world, the electricity supply industry makes the task of dealing with unpredictable spikes and dips in production and demand invisible to consumers, maintaining a seemingly unlimited supply. A future increase in reliance on time-variable renewable sources of electricity may lead to greater fluctuations in supply. We engaged rem...
Article
Organizations increasingly rely on digital tools, such as social media, to harvest public opinion on a variety of issues ranging from brand reputations to political debates. One area in which digital tools have great potential is in consultation on design of public spaces. Public organizations are expected to consult with users of a public space be...
Article
The transformational potential of using social networking sites (SNS) for activism is a highly researched topic in various academic disciplines, but the topic of ‘success’ has been largely avoided by scholars, much to the detriment of activists themselves, for whom effective use of SNS has become action critical. In this paper, we triangulate findi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Designing with the community brings about a number of benefits, including tacit and contextual knowledge about the problem domain; this is especially apparent in rural settings. However, designing for problems that have yet to embed themselves in the fabric of society (i.e. future problems) poses a number of challenges, as they typically present in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We are exploring attitudes to renewable energy supply with the remote island community of Tiree. As part of this engagement, we are working with local children to introduce the topic of the energy generation potential of renewables (i.e. from wind and solar power). In this paper, we report on our early attempts to broker this engagement using a phy...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents Clasp, a novel tactile anxiety management, communication and peer support tool developed with, by and for adults diagnosed with High Functioning Autism (HFA). Clasp connects a tactile anxiety coping device to a smartphone, which records and communicates anxiety levels for self-feedback and reflection. By adopting an iterative pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents Clasp, a novel tactile anxiety management, communication and peer support tool developed with, by and for adults diagnosed with High Functioning Autism (HFA). Clasp connects a tactile anxiety coping device to a smartphone, which records and communicates anxiety levels for self-feedback and reflection. By adopting an iterative pr...
Conference Paper
Software engineering for ‘social good’ is an area receiving growing interest in recent years. Software is increasingly seen as a way to promote positive social change: this includes initiatives such as Code for America and events such as hackathons, which strive to build innovative software solutions with a social conscience. From a software engine...
Article
Full-text available
With peak oil behind us, nuclear generation capacity dwindling, and increasingly daunting looking carbon emissions targets, we are moving to a world where we must consider transitioning to renewable energy sources. Renewables are time varying and their inherent unpredictability must challenge our everyday assumptions around energy availability-lead...
Chapter
#Patchworks is a citizen-led co-design project to design innovative technologies for and with homeless people in the North West of England. The project involved 3 quite distinct communities: Signposts, a community resource centre that works with homeless people in Morecambe; Madlab, a community of DIY hackers and creative technologists in Mancheste...
Article
Science-fiction prototyping is often used to explore the social implications of science and technology and to provide inspiration for innovation. The future that is being imagined however often exhibits a form of techno-optimism. This paper critiques that optimism by describing the #Patchworks project in which science fiction prototypes were used t...
Conference Paper
#Patchworks is a citizen-led co-design project to design innovative technologies for and with homeless people in the North West of England. The project involved 3 quite distinct communities: Signposts, a community resource centre that works with homeless people in Morecambe; Madlab, a community of DIY hackers and creative technologists in Mancheste...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we introduce Speedplay, an interdisciplinary management approach for digital and social innovation research devised to negotiate the challenges of working in partnership with hard-to-reach communities in fast-paced project environments. By introducing two case studies, we illustrate how the approach has emerged and how it has been app...
Conference Paper
OurCity is a site-specific digital artwork designed to solicit, aggregate and visualize citizens' views on the cities in which they live. It aims to allow people to have their voice heard in a way which is fun and engaging and reduces the gap between citizens and policymakers. OurCity builds on our previous work, VoiceYourView (Whittle et al 2010)...
Article
Automatically extracting actionable knowledge from on-line social media has attracted a growing interest from both academia and the industry. However, little clarity exists in relation to what actionable knowledge is, whether it can be measured and where it is more likely to be found. This paper makes an attempt at answering the above questions by...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Much has been documented in the literature on sentiment analysis and document summarisation. Much of this applies to long structured text in the form of documents and blog posts. With a shift in social media towards short commentary (see Facebook status updates and twitter tweets), the difference in comment structure may affect the accuracy of sent...
Conference Paper
This paper reports on VoiceYourView, a kind of intelligent kiosk, which uses speech recognition and natural language processing to gather the public's creative input on the public space designs. Over a six week period, VoiceYourView was deployed in a public space and 2000 design critiques were collected from 600 people. The paper shows that people...
Article
Self-adaptive systems (SASs) have the ability to reconfigure their behavior to respond to changing external conditions. A key element of a SAS, therefore, is how to monitor the environment so that appropriate adaptations can be triggered. In complex systems, monitoring the environment in its entirety is either impossible or too expensive. As a resu...
Conference Paper
This paper details the signal processing techniques used to produce novel speech metrics for the quantitative assessment of dysarthric speech. A number of different processing methods are used to produce measures designed to aid speech therapists and patients alike in therapy and the assessment of speech quality. The three measures also have the po...

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