Wilbert J. Mckeachie

Wilbert J. Mckeachie
University of Michigan | U-M

About

150
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (150)
Research
Full-text available
This is the user manual for the MSLQ. The MSLQ is in the public domain, and so you do not need permission to use the instrument. We do ask that you simply cite it appropriately (Pintrich, P.R., Smith, D.A.F., García, T., & McKeachie, W.J. (1991). A manual for the use of the motivated strategies questionnaire (MSLQ). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Mic...
Article
Contemporary teaching is concerned not only with imparting knowledge but with developing skills and strategies for further learning. This article describes issues related to the teaching of learning strategies in the context of evaluating an introductory cognitive psychology course. The course is intended to teach both the concepts of cognitive psy...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this article is to discuss one of Paul Pintrich's more enduring legacies: the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), an 81-item, self-report instrument consisting of 6 motivation subscales and 9 learning strategies scales. The MSLQ has proven to be a reliable and useful tool that can be adapted for a number of different...
Article
Obituary [Erasmus (Bob) Hoch; 1914-2008]. Erasmus "Bob" Hoch was born in New York City on August 1, 1914. He died in Brunswick, Maine, on April 6, 2008. Following military service in World War II, Bob enrolled at Columbia University, where he completed a doctorate in clinical psychology in 1950. He then served in the Veterans Administration (VA), r...
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The purpose of this study was to investigate university faculty’s perceptions of teaching support and their teaching efficacy in Taiwan. In addition, the relationship of perceived teaching support to faculty’ teaching efficacy was examined. Questionnaires measuring three dimensions of teaching support and six dimensions of teaching efficacy were di...
Chapter
Harry Murray began his chapter with the question, “Do teachers differ significantly in their impact on student cognitive and affective development?” The preceding chapters clearly demonstrate that they do and that we can measure the differences and the impact that teaching makes. The basic aim of this chapter is to review and highlight aspects of t...
Article
An experienced consultant can foster trust, offer encouragement, and provide guided practice in order to help faculty improve their teaching techniques.
Article
Our commentary presents two perspectives on the preceding articles—the first by Bill McKeachie, now retired from faculty development activities, and the second by an experienced practitioner in the field, Matt Kaplan, Associate Director of the Center for Research on Learning and Teaching at the University of Michigan.Notre commentaire présente deux...
Article
Peer Reviewed http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/42835/1/10734_2004_Article_BF00153995.pdf
Article
What has changed and what has stayed the same in the years since the first publication of James's Talks to Teachers on Psychology: And to Students on some of Life's Ideals (1899) and the 10 editions of McKeachie's Teaching Tips? Although research and theory have given us better understanding of learning, memory, cognition, and motivation, much of J...
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How do extrinsic and intrinsic motives affect learning? We predicted that they would not be additive but rather that there would be interactive or curvilinear effects. Extrinsic and intrinsic goal orientation scales were administered to 13 classes—six psychology classes (two in Korea), three biology classes, three English classes, and one sociology...
Article
Memorializes Stanford C. Ericksen, professor emeritus of psychology and founding director of the Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT) of the University of Michigan. Ericksen maintained a productive research career on learning, thinking, and training methods, and was active in regional and national psychology organizations. He chaired...
Article
Memorializes Stanford C. Ericksen, professor emeritus of psychology and founding director of the Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT) of the University of Michigan. Ericksen maintained a productive research career on learning, thinking, and training methods, and was active in regional and national psychology organizations. He chaired...
Article
This study adopted a social cognitive approach to examine the association between academic delay of gratification and students' rating of teachers and course effectiveness. Also investigated were the motivational tendencies of students and teacher and classroom characteristics that served to clarify the association. Participants were 113 college st...
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The ability to delay gratification among learners could serve as an effective learning strategy useful to diminish the detrimental effect of test anxiety. Academic delay of gratification refers to students' postponement of immediately available opportunities to satisfy impulses in favor of pursuing chosen important academic rewards or goals that ar...
Article
This paper investigates the joint effects of intrinsic and extrinsic goals on college students' learning in an introductory psychology course, a biology course, and several social science courses. The study questioned whether higher levels of motivation lead to better student performance. College students were surveyed using the Intrinsic Goal Orie...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous changes in higher education (e.g., the demand for accountability, threats to tenure, new modes of instruction) and discontent with narrow definitions of scholarship have created the need for a broader and more precise definition of the nature of scholarship psychology. The 5-part definition that we propose includes (a) original research (c...
Article
This study examined the relationship between academic delay of gratification (ADOG) and college students' use of action control. College students (n=113) at a large midwestern university completed the academic delay of gratification scale developed by the authors and the motivated strategies for learning questionnaire, which included an adaptation...
Article
The purpose of this research was to assess individual differences in students' retention of knowledge several years after studying the material. Assessment of retention of materials as a function of students' test anxiety can allow one to evaluate whether high test-anxious students' original deficient academic performance and organization of the ma...
Article
In this article, the author discusses the other articles in this Current Issues section (see records 85-00210, 00217, 00208, 00211) and concludes that all of the authors agree that student ratings are valid but that contextual variables such as grading leniency can affect the level of ratings. The authors disagree about the wisdom of applying stati...
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Notes the death of social psychologist R. W. Heyns, and traces his academic and professional career as a leader in academic settings and institutions devoted to policy and research in education. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
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Notes the death of social psychologist R. W. Heyns, and traces his academic and professional career as a leader in academic settings and institutions devoted to policy and research in education.
Article
Comments on M. Rilling's (see record 83-32142) article recognizing J. McConnell's work. It is argued that McConnell's contributions have been discounted because of the distaste of many academic psychologists for popularizers of psychology. Nonetheless, many students were led into psychological research by their interest in studying learning in plan...
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345 college students' memorization of definitions and key words and the associations with their course performance were investigated in nine biology, social science, and English classes. Median rs were 0.02 and 0.24, respectively.
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Full-text available
Examines correlations between student cognitive-motivational characteristics and perceptions of computer conferencing as a supplement to classroom instruction. Questionnaires were distributed to 209 students in eight introductory psychology classes. Results indicated perceptions positively related to intrinsic motivation, thinking skills, and task...
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Full-text available
This paper reports on a new self-report, Likert-scaled instrument that was designed to assess motivation and use of learning strategies by college students. The motivation scales tap into three broad areas: (1) value (intrinsic and extrinsic goal orientation, task value), (2) expectancy (control beliefs about learning, self-efficacy); and (3) affec...
Article
Discusses the role of psychology in educational practice. It is suggested that psychological research and theory can help (1) policy makers and administrators improve schools as organizations, (2) teachers develop more effective strategies for motivating and stimulating learning, and (3) learners construct meaning and develop new skills throughout...
Article
Undergraduate psychology is considered one of the contemporary arts and sciences majors that achieve liberal-education and study-in-depth goals. Past reports on the psychology major are reviewed as a preamble to defining the field of study and the conflicts that contributed to that definition. Eight common goals for the major are identified that ar...
Article
Experimental research on college teaching began with single variable studies of class size and lecture vs discussion. During the 1930s, research on student ratings of teachers began, and following World War II, studies of college teaching and learning became more common. In the decades from then to the 1980s, research moved to concern with a broade...
Article
Our research program studies the interaction between cognitive and motivational variables as they affect learning in college courses in biology, English, and psychology and as they are affected by these courses. Intrinsic motivation to learn correlates with self-reported use of elaborative and metacognitive strategies. The correlations of our self-...
Article
Cognitive structures involving concepts related to aging were assessed at the beginning, middle, and end of a Psychology of Aging course using the modified ordered-tree method (Naveh-Benjamin, McKeachie, Lin, & Tucker, 1986). Results showed that students' knowledge at the beginning of the course reflected stereotypes, ordinary language relationship...
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This paper explores the cognitive schemas involved in ingroup and outgroup perceptions of three U. S. religious denominations (Baptists, Lutherans, and Catholics) based on a factor analytically derived rating scale. Two principal techniques are used for assessing these perceptions, that is, Similarity Structure Analysis, SSA, and Procrustean Indivi...
Article
Self-scoring is a procedure for encouraging students to self-monitor their performance on classroom achievement tests. In our study, students instructed to predict their score on each test item earned higher scores than did students who were not so instructed.
Article
Teaching psychology, training graduate students in teaching, and doing research on teaching are interwoven in the author's career. This article reviews significant learning experiences in my career from 1946-1 986. From my experience, I have learned the importance of support from peers for students, prospective teachers, and researchers. I have als...
Article
The purpose of this research was to further investigate the information processing model suggested by Benjamin, McKeachie, Lin, and Holinger (1981) in explaining the poor academic performance of highly test-anxious students. Whereas previous studies pointing to deficits in the organization stage of processing mainly relied on self-reports, the firs...
Article
Teaching students to be life-long learners is an important goal of higher education. Students need to be taught explicitly how to use learning strategies to achieve this goal. We have designed a course to teach college students a variety of learning strategies. The course provides instruction in theory and research in cognitive psychology and in th...
Article
Higher Learning, by Derek Bok, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: Harvard University Press, 1986, 206 pages, $15.00, cloth.
Article
A review of the research literature on teaching and learning in the college classroom is presented. An introduction notes the role of research in identifying new goals for higher education and offers a conceptual framework based on a student mediation model and a focus on the process-product relationships between faculty teacher behavior and studen...
Article
Presents a new method of inferring students' cognitive structures and their development in a college course. The method, a modification of J. S. Reitman and H. H. Rueter's (see record 1980-31828-001) ordered tree technique, generates a unique structure that displays important relationships assumed to be in a student's memory about concepts taken f...
Article
This study finds that direct quotations from student ratings of teachers are more persuasive than statistical summaries of the ratings in evaluations of teaching ability for promotion decisions.
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Faculty members have the capacities for work and change that can contribute to maintaining institutional quality despite budget cuts. Together, faculty members and adminisrators can create environments that release energy.
Article
Suggests that factors affecting motivation and creativity in music teaching and learning include choosing music close to the students' interests, perceived difficulty of assignments, whether students have some choice in assignments, the role of teacher as model, the kind of feedback provided to students, self-competence, and social interaction. (Ps...
Article
The ultimate criterion of effective teaching is evidence of impact upon student learning. Three purposes of evaluations are identified: to help faculty improve, to make personnel decisions rewarding good teachers and getting rid of those who are not, and to help students choose courses more wisely. (MLW)
Article
Compared 194 high, medium, and low test-anxious undergraduates (Worry and Emotionality Questionnaire) on the retrieval deficit hypothesis. The hypothesis was supported by results showing that high test-anxious Ss did poorly on essay and short-answer questions but did well on multiple choice questions that involved less active retrieval. Specificall...
Article
. The effect upon teaching of feedback from student ratings was compared with the effect produced when such feedback was supplemented by consultation from a more experienced teacher. Consultation enhanced the positive effect of the feedback in terms of later student ratings. The effect upon student achievement in the classes of the teachers involve...
Article
Norman R. F. Maier was born in a small town in Michigan on November 27, 1900. He was educated in the Michigan public schools and received his BA from the University of Michigan in 1923. After a year of graduate work at the University of Berlin (1925-1926) he completed his PhD in 1928 at the University of Michigan. Following a year of teaching, Dr....
Article
Chapters in this handbook for new college instructors and teaching assistants usually begin with "tips," which are followed by a more serious discussion of the topic. New chapters have been added on the personalized system of instruction, roles of teachers, use of students to teach other students, and instructional games and simulations. The chapte...
Article
Student ratings of teacher rapport were correlated with observer categorizations of teacher acts as warmth or agreement. Few acts were placed in the warmth category; but across 20 teachers, the correlation between student ratings and the percent of acts categorized as agreement was .50. (Author/GDC)
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Teachers emphasizing the role of facilitator-person produce students with greater interest in psychology.
Article
Students of six classes who had previously participated in a larger study of teaching styles were tested a year after completion of the course. The purpose of the follow-up was to determine whether or not the prior battery of tests, including a student evaluation of instructor form, the Introductory Psychology Criteria Test, an Attitude Toward Psyc...
Article
In order to study the effect of student ratings of teaching effectiveness upon personnel decisions, six promotions documents were created varying in research productivity, teaching excellence, and whether or not a report of student ratings was included. Research and teaching ability both affected the judgments. Student ratings had a relatively smal...
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Mea culpa. My only excuse is that when I read Epstein I was not preparing a presidential address; when I read Brim (in a prepublication version minus footnotes), it fitted with what I wanted to say and is, I think, a unique and valuable contribution in itself. And while apologizing to Epstein, let me add apologies to George Kelly, Julian Rotter, Ma...
Article
Full-text available
Discusses whether American psychology has flourished in substance as it has in popularity during its century of existence. If one uses William James's Talks to Teachers as a reference point, one finds that contemporary psychology can be more specific about the boundary conditions within which traditional principles of learning are valid. The increa...
Article
The author discusses some problems he has encountered with college-level psychology textbooks and publishers. (JR)
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Reports of all published factor analyses of student ratings of college faculty were reviewed to determine what common factors had emerged and to identify items likely to be useful in discrimination between teachers. A 39-item form was administered to students of 18 instructors both at the beginning and end of a semester course. Twenty-four items ha...
Article
These minutes constitute the official record of actions of the Association taken during the year, both by the Council of Representatives and by the Board of Directors. The Special Meeting of Council was called in accordance with Article III, Section 2, of the APA Bylaws. The stated objects in the notice for the meeting were as follows: "to consider...
Article
A study of admissions procedures in the PhD program of the psychology department of the University of Michigan indicated that the department did not discriminate against women during the 1969–1970 academic year. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
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The author comments on the fact that doctoral training departments in psychology are proclaiming their intention to reduce the numbers of students admitted to graduate work because of a supposed "glut of PhDs." There is a widely shared consensus that it would be socially irresponsible to increase the numbers of psychologists on the job market. The...
Article
The current crisis for departments of psychology arises from (a) cuts in research and training grants; (b) rising costs, (c) level-off of public appropriations; and (d) attacks on the efficiency and relevance of higher education by students, alumni, legislators, and the public. Pressures toward greater involvement in society and greater attempts to...

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