# Wijnand BroerHefei University of Technology

Wijnand Broer

PhD

## About

19

Publications

1,963

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358

Citations

Citations since 2017

Introduction

Additional affiliations

July 2019 - present

April 2016 - May 2019

January 2015 - March 2016

Education

September 2005 - November 2006

## Publications

Publications (19)

We model a cholesteric liquid crystal as a planar uniaxial multilayer system, where the orientation of each layer differs slightly from that of the adjacent one. This allows us to analytically simplify the otherwise acutely complicated calculation of the Casimir-Lifshitz torque. Numerical results differ appreciably from the case of nematic liquid c...

More than forty years ago, Barash published a calculation of the full retarded Casimir-Lifshitz torque for planar media with arbitrary degrees of anisotropy. An independent theoretical confirmation has been lacking since. We report a systematic and transparent derivation of the torque between two media with both electric and magnetic birefringence....

Using the measured optical response and surface roughness topography as inputs, we perform realistic calculations of the combined effect of Casimir and electrostatic forces on the actuation dynamics of micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS). In contrast with the expectations, roughness can influence MEMS dynamics even at distances between bodies si...

At separations below 100 nm, Casimir-Lifshitz forces strongly influence the
actuation dynamics of micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) in dry vacuum
conditions. For a micron size plate oscillating near a surface, which mimics a
frequently used setup in experiments with MEMS, we show that the roughness of
the surfaces significantly influences the...

So far there has been no reliable method to calculate the Casimir force at
separations comparable to the root-mean-square of the height fluctuations of
the surfaces. Statistical analysis of rough gold samples has revealed the
presence of peaks considerably higher than the root-mean-square roughness.
These peaks redefine the minimum separation dista...

We model a cholesteric liquid crystal as a planar birefringent multilayer system, where the orientation of each layer differs slightly from that of the adjacent one. This allows us to analytically simplify the otherwise acutely complicated calculation of the Casimir-Lifshitz torque. Numerical results differ appreciably from the case of nematic liqu...

The Casimir force has been well researched by physicists for decades, but only recently has one particularly intriguing aspect of this effect been recreated in the lab. Through his research, Dr Wijnand Broer at the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences has built upon these recent breakthroughs to explore the processes which cause the surfaces o...

More than 40 years ago, Barash published a calculation of the full retarded Casimir-Lifshitz torque for planar birefringent media with arbitrary degrees of anisotropy. An independent theoretical confirmation has been lacking since. We report a systematic and transparent derivation of the torque between two media with both electric and magnetic bire...

We propose and model Floquet topological polaritons in semiconductor microcavities, using the interference of frequency-detuned coherent fields to provide a time-periodic potential. For arbitrarily weak field strength, where the Floquet frequency is larger than the relevant bandwidth of the system, a Chern insulator is obtained. As the field streng...

We propose and model Floquet topological polaritons in semiconductor microcavities, using the interference of frequency detuned coherent fields to provide a time periodic potential. For arbitrarily weak field strength, where the Floquet frequency is larger than the relevant bandwidth of the system, a Chern insulator is obtained. As the field streng...

Interference of matter waves at nanostructures has been studied in a variety of experiments to explore the quantum nature of atoms, molecules and clusters. The detection process typically focuses on an amplitude measurement of the matter wave. However, more information can be gained about the physical mechanism behind the scattering process at the...

The dependence of the Casimir force on the frequency-dependent dielectric functions of interacting materials makes it possible to tailor the actuation dynamics of microactuators. The Casimir force is largest for metallic interacting systems due to the high absorption of conduction electrons in the far-infrared range. For less conductive systems, su...

Quantum mechanics teaches us that vacuum is not empty. Rather, it contains all kinds of virtual particles. The energy of such particles is called zero point energy. If two surfaces come in close proximity of each other, they will create a difference between the zero point energies in between them and on the outside. Consequently the surfaces will b...

Samples of conductive silicon carbide (SiC), which is a promising material due to its excellent properties for
devices operating in severe environments, were characterized with the atomic force microscope for roughness,
and the optical properties were measured with ellipsometry in a wide range of frequencies. The samples show
significant far-infrar...

Amorphous to crystalline phase transitions in phase change materials (PCM)
can have strong influence on the actuation of microelectromechanical systems
under the influence of Casimir forces. Indeed, the bifurcation curves of the
stationary equilibrium points and the corresponding phase portraits of the
actuation dynamics between gold and AIST PCM,...

Electromagnetic fluctuations generate forces between neutral bodies
known as Casimir-Lifshitz forces, of which van der Waals forces are
special cases, and which can become important in micromechanical systems
(MEMS). For surface areas big enough but gaps small enough, the Casimir
force can possibly draw and lock MEMS components together, an effect...

Up to now there has been no reliable method to calculate the Casimir force
when surface roughness becomes comparable with the separation between bodies.
Statistical analysis of rough Au films demonstrates rare peaks with heights
considerably larger than the root-mean-square (rms) roughness. These peaks
define the minimal distance between rough surf...

The properties of the natural modes in a dispersive stratified N-layer medium are investigated. The focus is on the (over)completeness properties of these modes. Also the distribution of the natural frequencies is considered. Both the degree of (over)completeness and the natural frequency distribution turn out to be totally different from what is k...

## Projects

Projects (2)

-Theoretical Understanding of Roughness effects on the Casimir Force at separation distances less than 100 nm
- Assess the Relevance of the Casimir Force at these separations for Applications in Micro-Electromechanical Systems (MEMS)