Wieke De Neef

Wieke De Neef
Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg · Institute of Archaeological Sciences

PhD

About

60
Publications
9,661
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75
Citations
Citations since 2017
33 Research Items
62 Citations
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Introduction
I am a landscape archaeologist working on settlement and land use patterns in Metal Age societies (Copper, Bronze, and Iron Ages) of the Mediterranean. My research interests include archaeological prospection, geophysics and remote sensing, pre- and protohistory, archaeological methodology, and ethnoarchaeology. I currently study micro-regional land use by pre-Roman communities in Central-Adriatic Italy, and their mobility in mountain areas.
Additional affiliations
October 2017 - present
Ghent University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
November 2016 - December 2017
University of Groningen
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2010 - October 2016
University of Groningen
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
September 1993 - August 1998
University of Groningen
Field of study
  • Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology
September 1992 - August 1993
University of Groningen
Field of study
  • History

Publications

Publications (60)
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper discusses the challenges of archaeological prospection in two common situations in Mediterranean mountain landscapes: rock debris slopes and alluvial basins. Burial by subsequent rockfall episodes provides favourable preservation circumstances on debris slopes, but hinders the detection of archaeological remains. Erosive landscape zones...
Chapter
Full-text available
The area of Monte Franco (Pollenza, province of Macerata) in the central Potenza Valley is well-known for the large Piceni burial ground of Moie di Pollenza, partly excavated in the 1960s (Lollini 1963, 1966). Its settlement history has received much less attention, despite the results of the diachronic Ghent University surveys which indicated a de...
Article
Full-text available
The results of a large-scale magnetometry survey are used to investigate two key aspects of the spatial organization of the Mycenaean palatial settlement at Ayios Vasileios (Laconia, Greece): the extent of the site and the existence, or possibly even zoning of distinct functional areas. These include the palatial core, funerary zones, industrial ar...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents new research of the monumental mountaintop site Monte Primo near Pioraco (Marche, Italy) and the changing landscape in which it is situated. Monte Primo was in use between the Late Bronze Age and the Roman Republic period and is characterized by a series of large enclosures of uncertain date which cover an area of ca. 2 hectares...
Article
Full-text available
The Pollino Archaeological Landscape Project. The authors report on a new project, the Pollino Archaeological Landscape Project (PALP) that focuses on landscape and archaeological research of the Pollino mountains. This range is located on the border of the provinces of Basilicata and Calabria in southern Italy and is part of the Pollino National P...
Chapter
The Ayios Vasileios Survey Project is a five-year project carried out at the site of Ayios Vasileios, where remains of a Mycenaean palatial complex have been uncovered. The project aims to reconstruct the extent and spatial development of the settlement through time, by means of pedestrian field survey, geophysical survey and ethnographic interview...
Chapter
Full-text available
A multi-method geophysical survey was executed prior to archaeological excavations at Punta di Zambrone, Calabria, Italy. Magnetometry, ground penetrating radar and electrical resistivity tomography were applied under varying survey conditions in different parts of the promontory with the aim of mapping protohistoric traces at different burial dept...
Article
Full-text available
A brief introduction to and first results of the Pollino Archaeological Landscape Project situated in the Pollino mountain range in southern Italy. We apply archaeological survey, geophysics, ethnography, and paleobotany to reconstruct past human occupation in this mountain landscape. Our first study focused on the spatial organization of a traditi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Ayios Vasilios Survey Project is a 5-year project which started in 2015 and consists of three pedestrian survey campaigns, followed by further geophysical research and an ethnographic survey. The main aims of the survey project include a reconstruction of the extent and development of the settlement through time, the refinement of survey method...
Article
Full-text available
A protohistoric (c.10th–5th c. BC) briquetage site at Puntone (Tuscany, Italy) was studied to unravel the salt production processes and materials involved. Geophysical surveys were used to identify kilns, pits, and dumps. One of these pits and a dump were excavated, followed by detailed chemical and physical analyses of the materials encountered. T...
Article
In this article, we present the results of a pilot study that adopts an interdisciplinary off‐site approach combining detailed surface survey, remote sensing analyses, geophysical prospections, geoarchaeological investigations and palaeoenvironmental analyses to investigate long‐term human‐environment interactions in the Pontine plain (Lazio, Centr...
Article
Full-text available
The mountainous inland of northern Calabria (Southern Italy) is known for its sparse prehistoric human occupation. Nevertheless, a thorough multidisciplinary approach of field walking, geophysical survey and invasive research led to the discovery of a major archaeological archive. This archive concerns a rich multi-phased dump, spanning about 3000...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper discusses the challenges of archaeological prospection in two common situations in Mediterranean mountain landscapes: rock debris slopes and alluvial basins. Burial by subsequent rockfall episodes provides favourable preservation circumstances on debris slopes, but hinders the detection of archaeological remains. Erosive landscape zones...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the remarkable evolution of the department of Classical archaeology at the University of Groningen, which in the 1970’s developed from a small, predominantly (art-)historical institute to a research group with a strong interest in pre-classical societies and an emphasis on primary fieldwork data. First, we present the Groningen...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the research design, i.e. the main aims, questions and methods of the Ayios Vasileios Survey Project. This ongoing project combines field walking, geophysical prospection and ethnographic interviews in order to place more firmly the Mycenaean Palatial Complex of Ayios Vasileios (Laconia, Greece) in its physical, regional and h...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Communities of Southern Italy between the local and the global EAA 2019 Bern 4-7 September Located at a crossroads in the Mediterranean, the southern part of Italy has been embedded in long-distance networks since prehistory, while it also maintained distinctly local characteristics. The present-day regions of Calabria, Basilicata, Puglia, Campania...
Article
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The paper presents the main methodological approaches and some of the first results of an intensive analysis of a series of pre-Roman settlement centres in Central Adriatic Italy. A new project of integrated non-invasive archaeological prospection of large- to medium-sized settlement sites in the Marche region not only aspires to reveal new evidenc...
Article
Full-text available
We give an overview of the ongoing investigations of the karstic cave La Sassa (municipality of Sonnino, Lazio, Italy), where archaeological remains were first discovered by in 2014. The cave was mapped in 2014 and 2015, during which Bronze Age pottery and bone fragments were found. A human tibia fragment was radiocarbon dated to the Copper Age. A...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of an in-depth multidisciplinary restudy of small Metal Age surface scatters recorded in earlier fieldwalking surveys in northern Calabria (Italy). Guided by a stratified sampling approach based on site types and topographic positions, high-resolution surface collections at the selected sites were combined with geoph...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the different phases of archaeological research of protohistoric ceramic surface scatters on the Monte San Nicola, a hilltop in northern Calabria (Italy). Protohistoric pottery near the summit was first identified by Italian archaeologists in the 1980s. During GIA field-walking surveys in the Raganello basin (2000-2010) several...
Thesis
Full-text available
In this thesis, I evaluate different approaches for the study of settlement and land use during the Metal Ages (ca. 3000-800 BC) in northern Calabria (Italy). Our understanding of communities in this period is tainted by biases which result in incomplete and unbalanced reconstructions of land use and settlement dynamics. I distinguish three main ty...
Article
Full-text available
Prehistory and politics: class struggle, production processes and conflict in the Italian Bronze Age This paper discusses the influence of Marxist thought on prehistoric research in Italy. It provides a brief overview of theoretical developments in Italian prehistoric and protohistoric research in the 20th century, before zooming in on the ideals a...
Book
Full-text available
This volume brings together presentations from two sessions organized for the XVII World UISPP Conference that was held from 1-7 September 2014 in Burgos (Spain). The sessions are: The scientific value of 3D archaeology, organised by Hans Kamermans, Chiara Piccoli and Roberto Scopigno, and Detecting the Landscape(s) – Remote Sensing Techniques fr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents work carried out in the Rural Life in Protohistoric Italy project (funded by NWO grant 360-61-010), following on from pilot Magnetic Susceptibility studies conducted in our research area in northern Calabria, published last year (Van Leusen, Kattenberg, and Armstrong 2014). We will explore the integration of magnetic susceptibil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a methodological view on the way we define “turning points” in Bronze Age communities, and argues that many of our interpretations are influenced by research biases. As a case study, we will present preliminary results from our research in southern Italy. The Rural Life in Protohistoric Italy project of the University of Groning...
Conference Paper
This paper will use examples from the author’s PhD projects (looking at wetland sites in the British Isles, rural hinterlands in Southern Italy and soil chemistry / physics interactions on challenging sites in Scotland) to take a more abstract approach to both the challenges and benefits of working in marginal environments. These landscapes are oft...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we present the research history and current archaeological investigations of an atypical protohistoric settlement in the remote mountain valley of Terra Masseta (Calabria, Italy). Site T115a, occupied between the Late Neolithic and the Iron Age, was discovered in the early 1990’s. In previous years, GIA researchers mapped protohisto...
Article
Full-text available
The Devil is in the Details: a burnt Late Bronze Age hut The Rural Life in Protohistoric Italy project investigates small surface scatters from the Bronze and Iron Age, found during field walking surveys in Calabria, Italy. In this article we argue that detailed, multidisciplinary investigations of such ephemeral sites are crucial for our understan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Rural Life in Protohistoric Italy project (2010-2015) investigates small surface sites in a river basin at the southern end of the Apennine range, in northern Calabria. The basin is composed of an (uninvestigated) coastal plain, a foothill zone where most medieval to modern habitation is concentrated, and a mountainous hinterland with peaks ove...
Conference Paper
This paper will present the Rural Life in Protohistoric Italy project, a multidisciplinary research project investigating small protohistoric surface scatters in a river basin at the southern end of the Apennine mountain range (Calabria, Italy). Our aim is a better understanding of the detection, preservation, and interpretation of small Bronze/Iro...
Article
Full-text available
In April 2011, a horse figurine was found in a test pit at the Late Bronze Age / Early Iron Age site T228 in the municipality of Cerchiara di Calabria (southern Italy). The horse has a vessel on its back, holes in its feet and nose, and proto-geometric painted decorations which dates the object to 1050-900 BC. Similar figurines are found in later p...
Article
Full-text available
Multidisciplinary research on Late Bronze Age sites in the Contrada Damale (Calabria, Italy) The Rural Life project applies a multidisciplinary approach to the investigation of small protohistoric surface scatters in northern Calabria, Italy. Non-invasive and invasive methods, including field-walking surveys, geophysics, coring and test pits, are u...
Book
This book is a publication of the Danish-Dutch-Ukrainian survey project carried out in 2007 and 2008 on both sides of Lake Dzarylgac - that is, in the hinterland of the ancient Greek settlement of Panskoe I on the Tarchankut Peninsula (Northwestern Crimea). The project was the first systematic, intensive survey in the region, and its aim was to inv...
Chapter
Full-text available
The sites discovered within the DSP area of study are listed here, together with those previously known. Site names beginning with 'DSP' were generally in areas subject to intensive and systematic survey tech niques unless otherwise stated. 'F' indicates ploughed fields, 'H' indicates hillside. Throughout, the following abbreviations for chronologi...
Article
Full-text available
Site classification in the Džarylgač Survey Project (northwestern Crimea, Ukraine) This article is the third and final part of a series on the Džarylgač Survey Project (DSP), a landscape archaeology project in the northwestern Crimea that was conducted from 2006 to 2008 by the GIA and the Centre for Black Sea Studies (CBSS) of the University of Aar...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (8)
Project
This project investigates human occupation and mobility in the Central and Southern Apennines (Italy) using a range of non-invasive approaches: field walking surveys, geophysics, remote sensing, environmental studies, ethno-archaeological research. The aim is to integrate the uplands and highlands of the Italian mountain range into socio-economic and socio-cultural models.
Project
Landscape archaeology collaboration between the universities of Ghent (Belgium) and Groningen (the Netherlands), focusing on human occupation of the Pollino mountain range in the southern Apennines (Calabria / Basilicata). Together with local experts of the Gruppo Speleologico 'Sparviere' we apply archaeological survey, geophysical prospection, paleobotanical analysis, and ethnography to reconstruct past human impact on the Pollino mountains.
Project
This project (2015-2020) aims to establish the extent, spatial organization, and chronological development of the Mycenaean palatial settlement at Ayios Vasileios (Xirokambi, Laconia, Greece). The non-invasive research consists of artefact surveys, geophysical prospection, and ethnographical interviews.