• Home
  • Whitney Allyn Qualls
Whitney Allyn Qualls

Whitney Allyn Qualls

PHD

About

86
Publications
16,890
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,324
Citations

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Full-text available
Presently, there is a need to develop effective and novel modes of control for mosquitoes, which remain a key driver of infectious disease transmission throughout the world. Control methods for these vectors have historically relied on a limited number of active ingredients (AIs) that have not experienced significant change in usage since the mid-2...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Campbell, L.P.; Guralnick, R.P.; Giordano, B.V.; Sallam, M.F.; Bauer, A.M.; Tavares, Y.; Allen, J.M.; Efstathion, C.; Bartlett, S.; Wishard, R.; et al. Spatiotemporal Modeling of Zoonotic Arbovirus Transmission in Northeastern Florida Using Sentinel Chicken Surveillance and Earth Observation Data. Remote Sens. 2022, 14, 3388.
Preprint
Full-text available
The irregular timing and spatial variation in zoonotic arbovirus spillover from vertebrate hosts to humans and livestock present challenges to predicting their occurrence from year to year and within their broader geographic range, compromising effective prevention and control strategies. The objective of this study was to quantify effects of lands...
Article
Full-text available
An essential-oil adulticide formulation. BigShot Maxim Concentrate (14% cedarwood oil, 0.53% thyme oil, and 0.25% cinnamon oil), was evaluated using a wind tunnel against pyrethroid resistant (Puerto Rico, PR) and pyrethroid susceptible (Orlando, ORL) colony-reared strains of Aedes aegypti to determine whether the product could be used in operation...
Article
Full-text available
Four novel commercial insecticide mixtures, composed of pyrethroid and nicotinoid active ingredients, were evaluated in a series of experiments in the laboratory, semi-field and field to determine acute toxicity (LC50) against pyrethroid-susceptible (ORL1952) and resistant (Puerto Rico) strains of Aedes aegypti L., and non-target adult European hon...
Chapter
The chapter discusses the importance of ticks in public health and the extent of threats posed by tick-borne diseases to the wellbeing of humans. The history of tick control efforts highlights various developments over the years from monitoring tick populations to the development and use of tick repellents and control strategies. Different evaluati...
Article
Full-text available
The field release of Wolbachia trans-infected male mosquitoes, as well as the use of toxic sugar baits, is a novel and promising candidate technique for integrated mosquito management programs. However, the methods of action of the two techniques may not be complementary, because the Wolbachia method releases mosquitoes into the environment expecti...
Article
Full-text available
In November and December 2016, an outbreak of locally transmitted Zika occurred in Brownsville, TX. The Texas Department of State Health Services requested for a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Epi Aid, and as part of that Epi Aid a team of CDC entomologists was deployed in January 2017. The mission was to improve mosquito-based ar...
Article
Full-text available
From 2016 to 2018, Hidalgo County observed the emergence of Zika virus (ZIKV) infections along with sporadic cases of Dengue virus (DENV) and West Nile virus (WNV). Due to the emergence of ZIKV and the historical presence of other mosquito-borne illnesses, Hidalgo County obtained funding to enhance mosquito surveillance and educate residents on arb...
Article
Full-text available
The Anastasia Mosquito Control District (AMCD) of St. Johns County (SJC), St. Augustine, Florida, USA, was formed in 1948 to cover the 27 km2 of Anastasia Island and control the black salt marsh mosquito, Aedes taeniorhynchus (Wiedemann). Today AMCD covers the entirety of SJC (1588 km2) and Ae. taeniorhynchus is still the most abundant mosquito spe...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to perform descriptive and inferential analyses to better understand the presence of the abundant mosquito species Aedes atlanticus and Aedes infirmatus in St. Johns County, northeastern Florida. Historical surveillance data (2010-2019) obtained from Anastasia Mosquito Control District of St. Johns County, St. Augustin...
Article
Full-text available
Mosquito Control programs are utilizing cost-effective long term autocidal gravid traps because they minimize labor needs while targeting the gravid population of container-breeding mosquitoes. This field study compared the efficacy of the In2Care Mosquito Trap and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention autocidal gravid ovitrap (CDC-AGO). T...
Article
Full-text available
The present research aimed to evaluate the larvicidal activity of several recently discovered natural repellents formulated in lotions against larvae of Aedes aegypti. We used a modified larval bioassay method by the World Health Organization standards in evaluating larval mortality at 24-, 48-, and 72-h exposure. Among the test repellents, 2-undec...
Article
Full-text available
Gravid traps are an important tool in mosquito surveillance for the collection of gravid female mosquitoes that can be screened for arboviruses. The type of infusion water used is vital in targeting certain mosquito species, especially the West Nile vector, Culex quinquefasciatus Say. The gold standard of infusions is a whey protein mixture but is...
Article
Full-text available
The CDC light trap has been the standard used by mosquito control programs to conduct mosquito and arbo-virus surveillance. For the last two decades, this trap has been used with little to no modifications to its original design. Recently, new traps that utilize different light sources, modified designs, and attractants have been developed and eval...
Article
Thirteen botanical product repellent compounds such as 2-undecanone, capric, lauric, coconut fatty acids (and their methyl ester derivatives), and catnip oil were formulated in either Coppertone or Aroma Land lotions and evaluated against laboratory-reared Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes. These formulations contained 7-15 wt/wt of...
Article
Full-text available
Home 1515 updates Questions Jobs 1 Asghar Add new Article Full-text available New tool for invasive mosquito control - Scientific Note Semi-field evaluation of a modified commercial My Mosquito Deleter larval trap with sticky paper against Aedes aegypti July 2020Journal of Vector Ecology Vol. 45, no.2(December 2020):1-2 Project: Innovative Vector...
Article
Full-text available
Current methods of broad area application of contact insecticides used in mosquito control are becoming less effective, primarily due to resistance within mosquito populations. New methods that can deliver ingestible insecticides are being investigated as a means to mitigate resistance. This study evaluated insecticide delivery through toxic sugar...
Article
Full-text available
Hurricane Harvey has been recorded as the wettest cyclone in United States history, resulting in devastating and catastrophic flooding for the Texas Gulf Coast. The nature of the path of the hurricane, with multiple landfalls along the Texas Gulf Coast, resulted in the largest aerial mosquito control effort for one single storm. Two mosquito contro...
Article
Full-text available
Ideally, all mosquito control programs would have public health–driven and nuisance population–focused components in their mosquito control plan. However, due to resource limitations many mosquito control programs focus attention on one specific component of integrated mosquito control, i.e., adulticiding only. Programs run by public health departm...
Article
The Texas Department of State Health Services provides assistance to local health departments following severe weather events and other public health emergencies. Following the reports of large mosquito populations hindering recovery efforts after Hurricane Harvey, the Texas State Medical Operations Center created the Vector Control Task Force (VCT...
Article
Full-text available
South Texas is recognized as a potential area for the emergence and re-emergence of mosquito-borne diseases due to recent circulation of Zika, chikungunya, and dengue viruses. During 2017, high Aedes aegypti abundance found in the city of Brownsville, TX, in combination with the previous year's local transmission of Zika virus, triggered the activa...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose Barrier insecticide treatments have a long history in mosquito control programs but have been used more frequently in the United States in recent years for control of invasive “backyard” species (eg, Aedes albopictus) and increases in incidence of vector-borne diseases (eg, Zika). Methods We reviewed the published literature...
Article
Full-text available
The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, has facilitated the re-emergence of dengue virus (DENV) and emergence of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas and the Caribbean. The recent transmission of these arboviruses in the continental United States has been limited, to date, to South Florida and South Texas despite Ae. ae...
Article
Full-text available
Background Residual malaria transmission has been reported in many areas even with adequate indoor vector control coverage, such as long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs). The increased insecticide resistance in Anopheles mosquitoes has resulted in reduced efficacy of the widely used indoor tools and has been linked with an increase in outdoor mala...
Article
Attractive toxic sugar bait (ATSB) was applied to 5 different types of commonly found plants in landscaping of northeastern Florida. The ATSB applications were assessed for possible plant effects and preference against Aedes albopictus in semifield evaluations. Positive and negative controls consisted of plants sprayed with attractive sugar bait (n...
Article
We evaluated how the presence of sugar sources impacted the distribution of Aedes aegypti in different habitats in Durán, Ecuador. Land cover and normalized difference vegetation index maps were used to guide a random point sampling routine to select study grids (30 m × 30 m) in low vegetation (LV) and high vegetation (HV). Five individual plants,...
Article
Full-text available
The project goal was to determine how a new vector control strategy that targets the sugar-feeding behavior of mosquitoes, attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSBs), can be used to more effectively control West Nile virus (WNV) vectors in the Coachella Valley, California. Three laboratory studies were conducted to determine the utility of this method fo...
Article
Full-text available
Rift-Valley Fever (RVF) is a zoonotic mosquito-borne disease in Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Drivers for this disease vary by region and are not well understood for North African countries such as Egypt. A deeper understanding of RVF risk factors would inform disease management policies. The present study employs mathematical and computational...
Article
Full-text available
With malaria control in Latin America firmly established in most countries and a growing number of these countries in the pre-elimination phase, malaria elimination appears feasible. A review of the literature indicates that malaria elimination in this region will be difficult without locally tailored strategies for vector control, which depend on...
Article
Full-text available
The development of insecticide resistance and the increased outdoor-biting behaviour of malaria vectors reduce the efficiency of indoor vector control methods. Attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSBs), a method targeting the sugar-feeding behaviours of vectors both indoors and outdoors, is a promising supplement to indoor tools. The number and configur...
Article
Full-text available
The persistence and geographical expansion of leishmaniasis is a major public health problem that requires the development of effective integrated vector management strategies for sand fly control. Moreover, these strategies must be economically and environmentally sustainable approaches that can be modified based on the current knowledge of sand f...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in land use and land cover (LULC) as well as climate are likely to affect the geographic distribution of malaria vectors and parasites in the coming decades. At present, malaria transmission is concentrated mainly in the Amazon basin where extensive agriculture, mining, and logging activities have resulted in changes to local and regional h...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Over the last 11 years the Anastasia Mosquito Control District has attracted 5 high school seniors, 18 undergraduates, and 14 MS and PhD degree candidates, all from 13 different universities and colleges. The many accomplishments of the intern program have included 5 new hires, 24 meeting presentations delivered, and 16 research manuscripts publish...
Article
Full-text available
We tested the efficacy of attractive toxic sugar bait (ATSB) with garlic oil microencapsulated in beta-cyclodextrin as active ingredient against Aedes albopictus in suburban Haifa, Israel. Two three-acre gardens with high numbers of Ae. albopictus were selected for perimeter spray treatment with ATSB and ASB (bait containing no active ingredient)....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since 2009, University of Miami investigators have utilized CHWs/promotores to deliver research interventions addressing cancer and diabetes disparities in disadvantaged populations in the US. We built on those principles to integrate community mobilization via CHW/promotores de salud in a 40-hr training module on vector control for dengue and chik...
Article
Full-text available
Attractive toxic sugar bait (ATSB) solutions containing any gut toxins can be either sprayed on plants or used in simple bait stations to attract and kill sugar-feeding female and male mosquitoes. This field study in Mali demonstrates the effect of ATSB bait stations inside houses as a vector control method that targets and kills endophilic African...
Article
Full-text available
The catastrophic 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, led to the large-scale displacement of over 2.3 million people, resulting in rapid and unplanned urbanization in northern Haiti. This study evaluated the impact of this unplanned urbanization on mosquito ecology and vector-borne diseases by assessing land use and change patterns. Land-use c...
Article
Full-text available
Background Agent-based modelling (ABM) has been used to simulate mosquito life cycles and to evaluate vector control applications. However, most models lack sugar-feeding and resting behaviours or are based on mathematical equations lacking individual level randomness and spatial components of mosquito life. Here, a spatial individual-based model (...
Article
We evaluated the distribution expansion of important human visceral leishmaniasis (HVL) and sporadic cutaneous leishmaniasis (SCL) vector species, Phlebotomus perfiliewi and P. perniciosus, throughout central Tunisia. Both visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis are important vector-borne diseases in Tunisia. With the increase of irrigation in arid ar...
Article
Full-text available
Background Historically, the incidence of malaria in the Hainan Province, China has been high. However, since 2001 the malaria incidence in Hainan has decreased due to large-scale, public educational, promotional campaigns and the adoption of preventative measures against malaria following the fast growth of socio-economic development. The present...
Article
Full-text available
Integrated Vector Management (IVM) strategies are intended to protect communities from pathogen transmission by arthropods. These strategies target multiple vectors and different ecological and socioeconomic settings, but the aggregate benefits of IVM are limited by the narrow focus of its approach; IVM strategies aim only to control arthropod vect...
Article
Full-text available
Background Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) and mosquito control programs (MCPs) diverge in settings and countries, and lead control specialists need to be aware of the most effective control strategies. Integrated Vector Management (IVM) strategies, once implemented in MCPs, aim to reduce cost and optimize protection of the populations against VBDs. T...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of spraying a mixture of the insect growth regulator (IGR) pyriproxyfen (1 mg/liter) and either 1% boric acid sugar bait or eugenol sugar bait on croton petra plants (Codiaeum variegatum L.) was evaluated against the container-inhabiting mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Skuse). Treatments were applied to plants and evaluated against adult and...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of bait stations and foliar applications containing attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSB) and eugenol to control Aedes albopictus. At the same time, the potential impact of these control methods was evaluated on non-target organisms. The study was conducted at five tire sites in St. Augustine, Florid...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated the efficacy of attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSB) in the laboratory and field with the low-risk active ingredient dinotefuran against mosquito populations. Preliminary laboratory assays indicated that dinotefuran in solution with the sugar baits was ingested and resulted in high mortality of female Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aede...
Article
Full-text available
The resting behavior of Aedes albopictus was evaluated by aspirating diurnal resting mosquitoes from common landscape vegetation in residential communities in St. Augustine, FL. Energy reserves of the resting mosquitoes were analyzed to determine if there was a correlation between mosquito resting habitat and energy accumulation. Six species of pla...
Article
DUET ultra-low volume (ULV) (1% parllethrin, 5% sumithrin) and Aqualuer ULV (20.6% permethrin), applied neat, diluted with mineral oil, and diluted with diesel oil by a truck-mounted thermal fogger (LongRay TS-95 model) was evaluated in the field against caged Aedes albopictus adults. The application of Aqualuer ULV was significantly more effective...
Article
Full-text available
The present study assessed the personal protection efficiency of seven commercially available mosquito control devices (MCD) under field conditions in Israel. Trials were performed in a high biting-pressure area inhabited by large populations of mosquito and biting midge species, using human volunteers as bait in landing catch experiments. Results...
Article
Full-text available
The international trade of lucky bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana [Asparagaceae]) is responsible for certain introductions of the exotic species Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in California and the Netherlands. Understanding the association of this species with lucky bamboo and other ornamental plants is important from a public health standpoint. The aim of t...
Article
Full-text available
The efficacy of a new water-based formulation containing 30% permethrin and 30% piperonyl butoxide against laboratory and field populations of Aedes albopictus was evaluated in the laboratory, in semifield experiments, and in residential communities in St. Augustine, FL. In laboratory bottle bioassay, 3 doses (3.18 g/ml, 2.26 g/ml, and 1.59 g/ml) o...
Article
Seven commercial synthetic disinfectant and antibacterial soap products were evaluated as mosquito larvicides against Culex quinquefasciatus Say in the laboratory. Three aerosol disinfectant products, at 0.01% concentration resulted in 58-76% mortality of laboratory-reared fourth instar mosquito larvae at 24 h posttreatment. Four antibacterial soap...
Article
Full-text available
Attractive toxic sugar bait (active ingredient, 1 % boric acid) was evaluated against Aedes albopictus Skuse populations in the laboratory, semi-field trials, and field trials in residential communities in St. Augustine, Florida. Laboratory evaluations of boric acid sugar baits applied to the plant Pentas lanceolata (Rubiaceae) demonstrated 100 and...
Article
A Pioneer Eco-Backpack electric cold ultra-low volume (ULV) sprayer and a gas-powered Twister XL 3950 series 2 motorized knapsack ULV sprayer with Aqualuer (20.6% permethrin AI) were evaluated against caged adult Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus in St. Augustine, FL. The Pioneer Eco-Backpack sprayer provided 100% knockdown of both specie...