Wendy Fay Miller

Wendy Fay Miller
Queensland University of Technology | QUT · Faculty of Science and Engineering

PhD

About

77
Publications
15,067
Reads
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637
Citations
Introduction
Dr Miller is particularly involved in promoting and implementing multidisciplinary research teams that embrace a) building simulation and modelling; b) building science; c) post-occupancy performance assessment; d) supply chain management; e) the links between urban planning, buildings and the electricity network; f) human behaviour, culture and practice; g) human-computer interaction; and h) regulation and economics in the built environment / energy sectors Full text of all my publications are uploaded to my profile (Wendy miller) at eprints.qut.edu.au
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - present
Queensland University of Technology
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Research areas are energy efficiency and renewable energy in the built environment.
Education
February 2009 - May 2012
Queensland University of Technology
Field of study
  • integrated systems: performance evaluations sustainable housing

Publications

Publications (77)
Conference Paper
The Lady Elliot Island eco-resort, on the Great Barrier Reef, operates with a strong sustainability ethic that led it to break away from its reliance on diesel generator, an initiative which has ongoing and substantial economic benefit. The first step was an energy audit that led to a 35% reduction in power usage to an average of 575 kWh per day. T...
Article
Purpose – The challenges of providing housing that sustains its inhabitants socially, economically and environmentally, and is inherently sustainable for the planet as a whole, requires a holistic systems approach that considers the product, the supply chain and the market, as well as the interdependencies within and between each of these process p...
Article
Zero energy buildings (ZEB) and zero energy homes (ZEH) are a current hot topic globally for policy makers (what are the benefits and costs), designers (how do we design them), the construction industry (can we build them), marketing (will consumers buy them) and researchers (do they work and what are the implications). This paper presents initial...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The use of feedback technologies, in the form of products such as Smart Meters, is increasingly seen as the means by which 'consumers' can be made aware of their patterns of resource consumption, and to then use this enhanced awareness to change their behaviour to reduce the environmental impacts of their consumption. These technologies tend to be...
Article
There has been increasing reliance on mechanical heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems to achieve thermal comfort in office buildings. The use of universal standards for thermal comfort adopted in air-conditioned spaces often results in a large disparity between mean daily external summer temperatures and temperatures experienced...
Article
Full-text available
The high energy use of hospitals and healthcare facilities globally contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. At the same time, a large percentage of this energy use is attributed to space heating, cooling and ventilation, and is hence correlated to the climate. While the energy performance of Australian hospitals at the design stage is evaluated us...
Article
The COVID-19 outbreak has brought the indoor airborne transmission issue to the forefront. Although ventilation systems provide clean air and dilute indoor contaminated air, there is strong evidence that airborne transmission is the main route for contamination spread. This review paper aims to critically investigate ventilation impacts on particle...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 outbreak has brought the indoor airborne transmission issue to the forefront. Although ventilation systems provide clean air and dilute indoor contaminated air, there is strong evidence that airborne transmission is the main route for contamination spread. This review paper aims to critically investigate ventilation impacts on particle...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Healthcare industry is quite emission intensive due to its energy needs to ensure safe and reliable operation and care delivery. Healthcare buildings, such as hospitals and aged care communities, tend to be 24-7 in operation. This paper reveals the correlation between the occupancy and energy use for aged care communities in the state of Queensland...
Article
Full-text available
The world's population is shifting to the cities, and consequently, cities worldwide are growing in number and in size. Cities are complex systems, making it extremely difficult to build and run cities in a way that all the elements of the system operate in harmony. Recently a concept of urbanome, the genome of the city was proposed to address this...
Article
Full-text available
Aged care communities have been under the spotlight since the beginning of 2020. Energy is essential to ensure reliable operation and quality care provision in residential aged care communities (RAC). The aim of this study is to determine how RAC’s yearly energy use and peak demand changed in Australia and what this might mean for RAC design, opera...
Technical Report
Report is accessible on https://www.racefor2030.com.au/publications/ This report has been prepared by the authors at the request of the Reliable Affordable Clean Energy for 2030 Cooperative Research Centre (RACE for 2030 CRC). In Australia, industry consumes nearly half of the total end use energy, out of which, 37% is used in process heat, repres...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
One of the common problems for predictive control is the computation burden and therefore, computational time can be an issue. There are different strategies to achieve more time efficient predictive control. This writing is based on personal research experience to reflect on what can be done to achieve the computational efficiency without comprom...
Article
This paper reviews the national house rating tools in the UK and Australia, evaluates the energy performance of eight different case study houses, and quantifies the magnitude of the performance gap between as-designed energy performance and as-occupied (actual) energy use. To identify contributing factors to the performance gap, post-occupancy eva...
Article
Full-text available
Prolonged and/or extreme heat has become a natural hazard that presents a significant risk to humans and the buildings, technologies, and infrastructure on which they have previously relied on to provide cooling. This paper presents a conceptual model of a resilient cooling system centred on people, the socio-cultural-technical contexts they inhabi...
Article
Full-text available
As electricity prices and environmental awareness increase, more customers are becoming interested in installing distributed renewable generation, such as rooftop photovoltaic systems. Yearly load profile data could become very relevant to these customers to help them to time efficiently and accurately determine optimal energy investments for these...
Article
Full-text available
In late March to April 2020 residential aged care facilities (RAC) in Australia were under COVID-19 lockdown. This paper explores whether the resultant restrictions on entry and exit and elimination of site group activities within RACs impacted on the total electricity use, peak demand and electrical load profiles. Six RACs in four different climat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Energy is essential to ensure the safe and reliable operation of healthcare facilities. To evaluate the energy performance of hospitals or aged care facilities, different sets of key performance indicators (KPI) have been applied in different settings. Often, those KPIs are often limited in terms of guiding energy investment planning or operation o...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Living Laboratory in Queensland Children’s Hospital (QCH) will support the hospital sector to transition to a net-zero energy/demand future. In particular it will validate the impact of emerging technologies in demand reduction, demand management, renewable energy and enabling technologies, in terms of core health services (patient and worker h...
Article
Full-text available
Information on sustainability features in the Australian residential property market is available but not always shared with buyers by property practitioners (real estate agents, property valuers/appraisers and financiers/mortgage lenders and brokers), as it is not a regulatory requirement. This paper examines the perspectives of property practitio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the increase of electricity prices and environmental awareness, more customers are interested in installing distributed renewable generators, such as rooftop solar photovoltaic systems, to locally generate renewable energy, reduce their electricity bills and environmental impact. When a year of load profile data is available, how to time effic...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Living Laboratory in Queensland Children’s Hospital (QCH) will support the hospital sector to transition to a net-zero energy/demand future. In particular it will validate the impact of emerging technologies in demand reduction, demand management, renewable energy and enabling technologies, in terms of core health services (patient and worker h...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to collate a range of existing energy key performance indicators (KPIs) and data for the healthcare sector domestically and internationally, in order to better understand (and hence manage) energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. The report reviews published literature, such as government and sector reports, industry pape...
Preprint
Full-text available
Balconies could enhance natural ventilation (NV) and reduce reliance on mechanical ventilation in cooling dominant climates. Indoor environment and thermal comfort under NV mode are usually less predictable than Mechanical Ventilation (MV), and balcony geometry's impacts on these parameters have not yet been classified. This study aims to investiga...
Article
Full-text available
Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC), including, Mechanical ventilation (MV) in the building sector accounts for around 40% of electricity consumption and a large percentage of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. Natural ventilation (NV), as an alternative method, assist in decreasing energy consumption as well as harmful emissions. Balconie...
Article
Balconies could enhance natural ventilation (NV) and reduce reliance on mechanical ventilation in cooling dominant climates. Indoor environment and thermal comfort under NV mode are usually less predictable than Mechanical Ventilation (MV), and balcony geometry's impacts on these parameters have not yet been classified. This study aims to investiga...
Article
Full-text available
The health of the city depends on how well all the elements of this system are interconnected and operating in harmony. Here the authors introduced the concept of urbanome which is analogous to the human genome that can be used to characterise the form and functioning of cities.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Learning engineering can be challenging with concepts interwoven with mathematics. When new academics start teaching a class, existing materials are often utilized without due consideration of the changing world and the utilization of new technology to improve teaching material. A new 3R model (Relate, Re-image, Re-design) is developed to redesign...
Article
A paradigm shift to the use of indoor rather than outdoor temperature to estimate the exposure risk of low and high temperatures is vital for better prediction of temperature health effects and timely health warnings, and will also assist in understanding the influence of temperature on energy consumption and comfort. This study aimed to quantify t...
Article
Quantitative information on indoor temperature is important for understanding the impacts of temperature on building energy consumption, human health and comfort, however, such information is scarce. Additionally, extraction of useful information from existing indoor temperature data is hindered by varying study designs. The study aims to: simultan...
Article
The study aimed to identify diurnal indoor temperature patterns and quantify the impact of outdoor on indoor temperature as well as of other modifying factors. Indoor and outdoor temperatures of 77 houses in Brisbane, Australia were monitored with temperature sensors for one year (May 2017–2018). A linear mixed effect model predicted that on averag...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper (parts I and II) is to examine the socio-technical factors that affect urban food production and associated energy, water and waste services. Part I introduced the growing role of prosumers, discussed the context of the human relationship with food and demonstrated how citizens’ choices and actions regarding food consumpti...
Article
Full-text available
The human relationship with food is an under-acknowledged contributor towards climate change and environmental degradation. However, citizens’ choices and actions regarding food consumption and production in urban settings are shaped by the economic, cultural and infrastructure systems in which they live. The purpose of this paper is to examine, fr...
Article
Building energy codes have been widely implemented in the world to regulate energy consumption and CO 2 emissions from the building sector. In order to assess the impacts of building energy codes on Australian building performance, this paper has compared the energy efficiency requirements of the Building Code of Australia (BCA) with the USA ASHRAE...
Article
Full-text available
Photovoltaics (PVs) have been widely reported as causing power quality problems for electricity distribution networks. Much of this literature gives the impression that networks, particularly low voltage networks, were effectively and proficiently managed and operated before the rise of PVs and that this new technology is causing problems that did...
Article
Asymmetric information distribution from sellers to buyers in the residential property market disadvantages buyers, as buyers may not have complete information particularly related to sustainability features (that contribute to occupant health, safety and amenity, over time), which could potentially reduce operational costs associated with the prop...
Article
Australia has a poor record of enforcement and compliance with national energy efficiency building regulations introduced in 2003 and moderately enhanced several times since. A significant challenge facing the nation and owners/occupiers of poor performing houses is how to retrofit the existing building stock to meet thermal comfort, lifestyle, ene...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying stakeholders’ influence on project outcomes, prioritizing their importance and managing their interests accordingly is an effective strategy for maximizing benefits for organizations. Quantifying the influence of stakeholders on energy efficiency of housing allows for the development of an engagement plan that takes into consideration s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Residential demands are an important part of the overall electricity demand. There is a lack of research in community demand correlation, especially when PV penetration is high. This study devised a systematic approach to study the spatial and temporal correlation of high PV penetration community demand within residential neighbourhoods, with zone...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Building energy codes have been widely implemented in the world to regulate energy consumption and CO2 emissions from the building sector. In order to assess the impacts of building energy codes on Australian building performance, this paper has compared the energy efficiency requirements of the Building Code of Australia (BCA) with the USA ASHRAE...
Article
Full-text available
This study has investigated the feasibility of three different solar-assisted air conditioning systems for typical medium-sized office buildings in all eight Australian capital cities using the whole building energy simulation software EnergyPlus. The studied solar cooling systems include: solar desiccant-evaporative cooling (SDEC) system, hybrid s...
Article
Stick-frame residential construction is renowned for being leaky. Structural insulated panels (SIPs) theoretically resolve the issues with air and thermal leakage, but such construction systems are new to the Australian housing market. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which a steel-skinned SIP construction product could reso...
Article
Research and industry practice in eco-feedback technologies has been overwhelmingly focused on behaviour management to reduce energy consumption: building occupants are energy consumers whose behaviour must be modified through the provision of real time data. The transition to a decarbonised economy has resulted in solar households that are now bot...
Poster
Full-text available
Managing the costs associated with electricity consumption is becoming more difficult in the aged care and retirement living sector but there are some key ways to manage these costs without sacrificing comfort.
Article
Full-text available
Solar desiccant cooling is widely considered as an attractive replacement for conventional vapor compression air conditioning systems because of its environmental friendliness and energy efficiency advantages. The system performance of solar desiccant cooling strongly depends on the input parameters associated with the system components, such as th...
Article
Full-text available
Energy-efficient housing is a product that integrates various stakeholders’ tasks throughout the different stages of its life cycle. The relationships between these stakeholders impact on the degree of knowledge sharing and informed decision-making and can potentially enhance or lower the energy efficiency of the product – the house. This article u...
Article
Full-text available
Global population ageing has significant implications for public policy in areas such as health, housing and economic security. The notion of housing as a public health issue is not new, yet very little research has examined the links between housing specifically built for older people, energy performance and occupant health and economic security....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Purpose / Context-Many developed countries experience late afternoon or evening electricity peaks. In summer peak demand regions, these peaks are most likely the results of residential air conditioning demand. Methodology / Approach-This research is to investigate the air conditioning peak demand reduction potential from a variety of building and o...
Chapter
Sustainability practices in government regulations and within the society influence the delivery of sustainable housing. The actual delivery rate of Australian sustainable housing is not as high as other countries. There is an absence of engagement by stakeholders in adopting sustainable housing practices. This may be due, in the current Australian...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Photovoltaic (PV) panels and electric domestic water heater with storage (DWH) are widely used in households in many countries. However, DWH should be explored as an energy storage mechanism before batteries when households have excess PV energy. Through a residential case study in Queensland, Australia, this paper presents a new optimized design a...
Conference Paper
Climate change is likely to impact on already rising household electricity costs. A need exists to better understand current consumption and generation patterns and how they impact economically on a household's electricity bill in Queensland. This paper assesses the impact of the current residential household tariffs and how, depending on the elect...
Conference Paper
The production of sustainable housing requires the cooperation of a variety of participants with different goals, needs, levels of commitment and cultures. To achieve mainstream net zero energy housing objectives, there is arguably a need for a non-linear network of collaboration between all the stakeholders. In order to create and improve such col...
Article
One could argue that the nature of our housing stock is a key determining factor in the ability of our citizens to manage risk, be resilient to various natural and human events, and to recover from these events. Recent research has been examining current challenges posed by our housing stock and exploring potential solutions from a range of perspec...
Article
Full-text available
Cool roof coatings have a beneficial impact on reducing the heat load of a range of building types, resulting in reduced cooling energy loads. This study seeks to understand the extent to which cool roof coatings could be used as a residential demand side management (DSM) strategy for retrofitting existing housing in a constrained network area in t...
Conference Paper
The Australian government has released a draft National Building Framework that will likely tighten the building standard for new houses to meet higher sustainability requirements. There are uncertainties about the impact this could have on the cost of housing and the supply of affordable housing. This paper aims to provide evidence-based conclusio...
Conference Paper
Background: In sub-tropical and tropical Queensland, a legacy of poor housing design, minimal building regulations with few compliance measures, an absence of postconstruction performance evaluation and various social and market factors has led to a high and growing penetration of, and reliance on, air conditioners to provide thermal comfort for oc...
Article
Subtropical south-east Queensland’s expanding population is expected to lead to a demand for an additional 754,000 dwellings by 2031. A legacy of poor housing design, minimal building regulations, an absence of building performance evaluation and various social and market factors has lead to a high and growing penetration of, and reliance on, air-c...
Article
Full-text available
A zero-energy home (ZEH) is a residential dwelling that generates as much energy annually from onsite renewable sources as it consumes in its operation. A positive-energy home (PEH) generates more energy than it consumes. The key design and construction elements, and costs and benefits of such buildings, are the subject of increasing research globa...
Article
Full-text available
Zero energy buildings (ZEB) and zero energy homes (ZEH) are a current hot topic globally for policy makers (what are the benefits and costs), designers (how do we design them), the construction industry (can we build them), marketing (will consumers buy them) and researchers (do they work and what are the implications). This paper presents initial...