Wen-Chi Hou

Wen-Chi Hou
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Graduate Institute of Pharmacognosy

Ph. D.

About

163
Publications
26,747
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Introduction
Wen-Chi Hou currently works at the Graduate Institute of Pharmacognosy, Taipei Medical University. Wen-Chi does research in Pharmacy, Nutrition and Dietetics and Nutritional Biochemistry. "Education": 1989~1994, Ph. D. Degree, Graduate Institute of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University; 1985~1989, Bachelor Degree, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University; "Research Interests": Investigation of functional activities of protein/peptides; Evaluation of antioxidant/anti-aging activities; Antimelanogenic activities; Improvement of metabolic syndrome disorders (including antihypertensive activity, anti-obesity activity, and impaired glucose tolerance improvement)
Education
September 1989 - July 1994
National Taiwan University
Field of study
  • Graduate Institute of Agricultural Chemistry

Publications

Publications (163)
Article
Background: The wild bitter gourd (WBG) is a commonly consumed vegetable in Asia, which has antioxidant and hypoglycemic properties. The aim of the present study was to investigate anti-adipogenic activities of isolated compounds from WBG on 8-day differentiated cultures of 3T3-L1 adipocytes and then stained with Oil Red O (ORO) or diamidino-2-phe...
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Resveratrol has been reported to exhibit neuroprotective activities in vitro and in vivo. However, little is known about resveratrol tetramers of hopeaphenol, vitisin A, and vitisin B with the same molecular mass in the improvement of degenerative disorders. In this study, two 95% ethanol extracts (95EE) from stem parts of Vitis thunbergii Sieb. &...
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Rutin and rutin-rich buckwheat are commonly used as alternative medicines due to their wide range of health benefits. The present study aims to investigate their anti-diabetes effects and the association with glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) levels. A murine model of type 2 diabetes (T2D), induced by a high-fat diet combined with streptozocin inject...
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Agricultural waste from the hulls of water caltrop (Trapa taiwanesis Nakai, TT-hull) was extracted by either steeping them in cold 95% ethanol (C95E), refluxing 95E, refluxing 50E, or refluxing hot water (HW) to obtain C95EE, 95EE, 50EE, and HWE, respectively. These four extracts showed acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activities and free rad...
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Background: The root major proteins of sweet potato trypsin inhibitors (SPTIs) or named sporamin, estimated for 60 to 80% water-soluble proteins, exhibited many biological activities. The human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) showed to form in vivo complex with endogenous oxidized alpha-1-antitrypsin. Little is known concerning the interactions betw...
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The incidence of neurodegeneration leading to the conditions such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases are on the increase, they require the approaches that focus on protection prevention rather than treatment. Plants are rich sources of many compounds which possess medicinal properties. We sought to investigate the neuroprotective effects of Un...
Article
In this study, demethylcurcumin (DC), the minor constituent in curcuminoids, showed better than those of curcumin in anti-acetylcholinesterase (anti-AChE) activities, anti-amyloid β peptide aggregations, neuroprotective activities in 6-hydroxydopamine-treated SH-SY5Y cell models, and anti-nitric oxide productions in lipopolysaccharide-treated RAW 2...
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Background: There were few report concerning anti-glycation and antioxidant activities of the minor amounts of components in curcuminoids, demethylcurcumin and tetrahydroxycurcumin, in vitro and in vivo. Results: The bovine serum albumin/galactose of non-enzymatic glycation models, radical-induced hemolysis, and oxygen radical absorbance capacit...
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Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with multiple etiologies. Beta-amyloid (Aβ) self-aggregation and overexpression of class IIa histone deacetylases (HDACs) are strongly implicated with AD pathogenesis. In this study, a series of novel diarylheptanoid derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for use as...
Article
The C57BL/6J mice were fed a 135-day normal diet or a high-fat diet (HFD) without, or concurrent with, a single yam dioscorin (80 mg/kg) or dipeptide NW (40 mg/kg) intervention every day. The final body weights (g) of mice were 26.1 ± 1.4, 34.97 ± 2.1, 31.75 ± 2.6, and 31.66 ± 3.1, respectively, for normal diet-fed, HFD-fed, dioscorin-intervened, a...
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Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) can promote intracellular reactive oxygen species production, and the levels of AGEs are highly correlated with cardiovascular disease and diabetes complications. Acetohydroxamic acid (acetH) is a bacterial urease inhibitor drug used to treat kidney stones and infections in the urinary tract, and hydroxyurea (H...
Article
In this study, hot-water extracts (HW) from roots of Vitis thunbergii var. taiwaniana (VTT-R) were shown significantly (P < 0.01 or 0.001) to lower lipid accumulations compared to the control in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The VTT-R-HW (40 mg/kg) interventions concurrent with a high-fat (HF) diet in C57BL/6 mice over a 5-week period were shown significantly...
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The RRDY, RL and DPF were the top three out of twenty-one peptides for inhibitions against dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) from the pepsin hydrolysis of yam dioscorin in silico, and were further to investigate the proof-of-concept study in normal ICR mice for regulating glucose metabolism by the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The sample or si...
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Neprilysin (NEP) is the most important Aβ-degrading enzyme. Its expression level decreases with age and inversely correlated with amyloid accumulation, suggesting its correlation with the late-onset of Alzheimer’s disease. Recently, many reports showed that upregulating NEP level is a promising strategy in the prevention and therapy of Alzheimer’s...
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Hydrogen peroxide, one of the reactive oxygen species (ROS), can cause intracellular oxidative stress associated with skin aging and/or photo-aging. Curcumin, a polyphenol in turmeric, has been reported to exhibit biological activity. In this study, five naturally occurring curcuminoids [curcumin, demethoxycurcumin (DMC), bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC...
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The metabolic syndrome (MS) is termed a cluster of multiple metabolic risk criteria which is positively correlated with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Yam dioscorins have been reported to exhibit biological activities, however, little is known their preventive effects on the MS. Therefore, a high-fat (HF) diet was used to...
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The increasing prevalence of obesity continues to gain more attention worldwide. In this study, diet-induced obese mice were used to evaluate the anti-obesity effects of extracts, fractions and purified compounds from Vitis thunbergii var. taiwaniana (VTT). The C57BL/6J mice were fed a 5-week high-fat diet (HF) concurrently with ethanol extracts (E...
Article
The ethanol extracts (Et) from the stem (S) and leaf (L) of Vitis thunbergii var. taiwaniana (VTT) were used to investigate yeast α-glucosidase and porcine kidney dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitory activities. Both VTT-Et showed complete α-glucosidase inhibition at 0.1 mg/mL; VTT-S-Et and VTT-L-Et showed 26% and 11% DPP-IV inhibition at 0....
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Large amounts of Ganoderma lucidum (GL) commercial products are provided in the worldwide market such as powders, tea bags, or capsules as dietary supplements which contained triterpenoids and/or polysaccharides. Therefore, it was estimated that several thousand tons of GL residues (GLR) are produced and discarded. For recycling uses, the aim of th...
Article
Hispolon is an active ingredient contained in the medicinal mushroom Phellinus linteus (PL) that is used in traditional Chinese medicine for various remedies, including lymphatic diseases. Previous studies reported that hispolon exhibited anti-inflammatory activities and suppressed mitogen-induced proliferation of splenic lymphocytes. It remains un...
Article
Among the eight amino acid hydroxamates tested, Glycine hydroxamate (GH) was the best inhibitor of mushroom tyrosinase (TYR). With L-tyrosine as substrate, the GH inhibition of the monophenolase activity of the mushroom TYR was noncompetitive. GH decreased not only TYR protein expression, but also melanin content, tyrosinase-related protein (TRP)-1...
Article
The oral administration of Asn-Trp (NW) or carnosine (β-alanyl-l-histidine) dipeptides to d-galactose (Gal)-induced BALB/c mice was used to evaluate antioxidant activities in vivo. d-Galactose (Gal) was subcutaneously injected into the dorsal necks of mice daily for eight weeks to induce oxidative stress (Gal group). From the beginning of the fifth...
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We reported that yam dioscorin and its peptic hydrolysates exhibited ACE inhibition and antihypertensive effects on SHRs, however, the active peptides are not really isolated until now. Using ACE inhibitory screenings, two penta-peptides, KTCGY and KRIHF, were selected for ex vivo and in vivo experiments. KTCGY, KRIHF, and captopril were shown to h...
Article
Previous studies have shown that the Trp residue contributes to a high oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). Therefore, in this study, a Trp-containing dipeptide derived from a computer-aided simulation of pepsin hydrolysis of the yam tuber, dioscorin-namely, Asn-Trp (NW), and its analogue, Gln-Trp (QW)-were synthesised to compare their antiox...
Article
The yam tuber is a traditional Chinese medicine used in long-term treatment as a juvenescent substance. The purified yam tuber's major water-soluble protein, dioscorin, and its protease hydrolysates have been reported to have several biological activities. In this study, D-galactose (Gal) was subcutaneously injected into the dorsal necks of BALB/c...
Article
The hepatoprotective effects of eburicoic acid (TR1) and dehydroeburicoic acid (TR2) from Antrodia camphorata (AC) against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver damage were investigated in mice. TR1 and TR2 was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 7days prior to the administration of CCl4. Pretreatment with TR1 and TR2 prevented the elevat...
Article
Dioscorea japonica Thunb. var. pseudojaponica (DP) is consumed as food and widely used in traditional Chinese medicine in Taiwan. The aims of this study are to investigate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of ethanol extract of DP (EDP) and its reference compounds. Fingerprint chromatogram from HPLC indicated that EDP contains gallic ac...
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Advanced glycation end products (AGE) are substances that can induce insulin resistance in adipocyte, hepatocyte and muscle cells. This resistance correlates highly with cardiovascular disease and diabetic complications. Acteoside (A), a phenylethanoid glycoside, is an active compound in several plants and traditional herbal medicines. Acteoside, i...
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Our previous report showed that yam dioscorin and its peptic hydrolysates exhibit radical scavenging activities; however, the functions of these peptic hydrolases are still under investigation. In this study, the thiol-containing peptides derived from computer-aided simulation of pepsin hydrolysis of dioscorin, namely, KTCGNGME (diotide1), PPCSE (d...
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Eburicoic acid (TR1) and dehydroeburicoic acid (TR2), an active ingredient from Antrodia camphorata (AC) solid-state culture was evaluated for the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. Treatment with TR1 and TR2 significantly inhibited a numbers of acetic acid-induced writhing response and formalin-induced pain in the late phase. In the anti-inf...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Centipeda minima (L.) is traditionally used in Chinese folk medicine for the treatments of rhinitis, sinusitis, relieving pain, reducing swelling, and treating cancer for a long history in Taiwan. However, there is no scientific evidence which supports the use in the literature. Aim of the study: The aim of this s...
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Thirteen polyphenolics were isolated from fresh pods of Caesalpinia pulcherrima using various methods of column chromatography. The structures of these polyphenolics were elucidated as gallic acid (1), methyl gallate (2), 6-O-galloyl-d-glucoside (3), methyl 6-O-galloyl-β-d-glucoside (4), methyl 3,6-di-O-galloyl-α-d-glucopyranoside (5), gentisic aci...
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Actinidia callosa var. callosa has been widely used to treat antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammation, abdominal pain, and fever in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant, antinociceptive, and anti-inflammatory lipopolysaccharide-(LPS-)induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW264.7 macrophages and pawedema induced by λ-car...
Article
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a family of enzymes that play a crucial role in biological process and diseases. In contrast to other isozymes, HDAC8 is uniquely incapable of histone acetylation. In order to delineate its physiological function, we developed HDAC8-selective inhibitors using knowledge-based design combined with structural modeling...
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Acteoside (Act), a phenylethanoid glycoside, is an active compound in several plants and traditional herbal medicines. Act along with its structural isomer, isoacteoside (Isoact), and an analog, 6-O-acetylacteoside (6-O-acetylact), were used in the study to investigate the antioxidant, anti-angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and hemolysis inhibit...
Article
Oxidative stress and inflammation are related to several chronic diseases including cancer. Actinidia callosa var. ephippioides (ACE) is a special folk medicinal plant from Taiwan. The aim of this study is to evaluate the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiproliferative activities of the methanol extract and fractions from the stem of ACE. Tro...
Article
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Current methods used to treat critical limb ischaemia (CLI) are hampered by a lack of effective strategies, therefore, therapeutic vasculogenesis may open up a new field for the treatment of CLI. In this study we investigated the ability of the DPP-4 inhibitor, sitagliptin, originally used as a hypoglycaemic agent, to induce...
Article
This study aimed to investigate the antihypertensive effects of ethanolic extracts (EE) and compounds isolated from the small-leaf grape (Vitis thunbergii var. taiwaniana, VTT). The highest antiangiotensin-converting enzyme (anti-ACE) was found in stem-EE (IC(50) was 69.5 μg/mL). In spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), stem-EE effectively reduce...
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An antioxidant protein of cyclophilin-type peptidylprolyl isomerase (SPPPI) from sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. 'Tainong 57') storage roots was isolated by differential display. The open reading frame of this cDNA encodes a pro-protein of 260 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 27,658 Da (pI 9.34). A comparison of the deduced am...
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It was reported that semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) in plasma was elevated in diabetes mellitus and heart failure. SSAO catalyzed the oxidative deamination of various amines to produce hydrogen peroxide which is one possible source of oxidative stresses. In this research, two amino acid hydroxamates, namely aspartic acid β-hydroxamate...
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Anti-inflammatory effects of the aqueous extract of Hibiscus taiwanensis (AHT) were used in lipopolysaccharide (LPS-)stimulated mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells and carrageenan (Carr-)induced mouse paw edema model. When RAW264.7 macrophages were treated with AHT together with LPS, a concentration-dependent inhibition of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necr...
Article
Vitis thunbergii var. taiwaniana are traditionally used for the treatment of diarrhea, fracture and injury, jaundice, and hepatitis in Taiwan. The hepatoprotective activity of its plant extracts seems to be been associated with its antioxidant activity. This paper aims to investigate the in vitro and in vivo antioxidant effects of the ethanol extra...
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Antioxidant activity assays were conducted using water (H) and methanolic (M) extracts of sixteen cultivars from indigenous wild bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L. var. abbreviata Seringe, MCA) in Taiwan. The scavenging activities against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl radicals were different among MCA cultivars and the concent...
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We have investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of Cinnamomum cassia constituents (cinnamic aldehyde, cinnamic alcohol, cinnamic acid, and coumarin) using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse macrophage (RAW264.7) and carrageenan (Carr)-induced mouse paw edema model. When RAW264.7 macrophages were treated with cinnamic aldehyde together wit...
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Yam tubers, a common tuber crop and an important traditional Chinese medicine in Taiwan, have many bioactive substances, including phenolic compounds, mucilage polysaccharides, steroidal saponins and proteins. Among the total soluble proteins, 80% of them are dioscorins. In the past two decades, many studies showed that dioscorins exhibited biologi...
Article
In this study, we have investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of imperatorin, a compound isolated from the roots of Glehnia littoralis, using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse macrophage (RAW264.7) in vitro and a carrageenan (Carr)-induced mouse paw edema model in vivo. When RAW264.7 macrophages were treated with imperatorin together...
Article
The antioxidant and inhibitory activities of glucuronic acid (GluA) and its synthesized 1-methoxyl-6-glucuronic acid hydroxamate (GluA-NHOH) against semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) were investigated. The scavenging activities of GluA-NHOH against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate (DPPH) radicals (half-inhibition concentration [IC5...
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Wild bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L. var. abbreviata Seringe, MCA), which is normally smaller than cultivated bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L., MC), both belong to the family Cucurbitaceae. The fresh fruits of MC and MCA are frequently used as vegetables in Taiwan. Water (H) and methanolic (M) extracts of sixteen cultivars from Taiwanese i...
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Anti-inflammatory effects of tormentic acid (TA) were investigated ex vivo and in vivo. TA decreased the paw edema at the 4th and 5th hour after λ-carrageenin (Carr) administration, and increased the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in the liver tissue. TA also significantly attenuated the t...
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This study evaluated the effects of processed garlic (PG) on the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and on the BP of hypertensive humans. The color of raw garlic changed to black through enzymatic browning over two-week processing periods, and the active compound S-allyl-L-c...
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This study included F344 rats which were fed AIN-93G-based 14% high-fat diets and were divided into the following six groups: Groups B and N, 14% soybean oil (SO); group P, 14% SO containing 0.04% piroxicam; group L, 5% rice bran oil (RBO) and 9% SO; group M, 9% RBO and 5% SO; and group H, 14% RBO. All the rats—except those in group B—were administ...
Article
In the literature, semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) in plasma was elevated in diabetes mellitus and heart failure. SSAO catalyzed the oxidative deamination of various amines to produce hydrogen peroxide, which is one possible source of oxidative stresses. In this research, galacturonic acid hydroxamate (GalA-NHOH), but not GalA, effecti...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the protective effect of the aqueous extract of Flemingia macrophylla (AFM) against hepatic injury induced by CCl(4). Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were detected as biomarkers in the blood to indicate hepatic injury. Product of lipid peroxidation (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catala...