Wen-Chang Chang

Wen-Chang Chang
Taipei Medical University | TMU · College of Medicine, Graduate Institute of Medicine Sciences

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258
Publications
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Publications

Publications (258)
Article
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Background Sp1, an important transcription factor, is involved in the progression of various cancers. Our previous studies have indicated that Sp1 levels are increased in the early stage of lung cancer progression but decrease during the late stage, leading to poor prognosis. In addition, estrogen has been shown to be involved in lung cancer progre...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sp1 is involved in the recurrence of glioblastoma (GBM) due to the acquirement of resistance to temozolomide (TMZ). Particularly, the role of Sp1 in metabolic reprogramming for drug resistance remains unknown. Methods RNA-Seq and mass spectrometry were used to analyze gene expression and metabolites amounts in paired GBM specimens (prim...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies indicate that estrogen positively regulates lung cancer progression. Understanding the reasons will be beneficial for treating women with lung cancer in the future. In this study, we found that tumor formation was more significant in female EGFRL858R mice than in male mice. P53 expression levels were downregulated in the estradiol...
Article
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Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive and lethal brain tumor. Although the histone deacetylase (HDAC)/transcription factor axis promotes growth in GBM, whether HDACs including HDAC6 are involved in modulating long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) to affect GBM malignancy remains obscure. Methods: Integrative analysis of microarray and R...
Article
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Glucoregulatory efficiency and ATP production are key regulators for neuronal plasticity and memory formation. Besides its chemotactic and neuroinflammatory functions, the CC chemokine––CCL5 displays neurotrophic activity. We found impaired learning-memory and cognition in CCL5-knockout mice at 4 months of age correlated with reduced hippocampal lo...
Preprint
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Background Sp1 is involved in the recurrence of glioblastoma (GBM) due to the acquirement of resistance to temozolomide (TMZ). Particularly, the role of Sp1 in metabolic reprogramming for drug resistance remains unknown. Methods RNA-Seq and mass spectrometry were used to analyze gene expression and metabolites amounts in paired GBM specimens (prim...
Article
Full-text available
DNA repair promotes the progression and recurrence of glioblastoma (GBM). However, there remain no effective therapies for targeting the DNA damage response and repair (DDR) pathway in the clinical setting. Thus, we aimed to conduct a comprehensive analysis of DDR genes in GBM specimens to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying treatment re...
Article
Full-text available
Methylglyoxal (MG) is the primary precursor of advanced glycation end products involved in the pathogenesis of inflammation and diabetes. A previous study in our laboratory found anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperglycemic effects of the polyphenol vescalagin (VES) in rats with MG-induced carbohydrate metabolic disorder. The present study further inve...
Article
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a prevalent head injury worldwide which increases the risk of neurodegenerative diseases. Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory chemokines after TBI induces secondary effects which damage neurons. Targeting NADPH oxidase or increasing redox systems are ways to reduce ROS and damage. Earlier studies...
Article
B-cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI1) appears to be essential for promoting certain types of cancer, and its inhibition effectively reduced the stemness of cancer cells. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the potential role of BMI1 in glioma. To this end, we first investigated BMI1 expression in brain tumor...
Article
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The occurrence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The activation of nucleotide‐binding domain and leucine‐rich‐containing family, pyrin domain‐containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in the liver may lead to hepatic fat accumulation. Alpha‐lipoic acid (ALA) has been reported to improve IR in a...
Article
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The metabolic changes in melanoma cells that are required for tumor metastasis have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we show that the increase in glucose uptake and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation confers metastatic ability as a result of aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) deficiency. In clinical tissue specimens...
Article
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Ruellia tuberosa L. (RTL) has been used as a folk medicine to cure diabetes in Asia. RTL was previously reported to alleviate hyperglycemia, insulin resistance (IR), abnormal hepatic detoxification, and liver steatosis. However, the potential bioactive compounds of RTL have still not been identified. The aim of this study was to investigate the bio...
Article
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In a subgroup of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)/Frontotemporal dementia (FTD), the (G4C2)-RNA repeat expansion from C9orf72 chromosome binds to the Ran-activating protein (RanGAP) at the nuclear pore, resulting in nucleocytoplasmic transport deficit and accumulation of Ran in the cytosol. Here, we found that the sigma-1 receptor...
Article
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Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) progression and related mortality are highly associated with metabolic disorders. However, the molecular mechanism involved in the regulation of hyperlipidemia-associated CRC metastasis remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) on NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) expressi...
Article
Background: Glioblastoma is associated with poor prognosis and high mortality. Although the use of first-line temozolomide can reduce tumor growth, therapy-induced stress drives stem cells out of quiescence, leading to chemo-resistance and glioblastoma recurrence. The Sp1 transcription factor is known to protect glioblastoma cells against temozolo...
Article
Full-text available
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression and activation are the major causes of metastasis in cancers such as head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, the reciprocal effect of EGF‐induced cyclooxygenase‐2 (COX‐2) and angiopoietin‐like 4 (ANGPTL4) on HNSCC metastasis remains unclear. In this study, we revealed that the expre...
Article
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In this study, we found that Sp1 was highly expressed in astrocytes, implying that Sp1 might be important for the function of astrocytes. Sp1/GFAP-Cre-ERT2 conditional knockout mice were constructed to study the role of Sp1 in astrocytes. Knockout of Sp1 in astrocytes altered astrocytic morphology and decreased GFAP expression in the cortex and hip...
Article
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Background Promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (Plzf), a transcriptional regulator involved in a lot of important biological processes during development, has been implied to maintain neural stem cells and inhibit their differentiation into neurons. However, the effects of Plzf on brain structures and functions are still not clarified. Results We s...
Article
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Protein ubiquitination is an important mechanism for regulating the activity and levels of proteins under physiological conditions. Loss of regulation by protein ubiquitination leads to various diseases, such as cancer. Two types of enzymes, namely, E1/E2/E3 ligases and deubiquitinases, are responsible for controlling protein ubiquitination. The ub...
Article
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Drug resistance is the main obstacle in the improvement of chemotherapeutic efficacy in glioblastoma. Previously, we showed that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), one kind of androgen/neurosteroid, potentiates glioblastoma to acquire resistance through attenuating DNA damage. Androgen receptor (AR) activated by DHEA or other types of androgen was repo...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive type of brain tumor, with strong invasiveness and a high tolerance to chemotherapy. Despite the current standard treatment combining temozolomide (TMZ) and radiotherapy, glioblastoma can be incurable due to drug resistance. The existence of glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) is considered the major reason for dr...
Conference Paper
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is highly associated with metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes. Elevated free fatty acids (FFAs) in cancer patients with metabolic disorders may be associated with cancer progression. In addition, increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are also observed in dyslipidemia which induces expression of NADPH...
Conference Paper
Lung cancer is a malignant lung tumor characterized by high incidence and motility. c-Myc is a transcription factor that plays an important role in oncogenic activation to influence cellular metabolism and proliferation. Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 24 (USP24) is one of the members of USPs family to regulate protein ubiquitination. However, it is l...
Conference Paper
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is highly associated with metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes. Elevated free fatty acids (FFAs) in cancer patients with metabolic disorders may be associated with cancer progression. In addition, increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are also observed in dyslipidemia which induces expression of NADPH...
Conference Paper
Lung cancer is a malignant lung tumor characterized by high incidence and motility. c-Myc is a transcription factor that plays an important role in oncogenic activation to influence cellular metabolism and proliferation. Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 24 (USP24) is one of the members of USPs family to regulate protein ubiquitination. However, it is l...
Article
This study investigated the alleviative effect of caffeic acid (CA) on Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis and associated mechanisms in high-fat (HF) diet-induced hyperinsulinemic rats. The results of Morris water maze indicated that, by administrating CA (30 mg/kg b.w./day) for 30 weeks, the memory and learning impairments in HF-induced hyperins...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma is the most malignant type of brain tumor for which there are currently no effective treatments. Patient prognosis is improved by radiation combined with temozolomide (TMZ) therapy but only for a short period of time due to the high prevalence of recurrence. Although O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT)-mediated DNA repair is...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The brain predominantly expressed RING finger protein, Znf179, is known to be important for embryonic neuronal differentiation during brain development. Downregulation of Znf179 has been observed in motor neurons of adult mouse models for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), yet the molecular function of Znf179 in neurodegeneration has...
Article
Full-text available
Ruellia tuberosa L. (RTL) exhibits a wide range of phytochemical activities, for example, on treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM), in Orient. There is, however, few study regarding the effect of RTL on glycemic‐related homeostasis in type 2 DM (T2DM). We investigated the effect of RTL aqueous and ethanolic extracts on hypoglycemia in high‐fat diet (...
Article
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A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
Article
Full-text available
The accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) commonly occurs during normal aging and during some acute/chronic progressive disorders. In order to avoid oxidative damage, scavenging of these radicals is important. Previously, we identified zinc finger protein 179 (Znf179) as a neuroprotector that increases antioxidant enzymes against superoxide...
Article
The prognosis of glioblastoma (GBM) is usually poor even following treatment with the first-line chemotherapeutic agent temozolomide (TMZ). One most known resistant mechanism is the presence of DNA repair protein O⁶-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). However, compared with MGMT-mediated innate TMZ resistance, the development of acquired re...
Article
Full-text available
Ruellia tuberosa L. (RTL) has been used as a folk medicine for curing diabetes mellitus in East Asia decades. This study investigated the effect of RTL on hepatic detoxification enzyme expression in diabetic rats. Male Wistar rats were fed a high fat diet (HFD) and intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (STZ) to induce diabetes. Subsequentl...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most fatal of all brain cancers, and the standard care protocol for GBM patients is surgical tumor resection followed by radiotherapy and temozolomide (TMZ)-mediated chemotherapy. However, tumor recurrence frequently occurs, and recurrent GBM exhibits more malignancy and less sensitivity in response to chemother...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the ameliorative effect of gallic acid (GA) on hypertriglyceridemia and fat accumulation in perirenal adipose tissues of high-fructose diet (HFD)-induced diabetic rats. The previous results showed that orally administered GA (30 mg/kg body weight) for four weeks significantly reduced the levels of plasma glucose and triglyce...
Article
Introduction:Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), known as a grade IV astrocytoma, is the most aggressive brain tumor. Although GBM patients receive the standard treatment including surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, they are never considered curable and the tumors become more resistant to therapy. Recently, glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) have...
Article
Glioblastoma (GBM), known as a highly aggressive brain tumor, has extremely poor prognosis and high mortality even following standard treatment with surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy using the first-line agent temozolomide (TMZ). Treatment resistance and recurrence are the most known challenges in tumor therapies, and that have an association...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma is the most malignant brain tumor without efficiently therapeutic strategy. Improvement of patient prognosis by the combined therapy of radiation with temozolomide (TMZ) is restricted within a small window due to the higher prevalence of recurrence. In particular, O⁶-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT)-mediated DNA repair is wel...
Article
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is highly associated with metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes. Elevated free fatty acids (FFAs) in cancer patients with metabolic disorders may be associated with cancer progression. In addition, increased levels of ROS are also observed in dyslipidemia which induces expression of NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) by FFAs...
Article
Full-text available
Our recent studies have indicated that specificity protein-1 (Sp1) accumulates substantially in the early stage of lung cancer but is partially decreased in the late stages, which is an important factor in the progression of the cancer. In this study, we found that Nm23-H1 and hnRNPA2/B1 could be recruited to the 5′UTR of Sp1 mRNA. In investigating...
Article
Full-text available
Acquisition of temozolomide (TMZ) resistance is a major factor leading to the failure of glioblastoma (GBM) treatment. The exact mechanism by which GBM evades TMZ toxicity is not always related to the expression of the DNA repair enzyme O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), and so remains unclear. In this study, TMZ-resistant variants de...
Article
Full-text available
Background Anemia is common among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients who undergone hemodialysis. The total reduction of red blood cell (RBC) count is associated with poor prognosis in these patients. Although erythropoietin (EPO) has been used as an effective treatment for ESRD patients with anemia, a large number of patients still present poo...
Article
Full-text available
Malignant glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an aggressive brain tumor with strong local invasive growth and a poor prognosis. One probable way to manipulate GBM cells toward a less invasive status is to reprogram the most malignant GBM cells to a more differentiated and less oncogenic phenotype. Herein, we identified a novel role of a RING finger pr...