Weipeng Yang

Weipeng Yang
The Education University of Hong Kong | ied · Department of Early Childhood Education (ECE)

Doctor of Philosophy (HKU)
Robot Programming & Computational Thinking in Early Childhood

About

79
Publications
54,009
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Introduction
My research focuses on advancing the sciences and practices of learning in early childhood. My work with young children (especially those who are socially disadvantaged), teachers, parents, and communities aims to explore effective and sustainable ways of enhancing curricular and pedagogical practices in diverse early childhood education settings and to assess their effects through mixed-methods research.
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - April 2021
Singapore University of Social Sciences
Position
  • Lecturer
April 2018 - July 2018
The University of Hong Kong
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
September 2020 - July 2021
Tufts University
Field of study
  • Early Childhood Technology and Engineering
September 2015 - November 2018
The University of Hong Kong
Field of study
  • Early Childhood Development and Education
September 2010 - July 2014
Beijing Normal University
Field of study
  • Early Childhood Education

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
The proliferation of screen-free programmable robotics allows teachers to implement age-appropriate integrated activities that can promote child learning and development. However, very scarce is known about the challenges of using programmable robots as a tool to empower children in minority communities. This mixed-methods case study examined a Fre...
Article
Coding (or computer programming) helps equip children with an intellectual structure that is valuable for their lifelong learning and development. The proliferation of innovative coding platforms, especially screen-free programmable robotics, has made it possible for coding to be integrated into early childhood education (ECE). However, how the cod...
Article
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This study investigated the measurement invariance of school and teacher Information , Communication and Technology (ICT) readiness among 57 countries that participated in the Program in International Student Assessment (PISA) 2018 assessment. School and teacher ICT readiness scale is 11-item scale with two subfactors: school ICT readiness and teac...
Poster
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【New Issue Alert from ECNU Review of Education】Our June special issue guest edited by Weipeng Yang, Marek Tesar and Hui Li is now out! To get new insights into early childhood experiences and curriculum development in diverse cultural contexts within a rapidly globalizing world, please check out this special issue here: https://journals.sagepub.com...
Article
Research Findings: This review focuses on the use of robotics in early childhood education (ECE), addressing gender and socioeconomic status (SES) differences in young children’s robotics learning. This review systematically evaluates, synthesizes, and displays the research designs, robotic toys, data collection instruments, research methods, and r...
Article
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During the COVID-19 pandemic, schools and preschools worldwide have been suspended, causing many challenges for students, parents, and teachers. Through home-schooling, preschool children struggle to accept new (online) learning modes. Teachers need to acquire digital skills quickly to deliver online teaching, while parents need to take on the role...
Article
Teachers’ professional identities, or the professional images teachers have of themselves, play an essential role in teachers’ pedagogical knowledge and their propensity to stay in the profession. Even though with a shared recognition of the importance of professional identities among teachers, research is limited in terms of examining preservice t...
Article
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This Special Issue includes a collection of studies examining the role of culture and context in shaping childhood experience and curriculum. This Special Issue aims to explicitly acknowledge that, first, culture and the value system it provides has never stayed away from us. Second, social change and cultural collisions in the globalized world res...
Article
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Purpose This article presents a scoping review of the internationally published research on the early childhood curriculum (ECC) reforms, policies, measures, and effectiveness in China and Singapore, to explore the joint and interactive effects of globalization and localization in ECC in two different contexts. Design/Approach/Methods We reviewed...
Article
This video-based study investigates the extent to which Chinese teachers intentionally teach mathematics knowledge to kindergarten children. Evidence revealed that intentional teaching with the key practice of sustained shared thinking occurred more in group activities than in learning centers; however, there was insufficient intentional teaching i...
Article
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Programmable robotics is recently used in early childhood education (ECE) to introduce programming and computational thinking (CT) skills. However, there is a further need for research to contrast the efficacy of children's participation in robot programming and traditionally beneficial ECE activities. The present study thus investigated the effect...
Article
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As a core competence in 21st century, computational thinking (CT) is of great significance for undergraduates. However, there are few researches on the CT evaluation about undergraduates, and nor do a theoretical framework. Additionally, it is not clear what factors may affect their CT development. Therefore, according to Marzano's new taxonomy of...
Article
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Artificial intelligence (AI) education has posed fundamental challenges to early childhood education (ECE), including (1) why AI is necessary and appropriate for learning in the early years, (2) what is the subset of key AI ideas and concepts that can be learned by children, and (3) how to engage children in a meaningful experience that allows them...
Article
Coaching is proven to be an effective strategy of professional development; however, rare research has documented the nuances of coaching effects and the enablers in early childhood education. This study presents a systematic review of 33 randomised controlled trials or (quasi-)experiments to investigate the effects of coaching as a professional de...
Article
The Singapore government has laid out a regulation for daily minimum time spent outdoors and the Outdoor Learning Guide (OLG) to support children’s outdoor experiences in full-day childcare programmes. However, there is scarce research on young children’s outdoor learning experiences from children’s and teachers’ perspectives. This study aims to ma...
Article
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Artificial intelligence (AI) tools are increasingly being used in the field of early childhood education (ECE) to enhance learning and development among young children. Previous proof-of-concept studies have demonstrated that AI can effectively improve teaching and learning in ECE; however, there is a scarcity of knowledge about how these studies a...
Article
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Visual pedagogy and social stories have been widely used to assist children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in learning various skills. A toothbrushing visual pedagogy (TBVP) was developed adapting existing toothbrushing social stories for children with ASD. This TBVP consists of 13 toothbrushing steps with scripts describing the toothbrushing...
Article
Anti-bias in early education is gaining importance, especially given the volatile social climate amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, Singapore preschools lack focus on anti-bias education despite being a multi-ethnic society. Set in the COVID-19 context, this teacher research developed and examined a curriculum to educate young children on anti-bias...
Article
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The primary focus of this special issue will be re-thinking and reexamining the role of digital technologies and curriculum reforms in children’s lives given the social inequities perpetuated by the digital divide. This special issue may involve multiple fields, such as educational technology, curriculum studies, and child development. The coverage...
Article
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A hybrid model of curriculum that reflects cultural conflicts and fusion is aligned with the framework of ‘glocalisation’ as a balance and fusion of ‘globalisation’ and ‘localisation’, which has been proposed to decolonise the curriculum and promote culturally diverse perspectives and contributions (Bautista et al., 2021; Joseph & Ramani, 2012). Wi...
Article
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EDITORIAL The internationalisation of curriculum, and associated pedagogies and forms of assessment, is increasingly important for universities and schools, especially in the light of global educational policy transfer and the impact of international student assessments. Furthermore, the effects of globalisation and neoliberalism highlight the need...
Article
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Academic buoyancy refers to students’ capability of dealing with day-to-day obstacles in the school contexts. Previous studies have demonstrated that academic buoyancy is linked to optimal outcomes. However, limited research has been conducted to explore why academic buoyancy can predict positive academic functioning. This research examined the ass...
Article
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Lay Description What is already known about this topic? Collective Academic Supervision (CAS) is a collective model for students’ academic supervision to reduce their isolation and as a measure to establish a congenial culture and to develop networks with their peers. Online academic supervision has transformed the traditional, individual supervis...
Article
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The preparation of STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) teachers for early childhood education (ECE) has clearly become an important issue in recent years. Teacher efficacy can lead to changes in professional beliefs toward and teaching practices in STEM. In this study, we developed the STEM Teaching Self-efficacy Scale (STSS) a...
Article
Resumen Aunque investigaciones previas revelan que el bienestar está vinculado al aprendizaje eficaz, hay pocas pruebas sobre cómo están relacionadas las emociones positivas con las metas de logro y las medidas objetivas de compromiso escolar. Basándose en la teoría de ampliación y construcción de emociones positivas, el presente estudio analiza la...
Article
This paper explores the relationship between workforce competence, migration, and quality improvement in the Asia-Pacific through analysis of Early Childhood Education (ECE) policy texts from three East Asia Summit countries. Content (word level) analysis of salient policy texts was undertaken to address two questions: How are culture and diversity...
Article
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Computational thinking (CT) plays a vital role in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). However, whether students' learning attitude towards STEM is related to their CT skills remains unknown. Two studies were conducted to address this knowledge gap. In Study 1, we validated a newly developed STEM learning attitude...
Article
Although prior research shows that well-being is linked to effective learning, there is scarce evidence on how positive emotions relate to achievement goals and objective measures of school engagement. Drawing from the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions, this study examines the reciprocal associations of positive emotions with mastery-ap...
Article
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Existing studies on writing for publication have focused on doctoral students and junior scholars, leaving those non-native English-speaking (NNES) Master's students understudied. This article presents a case study of the challenges and coping strategies shared by the six purposively selected NNES Master's students, who have each successfully publi...
Article
Globalisation has been transforming early childhood care and education worldwide since the turn of this millennium. The early childhood sector in Singapore is no exception. Its early childhood curriculum has inevitably been influenced by Eastern and Western cultures and has developed into a unique hybrid over the years. This special issue collects...
Article
Teacher research has been promoted as a context-relevant approach to improving children’s learning experiences in early childhood settings. In this article, we focus on social-emotional learning (SEL), a crucial domain of the early childhood curriculum, to illustrate the role of teacher research in changing early childhood teachers’ everyday practi...
Article
Singapore has launched a bilingual education policy nationwide, which leads to three main home language environments amongst Chinese families, namely, Chinese dominant, Chinese-English bilingual families and English dominant families. However, little is known about the development of early reading abilities among Singapore children from these famil...
Article
This article presents findings from a representative case study of a typical childcare centre in Singapore that achieved an emerging level of quality certification despite being under-resourced as a non-profit centre. Like other centres, it was navigating a climate of early childhood care and education (ECCE) policy reforms and teacher shortage. Gi...
Article
This special issue on early STEM education collects ten articles that present a series of studies covering topics about curriculum and pedagogy, teacher education and professional development, family environment, and inclusive education for enhancing young children’s STEM learning experiences. These collected studies have presented empirical eviden...
Article
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Spatial skills significantly predict educational and occupational achievements in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). As early interventions for young children are usually more effective than interventions that come later in life, the present meta-analysis systematically included 20 spatial intervention studies (2009-2020) wit...
Article
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Research Findings The present study investigated the effects of a 12-week inquiry-based science and engineering (IBSE) program on preschoolers’ science and engineering learning experiences. The treatment versus control condition was randomly assigned to four preschool classes, which included 122 preschoolers (M = 61.10 month, SD = 3.73). Statistica...
Article
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Learning to do research has been understudied in the context of professional development in postgraduate programs. This exploratory study investigated the agency and experiences of five Chinese students who learned to design their research project in a Master of Education program at an English-medium university in Hong Kong SAR. We obtained the dat...
Article
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Many governments have launched the top-down early childhood curriculum (ECC) reforms to enhance the accountability of early childhood education and care (ECEC) services. The present discourse analysis of latest ECC policies across four diverse but representative countries – Australia, China, New Zealand, and Singapore – aims to examine the effects...
Article
Research Findings This study aims to explore the relationships between Scientific Epistemic Beliefs (SEB), Science Teaching Beliefs (STB) and Science-specific Pedagogical Content Knowledge (Science-PCK) in preservice kindergarten teachers from China. Altogether 987 preservice teachers were randomly sampled from a teacher education institution and w...
Article
Hong Kong has launched reforms to advocate child-centred pedagogies in kindergartens since 2000. This study examined the actual pedagogical interactions in eight kindergarten classrooms via videotaped observations. The teachers were surveyed before the observation and interviewed after receiving the observational report. Evidence revealed that the...
Article
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The Singapore government has launched kindergarten curriculum reform since 2003 to promote constructivism in teaching and learning, which seems to contradict the traditional pedagogy. Using video analysis, we examined the actual classroom dialogue in six Chinese language classrooms to understand to what extent the constructivist pedagogy has been i...
Article
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This study employed an inductive qualitative approach to understanding the effects of local culture on early childhood curriculum development in two Hong Kong kindergartens. A triangulation of interviews, observations and documents was established, and cultural-historical activity theory was employed as the theoretical framework. The results indica...
Article
This paper reports a case study of the manifestation of the teaching-research nexus in a research-active professor’s classroom teaching of a research methods course targeting a cohort of Master of Education (MEd) students in early childhood education (ECE). The study was conducted at a research-intensive English-medium university in Hong Kong where...
Article
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Research Findings: This study explores the variations in paternal play beliefs and the relation to young children’s developmental outcomes in a sample of 163 Chinese fathers of 3-year-olds (M = 38.73 months, SD = 4.91) in Shenzhen, China. The fathers completed the Chinese Parent Play Beliefs Scale (CPPBS) to report their attitudes towards play and...
Article
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This study investigated the pedagogical interactions between teachers and young children in six sampled Chinese kindergarten classrooms. Altogether 4320 turns of dialogue were coded from 27 videotaped pedagogical activities, and the 12 class teachers were surveyed and interviewed. The results revealed a unique Chinese pedagogical interaction that i...
Conference Paper
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This study revealed that (1) teachers struggled to develop a child-centred curriculum which could follow the governmental guidelines whilst prepare children for the academic readiness and meet parental expectations; (2) teachers launched the school-based curriculum innovation through the process of incorporating play, in which a more conservative a...
Conference Paper
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This study was a pioneering research that focused on early childhood curriculum leadership (ECCL) as contextualised within the complex change of early childhood curriculum (ECC) policies and reforms. It was based on school leadership studies and extended the line of early childhood pedagogical leadership, while it opened new ground for exploring ho...
Chapter
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This chapter critically reviews the evolution of early childhood curriculum (ECC) policies in three representative Chinese societies – Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. First, the landscapes of early childhood education in the three Chinese societies are briefly described to provide the readers with background information. Second, ECC reforms...
Chapter
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This chapter finally presents the implications of examining early childhood curriculum (ECC) from a cultural-historical perspective, especially in Chinese culture, for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners in early childhood education. It primarily analyses and attempts to answer the question of how culture may shape ECC by summarising the e...
Chapter
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This chapter analyses and compares the early childhood curriculum (ECC) policies among three Chinese societies, namely, Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. The analytical framework proposed by Wilks, Nyland, Chancellor, and Elliot. (2008) is used to analyse and compare the structural property, continuity and applicability of ECC policies. In par...
Article
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School-based curriculum development (SBCD) has been advocated to enhance the quality of early childhood education within the context of modernization and globalization. However, few studies have examined how the social change and globalization may shape the early childhood curriculum. This study examined SBCD in two Shenzhen kindergartens via inter...
Article
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School leadership plays a critical role in providing appropriate and sustainable curriculum practices. However, there remain significant knowledge gaps in understanding early childhood curriculum leadership in Chinese contexts. In order to examine early childhood curriculum leadership in such contexts, this study analyses and interprets data from i...
Article
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Special Issue: Developing Culturally and Developmentally Appropriate Early STEM Learning Experiences. Early Education and Development. 2019.
Article
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Research Findings: This meta-analysis examined 29 (quasi-)experimental studies that involved low-income children ages 3 to 5 who might be subject to risks of academic failure and other negative outcomes. Compared to the controls, children who learned with social-emotional learning (SEL) curricula demonstrated significantly improved social-emotional...
Article
Full-text available
Research Findings: The current study explored the ethnotheories of 6 Chinese families regarding their young children’s play in Shanghai, the most Westernized metropolis in China. A triangulation of multiple data sources was established through in-depth interviews, home visit observations, and 1-week recordings of child’s daily play activities. The...
Conference Paper
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Hong Kong launched its millennium curriculum reform in 2001, and school-based curriculum (SBC) development (SBCD) was included as one of the main methods. Informed by the cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT), this study aims to understand how and why SBCD took place in two Chinese kindergartens in Hong Kong, with a focus on the effects of loc...
Conference Paper
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China implemented curriculum reform in 2001 to promote social change and deepen economic reform. School-based curriculum (SBC) development (SBCD) has been advocated to enhance the quality of early childhood learning and development. However, few studies have examined how the decentralisation and democratisation mechanisms of SBCD have changed the c...
Article
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This study forms part of a wider comparative research project investigating the mechanisms and outcomes of school-based curriculum (SBC) development in kindergartens between the two neighbouring cities of Hong Kong and Shenzhen, under the umbrella of ‘one country, two systems’. This comparison will help to clarify how sociocultural contexts may aff...
Article
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Most studies have assessed the psychometric properties of the Gratitude Questionnaire – Six-Item Form (GQ-6) in the Western contexts while very few research has been generated to explore the applicability of this scale in non-Western settings. To address this gap, the aim of the study was to examine the factorial validity and gender invariance of t...
Poster
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1. This study presents a meta-analysis of 24 early childhood curricular studies involving over 3,729 children aged 3-6 affected by one or more risk factors that might have prevented them from achieving academic success and other positive outcomes. 2. In general, the participants in socialization-focused curricula demonstrated significantly improved...
Article
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School-based curriculum innovations have been widely implemented in Chinese kindergartens since the turn of the new millennium. However, in the absence of professional guidance, Chinese kindergartens have been forced to ‘ride a blind horse’ when developing curriculum. The aim of this study was to understand the nature of and mechanisms underlying s...
Chapter
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Since its return to China in 1997, Hong Kong has launched a series of large-scale reforms to establish a new post-colonial education system. Early childhood education (ECE), however, is totally privatized and independently regulated by the market mechanism. Reforming such a private market is thus a challenge to the educational authorities. In this...
Article
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The current study examined the psychometric validity and gender invariance of the Academic Buoyancy Scale in the Philippines through a construct validation approach. In terms of within-network construct validity, our results demonstrated that the unidimensional model of academic buoyancy significantly fit the current sample and was invariant across...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since its return to China in 1997, Hong Kong has launched a series of large-scale reforms to establish a new post-colonial education system. Early childhood education (ECE), however, is totally privatised and independently regulated by the market mechanism. Reforming such a private market is thus a challenge to the educational authorities. In this...
Article
Full-text available
Early childhood education (ECE) in China has been relegated to the role of ‘Cinderella’ by its educational authorities since 1980s, due to the policy of ‘marketizing and privatizing non-compulsory pre-school education’. In 2010, dramatically and suddenly, ‘Cinderella’ emerged as the ‘beloved princess’ as the central government of China decided to p...
Chapter
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The extent to which globalisation shapes curriculum reforms has become an important agendum to develop educational systems. Parallel to this direction, school-based curriculum development (SBCD) emerged as an international trend in the 1970s, which serves as one of the valuable modes of curriculum decision-making. However, there are limited empiric...