Weidong Sun

Weidong Sun
Institute of Oceanology · Center of Deepsea Research

PhD

About

466
Publications
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Publications

Publications (466)
Article
The Fangshan intrusive suite is a composite pluton in the North China Craton that resulted from incremental assembly of small magma batches. The pluton consists of four intrusive units with abundant mafic enclaves. Here we clarify its crystallisation history through zircon UPb dating, which indicates prolonged crystallisation of each intrusive unit...
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Skarn Au deposits are particularly developed along Middle and Lower Yangtze River region, eastern China, but gold behavior and genesis of the skarn Au deposits remain unclear. Whole-rock geochemical, sulfur isotopic and in-situ mineralogical data from the mineralized alteration stages of Chaoshan skarn Au deposit in Tongling region are systemically...
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Late Mesozoic magmatism in eastern China was extensive and closely related to the subduction of the Paleo-Pacific plate, but genetic relationship between magmatism and subduction remains unclear. Cretaceous magmatic rocks distributed along the eastern coast of China can provide an opportunity to evaluate the influence of subduction on the evolution...
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Whether or not oceanic crust basalts are affected by plate subduction is a hot topic of debate. The South China Sea is one of the largest marginal basins in the western Pacific Ocean and has been surrounded by subduction of the Pacific plate and Indian plate, yet, to date, no study has clearly shown evidence of subduction in the geochemistry of vol...
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Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP) is the largest loess deposit on the Earth with expansive surface-exposed source rocks of varying origin, age, and history. We present elemental abundances on representative loess and paleosol samples from seven classic sections of the CLP. Most elements, including soluble elements (e.g., Rb and Cs), show significant corr...
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Early Cretaceous A-type granitic plutons are widely distributed in Shandong Peninsula, which are of great significance to understanding the regional tectonic evolution. Here we report geochemical characteristics, geochronological results, and zircon Hf-O isotope compositions of Wulian granites to reveal its origin and geological significance. Wulia...
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Compression is required for all kinds of subduction initiations, which may cause either subsidence or uplift, depending on the ages of the oceanic plates. Subduction initiations associated with the old oceanic crust tend to amplify preexisting subsidence by compression, whereas those associated with young oceanic plates may result in uplift.
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Arc magmas are usually more oxidized than lavas from intraplate settings and spreading ridges. However, iron isotopes of arc magmas are generally lighter, and the mechanism is still controversial. The mantle wedge serpentinite provides new insights to resolve this issue. Here we show that mantle wedge serpentinites/serpentinized peridotites from th...
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The South China Sea (SCS) is the largest extensional basin in the western Pacific. Due to the lack of sampling appropriate seafloor rocks, few studies focused on magma evolution in the initial expansion of the SCS, which limits the understanding of the tecto-magmatic evolution of the SCS. Here, we analyzed whole-rock Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic compositio...
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High-resolution multichannel seismic transects that span from oceanic crust domains, and the Central Basin Fault rift to the Kyushu-Palau Ridge are utilized to investigate the dynamic mechanism of the Oligocene tectonic evolution in the West Philippine Basin based on an analysis of sismostratigraphic sequences and the geometries of acoustic substra...
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The eruption of large igneous provinces usually has major geodynamic influences on overriding plates. Seamount chains indicate that the drifting direction of the Pacific Plate changed by ∼80° in the Early Cretaceous when the Ontong Java Plateau formed. This, however, is not fully consistent with the magnetic anomalies. Here we show that there is an...
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The Duolong mineral district in western Tibet is one of the largest porphyry Cu–Au deposit fields with significant metallogenic potential in China. Its tectonic environment relevant to Early Cretaceous Cu–Au mineralization remains controversial. Here we report new whole-rock major and trace element, and Sr-Nd-Hf-Pb isotope data for the newly discov...
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The world-class Gejiu Sn-polymetallic district (southwest China), with ca. 3.27 Mt. Sn metal, is a magmatic-hydrothermal deposit associated with the Late Cretaceous biotite granites; however, the magmatic and hydrothermal processes involved in its formation remain poorly understood. Tourmaline is a ubiquitous phase in the Gejiu district, and here w...
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Full text share link: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1dk9B3p4ZMrwT: Enrichments in light REE without concomitant enrichments in high-field-strength elements in mantle peridotites are usually attributed to inputs from carbonate-rich melts and referred to as ‘carbonatite’ metasomatism as opposed to interaction with evolved silicate melts. Alternative...
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Serpentinization produces molecular hydrogen (H2) and hydrocarbons that can feed the colonies of microbes in hydrothermal vent fields, and therefore serpentinization may be important for the origins of life. However, the mechanisms that control molecular hydrogen (H2) production during serpentinization remain poorly understood. Here the effect of p...
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Increasing evidence shows that the mantle contributes (directly or indirectly) to Sn-bearing granites worldwide. However, the specific role of mantle in the formation of tin granites and related mineralization remains poorly understood. In the worldclass Dachang district, South China, tin mineralization is related to the Longxianggai equigranular/p...
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Seamounts on the drifting oceanic crust are inevitable carried by plate motions and eventually accreted or subducted. However, the geochemical signatures of the subducted seamounts and the significance of seamount subduction are not well constrained. Hundreds of seamounts have subducted beneath the Philippine Sea Plate following the westward subduc...
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Large-scale Late Cretaceous magmatic intrusions have been recognized in the southern Gangdese magmatic belt, although their genesis and mineralization potential remain controversial. In this paper, we present new zircon U-Pb ages, whole-rock compositions, and major- and trace element compositions of zircon and apatite from the Chemen granodioritic...
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To better constrain Ca isotopic fractionation during volcanic magma differentiation, we report Ca isotope data for a series of volcanic glasses from the eastern Manus Basin that represent a continuum of compositions comprising basaltic andesite, andesite, dacite, and rhyolite. Our results show that these volcanic glasses exhibit ∼0.25‰ variation in...
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Accretionary orogens are the primary sites for continental growth, but the rate and amount of crust generation throughout its evolution are poorly constrained. In this contribution, our new results about the genesis of two intermediate-felsic plutons are combined with a compiled granitoid dataset to evaluate the amount and rate of crustal growth th...
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The history of the Hawaiian hotspot is of enduring interest in studies of plate motion and mantle flow, and has been investigated by many using the detailed history of the Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount chain. One of the unexplained aspects of this history is the apparent offset of several Emperor seamounts from the Hawaii plume track. Here we show that...
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Hydrous minerals in the hybridized zone at the slab-mantle interface play a critical role in retaining and transporting fluid mobile elements in subduction zones. The observed high B and As concentrations and high δ¹¹B values in arc magmas were previously thought to have been resulted from the mechanical transport of forearc serpentinites down to s...
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Clarifying the genesis of backarc basin basalts (BABBs) is of great significance for understanding the cycling of subducted materials. Here we show MORB-like Fe isotopic signatures (δ⁵⁶Fe) of basalts recovered from the South China Sea (SCS), a well-developed backarc basin, as an indicator to investigate the influence of subduction on the BABBs. Who...
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The latest multichannel seismic data from the Yap subduction zone is presented to investigate the Caroline Ridge fault system, developed by faulting and bending processes within the incoming oceanic plateau. We reveal that horst and graben structures exist along the entire incoming Caroline Ridge adjacent to the trench and that pervasive bending-re...
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The Dongguashan deposit is the largest and deepest Cu (Au) deposit in the Tongling region, eastern China. The presence of skarn and stratiform ore bodies in the same system of the Dongguashan deposit has caused much debate as to whether the mineralization was associated with magmatic-hydrothermal or sedimentary origin. In this study, in situ (LA-IC...
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The hadal trenches are the most remote and inaccessible habitats on earth and were once believed to be pristine. A recent study has reported the detection of high levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), in endemic amphipods from two hadal trenches (Marian...
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The late Cambrian tonalite-trondhjemite association in the eastern segment of North Qilian suture zone (E. NQSZ) is important for understanding of the sub-arc magmatic process and tectonic evolution. Here we report data for feldspar-quartz porphyry and fine-grained trondhjemite with abundant tonalite enclave/interlayer from the Leigongshan (LGS) pl...
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The Late Ordovician mass extinction (LOME) was the first global extinction with the destruction of 85 % of marine species. However, the cause of LOME is still controversial. Most studies attribute it to large-scale volcanism caused by global cooling or warming. Through analyzing the driving difference between global cooling and warming on large-sca...
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The kinetics of serpentinization were investigated at 400–500 °C and 3.0–20 kbar using natural olivine and peridotite for run durations of 9–38 days. The serpentine varieties were lizardite for all the experiments. The serpentinization kinetics at 400 °C and 3.0 kbar and at 500 °C and 20 kbar displayed a sigmoidal kinetic behavior, with very sluggi...
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The westward subduction of the Pacific plate interacted with the northward subduction of the eastern Neo-Tethys plate in the Early Cretaceous. However, the subduction polarities between these two plates in the Early Cretaceous is not well constrained. The proto-Philippine arc is suggested to have originated at the Pacific – Neo-Tethys intersection...
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The Indo-Pacific convergence region is the best target to solve the two remaining challenges of the plate tectonics theory, i.e., subduction initiation and the driving force of plate tectonics. Recent studies proposed that the Izu-Bonin subduction initiation belongs to spontaneous initiation, which implies that it started from extension, followed b...
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A number of high-temperature processes (e.g., melt-rock reactions, metasomatism, partial melting) can produce significant Ca isotopic fractionation and heterogeneity in the mantle, but the mechanism for such fractionation remains obscure. To investigate the effect of mantle partial melting on Ca isotopic fractionation, we reported high-precision Ca...
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A series of coesite, coexisting with or without a liquid phase, was synthesized in the nominal system SiO2-H2O at 800−1450 °C and 5 GPa. Micro-Raman spectroscopy was used to identify the crystalline phase, electron microprobe and LA-ICP-MS were employed to quantify some major and trace elements, and unpolarized FTIR spectroscopy was applied to prob...
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Seafloor hydrothermal chimneys are significant metal resources and have fundamental effects on marine chemistry balance. Previous studies on growth of the chimneys focused on mineral composition and elemental distribution in chimney walls, but the isotopic composition of different elements and their correlations remain poorly understood. Here, we r...
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Mountain building (orogeny) has a strong causal relationship with compression induced by plate drifting. It is generally accepted that orogenic belts are distributed perpendicular to the direction of plate movement. Extensive Late Mesozoic intra-continental deformations occurred around the North China Craton (NCC) in three different directions (i.e...
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This study employed high-sensitivity and high-resolution secondary ionizing mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS) to determine the distribution of Au, As, Cu, Se, and S isotopes of pyrite from the Shuiyindong Au deposit, southwestern China. NanoSIMS maps show that Au occurs as solid solution, and heterogeneously distributes at micron scale in the ore pyrite...
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Granitoids in active continental margins are probes of sub-arc magmatic processes and are crucial for the understanding of crust–mantle interaction during subduction. Here we report data for the middle to late Cambrian Tuole (TL) and Dabaishitou (DBST) granitic plutons in the western segment of the North Qilian suture zone (NQSZ). The TL-DBST pluto...
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In order to investigate the behavior of potassium (K) isotopes during metamorphic dehydration and to further constrain its implications for K recycling in the subduction zone, we measured K isotopic compositions of whole-rocks and separated minerals (phengite, omphacite, amphibole) from Sumdo eclogites, Tibet, using a recently established high-prec...
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Calcium isotopes can potentially be used to trace many geological processes. Characterizing the Ca isotopic compositions of marine sediments is a precondition for using Ca isotopes to trace the recycling of marine sediments into the mantle and mantle-derived rocks. The best way to achieve this goal is to investigate different types of marine sedime...
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Supercritical CO2 appearing as bubbles in hydrothermal vents was identified in the south part of the Okinawa Trough using in situ Raman spectroscopy. Significantly, the N2 peak in supercritical CO2 is much larger than those in seawater and vent fluids, indicating that supercritical CO2 enriches N2 from the surrounding environment. Considering that...
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Carbonatitic magmatism plays a significant role in outgassing carbon from mantle and the formation of rare earth element (REE), rare metal (e.g., Nb and Th) and other types of deposits. The mechanism of REE mineralization associated with carbonatite have been widely studied. However, it is hard to understand U-Nb mineralization without Th enrichmen...
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The mechanism of lithospheric removal and destruction of the North China Craton (NCC) has been hotly debated for decades. It is now generally accepted that the subduction of the (Paleo)-Pacific plate played an important role in this process. However, how the plate subduction contributed to the craton destruction remains unclear. Here we report high...
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The rifting of oceanic plateaus is an important mechanism for initiating lithospheric break-up and subsequent seafloor spreading. In this study, we present the latest multichannel seismic data investigating the Caroline Ridge and provide one of the typical cases for initial oceanic plateau evolution. We reveal that a smooth basement reflector (R2),...
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The region of southern Anhui Province (SAP) is one of Late Mesozoic magmatic belts and copper-molybdenum-gold-tungsten polymetallic ore districts in China, but the relationship of polymetallic mineralization and related granodiorite remains unclear. Previous studies indicate that apatite can be an indicator for magmatic evolution and mineral explor...
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Subduction related metasomatism has been proposed to be one of the most important processes that may cause Ca isotopic heterogeneities in the mantle. Back-arc basin basalts (BABBs) affected by different contributions of subducted materials have various geochemical compositions ranging from MORB-like to arc-like, so that they are ideal media to inve...
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The Youjiang basin in southwestern China is known for the occurrence of abundant Carlin-type gold deposits similar to those of northern Nevada in the U.S. Among them, Taipingdong is a representative deposit nearby the super-large Shuiyindong Mine in the Huijiabao ore field. Though some data of in-situ sulfur isotopes and trace element geochemistry...
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Mesozoic A-type granites are widely distributed in the Lower Yangtze River Belt (LYRB) in China, but their petrogenesis and geodynamic settings are unresolved. Here, we describe geochronological and geochemical study of granites from the Zongyang area of the LYRB. Zircon LA-ICPMS U-Pb dating indicates the granites were emplaced at ca. 127 Ma. They...
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Serpentinization produces molecular hydrogen (H2) that is capable of supporting communities of microorganisms in hydrothermal fields, which suggests that serpentinization may be closely related to the origin of life at the early history of the Earth and possibly other planets. In this study, serpentinization experiments were performed at 300 °C and...
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Rhenium (Re) is one of the least abundant elements in the silicate Earth. However, independent rhenium sulfide was reported in the Usu and Kudryavy volcanos, namely rheniite (ReS2, 74.5 wt% of Re). This raises questions about the sources of the Kurile–Kamchatka volcanic island arc magmas and geochemical cycling of Re. The oxidation-reduction cycle...
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The Archean plate tectonics and subduction-related magmatism have been concerned for several decades. Here we investigate the Archean plate subduction from a new perspective, using the secular records of global-scale non-TTG (tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite) felsic rocks with arc-like geochemical affinities. The statistical results show that the...