Wei Feng Shen

Wei Feng Shen
Shanghai Jiao Tong University | SJTU

About

176
Publications
8,146
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3,514
Citations
Citations since 2016
46 Research Items
1856 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (176)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is the defining feature of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and predicts subsequent incident heart failure (HF) and all-cause mortality. Mounting evidence reveals that cardiometabolic risk factors play critical roles in the development of LVDD. In this study, we s...
Article
Background: Due to advances in medical treatments, a substantial proportion of heart failure (HF) patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (EF, HFrEF) have experienced partial or complete recovery of EF, termed HFrecEF, and markedly improved clinical outcomes. In the present study, we sought to investigate the relationship between...
Article
Full-text available
Coronary collateralization is substantially impaired in patients with type 2 diabetes and occlusive coronary artery disease, which leads to aggravated myocardial ischemia and a more dismal prognosis. In a diabetic setting, altered serum lipid profiles and profound glycoxidative modification of lipoprotein particles induce endothelial dysfunction, b...
Article
Background Because of advances in medical treatments, a substantial proportion of patients with heart failure (HF) have experienced recovery of ejection fraction (EF), termed HF with recovered EF (HFrecEF). Insulin resistance (IR) is prevalent in HF and tightly related with prognosis. This study investigates the relationship between IR and the inci...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Due to advances in medical treatments, a substantial proportion of heart failure (HF) patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (EF, HFrEF) have experienced partial or complete recovery of EF, termed HFrecEF, and markedly improved clinical outcomes. In the present study, we sought to investigate the relationship between g...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) is a crucial risk factor for the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. We investigated whether N-e-carboxy-methyl-lysine (CML), a major form of AGEs in vivo, was associated with poor coronary collateral vessel (CCV) formation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and...
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Background: Chromogranin B (CgB) is increased in heart failure and proportionate to disease severity. We investigated whether circulating CgB level is associated with left ventricular (LV) functional recovery potential after successful recanalization of chronic total occlusion (CTO). Methods: Serum levels of CgB were assayed in 53 patients with sta...
Preprint
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Background: We investigated whether serum levels of immunoglobin (Ig) E and Nε-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) are related to in-stent restenosis (ISR) in patients with stable coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Serum levels of IgE and CML were measured in 416 stable angina patients with T2DM who received angiographic f...
Article
Background: The optimal strategy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for isolated left anterior descending (LAD) ostial lesions remains debatable. This study aimed to compare clinical outcomes of patients with isolated LAD ostial stenosis treated by single-stent crossover versus accurate ostial stenting. Methods: A total of 216 eligible...
Article
Introduction: Impaired fibrinolysis featuring elevated tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) induces cardiovascular outcomes. Aortic valve sclerosis (AVSc) shares similar aspects of pathophysiology with atherosclerosis and correlates with adverse cardiovascular events. Hypothesis: We investigated whether endogenous t-PA is associated with AVSc and cl...
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Background: Aortic valve sclerosis (AVSc), a common precursor to calcific aortic valve disease, may progress into advanced aortic stenosis with hemodynamic instability. However, plasma biomarkers of such a subclinical condition remain lacking. Since impaired fibrinolysis featuring dysregulated tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) is involved in seve...
Article
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Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes are under substantially higher risk of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after coronary stent implantation. We sought to investigate whether visit-to-visit HbA1c variability is a potential predictor of ISR in diabetic patients after stent implantation. Methods: We consecutively enrolled type 2 diabetic patients...
Article
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Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are predisposed to poor cardiovascular outcomes after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Left ventricular adverse remodeling (LVAR) triggered upon myocardial infarction is recognized as the predominant pathological process in the development of heart failure. In the present...
Preprint
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Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes are under substantially higher risk of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after coronary stent implantation. We sought to investigate whether visit-to-visit glycemic variability is a potential predictor of ISR in diabetic patients after stent implantation. Methods: Type 2 diabetic patients underwent elective percuta...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes are under substantially higher risk of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after coronary stent implantation. We sought to investigate whether visit-to-visit HbA1c variability is a potential predictor of ISR in diabetic patients after stent implantation. Methods: We consecutively enrolled type 2 diabetic patients who...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To assess the prognostic role of coronary collaterals in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO). Methods: Coronary collateralization was graded according to Rentrop scoring system in 198 type 2 diabetic patients and 335 non-diabetics wi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To assess the prognostic role of coronary collaterals in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO). Methods: Coronary collateralization was graded according to Rentrop scoring system in 198 type 2 diabetic patients and 335 non-diabetics with...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To assess the prognostic role of coronary collaterals in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO). Methods: Coronary collateralization was graded according to Rentrop scoring system in 198 type 2 diabetic patients and 335 non-diabetics with...
Article
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Background: Controversies exist regarding the optimal blood pressure (BP) level that is safe and provides cardiovascular protection in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and coexistent coronary artery disease. Several new glucose-lowering agents have been found to lower BP as well, making the interaction between BP and T2DM even more co...
Article
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Background: Adverse cardiac remodeling after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a major cause for poor cardiovascular outcomes such as heart failure. The predisposing factors and underlying mechanisms remain not fully understood. This study investigates the association of insulin resistance and dysglycemia with left ventricular...
Article
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Background: We investigated whether or to what extent the interaction of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] with cholesterol-containing lipids was associated with angiographic coronary collateralization in type 2 diabetic patients with chronic total occlusion. Methods: Serum levels of Lp(a), total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), h...
Article
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High-density lipoprotein (HDL) confers protection against cardiovascular disease partly attributable to its robust anti-oxidant activities, which is largely impaired in diabetic conditions. In this study, we analyzed the anti-oxidant activity of HDL, as represented by the arylesterase activity of paraoxonase 1 (PON1) in HDL particles, in 216 consec...
Article
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Background: Chronic inflammatory disorders and dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are essential contributors to the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Monocyte to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio (MHR) is a novel and simple measure associated positively with the body inflammatory and oxidative stre...
Article
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Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum levels of secretory vimentin and coronary artery disease (CAD). The biological effect of secretory vimentin was ascertained by experiments. Methods: We analysed serum levels of secretory vimentin in CAD patients (n = 288) and non-CAD controls (n = 195) by ELISA. To ev...
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Background Negative coronary artery remodeling is frequent in patients with diabetes, but its mechanism remains unclear. We here evaluated the association of serum levels of glycated albumin (GA) and endogenous secretory receptor for advanced glycation end products (esRAGE) with coronary artery remodeling in type 2 diabetic patients. Methods Serum...
Article
Background and aims: Increased transcytosis of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) across the endothelium and oxidation of LDL deposited within the subendothelial space are crucial early events in atherogenesis. C1q/TNF-related protein (CTRP) 5 is a novel secreted glycoprotein and its biological functions are largely undefined. Methods: Expression of...
Article
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Background: We investigated whether and to what extent stenosis of predominant collateral donor artery (PCDA) affects coronary collateral flow in relation to blood pressure (BP) in type 2 diabetic patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO). Methods: Collateral flow index (CFI) as derived from intracoronary pressure distal to occluded segment an...
Article
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Background: The extent of coronary collateral formation is a primary determinant of the severity of myocardial damage and mortality after coronary artery occlusion. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) represents an important risk factor for impaired collateral vessel growth. However, the mechanism of reduced coronary collateralization in type 2 diabet...
Article
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The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled “Increased serum TREM-1 level is associated with in-stent restenosis, and activation of TREM-1 promotes inflammation, proliferation and migration in vascular smooth muscle cells” (Wang et al., 2017) [1], which demonstrated that TREM-1 is expressed on vascular smooth cel...
Article
Background: Nonenzymatic glycation of apolipoproteins plays a role in the pathogenesis of the vascular complications of diabetes. Objectives: This study investigated whether apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV was glycated in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and whether apoA-IV glycation was related to coronary artery disease (CAD). The study...
Article
Background and aims: In-stent restenosis (ISR) remains a major limitation of percutaneous coronary intervention despite improvements in stent design and pharmacological agents, whereas the mechanism of ISR has not been fully clarified. In the present study, we sought to investigate the potential association of serum soluble TREM-1 (sTREM-1) levels...
Article
Aims: Impaired anti-inflammatory ability of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) has been demonstrated in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, whether HDL from patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) suffers additional damage remains unknown. This study compared the anti-inflammatory capacities of HDL from healthy controls, T2DM patie...
Article
Endothelial hyper-permeability is a major determinant factor that contributes to the accelerated development of atherosclerotic lesions at hemodynamically disturbed sites. Previously, we showed that C1q/TNF related protein (CTRP) 1 promotes endothelium-leukocyte interactions and inflammatory responses in vascular cells. Here, we sought to investiga...
Article
Objective: In a previous study, we established diabetic and nondiabetic minipig models with coronary artery in-stent restenosis (ISR). Mass spectrometry showed that high-mobility group box (HMGB) 2 level was higher in ISR than in non-ISR tissue from diabetic minipigs. We here investigated whether serum HMGB2 levels were related to ISR in CAD patie...
Article
Background: High-mobility group box (HMGB) family is related to inflammatory diseases. We investigated whether serum HMGB2 levels are related to myocardial infarction (MI) severity and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during MI. Methods and results: We included 432 consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and 312 c...
Article
Background: We investigated whether serum level of C1q/TNF-related protein (CTRP) 5 is associated with in-stent restenosis (ISR) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, and assessed the biological effects of CTRP5 in human aortic smooth muscle cells (hASMCs). Methods and results: Serum CTRP5 lev...
Article
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between coronary collateralization and in-stent restenosis (ISR) in stable coronary artery disease patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods: The degree of coronary collaterals supplying th...
Article
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The data presented here support the research article ?Association of serum mimecan with angiographic coronary collateralization in patients with stable coronary artery disease and chronic total occlusion? (Shen et al., 2016) [1] where elevated circulating mimecan levels reflected poor angiographic coronary collateralization in such patients. The da...
Article
While high-density lipoprotein (HDL) can exhibit anti-inflammatory properties, these potent activities can become deficient and even transform into pro-inflammatory effects under various pathophysiological states. We investigated the effect of diabetic HDL on the inflammatory response in human monocytes and its relationship to the existence of coro...
Article
Background: Our previous study suggested that heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (HFABP) levels were greatly elevated in the conditioned medium of explant culture of in-stent restenosis (ISR) tissue from diabetic minipigs compared with those of non-ISR tissue. We here verified this result in animal tissues and investigated the impact of HFABP o...
Article
Background and aims: Mimecan/osteoglycin is identified as an emerging biomarker of coronary atherosclerosis. We investigated whether and to what extent serum mimecan reflects angiographic coronary collateralization in patients with stable coronary artery disease and chronic total occlusion. Methods: Serum levels of mimecan were determined in 559...
Article
Background: We investigated whether serum vasostatin-2 level is related to chronic heart failure (CHF) in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) and MACE in 3-year follow-up. The biological effect of vasostatin-2 on ischemic HF was evaluated in animal experiments. Methods: After exclusion of the subjects not eligible, this study inclu...
Article
Background and aims: Macrophage is a major contributor to the development of atherosclerosis by taking up deposited lipoprotein and eliciting local inflammation. Previously, we and others have shown C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRPs) play diverse roles in vascular functions. In this study, we sought to investigate the changes in CTRP expression leve...
Article
Background: There is increasing interest in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusions (CTO). Periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) post CTO PCI is not uncommon, but true incidence and implications of PMI are not well understood. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate risk factors for PMI post CTO PCI and its imp...
Article
Aims: We investigated the association of the adipokine C1q/TNF-related protein (CTRP) 1 with coronary artery disease (CAD), and the biological vascular effects of CTRP1. Methods and results: We analysed CTRP1 levels in sera of CAD patients (n = 451) and non-CAD controls (n = 686), and in coronary endarterectomy specimens (n = 32), non-atheroscle...
Article
Background: ApoA-IV is associated with HDL in plasma but a large portion circulates lipid free. It has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic effects. Methods and Results: We isolated HDL from plasma of type 2 diabetic patients and healthy controls, and found that apoA-IV of HDL from diabetic patients was significantly gly...
Article
Background: C1q/TNF-related protein (CTRP) 1 was initially identified as a paralog of adiponectin based on the similarity in C1q domain of these two proteins. However, vascular functions of CTRP1 remain largely undetermined. Here, we sought to investigate whether CTRP1 influences the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Methods and Results: We analyzed...
Article
Glycated albumin (GA) and the endogenous secretory receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (esRAGE) may modulate risk related to atherosclerosis. We tested the hypothesis that elevated GA and reduced esRAGE in serum are associated with adverse clinical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and stable coronary artery disease (CAD). We determ...
Article
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Objective: We investigated whether and to what extent cystatin C was associated with angiographic coronary collateralization in patients with stable coronary artery disease and chronic total occlusion. Methods: Serum levels of cystatin C and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were determined in 866 pat...
Article
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To investigate whether apolipoprotein A (apoA)-I glycation and paraoxonase (PON) activities are associated with the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Relative intensity of apoA-I glycation and activities of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated PON1 and PON3 were determined in 205 consec...
Article
Patients are at risk of developing periprocedural myonecrosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We investigated whether the use of the platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor tirofiban could reduce periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) in patients with stable coronary artery disease undergoing elective PCI with ove...
Article
We investigated whether and to what extent blood pressure (BP) affects coronary collateralization in type 2 diabetic and nondiabetic patients with stable angina and chronic total occlusion. Brachial BP was measured using an inflatable cuff manometer in 431 diabetic and 287 nondiabetic patients with stable angina and angiographic total occlusion of...
Article
Full-text available
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-regulated secretion of inflammatory cytokines in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is regarded as an important step in the progression of atherosclerosis; however, its underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study investigated the role of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in oxLDL-induced expression of inflammatory cy...
Article
Background Sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) with a biodegradable polymer coating have demonstrated promising results but have not been compared to SES with a durable polymer in high-risk patients. We compared the efficacy of these 2 stent types in patients with acute myocardial infarction (STEMI).Methods One thousand one hundred ninety-two STEMI pati...
Article
Background: The present study investigated whether serum levels of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (sVEGFR)-1, -2 and -3 are related to poor coronary collateralization in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and results: Serum levels of sVEGFR-1, -2, -3, VEGF, and placental growth factor (PLGF) were det...
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This study aimed to identify major proteins in the pathogenesis of coronary artery in-stent restenosis (ISR) in diabetic minipigs with sirolimus-eluting stenting, and to investigate the roles of key candidate molecules, particularly ADAM10, in human arterial smooth muscle cells (HASMCs). The stents were implanted in the coronary arteries of 15 diab...
Article
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We investigated whether serum glycated albumin (GA) levels are related to coronary collateralization in type 2 diabetic patients with chronic total occlusion. Blood levels of GA and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were determined in 317 diabetic and 117 non-diabetic patients with stable angina and angiographic total occlusion of at least one major...
Article
Objective: Coronary collateral circulation is an alternative source of blood supply to myocardium in the presence of advanced coronary artery disease. We sought to determine which clinical and angiographic variables are associated with collateral development in patients with stable angina and chronic total coronary occlusion. Methods: Demographi...
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No randomized trial has been performed to compare the efficacy of an intracoronary bolus of tirofiban versus urokinase during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We investigated whether the effects of adjunctive therapy with an intracoronary bolus of urokinase was noninferior to the effects of an intracoronary bolus of tirofiban in pa...