Wei Yu Chen

Wei Yu Chen
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Department of Pathology

About

81
Publications
8,330
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1,439
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2001 - present
Wan Fang Hospital
Position
  • Pathologist
September 1999 - present
Taipei Medical University
Position
  • Pathologist

Publications

Publications (81)
Preprint
Background Prostate cancer (PCa) patients with bone metastases frequently exhibit abnormal calcium homeostasis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying bone metastasis mediated by activated calcium transport signaling remain unclear. Our results showed that androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) of PCa upregulates a calcium sensor transmembrane pr...
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Neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) frequently occurs in androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT)-resistant prostate cancer (PCa) and is typically associated with metabolic pathway alterations, acquisition of lineage plasticity, and malignancy. There is no conventional therapeutic approach for PCa patients with NED pathologic features because the molecu...
Article
Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients frequently develop neuroendocrine differentiation, with high mortality and no effective treatment. However, the regulatory mechanism that connects neuroendocrine differentiation and metabolic adaptation in response to therapeutic resistance of prostate cancer remain to be unravelled. By unbiased...
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Neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) is associated with WNT signaling activation and can be significantly observed after failure of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostatic adenocarcinomas. Cytokine signaling is stimulated in NED prostate cancer; however, how ADT-upregulated WNT signaling promotes activation of cytokine signaling and contri...
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Chemosensitivity to cisplatin derivatives varies among individual patients with intractable malignancies including ovarian cancer, while how to unlock the resistance remain unknown. Ovarian cancer tissues were collected the debulking surgery in discovery- (n=135) and validation- (n=47) cohorts, to be analyzed with high-throughput automated immunohi...
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Nerve growth factor (NGF) contributes to the progression of malignancy. However, the functional role and regulatory mechanisms of NGF in the development of neuroendocrine prostate cancer (NEPC) are unclear. Here, we show that an androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT)-stimulated transcription factor, ZBTB46, upregulated NGF via ZBTB46 mediated-transcrip...
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Neuroendocrine (NE) differentiation is a well-recognized phenotypic change of prostate cancer after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), and it ultimately develops into an aggressive subset of this disease. However, the contribution of signaling pathways that lead to metabolic disorders and NE differentiation of prostate cancer remains unclear. In t...
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Background: Several lines of evidence have demonstrated the tumor-promoting function of inflammation. Since many chemokines are important in coordinating immune cells during inflammation, monitoring intratumoral chemokines provides a way to study the tumor microenvironment. Methods: To identify tumorigenic chemokines, we compared two syngeneic m...
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Syk is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase involved in the signalling of immunoreceptors and growth factor receptors. Previously, we reported that Syk mediates epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling and plays a negative role in the terminal differentiation of keratinocytes. To understand whether Syk is a potential therapeutic target of cance...
Article
Background: Deep-seated brain tumors can be difficult to differentiate. Three tumor types (primary central nervous system lymphoma [PCNSL], high-grade glioma, and metastatic brain tumors), identified by susceptibility-weighted imaging, have different relationships with small medullary veins, and these relationships can be used to enhance diagnosti...
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Rationale: Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer is becoming more common, the primary cancer AQ4 usually occult and appearing only as cystic cervical lymph node (LN) metastasis. Distinguishing between a benign cystic lesion and cystic LN metastasis is challenging given their similar radiologic and histologic appearances. Patient...
Article
Purpose: The molecular targets for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) are unknown because the disease inevitably recurs, and therapeutic approaches for patients with CRPC remain less well understood. We sought to investigate regulatory mechanisms that result in increased therapeutic resistance, which is associated with neuroendocrine diff...
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The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has significantly increased in recent decades, and this disease has become an important health issue worldwide. Currently, there is no useful prognostic or diagnostic biomarker for CRC. Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is a chaperone that interacts with many proteins. HSP27 has been shown to be overexpressed in...
Article
Urinary bladder hemangiomas are rare, especially in children and adolescents. We present a case of a 17-year-old young man with persistent gross hematuria for 1 month. Computed tomography revealed a 3.6 cm mass on the superior anterior wall of the urinary bladder, which was highly suspected as an urachal tumor. We carried out an en bloc resection o...
Article
Androgen receptor (AR) targeting is an important therapeutic strategy for treating prostate cancer. Most tumors progress to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and develop the neuroendocrine (NE) phenotype under androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). The molecular basis for NE transdifferentiation after ADT remains incompletely understood. Her...
Article
Metastatic progression in patients with prostate cancer is common despite pharmacologic inhibition of androgen receptor signaling. This drug resistance is associated with increased signaling through the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway. We found the type I/II/IV collagen-binding protein transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-ind...
Article
The chemokine CC motif ligand 2 (CCL2) is important in recruiting tumor-associated macrophages and is involved in the development of castration-resistance prostate cancer (CRPC) after androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT); however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We found that inactivation of the androgen receptor (AR) reduces a transcriptio...
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Background: ETS variant gene 6 (ETV6) is a putative tumor suppressor and repressed by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling in prostate cancer. Since EGFR antagonists seem ineffective in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), we aim to study the role of ETV6 in the development of drug resistance. Methods: Etv6 target gene was v...
Article
BACKGROUND: Bauhinia championii (Benth.) Benth. (BC) also knownas chu-hua-mu, is one of the commonly used medicinal herbs in Taiwan. The stemof this plant has been used in treatment of different pains and rheumatoidarthritis. With known nociceptive action, it may have potential to alternate thecharacteristics of different ion channels. Therefore, t...
Article
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia, especially high levels of low-density lipoproteincholesterol (LDL-C) or increasing of triglycerides (TGs), is recognized as animportant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Growing studies haveshown that the electronegative low-density lipoprotein (L5) is the realatherogenic factor in dyslipidemia, which leads t...
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Background: Syk is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase and has been implicated in the immunoreceptor signaling and adaptive immunity. Currently, Syk inhibitors are established for clinical trials in rheumatoid arthritis and lymphoma. Apart from its expressions in immune cells, the role of Syk in keratinocytes and solid tumors remains unclear. Methods: W...
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Aberrant hypermethylation of CpG islands in tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) contributes to colorectal tumorigenesis. To identify new colorectal cancer (CRC) screening marker, we investigated DNA methylation alterations in novel TSGs. Using HumanMethylation450 BeadChip arrays, CpG regions in BEND5 were the most highly methylated among all genomic regi...
Article
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) targeting the androgen receptor (AR) is a standard therapeutic regimen for treating prostate cancer. However, most tumors progress to metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after ADT. We identified the type 1, 2, and 4 collagen–binding protein transforming growth factor–β (TGFβ)–induced protein (TGFBI) as...
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Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is a key chaperone that interacts with over 200 client proteins. The expression of Hsp27 might be correlated with poor outcome in many types of cancer. Previous study indicated that Hsp27 might be an important biomarker in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the detailed mechanism is less well understood. The shRN...
Article
ETV6 is an ETS transcription factor and a putative tumor suppressor in prostate cancer according to several genomic analyses. However, its cellular functions and upstream regulating signaling remain unclear. We demonstrated that ETV6 suppresses the prostate cancer progression and that ETV6 levels are negatively associated with advanced prostate can...
Article
Background/aim: High-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) is an architectural transcription factor that is expressed in many human neoplasms. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the leading cancers in the world, particularly in Southeast Asia. In this study, the expression level of HMGA2 was determined on tissue microarray of OSCC and its co...
Article
It has been suggested that ETV6 serves as a tumor suppressor; however, its molecular regulation and cellular functions remain unclear. We used prostate cancer as a model system and demonstrated a molecular mechanism in which ETV6 can be regulated by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling through microRNA-96 (miR-96)-mediated downregulati...
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Our previous work demonstrated the epithelial-mesenchymal transition factor, Snail, is a potential marker for predicting the recurrence of localized prostate cancer (PCa). Akt activation is important for Snail stabilization and transcription in PCa. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the relationship between the phosphoryl...
Article
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most lethal of all urological malignancies because of its potent metastasis potential. Melatonin exerts multiple tumor-suppressing activities through antiproliferative, proapoptotic, and antiangiogenic actions and has been tested in clinical trials. However, the antimetastastic effect of melatonin and its underlyin...
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To search for reliable biomarkers and drug targets for management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we performed a global proteomic analysis of a pair of HCC cell lines with distinct differentiation statuses using 2-DE coupled with MALDI-TOF MS. In total, 106 and 55 proteins were successfully identified from the total cell lysate and the cytosolic...
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Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Most gastric cancer patients are asymptomatic until the advanced stages, for which current therapeutic treatments are suboptimal. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), an antimetabolite agent, is widely used in gastric cancer therapy. However, the presence of drug resistance in gastric...
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Dysregulation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling axis enhances bone metastases in many solid cancers. However, the relevant downstream effector signals in this axis are unclear. miR-1 was recently shown to function as a tumor suppressor in prostate cancer cells, where its expression correlated with reduced metastatic potential...
Article
Photoaging is recognized as the factor damaging skin-barrier function. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation on the cutaneous penetration of soft nanoparticles, including nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) polymer nanoparticles (PNs). In vitro cutaneous permeation of reti...
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Ultraviolet (UV) exposure and menopause are known as the inducers of damage to the skin structure. The combination of these two factors accelerates the skin aging process. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the influence of UV and ovariectomy (OVX) on the permeation of drugs through the skin. The role of tight junctions (TJs) and adherens junction...
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Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is a key chaperone and stress response protein. Previous studies have demonstrated that high GRP78 expression may be correlated with cancer progression and therapeutic response. However, the role of GRP78 in the metastasis of colon cancer is unclear. In this study, we used small interfering RNA (siRNA) to knock...
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Aberrant activation of Ras and WNT signaling are key events that have been shown to be up-regulated in prostate cancer that has metastasized to the bone. However, the regulatory mechanism of combinatorial Ras and WNT signaling in advanced prostate cancer is still unclear. TCF7, a WNT signaling-related gene, has been implicated as a critical factor...
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The SRC kinase has pivotal roles in multiple developmental processes and in tumor progression. An inverse relationship has been observed between androgen receptor (AR) activity and SRC signaling in advanced prostate cancer (PCa); however, the modulation of AR/SRC crosstalk that leads to metastatic PCa is unclear. Here, we showed that patients with...
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Dendritic cells (DCs) play an essential role in immunity and are used in cancer immunotherapy. However, these cells can be tuned by tumors with immunosuppressive responses. DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule 3-Grabbing Nonintegrin (DC-SIGN), a C-type lectin expressed on DCs, recognizes certain carbohydrate structures which can be found on...
Article
Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is the key regulator of endoplasmic reticular (ER) function. Expression of GRP78 was correlated with malignancy in different cancers. However, the role of GRP78 in the cytotoxic effect of curcumin on colon cancer cells is still unclear. A silencing RNA (siRNA) technique was used to knock down GRP78 expression. T...
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Activation of EGFR signaling pathway leads to prostate cancer bone metastasis; however, therapies targeting EGFR have demonstrated limited effectiveness and led to drug resistance. miR-203 levels are down-regulated in clinical samples of primary prostate cancer and further reduced in metastatic prostate cancer. Here we show that ectopic miR-203 exp...
Article
Intrinsic aging and photoaging modify skin structure and components, which subsequently change percutaneous absorption of topically applied permeants. The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate drug/sunscreen permeation via young and senescent skin irradiated by ultraviolet (UV) light. Both young and senescent nude mice were subjected...
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Sorafenib is a multi-kinase inhibitor that has been proven effective for the treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, its precise mechanisms of action and resistance have not been well established. We have developed high-density fluorescence reverse-phase protein arrays, and used them to determine the status of 180 phospho...
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Fibrous papules of the face are hamartomas characterized by stellate-shaped stromal cells, multinucleated giant cells, and proliferative blood vessels in the dermis. The pathogenesis of fibrous papules remains unclear. There is a striking microscopic resemblance between fibrous papules and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC)-associated angiofibromas....
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We retrospectively investigated the relationship between immunohistochemical staining of radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens for snail and cancer recurrence. Seventy-six patients with prostate cancer who underwent RP were enrolled, and 53 patients were ultimately collected whose cancer was pathologically defined as T2. We detected the expression o...
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Treatment with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has been associated with favorable progression free survival (PFS) in patients with non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) harboring EGFR mutations. However, a subset of this population doesn't respond to EGFR-TKI treatment. Therefore, the present study aimed to e...
Article
The present study was conducted to evaluate the impacts of fractional erbium (Er):YAG and CO2 lasers on skin permeation of small interfering (si)RNA and plasmid (p)DNA vectors. In vitro skin delivery was determined with a Franz diffusion cell. In vivo absorption was investigated by observing fluorescence and confocal microscopic imaging. Fractional...
Article
Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) plays an essential role in embryonic development and in the progression and therapeutic resistance of many cancers. However, little is known about the function of GRP78 in hormone-independent prostate cancer. Here, we found that the expression levels of GRP78 were higher in PC-3 cells than in DU-145 cells. When...
Article
Hydroquinone and tranexamic acid (TXA) are skin-lightening agents with a hydrophilic nature and low skin absorption. A high dose is needed for clinical use, resulting in a high incidence of skin irritation. Co-drugs formed by conjugating hydroquinone and TXA were synthesized and their in vitro and in vivo skin absorption characteristics were evalua...
Article
Shikonin is a traditional Oriental medical herb extracted from Lithospermum erythrorhizon. Many studies showed that shikonin possesses anticancer ability against many different cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, tumor metastasis has been become an important clinical obstacle. However, the effect of shikonin on metastasis by...
Article
Thrombomodulin (TM) has been shown to regulate many physiological and pathological processes, including inflammation, thrombosis, and tumor progression. TM is also a natural anticoagulant that maintains circulatory homeostasis in endothelial cells. However, little is known regarding the role of TM in the progression and metastasis of cervical cance...
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Recent advances in the treatment of NSCLC highlight the importance of distinguishing NSCLC subtypes and genotypes. We aimed to determine whether histological specimens obtained from computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy are suitable for specific subtyping and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) analyses of NSCLC. The clinicohistological data o...
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Background: Up to 20% of colorectal cancer (CRC) is diagnosed with distant metastasis. The combination of chemotherapy with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody can improve patient survival. Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) has an important role in cancer progression, but little is known about its role in VEGF production in...
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Placental site nodules (PSNs) and epithelioid trophoblastic tumors (ETTs) respectively represent non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions of chorionic-type intermediate trophoblasts (ITs). Many patients with a PSN have a history of a cesarean section (CS) or therapeutic abortion. Recent evidence shows that a PSN may progress to an ETT. Herein, we desc...
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e15080 Background: The efficacy of sorafenib in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been revealed in the recent phase III SHARP (Sorafenib HCC Assessment Randomized Protocol) clinical trial, but only a small proportion of patients achieved the anticipated therapeutic outcomes. It is essential to identify biomarkers that wi...
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Abstract Propionibacterium acnes is a key pathogen involved in the progression of acne inflammation. The development of a new agent possessing antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity against P. acnes is therefore of interest. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) extract on P. acnes-induced i...