Warwick E. Murray

Warwick E. Murray
Victoria University of Wellington ·  School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences

Doctor of Philosophy

About

102
Publications
11,170
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1,505
Citations
Citations since 2016
40 Research Items
844 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
This article traces the effects of globalisation on an export-oriented ‘hotspot’ in Chile's non-traditional agricultural export sector. Drawing on evidence from fieldwork carried out in 1994 and in 2004/5, the analysis examines the impact of neoliberal policy over the past two decades. Although the fruit export sector is seen as a key success story...
Article
In the 2000s a new aid regime evolved. This promised to move beyond the former neoliberal approach in a number of ways. It would involve greater consultation between donors and recipients, shift the focus from economic growth to broader factors, including poverty, and hand back the responsibility for this to the nation-state. This approach bears st...
Article
This article coins the term ‘retroliberalism’ to describe the aid regime that has evolved out of the post-Global Financial Crisis (GFC) world order. This approach sees a partial return to the principles of classical liberalism with respect to the role of the state vis-à-vis the market, whilst also perpetuating a number of the principles of neoliber...
Article
The construction of ‘fictive place’ is ever more common in capitalist production and exchange. It could be argued that the adoption of Geographical Indications (GIs) is a form of resistance to the homogenizing effects of globalization. In some ways fictive place-making can be seen as a means of adding value to land; however, we argue that fictive p...
Article
Full-text available
The global aid world has changed, partly in response to both the re-configurations of geopolitical power and to the global financial crisis (GFC). Paradoxically, in the face of recession in most Northern economies, collectively foreign aid contributions have not fallen. However there has been a qualitative shift in its narrative and nature. This ne...
Chapter
“Brew bars”—bars and restaurants that include beer brewing facilities—are one of the elements associated with the rise of the craft beer industry. In some ways, these enterprises can be seen as an extension of the production process, whereby a retail outlet is attached to the brewery. The craft brewing credentials of the brewery are laid bare for c...
Article
Education is one of the key objectives of, and means for, development. Its value is widely accepted though we rarely investigate the way different theories of development inform widely differing justifications and strategies for education. This article explores some of these issues and proposes five main paradigms regarding the education‐developmen...
Article
Although most studies of resource peripheries are macroeconomic in scale, a regional perspective permits a better understanding of the economic implications of commodity dependence. This study of the boom in commodity exports in Chile in the period 2005–15 shows that while a boom may have adverse effects on other activities, it also had positive im...
Article
There has been a rise in recent decades of consumer campaigns to promote more ethically responsible food and consumer goods production. These campaigns have spanned movements such as fair trade, food miles and organics. They have evoked significant if uneven response from producers and some government agencies. These responses, seen in changes to p...
Article
Debates about tourism and rural development in Latin America commonly represent peasant or indigenous populations as socially cohesive but economically unsophisticated, implying that they require outside assistance to engage with tourism. A multi-local or mobile livelihoods approach can help destabilise these representations and draw more attention...
Book
One of the key principles for effective aid programmes is that recipient agencies exert high degrees of ownership over the agendas, resources, systems and outcomes of aid activities. Sovereign recipient states should lead the process of development. Yet despite this well-recognised principle, the realities of aid delivery mean that ownership is oft...
Article
Rapid global growth of ethical agro-food networks such as fair trade, organics, and geographical indications has been accompanied by an increasing volume of research, but, as yet, there has been little comparative or integrated study of these networks from the perspective of development geography. Focussing particularly on Latin America, this two-p...
Article
This is the second of a two-part series of review articles on ethical agro-food networks (AFNs) in global peripheries, with a focus on Latin America. This article focuses on origin or locality-based strategies, including geographical indications (GIs) as well as alternative approaches to valorising place–product connections. It compares the impacts...
Article
Full-text available
Las ciudades en Chile han vivido una fase de expansión al inicio del presente siglo relacionada con actividades de exportación. Si bien un auge exportador puede producir efectos negativos sobre otros rubros, también genera importantes impulsos en las economías urbanas, debido a la demanda por servicios considerados no exportables o a través de la i...
Chapter
The Pacific Islands region covers a vast area of the globe yet it is often regarded as being marginalized in the global economy due to the small size, relative isolation and apparently limited resources of Pacific economies. This chapter examines processes of ‘de-marginalization’ that are being pursued by Pacific Island states and kinship networks....
Article
Writing on a subject as all-encompassing as globalisation from ‘down here’ (Oceania) in a way that is relevant ‘up there’ (Anglo-America), while retaining the ‘Antipodean’ perspectives we seek to represent and embody, presents significant tensions. How does a textbook on globalisation written from our viewpoint negotiate the very system it aims to...
Chapter
The introduction of geographical indications in New Zealand has been slow and problematic. There has been some enthusiasm for tighter definition of regions in the way New Zealand agro-commodities are produced and marketed, yet also some apparent resistance. In this chapter we examine the reasons for this dichotomy with reference to the wine industr...
Article
Over recent decades, the demand for bottled water has grown exponentially at the global scale. In the marketing of such products, discourses of purity and paradise have often been invoked. Marketed as a ‘Taste of Paradise’, FIJI Water has gained enormous international success as an ostensibly clean and green product. Celebrity endorsements – reachi...
Article
The authors bring together two theoretical and empirical strands in economic geography – established work on clusters and nascent research on ‘fictive place’ – in order to introduce the concept of ‘fictive clusters’. To explore this concept, they examine the New Zealand craft beer sector, which has evolved from non-existence since the year 2000. Th...
Chapter
Aid has always been closely linked to wider geopolitical concerns. Donors, despite periodic attention to poverty alleviation, human rights or welfare, align development assistance with their wider self-interest concerning trade, security and investment. Security is not just associated with military concerns: sociopolitical security and legal market...
Article
There has been a longstanding debate about the role of capital in agriculture. Most of this has taken place in the context of the so-called ‘agrarian question’. This discussion has often been overgeneralised and simplified the specific geographies of agrarian transformations. We argue this has arisen due to a failure to characterise and analyse the...
Article
This paper examines the case of Niue, a small raised atoll with a population of under 1500 that is self-governing in free association with New Zealand. Its marginality in terms of physical and economic isolation, small size and harsh environment is pronounced. However, it has survived with relatively high living standards and a range of livelihood...
Article
The Rugby World Cup, held in New Zealand in 2011, was a showcase for a rapidly globalising sport involving competition between twenty national teams, comprising over 600 players. This paper analyses the geography of the players’ team affiliations and reveals patterns of labour mobility that disrupt and render complex concepts and definitions of ‘na...
Article
: This paper explores the evolving relationship between class and capital in the neoliberalised global wine industry. Wine is a unique sector that is possessed of intricate and underexplored aspects of class formation. Having investigated the recent restructuring of the industry under neoliberalism the paper goes on to analyse class formations in t...
Article
Geographical studies of international aid have been scarce. In this article we make the case for geographies of aid, arguing not only that aid would be better understood if a geographical lens were applied, but also that many of the core questions and concepts that concern geographers could be approached and better understood through research on th...
Article
Full-text available
Since the early 2000s, international development cooperation principles emphasise recipient countries’ ownership of policies, donors’ alignment with the recipients’ administrative processes, and harmonisation of donor processes. Overall, this should enhance the development policy sovereignty in the Pacific Island countries and polities. Since 2011...
Article
Over the last twenty years Latin America has forged ahead in terms of economic development and per capita income growth based largely on export growth. Social inequality has worsened considerably however. The continent remains the most unequal on earth and there are few signs of this improving. What is the relationship between economic growth and i...
Article
Full-text available
The wine industry is becoming increasingly globalized as consumer demand, capital investment, and industry restructuring lead to higher volumes of trade, greater levels of multinational ownership, and the evolution of new networks of production and consumption that link the four corners of the world economy. While there are some tendencies towards...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Fieldtrips are an important pedagogic tool for a range of disciplines. Indeed the pedagogic value of experiential and situated learning was already promoted in the 1940s by the educational philosopher John Dewey (1968). It is widely recognised that such trips allow students to benefit from the rich experiential learning such endeavours entail and t...
Article
Full-text available
New Zealand's aid policy has undergone a revolution under the National Party government elected in 2008. Prior to this, NZAID, a semi‐autonomous unit, had evolved to manage aid in line with internationally agreed principles. Under the new government, NZAID was reincorporated into the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, its focus was shifted from...
Article
The Casablanca region of Chile has emerged in recent decades as a highly specialised wine region, a relatively small producer by volume by Chilean standards, but one characterised by a high degree of varietal specialisation, export orientation and supposed high quality. Unlike other regions, grapes were hardly in evidence 30 years ago, but now they...
Article
Theories and practices of international aid have stressed the need for the full participation of recipients. This approach has been strengthened by international agreements such as the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness in 2005, which called for ‘ownership’ of development strategies by recipient agencies. This seemed to promise recipient govern...
Article
As a product, wine is closely associated with place. The industry has devised various strategies in order to delimit space and create places that are marketable as brands. Although demarcated by supposedly ‘natural’ features, these spaces are socially constructed in order to maximise accumulation. This article reports on the use of place-making str...
Article
Full-text available
The ‘field’ is an integral part of international education at the tertiary level. Students are taken to the field in order to experience, first hand, the themes, processes and people that they learn about in the classroom. Despite the critical importance of the fieldtrip mode of teaching and the positive impact it has on learning, budget constraint...
Article
Full-text available
This article assesses land ownership patterns among small-scale producers of non-traditional fruit exports (NTAX) in El Palqui, Chile, in the context of the country's extensive neoliberal reforms during dictatorial rule from 1973-1989 and their continuation under successive democratic Concertación governments since 1990. It reports on work that rev...
Article
Globalization and industrial restructuring transform rural places in complex and often contradictory ways. These involve both quantitative changes, increasing the size and scope of operation to achieve economies of scale, and qualitative shifts, sometimes leading to a shift up the quality/price scale, towards finer spatial resolution and identifica...
Article
This paper integrates aspects of global value chain and sustainable rural livelihoods analyses in an exploration of the local impacts of agri-food globalization in Chile. In particular, it examines the evolution of the raspberry export sector in the context of Chile's non-traditional agricultural export boom, and considers its importance to smallho...
Article
This article provides a comparative investigation of education programmes intended to revitalise te reo (the language of the Māori, indigenous to Aotearoa New Zealand) and Mapudungun (the language of the Mapuche, indigenous to Chile), respectively. The historical processes of colonisation and globalisation in Chile and Aotearoa New Zealand that hav...
Article
Geography's central concern is place. Ironic, then, that it is characterised by placeist relations of power that permeate both the production and consumption of geographical knowledge. Other disciplines are placeist of course, but none purports to take place as seriously as geography must by definition. There should be no room for placeism in the g...
Article
Chile has been lauded as a 'miracle economy' by orthodox development thinkers given its high and virtually uninterrupted economic growth over the past three decades. The social impacts of this economic transformation are controversial; absolute poverty has been reduced considerably, while income inequality has not. This article analyses poverty tre...
Article
The debate around neoliberal globalisation and its impacts on economically peripheral countries has been waged by partisan forces to the right and left since the early 1990s. Much of this debate focuses at the scale of the nation-state, or of the whole globe, and, while often sophisticated in an ideological sense, is scant in terms of consideration...
Article
This paper compares the evolution of the dominant politico-economic paradigm over the past 80 years in two ‘resource periphery’ nation states that have become ‘models’ of economic reform, New Zealand and Chile. Analysing the forces that have driven change, it traces the shared transition from a neoclassical model, through structuralist/Keynesian pr...
Article
Building on Hayter et al.'s (2003) characterisation of resource peripheries in terms of four institutional dimensions, this article conceptualises four, similar ‘transformations’ (political, economic, socio-cultural and environmental) intended to evolve this conceptual framework. The case of Chile is analysed in order to ground the analysis, emphas...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the participatory budgeting process that an increasing number of municipalities, primarily but not exclusively in Brazil, are using as a tool of governance. Background is provided on municipal governance in Brazil as well as on the Partido dos Trabalhadores, the political party primarily responsible for introducing participatory...
Article
The signing of a strategic economic partnership (the Trans-Pacific SEP or P4) between Chile, New Zealand, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam in 2005 reveals the emergence of a new generation of trade agreements that seek to promote longer-term synergies and cooperation. This is in marked contrast with a purely competitive, market-based model of agreem...
Article
This paper examines the evolution of the dairy complexes of New Zealand and Chile in the context of increasing bilateral interaction between the two countries, and their recent signing of a ‘Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership’ (TPSEP) free-trade agreement. The two economies can be said to occupy semi-peripheral positions in global markets...
Article
Studies have consistently shown that in the relatively unregulated environments of the global economic periphery contract farming has led to highly regressive socioeconomic outcomes. Contract farming is not inherently regressive for the small farm sector however. In the state of Sarawak, Malaysia, contract farming is used as part of an affirmative...
Article
Full-text available
This paper considers the links between religion and disaster relief through a detailed case study of the activities of Christian churches following the Aitape tsunami of 1998 in northwest Papua New Guinea. Based on primary fieldwork data, we argue that Christian religion was central to the way in which the Combined Churches Organization conducted i...
Article
The research note investigates the growing economic and political interaction between two important Pacific Rim players, Chile and New Zealand, and analyses the rationale for the Closer Economic Partnership that is currently under discussion. Having analysed the data on trade between the countries it suggests that a mixture of strategic and symboli...
Article
This article provides an overview of growing conflict in Oceania and considers some of the broad attempts to explain it. It critically outlines the nature of the post-colonial transformation of the region and considers the influence of this on patterns of instability. It concludes that the region exhibits an unprecedented vulnerability in politico-...
Article
The economically vulnerable and geographically isolated states and territories of the Pacific Islands find themselves increasingly powerless to resist the recent accelerated diffusion of globalisation and the economic options that this entails. Neoliberal policy has arrived in the ocean region later than elsewhere in the tropical world and in the d...
Article
This article critically engages with the recent diffusion of the orthodox development model in Oceania and highlights some evolving dilemmas. In particular, it explores the social, economic and ecological tensions arising from economic reforms that are exacerbating the fragility of already vulnerable nation-states and communities. In order to illus...
Article
This paper critically appraises the core philosophies of the three Concertación governments with respect to agrarian change and rural restructuring in Chile since 1990. It identifies common ideological ground in the successive administrations' perspectives on the nature and role of agriculture in the wider economy, arguing that a ‘neoliberal inheri...
Article
Restructuring in the global apple market is leading to a pronounced tightening in the competitive spaces occupied by Southern Hemisphere producers. For New Zealand and Chile, the world's two most successful apple-exporting countries, significant challenges are presented by projected industry trends, such as declining profitability in the global ind...
Article
Restructuring in the global apple market is leading to a pronounced tightening in the competitive spaces occupied by Southern Hemisphere producers. For New Zealand and Chile, the world's two most successful apple-exporting countries, significant challenges are presented by projected industry. trends, such as declining profitability in the global in...
Article
This article is concerned with the impact of neo-liberal economic theory and resultant policy on peasant farmers in Latin America. In particular, it explores the relationship between agri-business and the peasantry in Chile and traces the evolution of the parcelero sector in response to the forces of globalization over the last 30 years. In order t...
Article
The global agro-food complex is penetrating the most ‘isolated’ and ‘peripheral’ localities of the world. In the Pacific Islands, a second wave of globalisation is pulling a number of small island nations into the increasingly globalised neoliberal agricultural sector. Conscious of the under-analysis of globalisation in Southern agriculture in gene...
Article
Full-text available
Some comentators see Chile as the most ‘successful’ example of a developing country which has become involved in the global fruit export complex. The neoliberal reforms of the 1970s and 1980s helped precipitate a large ‘boom’ in such exports. At the present time, Chile is the major fruit exporter in the Southern Hemisphere. Inevitably, contact with...
Article
The globalisation of the fresh fruit complex has provided a 'window' of export opportunity for a range of Lesser Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs). Southern Hemisphere LEDCs, in particular, are penetrating high-income Northern Hemisphere 'counterseasonal' markets. This process has been greatly facilitated by the widespread shift to neo-liber...
Article
Abstract — This paper explores the implications of increased competition in global fruit markets for the Chilean small-grower sector. Stagnation in the growth trajectory of such exports has precipitated significant changes in the structure and strategy of the private fruit export company sector. It is proposed that this restructuring discriminates...

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Project
Los años 2003-2014 han traído a Chile un auge de las exportaciones que se ha traducido en crecimiento económico importante, demostrando el vínculo directo entre la exportación de commodities y el crecimiento económico. Sin embargo, este éxito exportador tiene características que demuestran la necesidad de una reformulación de las estrategias económicas. La economía chilena y su orientación a la exportación muestra hoy (a) una mayor especialización en cobre a pesar del aumento de la exportación de otros productos, (b) una reorientación geográfica de los destinos de exportación, la cual ha llevado recientemente a una dominante posición de China en esta relación, (c) una fuerte incidencia de las fluctuaciones de los precios en los mercados internacionales de commodities y sus respectivas crisis globales sobre la economía chilena y finalmente (d) un nuevo desafío para la distribución de los ingresos en términos geográficos y sociales. Los ingresos generados en forma directa o indirecta por el éxito exportador han fomentado un cambio de las estructuras económicas urbanas, un fuerte crecimiento inmobiliario y una “financiarización” de las ciudades. En términos de impactos en las ciudades, este crecimiento se encuentra acompañado por cambios en los estilos de vida, en las pautas de consumo, en la inversión por parte de los hogares y de una mayor movilidad tanto en términos de migración como de conmutación. Estos cambios se manifiestan en las estructuras económicas y sociales de las ciudades, e impactan en característica y forma del crecimiento urbano. Dada las variadas características geográficas, y la marcada especialización exportadora de las regiones chilenas, por un lado, y las características particulares de distintos mercados globales de commodities, por otro, los impactos de la exportación sobre las principales ciudades varían en función de los productos que ofrecen las regiones en cuales se encuentran: el crecimiento de las ciudades mineras difiere del crecimiento de ciudades en regiones forestal, no solamente por su velocidad sino también por su estructura. De esto se desprende el objetivo general y las principales preguntas de investigación planteadas por este proyecto. El objetivo es analizar para territorios chilenos seleccionados los impactos del auge de la exportación, contrastado con las consecuencias de las crisis globales. Este análisis se desarrolla de manera diferenciada por país de destino de la exportación, tomando en cuenta el perfil exportador especifico. Para esto se contrasta la actividad exportadora en su totalidad con un análisis detallado de dos rubros seleccionados: la minería y el complejo forestal-papelero. Las preguntas específicas de la investigación son ¿Cuáles son los impactos del auge exportador en las ciudades chilenas en términos de empleo, ingreso, consumo e inversión? ¿Cuán volátil son los efectos financieros generados por el auge exportador y cuán vulnerable es la situación económica de distintos tipos de ciudades y regiones debido a la marcada influencia de auge y crisis externa en los mercados locales? Y ¿Cuáles son las perspectivas de desarrollo de las ciudades bajo distintos escenarios para la economía chilena considerando el contexto global? Este proyecto propone un análisis estadístico del período 1990-2015, recurriendo a información secundaria estadística proveniente de distintos entes gubernamentales o estatales a escala nacional, regional y local y de organismos del ámbito privado y empresarial.