Wan-Jung Lu

Wan-Jung Lu
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Department of Pharmacology

PhD

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58
Publications
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Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Metformin is widely used as first-line medication for type 2 diabetes (T2D), the main disease comorbid with kidney disease, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), and retinopathy. Platelets are crucial in platelet-dependent arterial thrombosis, which causes CVDs and cerebrovascular diseases. Research indicates that metformin may improve these diseases; me...
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Objective: Oxidative stress-mediated inflammatory events involve in the progress of several diseases such as asthma, cancers, and multiple sclerosis. Auraptene (AU), a natural prenyloxycoumarin, possesses numerous pharmacological activities. Here, the anti-inflammatory effects of AU were investigated in lipoteichoic acid- (LTA-) induced macrophage...
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Naphthalimide derivatives have multiple biological activities, including antitumour and anti-inflammatory activities. We previously synthesized several naphthalimide derivatives; of them, compound 5 was found to exert the strongest inhibitory effect on human DNA topoisomerase II activity. However, the effects of naphthalimide derivatives on platele...
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Basal macroautophagy/autophagy has recently been found in anucleate platelets. Platelet autophagy is involved in platelet activation and thrombus formation. However, the mechanism underlying autophagy in anucleate platelets require further clarification. Our data revealed that LC3-II formation and SQSTM1/p62 degradation were noted in H2O2-activated...
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Restenosis and destructive vascular remodeling are the main reasons for treatment failure in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In this study, we explored the efficacy of magnolol (a traditional Chinese medicine) in the treatment of restenosis. The results of this study showed that the activities of thrombin and PAR-1 (pr...
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Previously, we reported that phospholipase D1 (PLD1) and PLD2 inhibition by selective PLD1 and PLD2 inhibitors could prevent platelet aggregation in humans, but not in mice. Moreover, only the PLD1 inhibitor, but not PLD2 inhibitor, could effectively prevent thrombus formation in mice, indicating that PLD might play different roles in platelet func...
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NADPH oxidase (NOX) enzymes are involved in a various physiological and pathological processes such as platelet activation and inflammation. Interestingly, we found that the pan-NOX inhibitors VAS compounds (VAS2870 and its analog VAS3947) exerted a highly potent antiplatelet effect. Unlike VAS compounds, concurrent inhibition of NOX1, 2, and 4 by...
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Following the publication of the above paper, the authors noted that the first author affiliation was presented incorrectly. Essentially, 'School of Medicine' had been omitted from the address. Therefore, the author and affiliation details for this paper should have been presented as follows (the changes are highlighted in bold): THANASEKARAN JAYAK...
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Following the publication of the above paper, the authors noted that the third author affiliation was presented incorrectly. The third author affiliation should have been written as 'Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, and Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei...
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Auraptene is the most abundant coumarin derivative from plants. The pharmacological value of this compound has been well demonstrated, especially in the prevention of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. Platelet activation is a major factor contributing to arterial thrombosis. Thus, this study evaluated the influence of auraptene in platelet agg...
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Embelin is a quinone derivative and found in the fruits of Embelia ribes Burm.f. Embelin has been identified as a small molecular inhibitor of X-chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis proteins, and has multiple biological activities, including antioxidation, anti-inflammation, and antitumor effects. However, the effect of embelin in platelets rem...
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Haemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HS/R) may cause global ischaemia‐reperfusion injury, which can result in systemic inflammation, multiorgan failure (particularly liver failure) and high mortality. Hinokitiol, a bioactive tropolone‐related compound, exhibits antiplatelet and anti‐inflammatory activities. Targeting inflammatory responses is a po...
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Phospholipase D (PLD) is involved in many biological processes. PLD1 plays a crucial role in regulating the platelet activity of mice; however, the role of PLD in the platelet activation of humans remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated whether PLD is involved in the platelet activation of humans. Our data revealed that inhibition of PLD1 or PL...
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Licochalcone A (LA), an active ingredient of licorice, has multiple biological activities, including antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. Although LA exerts antitumor effects in various cancer cells, its role in gliomas remains unclear. Therefore, this study determined whether LA inhibits glioma cell growth in vitro and in vivo. The pres...
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During platelet activation, fibrinogen binds to its specific platelet receptor, integrin αIIbβ3, thus completing the final common pathway for platelet aggregation. Norcantharidin (NCTD) is a promising anticancer agent in China from medicinal insect blister beetle. In this study, we provided the evidence to demonstrate NCTD (0.1–1.0 μM) possesses ve...
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Arterial thrombosis plays a key role in cardiovascular diseases. Hence, developing more effective antithrombotic agents is necessary. We designed a ruthenium (II)-derived complex, [Ru(η⁶-cymene)2-(1H-benzoimidazol-2-yl)-quinoline Cl]BF4 (TQ-6), as a new antiplatelet drug. TQ-6 (0.3 μM) exhibited extremely strong inhibitory activity against platelet...
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Antiplatelet agents have considerable benefits in the treatment of thromboembolic diseases; however, these agents still have substantial limitations due to their severe side-effects. In this study, the antiplatelet activity of three newly synthesized saccharide based benzimidazole derivatives, M3BIM, Malto-BIM and Melibio-BIM, in collagen and throm...
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Background: Benzimidazoles are privileged biomolecules which form an integral part of vitamin B12 and have been attracting numerous researchers all over the world to assess their potential therapeutic significance. Objectives: The comparative in vitro antiplatelet activity of newly synthesized benzimidazole derivatives, M3BIM, C2BIM, and L2BIM i...
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Platelet activation is involved in cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis and ischemic stroke. Licochalcone A (LA), an active ingredient of licorice, exhibits multiple biological activities such as anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation. However, its role in platelet activation remains unclear. Therefore, the study investigated the antiplat...
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Honokiol, derived from Magnolia officinalis, has various pharmacological properties. Platelet activation plays a critical role in cardiovascular diseases. Honokiol has been reported to inhibit collagen-stimulated rabbit platelet aggregation. However, detailed further studies on the characteristics and functional activity of honokiol in platelet act...
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Nobiletin, a bioactive polymethoxylated flavone, has been described to possess a diversity of biological effects through its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) is a common substrate for cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP-regulated protein kinases [i.e., cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA; also kn...
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Background Thrombus formation, a phenomenon primarily related to increased platelet activation, plays a key role in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Although the established antiplatelet agents, such as aspirin and clopidogrel, have been shown to be beneficial in treating thromboembolic diseases, they have considerable limitations. Henc...
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Astaxanthin, a potent antioxidant carotenoid, plays a major role in modulating the immune response. In this study, we examined the immunomodulatory effects of astaxanthin on cytokine production in primary cultured lymphocytes both in vitro and ex vivo. Direct administration of astaxanthin (70-300 nM) did not produce cytotoxicity in lipopolysacchari...
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Stroke pathogenesis involves complex oxidative stress-related pathways. The nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) pathways have been considered molecular targets in pharmacologic intervention for ischemic diseases. Andrographolide, a labdane diterpene, has received increasing attention in recent years becaus...
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Nobiletin, a bioactive polymethoxylated flavone (5,6,7,8,3(') ,4(') -hexamethoxyflavone), is abundant in citrus fruit peel. Although nobiletin exhibits antitumor activity against various cancer cells, the effect of nobiletin on glioma cells remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nobiletin on the human U87 and Hs683 g...
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Epidemiological studies have reported that nutritional deficit of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is closely related to depression and cognitive impairment in middle and later life. This study investigated the preventive effects of n-3 PUFA-rich oils on the behavioural impairment of unchallenged aged prediabetic rats by using a Morris water...
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Epidemiological studies have reported that nutritional deficit of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is closely related to depression and cognitive impairment in middle and later life. This study investigated the preventive effects of n-3 PUFA-rich oils on the behavioural impairment of unchallenged aged prediabetic rats by using a Morris water...
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Autoimmune diseases are a group of chronic inflammatory diseases that arise from inappropriate inflammatory responses. Hinokitiol, isolated from the wood of Chamaecyparis taiwanensis , engages in multiple biological activities. Although hinokitiol has been reported to inhibit inflammation, its immunological regulation in lymphocytes remains incompl...
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Objective: CME-1 is a polysaccharide purified from the mycelia of medicinal mushroom Cordyceps sinensis, its molecular weight was determined to be 27.6 kDa by using nuclear magnetic resonance and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The initiation of arterial thromboses is relevant to various cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and is believed to invo...
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Antrodia camphorata is a rare Taiwanese medicinal mushroom. Antrodia camphorata extract has been reported to exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammation, antimetastasis, and anticancer activities and plays a role in liver fibrosis, vasorelaxation, and immunomodulation. Critical vascular inflammation leads to vascular dysfunction and cardiovascular disea...
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Introduction: CME-1, a novel water-soluble polysaccharide, was purified from the mycelia of Cordyceps sinensis, and its chemical structure was characterized to contain mannose and galactose in a ratio of 4:6 (27.6 kDa). CME-1 was originally observed to exert a potent inhibitory effect on tumor migration and a cytoprotective effect against oxidativ...
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The abnormal growth of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is considered a critical pathogenic process in inflammatory vascular diseases. We have previously demonstrated that protein phosphatase 2 A (PP2A)-mediated NF-κB dephosphorylation contributes to the anti-inflammatory properties of andrographolide, a novel NF-κB inhibitor. In this study, we...
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Amarogentin, an active principle of Gentiana lutea, possess antitumorigenic, antidiabetic, and antioxidative properties. Activation of platelets is associated with intravascular thrombosis and cardiovascular diseases. The present study examined the effects of amarogentin on platelet activation. Amarogentin treatment (15~60 μ M) inhibited platelet a...
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gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, and it also appears in peripheral tissues. Platelets are anuclear blood cells that play a central role in hemostatic processes. Although platelets possess a GABA uptake system, the functional activity of GABA in platelets has remained unclear. We...
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Abstract Hinokitiol (4-isopropyl-tropolone) is a bioactive compound with various pharmacological activities that is found in the wood of cupressaceous plants. Platelet activation plays an important role in thrombogenesis. In our previous study, hinokitiol specifically inhibited collagen-induced platelet aggregation ex vivo and prolonged thrombogene...
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Andrographolide, a novel nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor, is isolated from the leaves of Andrographis paniculata. Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of coronary heart diseases. Our recent studies revealed that andrographolide possesses potent antiplatelet activity by inhibition of the p38 MAPK/(●) HO-NF-κB-ERK2 cascade. Although plate...
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Context: Andrographolide, extracted from the leaves of Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees (Acanthaceae), is a labdane diterpene lactone. It is widely reported to possess anti-inflammatory and antitumorigenic activities. Cerebral endothelial cells (CECs) play a crucial role in supporting the integrity and the function of the blood-brain barrie...
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Background Brazilin, isolated from the heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan L., has been shown to possess multiple pharmacological properties. Methods In this study, platelet aggregation, flow cytometry, immunoblotting analysis, and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometry were used to investigate the effects of brazilin on platelet activation ex viv...
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Sulforaphane is a naturally occurring isothiocyanate, which can be found in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage. Sulforaphane was found to have very potent inhibitory effects on tumor growth through regulation of diverse mechanisms. However, no data are available concerning the effects of sulforaphane on platelet activation and its...
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Andrographolide, a novel nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor, is isolated from leaves of Andrographis paniculata. Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of coronary heart diseases. Our recent studies revealed that andrographolide possesses potent antiplatelet activity by activating the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-NO-cyclic GMP pa...
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Xanthohumol is the principal prenylated flavonoid in the hop plant (Humulus lupulus L.). Xanthohumol was found to be a very potent cancer chemopreventive agent through regulation of diverse mechanisms. However, no data are available concerning the effects of xanthohumol on platelet activation. The aim of this paper was to examine the antiplatelet e...
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Xanthohumol is the principal prenylated flavonoid in hops (Humulus lupulus L.), an ingredient of beer. Xanthohumol was found to be a potent chemopreventive agent; however, no data are available concerning its neuroprotective effects. In the present study, the neuroprotective activity and mechanisms of xanthohumol in rats with middle cerebral artery...
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Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of coronary heart diseases. Our previous studies revealed that sesamol possesses potent antiplatelet activity through increasing cyclic AMP formation. Although platelets are anucleated cells, they also express the transcription factor, NF-κB, that may exert non-genomic functions in platelet activation. T...
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Andrographolide is a novel NF-κB inhibitor from the leaves of Andrographis paniculata. Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of thrombotic diseases. However, no data are available concerning the effects of andrographolide in platelet activation. The aim of this study was to examine the mechanisms of andrographolide in preventing platelet act...
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Sesamol is a potent phenolic antioxidant which possesses antimutagenic, antihepatotoxic and antiaging properties. Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of acute thrombotic events and coronary heart diseases. There have been few studies on the effect of sesamol on platelets. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically examine the d...
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Apoptosis-like events are known to occur in anuclear platelets. Although the mechanisms responsible for these events are still not completely understood, studies suggested that some platelet agonists can activate platelet apoptosis. However, the relative activities of various platelet agonists in inducing apoptosis have not yet been investigated. I...

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