Walter Maetzler

Walter Maetzler
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel | CAU · UKSH Klinik für Neurologie

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529
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Publications

Publications (529)
Article
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Several phenotypic differences observed in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients have been linked to age at onset (AAO). We endeavoured to find out whether these differences are due to the ageing process itself by using a combined dataset of idiopathic PD (n = 430) and healthy controls (HC; n = 556) excluding carriers of known PD-linked genetic mutatio...
Preprint
Background: Measuring mobility in daily life entails dealing with confounding factors arising from multiple sources, including pathological characteristics, patient specific walking strategies, environment/context, and purpose of the task. The primary aim of this study is to propose and validate a multi-task and multi-phase protocol for simulating...
Article
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Background Wearable device-based parameters (DBP) objectively describe gait and balance impairment in Parkinson’s disease (PD). We sought to investigate correlations between DBP of gait and balance and clinical scores, their respective changes throughout the inpatient multidisciplinary Parkinson’s Disease Multimodal Complex Treatment (PD-MCT), and...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Post-COVID syndrome (PCS) is an important sequela of COVID-19, characterised by symptom persistence for >3 months, post-acute symptom development, and worsening of pre-existing comorbidities. The causes and public health impact of PCS are still unclear, not least for the lack of efficient means to assess the presence and severity of PCS...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Turning during walking is a relevant and common everyday movement and it depends on a correct top-down intersegmental coordination. This could be reduced in several conditions (en-block turning), and lead to increased risk of falls. Smartphone use has been associated with poorer balance and gait, however its effect on turning-while-walki...
Article
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Introduction: It is well-known that, in Parkinson's disease (PD), executive function (EF) and motor deficits lead to reduced walking performance. As previous studies investigated mainly patients during the compensated phases of the disease, the aim of this study was to investigate the above associations in acutely hospitalized patients with PD. Me...
Preprint
PDF available at: https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4145600 --- Background: Reliable estimates of frequency, severity and associated factors of both fatigue and cognitive impairment after COVID-19 are needed. Also, it is not clear whether the two are distinct sequelae of COVID-19 or part of the same syndrome. Methods: In this prospective multicent...
Article
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Idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterized by a progredient degeneration of the brain, starting at deep subcortical areas such as the dorsal motor nucleus of the glossopharyngeal and vagal nerves (DM) (stage 1), followed by the coeruleus–subcoeruleus complex; (stage 2), the substantia nigra (SN) (stage 3), the anteromedial temporal mesoco...
Article
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There is growing interest in the quantification of gait as part of complex motor tasks. This requires gait events (GEs) to be detected under conditions different from straight walking. This study aimed to propose and validate a new marker-based GE detection method, which is also suitable for curvilinear walking and step negotiation. The method was...
Article
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Background:Fear of falling (FOF) negatively affects health-related quality of life and is common in neurogeriatric patients, however, related parameters are not well understood. This study investigated the relationship between FOF, physical performance (as assessed with the Short Physical Performance Battery and its subscores) and other aspects of...
Preprint
Background The development of optimal strategies to treat impaired mobility related to ageing and chronic disease requires better ways to detect and measure it. Digital health technology, including body worn sensors, has the potential to directly and accurately capture real-world mobility. Mobilise-D consists of 34 partners from 13 countries who ar...
Article
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Many algorithms use 3D accelerometer and/or gyroscope data from inertial measurement unit (IMU) sensors to detect gait events (i.e., initial and final foot contact). However, these algorithms often require knowledge about sensor orientation and use empirically derived thresholds. As alignment cannot always be controlled for in ambulatory assessment...
Article
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Introduction: Essential tremor (ET) amplitude is modulated by visual feedback during target-driven movements: In a grip force task, tremor amplitude increases during large-scale visual feedback compared to low-scale visual feedback. It has not been examined whether visual feedback exclusively modulates action tremor severity or if an increase of ot...
Article
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Evaluating gait is part of every neurological movement disorder assessment. Generally, the physician assesses the patient based on their experience, but nowadays inertial measurement units (IMUs) are also often integrated in the assessment. Instrumented gait analysis has a longstanding tradition and temporal parameters are used to compare patient g...
Article
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Cognitive deficits and fear of falling (FOF) can both influence gait patterns in Parkinson’s disease (PD). While cognitive deficits contribute to gait changes under dual-task (DT) conditions, it is unclear if FOF also influences changes to gait while performing a cognitive task. Here, we aimed to explore the association between FOF and DT costs in...
Article
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Neurological diseases are associated with static postural instability. Differences in postural sway between neurological diseases could include "conceptual" information about how certain symptoms affect static postural stability. This information might have the potential to become a helpful aid during the process of finding the most appropriate tre...
Article
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Background: Cardiac myxomas (CM) are the most common primary cardiac tumors in adults. They are usually benign; however, malignant changes are known to occur but are extremely rare. Embolization is a common complication of cardiac myxomas and can cause neurological deficits before their surgical removal. The current study analyzed the outcomes aft...
Article
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Background: Therapeutic climbing (TC) is a whole-body workout that stimulates and improves physical and psychosocial abilities. It has been used in neurological rehabilitation, but there is scarce evidence of specific benefits for people with Parkinson's (PwP). Objective: To investigate and evaluate self-reported differences in health and well-b...
Article
Despite advances in treatments for tremor disorders, many patients are still left with functional disability affecting both basic and complex tasks needed for independent living, reflecting a significant gap in the current management of tremor disorders. Assistive devices present a possible solution to bridge the gap between symptom burden and curr...
Article
Introduction Patients with advanced Parkinson disease (PD) often experience problems with mobility, including walking under single- (ST) and dual-tasking (DT) conditions. The effects of deep brain stimulation in the subthalamic nucleus (DBS) versus dopaminergic medication (Med) on these conditions are not well investigated. Materials and Methods W...
Article
Peripheral neuropathy is a common problem in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Peripheral neuropathy’s prevalence in Parkinson’s disease varies between 4.8% - 55%, compared to 9% in the general population. It remains unclear whether peripheral neuropathy leads to decreased motor performance in Parkinson’s disease, resulting in impaired mobility an...
Article
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Background: Mobility is defined as the ability to independently move around the environment and is a key contributor to quality of life, especially in older age. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of mobility as a decisive outcome for the marketing authorisation of drugs by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). Methods: Fifteen therape...
Article
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Background To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers in patients with probable cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) according to the modified Boston criteria in a retrospective multicentric cohort.Methods Beta-amyloid 1-40 (Aβ40), beta-amyloid 1-42 (Aβ42), total tau (t-tau), and phosphorylated tau 181 (p-tau181) were...
Article
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The lack of physical exercise during the COVID-19 pandemic-related quarantine measures is challenging, especially for patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Without regular exercise not only patients, but also nursing staff and physicians soon noticed a deterioration of motor and non-motor symptoms. Reduced functional mobility, increased falls, in...
Article
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Introduction Existing mobility endpoints based on functional performance, physical assessments and patient self-reporting are often affected by lack of sensitivity, limiting their utility in clinical practice. Wearable devices including inertial measurement units (IMUs) can overcome these limitations by quantifying digital mobility outcomes (DMOs)...
Article
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In chronic disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD), fear of falling (FOF) is associated with falls and reduced quality of life. With inertial measurement units (IMUs) and dedicated algorithms, different aspects of mobility can be obtained during supervised tests in the lab and also during daily activities. To our best knowledge, the effect of FO...
Article
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Magnetoelectric (ME) sensors with a form factor of a few millimeters offer a comparatively low magnetic noise density of a few pT/Hz−−−√ in a narrow frequency band near the first bending mode. While a high resonance frequency (kHz range) and limited bandwidth present a challenge to biomagnetic measurements, they can potentially be exploited in indi...
Article
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Background: Autonomic symptoms are common in older adults, and a large body of literature focusing on age-related diseases shows that autonomic symptoms in these diseases constrain Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). To our best knowledge, the association between autonomic symptoms in older adults, independent of specific diseases, and HRQoL ha...
Article
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The evidence of the responsiveness of dopaminergic medication on gait in patients with Parkinson’s disease is contradicting. This could be due to differences in complexity of the context gait was in performed. This study analysed the effect of dopaminergic medication on arm swing, an important movement during walking, in different contexts. Forty-f...
Article
Results of a new study have shown the enormous potential of smartphone-collected, real-world data for the differentiation of patients with Parkinson disease from controls. This study spearheads a new phase for the evaluation of symptoms associated with Parkinson disease that is patient-centred, digital, objective, continuous and relevant to everyda...
Article
Background While the concept of prodromal Parkinson’s disease (PD) is well established, reliable markers for the diagnosis of this disease stage are still lacking. We investigated the functional connectivity of the putamina in a resting-state functional MRI analysis in persons with at least two prodromal factors for PD, which is considered a high r...
Article
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Physical mobility is essential to health, and patients often rate it as a high-priority clinical outcome. Digital mobility outcomes (DMOs), such as real-world gait speed or step count, show promise as clinical measures in many medical conditions. However, current research is nascent and fragmented by discipline. This scoping review maps existing ev...
Conference Paper
Objective: The aim of the study was investigate the differences in performances of gait and turning under supervised conditions in healthy controls (HC), idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorders (RBD) and patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Background: Subtle motor impairment and slowness of movements are early features of Parkinson’s disease a...
Article
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Background: Reduction of arm swing during gait is an early and common symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD). By using the technology of a mobile phone, acceleration of arm swing can be converted into a closed-loop musical feedback (musification) to improve gait. Objectives: To assess arm swing in healthy subjects and the effects of musification on...
Article
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Healthy adults and neurological patients show unique mobility patterns over the course of their lifespan and disease. Quantifying these mobility patterns could support diagnosing, tracking disease progression and measuring response to treatment. This quantification can be done with wearable technology, such as inertial measurement units (IMUs). Bef...
Article
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There are no effective treatments in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of theta burst repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on postural instability in PSP. Twenty PSP patients underwent a session of sham or real cerebellar rTMS in a crossover design. Before and after stimulation, stat...
Article
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Background: The senses serve as the crucial interface between the individual and the environment. They are subject to aging and disease processes. Methods: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in the Medline and Cochrane Library databases. Results: Approximately 40% of persons aged 70 to 79 manifest dy...
Article
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Background Sleep disturbances are common in Parkinson’s Disease (PD), with nocturnal akinesia being one of the most burdensome. Levodopa is frequently used in clinical routine to improve nocturnal akinesia, although evidence is not well proven. Methods We assessed associations of Levodopa intake with quality of sleep and perception of nocturnal ak...
Article
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Accurate assessment of Parkinson's disease (PD) ON and OFF states in the usual environment is essential for tailoring optimal treatments. Wearables facilitate measurements of gait in novel and unsupervised environments; however, differences between unsupervised and in-laboratory measures have been reported in PD. We aimed to investigate whether uns...
Article
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Background Human well-being has been linked to the composition and functional capacity of the intestinal microbiota. As regular exercise is known to improve human health, it is not surprising that exercise was previously described to positively modulate the gut microbiota, too. However, most previous studies mainly focused on either elite athletes...
Article
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Physical activity is of prime importance in non-pharmacological Parkinson’s disease (PD) treatment. The current study examines the effectiveness and feasibility of sport climbing in PD patients in a single-centre, randomised controlled, semi-blind trial. A total of 48 PD patients without experience in climbing (average age 64 ± 8 years, Hoehn & Yah...
Article
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Objectives: Alterations of the gut microbiome in Parkinson's disease (PD) have been repeatedly demonstrated. However, little is known about whether such alterations precede disease onset and how they relate to risk and prodromal markers of PD. We investigated associations of these features with gut microbiome composition. Methods: Established ri...
Article
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ABSTRACT: Background: Extracellular vesicles aresmall vesicles that are released from many cells, includ-ing neurons. α-Synuclein has recently been described in extracellular vesicles derived from the central nervous system and may contribute to the spreading of disease pathology in α-synuclein-related neurodegeneration. Objectives: We aimed to exa...
Article
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Objective Despite the need for diagnostics and research, data on fluid biomarkers in hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) are scarce. We, therefore, explore Neurofilament light chain (NfL) levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with hereditary spastic paraplegia and provide information on the influence of demographic factors. Methods The s...
Article
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Static balance is a commonly used health measure in clinical practice. Usually, static balance parameters are assessed via force plates or, more recently, with inertial measurement units (IMUs). Multiple parameters have been developed over the years to compare patient groups and understand changes over time. However, the day-to-day variability of t...
Article
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Current research on Parkinson’s disease (PD) is increasingly concerned with the identification of objective and specific markers to make reliable statements about the effect of therapy and disease progression. Parameters from inertial measurement units (IMUs) are objective and accurate, and thus an interesting option to be included in the regular a...
Article
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In our aging society, research into neurodegenerative processes is of great interest. Thereby, cortical activation under different neurocognitive conditions is considered to be a promising predictor. Against this background, the executive functions of a total of 250 healthy older adults (53–84 years) have been investigated using the Trail Making Te...
Article
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Gait speed often referred as the sixth vital sign is the most powerful biomarker of mobility. While a clinical setting allows the estimation of gait speed under controlled conditions that present functional capacity, gait speed in real-life conditions provides the actual performance of the patient. The goal of this study was to investigate objectiv...
Article
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Background: With pathway-specific trials in PD associated with variants in the glucocerebrosidase gene (PDGBA ) under way, we need markers that confirm the impact of genetic variants in patient-derived biofluids in order to allow patient stratification merely based on genetics and that might serve as biochemical read-out for target engagement. Ob...
Article
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Background Identification of individual gait events is essential for clinical gait analysis, because it can be used for diagnostic purposes or tracking disease progression in neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease. Previous research has shown that gait events can be detected from a shank-mounted inertial measurement unit (IMU), however d...
Article
Introduction Freezing of gait (FOG) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) is associated with an altered posture during quiet stance as well as an impaired preparation and execution of the gait initiation process. We aimed to investigate whether an altered initial posture impacts anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) and first-step execution during gait in...
Article
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Background Parkinson´s disease (PD) has a large phenotypic variability, which may, at least partly, be genetically driven including alterations of gene products. Candidates might not only be proteins associated with disease risk but also pathways that play a role in aging. Objective To evaluate phenotype modifying effects of genetic variants in Kl...
Article
Introduction In Parkinson's disease (PD), the high burden of motor and non-motor symptoms, such as cognitive impairment or falls, is associated with rapid disease progression and mortality. This is often reflected by an increased drop-out rate of PD patients in longitudinal studies. Active physical behavior can impact the disease course beneficiall...
Article
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Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder with a significant immune component, as demonstrated by changes in immune biomarkers in patients' biofluids. However, which specific cells are responsible for those changes is unclear because most immune biomarkers can be produced by various cell types. Objectives: The aim of t...
Article
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Falls are the leading cause of mortality, morbidity and poor quality of life in older adults with or without neurological conditions. Applying machine learning (ML) models to gait analysis outcomes offers the opportunity to identify individuals at risk of future falls. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different data pre-processi...