Walter Lacarbonara

Walter Lacarbonara
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Structural and Geotechnical Engineering

PhD
Editor-in-Chief, Nonlinear Dynamics (Springer Nature)

About

305
Publications
50,774
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4,577
Citations
Introduction
Broad focus areas are nonlinear structural dynamics, stability and vibration control. Current projects include nonlinear constitutive modeling and tailoring of carbon nanotube nanocomposites; shape memory tuned mass dampers; nonlinear dynamics for design (resonances and energy transfers, MEMS mass sensors); shape memory and nanocomposite strands; flutter control of long-span suspension bridges; nonlinear reduced-order modeling and phenomena in structures; experimental nonlinear dynamics.
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - present
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 1998 - December 2015
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
February 1998 - August 1998
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (305)
Article
This paper treats free nonlinear flexural vibrations of circular elastic rings in the context of a geometrically exact formulation accounting for the effects of nonlinear material behavior. A direct asymptotic approach based on the method of multiple scales is used to investigate such vibrations. It is shown that the flexural motions are softening...
Article
The computational efficiency of an enhanced version of a pseudo-arclength pathfollowing scheme tailored for general multi-degree-of-freedom (multi-dof) nonlinear dynamical systems is discussed. The pathfollowing approach is based on the numerical computation of the Poincaré map and its Jacobian in order to tackle nonautonomous systems with disconti...
Article
The optimum design of a recent tuned mass damper with pinched hysteresis (TMD-PH) for seismic protection of structures is here investigated. The considered device consists of mixed NiTiNOL-steel wire ropes undergoing combined tension-flexure cycles. Previous studies demonstrated that concurrent interwire friction and phase transformation of the sha...
Article
This work discusses the mechanical and dissipative properties of nanocomposite materials made of a high-performance thermoplastic polymer (polybutylene terephthalate, PBT) integrated with branched carbon nanotubes (bCNTs) as nanofiller. The storage and loss moduli as well as the loss factor/damping ratio of the nanocomposites are experimentally cha...
Book
Full-text available
This first of three volumes includes papers from the second series of NODYCON, which was held virtually in February of 2021. The conference papers reflect a broad coverage of topics in nonlinear dynamics, ranging from traditional topics from established streams of research to those from relatively unexplored and emerging venues of research. These i...
Article
Full-text available
The cellular microstructure of periodic architected materials can be enriched by local intracellular mechanisms providing innovative distributed functionalities. Specifically, high-performing mechanical metamaterials can be realized by coupling the low-dissipative cellular microstructure with a periodic distribution of tunable damped oscillators, o...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report shows a comparative outlook into different complex engineering dynamical systems subject to shocks and their similarities with the economy trends in Italy after the shock due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Article
A nonlinear Euler–Bernoulli model of slender piezoelectric beams is employed to investigate parametric resonance motions driven by a pulsating voltage with a DC component. The beam model is based on 3D electric charge conservation and 1D reduction of the momentum balance laws assuming as space coordinate the arclength along the beam base line as sp...
Article
Full-text available
The negative stiffness exhibited by bi-stable mechanisms together with the tunable superelasticity offered by shape memory alloy (SMA) wires can enhance the dynamic resilience of a structure in the context of vibration isolation. The effects of negative stiffness and superelastic damping in base-isolated structures are here explored by carrying out...
Article
This paper provides a review of models and solutions for the buckling and postbuckling of beams available from the 50s of the last century to date. Beams with axially unrestrained (movable) ends and restrained (immovable) ends are covered. In each class, the formulation of the nonlinear buckling problem for the buckling loads and the postbuckling s...
Conference Paper
View Video Presentation: https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2021-2430.vid This paper presents data related to helicopter sling load stabilization and MEDEVAC (Medical Evacuation) rescues collected by cadets performing research in the field at the United States Military Academy (West Point, NY) and Sapienza University of Rome (Rome, Italy) since 2018. The ai...
Article
Full-text available
Background Mini open reduction and percutaneous fixation of three-part humeral head fracture with blocked threaded wires has demonstrated functional results similar to locking plates or intramedullary nails but with significantly lower major complication rate. In the context of three-part humeral head fractures, we performed a parametric optimizati...
Article
Full-text available
The vibration isolation capability of a nonlinear wire rope spring is experimentally and numerically investigated. The isolated structure consists of two cantilever beams with a lumped mass at the tip. The force-displacement cycles exhibited by the isolator show a hysteretic behavior due to interwire friction and geometric nonlinearities. The resto...
Article
Performance enhancement of vibration isolation of a circular ring by means of a shape memory alloy (SMA) wire rope is investigated. The restoring and the damping force of the SMA are approximated by two cubic polynomials. The ring with the SMA wire along the horizontal diametral line is mathematically modeled by two coupled nonlinear partial differ...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the nonlinearity of pendulum tuned mass dampers (PTMDs) under large-amplitude vibration is important to enhance control performance. Here, the nonlinear effects of PTMDs on vibration control of a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) system under harmonic excitation are explored. The nonlinear governing equations of the linear SDOF structur...
Article
Full-text available
The dynamic response and bifurcations of high-dimensional systems endowed with hysteretic restoring forces in all degrees of freedom are investigated. Two types of hysteresis models are considered, namely the Bouc–Wen model and a differential version of the so-called exponential model of hysteresis. The numerical technique tailored for tackling hig...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The nonlinear dynamical behavior of nanocomposite beams made of polybutylene terephthalate and branched carbon-nanotube (CNTs) are experimentally investigated. The frequency response curves of specimens with different CNTs weight fractions are obtained in cantilever configurations by applying a base excitation and measuring the tip displacement. Th...
Preprint
Full-text available
The negative stiffness exhibited by bi-stable mechanisms together with tunable hysteresis in the context of vibration isolation devices can enhance the dynamic resilience of a structure. The effects of negative stiffness and shape memory alloy (SMA) damping in base-isolated structures are here explored by carrying out an extensive study of the nonl...
Article
A rich variety of resonance scenarios induced in thin elastic plates by periodic axial strains is investigated to describe the morphing capability of flexible, ultra-lightweight panels. The strain-induced excitation is provided by embedded piezoelectric strips actuated by time-varying voltages. The study deals with plates characterized by geometric...
Article
This paper presents exact solutions for the buckling loads and postbuckling states of extensible, shear deformable beams. The governing equation for the large-amplitude lateral deformation of beams in compression is expanded in Taylor series up to the cubic nonlinearity. Closed-form solutions in terms of the axial and shear stiffnesses are develope...
Article
Full-text available
Carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposite plate- and shell-like structures will be the next generation lightweight structures in advanced applications due to the superior multifunctional properties combined with lightness. Here material optimization of carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposite beams and shells is tackled via ad hoc nonlinear finite element...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The negative stiffness offered by bi-stable mechanisms can improve the dynamic performance of a structure. In this work the effects of adding negative stiffness and shape memory alloy (SMA) damping in base-isolated structures are explored through the study of the stationary response for different values of negative stiffness and SMA hysteretic damp...
Article
The nonlinear forced response of multilayer piezoelectric cantilever microbeams reinforced by carbon nanotubes with a concentrated tip mass is investigated. The geometrically exact formulation based on the Cosserat theory of rods is employed to study large amplitude vibrations. The constitutive law of the nanocomposite layers is based on the Eshelb...
Article
The nonlinear free vibration and principal parametric resonance of rotating beams are investigated taking into account the lagging-axial coupling motion due to Coriolis force. This work tackles analytically the problem of parametric resonances induced by periodic modulation of the angular speed. The nonlinear equations of motion are obtained via a...
Article
This work investigates a nonlinear passive control strategy designed to reduce the peak accelerations in ropeway roller batteries systems by deploying an array of nonlinearly visco-elastic vibration absorbers. The control effectiveness is compared with that of an equivalent array made of linearly visco-elastic absorbers. A nonlinear parametric mode...
Conference Paper
Principal parametric resonances of elastic plates actuated by periodic in-plane stresses effected by embedded piezoelectric wires are investigated to describe the morphing scenarios of flexible, ultra-lightweight panels. A mechanical model of elastic plate including geometric nonlinearities and the parametric actuation provided by the piezoelectric...
Article
The problem of reducing the damage due to seismic loads in engineering structures by means of tuned mass dampers (TMDs) is addressed. Differently from previous studies focused on linear or geometrically nonlinear TMDs, the present work is concerned with a device that exhibits a hysteretic restoring force with pinching. A numerical TMD optimization...
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of COVID-19 in Italy took place in Lombardia, a densely populated and highly industrialized northern region, and spread across the northern and central part of Italy according to quite different temporal and spatial patterns. In this work, a multi-scale territorial analysis of the pandemic is carried out using various models and data-d...
Article
A new identification technique is proposed to evaluate the tension of a cable using a static inverse approach that couples a universal cable model with displacement sensors, strain gauges and added masses that should preserve operational affordability. An inverse problem is formulated as the minimization of a data misfit functional based on the dif...
Preprint
Full-text available
The outbreak of COVID-19 in Italy took place in Lombardia, a densely populated and highly industrialized northern region, and spread across the northern and central part of Italy according to quite different temporal and spatial patterns. In this work, a multi-scale territorial analysis of the pandemic is carried out using various models and data-...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, mem-springs and mem-dashpots from a newly introduced family of mem-models are used as fundamental building blocks in hysteresis modeling. The usefulness of such assemblies of mem-models is investigated for both simulation and system identification. First, numerical simulations demonstrate the general capability of these models to des...
Book
This first of three volumes from the inaugural NODYCON, held at the University of Rome, in February of 2019, presents papers devoted to Nonlinear Dynamics of Structures, Systems and Devices. The collection features both well-established streams of research as well as novel areas and emerging fields of investigation. Topics in Volume I include multi...
Article
Numerical and analytical investigations into the aeroelastic response of thin nanocomposite panels are discussed. The mechanical data of the nanocomposite plates with di�erent weight fractions of randomly oriented carbon nanotubes (CNT) are obtained via an extensive experimental campaign based on dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Panel flutter indu...
Chapter
Parametric resonances of elastic membranes actuated by harmonic in-plane strains prescribed along given directions are exploited to drive dynamic morphing of lightweight, flexible panels employed in engineering applications which require active, shape-changing surfaces. An approximate nonlinear model of a pretensioned membrane together with its Gal...
Article
Full-text available
The nonlinear dynamic response of carbon nanotube (CNT)/polymer nanocomposite beams to harmonic base excitations is investigated asymptotically via the method of multiple scales. The hysteresis associated with the CNT/polymer interfacial frictional sliding is described by a 3D mesoscopic theory reduced via a uniaxial strain assumption for a beam in...
Article
Full-text available
This work aims to provide a broad overview of computational techniques belonging to the area of artificial intelligence tailored for identification of nonlinear dynamical systems. Both parametric and nonparametric identification problems are considered. The examined computational intelligence techniques for parametric identification deal with genet...
Chapter
Full-text available
The steady-state dynamic response of a structure isolated by a nonlinear wire rope spring operating in the direction of gravity is experimentally studied. The isolated structure consists of two cantilever beams with a lumped mass at the tip. The force-displacement cycles provided by the isolator show a hysteretic behavior due to inter-wire friction...
Book
This second of three volumes from the inaugural NODYCON, held at the University of Rome, in February of 2019, presents papers devoted to Nonlinear Dynamics and Control. The collection features both well-established streams of research as well as novel areas and emerging fields of investigation. Topics in Volume II include influence of nonlinearitie...
Book
This third of three volumes from the inaugural NODYCON, held at the University of Rome, in February of 2019, presents papers devoted to New Trends in Nonlinear Dynamics. The collection features both well-established streams of research as well as novel areas and emerging fields of investigation. Topics in Volume III include NEMS/MEMS and nanomateri...
Article
Full-text available
Improving energy dissipation in lightweight polymer nanocomposites to achieve environmentally friendly, mechanically stable structures has reached a limit due to the low-density electrostatic interactions that can be harnessed through the stick-slip mechanism between carbonaceous nanofillers and polymeric chains wrapped around them. In this paper,...
Conference Paper
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) represent an effective filler to be incorporated into polymer matrices. Their physical properties allow them to exert a remarkable strengthening effect, while their nano-scale leaves the polymer weight unaltered. Exploiting their high strength-to-weight ratio, CNT/polymer nanocomposites appear to be the ideal materials to be...
Article
A parametric mechanical model based on a Lagrangian formulation is here proposed to predict the dynamic response of roller batteries during the vehicles transit across the so-called compression towers in ropeways transportation systems. The model describes the dynamic interaction between the ropeway substructures starting from the modes and frequen...
Article
Hysteresis due to stick-slip energy dissipation in carbon nanotube (CNT) nanocomposites is experimentally observed, measured, and identified through a one-dimensional (1D) phenomenological model obtained via reduction of a three-dimensional (3D) mesoscale model. The proposed model is shown to describe the nanocomposite hysteretic response, which fe...
Conference Paper
In this work, the arising of stick-slip dissipation as well as the global mechanical response of carbon nanotube (CNT) nanocomposite films are tailored by exploiting a three-phase nanocomposite. The three phases are represented by the CNTs, a polymer coating localized on the CNTs surface and a hosting matrix. In particular, a polystyrene (PS) layer...
Article
Nonsmooth dynamics of a Tuned Mass Damper system with lateral stops are studied using an alternating frequency/time harmonic balancing (AFT-HB) method. To this end, an extremely stiff end stop nonlinearity is considered. The application range of AFT-HB is investigated by including up to 250 harmonics in the external force, as well as in the motion...
Article
The accuracy and efficiency of a numerical strategy for sequential nonlinear cyclic analyses of carbon nanotube nanocomposites are investigated. The computational approach resorts to a nonlinear 3D finite element implementation that seeks to solve the cyclic hysteretic response of the nanocomposite. A variant of the Newton-Raphson method within a t...
Conference Paper
A passive vibration control strategy to mitigate the accelerations of roller batteries in cableways caused by the vehicle transit is investigated. The vibration control strategy makes use of a group of Tuned Mass Dampers (TMDs) placed in different positions along the roller battery. When the frequencies of the TMDs are properly tuned to the modes t...
Conference Paper
Nanocomposites made of a hosting polymer matrix integrated with carbon nanotubes as nanofillers exhibit an inherent hysteretic behavior arising from the CNT/matrix frictional sliding. Such stick-slip mechanism is responsible for the high damping capacity of CNT nanocomposites. A full 3D nonlinear constitutive model, framed in the context of the Esh...
Conference Paper
The nonlinear dynamic response of short cables with a tip mass subject to base excitations and undergoing primary resonance is investigated via experimental tests and by employing an ad hoc nonlinear mechanical model. The considered cables are made of several strands of steel wires twisted into a helix forming composite ropes in a pattern known as...
Conference Paper
The nonlinear dynamic response of a scale steel structure equipped with a hysteretic tuned mass damper (TMD) is investigated. Identification of the parameters of a nonlinear model of the structure is carried out via experimental tests while the optimal parameters of the TMD are obtained by using a differential evolution algorithm. Such optimization...
Article
Full-text available
The experimental dynamical response of three types of nonlinear hysteretic systems is identified employing phenomenological models togheter with the Differential Evolutionary algorithm. The mass–spring–damper system is characterized by hysteretic restoring forces provided by assemblies of shape memory and steel wire ropes subject to flexure or coup...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent decades, polymer-carbon nanotube (CNTs) composite materials have drawn much attention for their potential applications as nanofiller in unique lightweight materials with superior mechanical properties. For structural engineering applications, high strength and stiffness can be delivered and conveniently tuned in nanocomposites by ensuring...
Cover Page
Full-text available
First Call for papers of the First International Nonlinear Dynamics Conference (NODYCON 2019), Rome, February 17-20, 2019.