Wallace Patrick Santos de Farias Souza

Wallace Patrick Santos de Farias Souza
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul | UFRGS · Departamento de Economia e Relações Internacionais

Ph.D

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18
Publications
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Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (18)
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We investigate the relationship between political competition and the quality of the candidates, as well as the elected politicians. We use the effective number of candidates for measuring electoral competition, and the level of education for measuring the quality of politicians. By employing an instrumental variable approach, we find that greater...
Article
O artigo estima o retorno da educação sobre o salário dos trabalhadores no Brasil através de regressões quantílicas. A estimação por mínimos quadrados ordinários da equação de Mincer (1974) log-linearizada pode gerar um viés de especificação resultado da desigualdade de Jensen. As estimativas para a mediana, bem como para a média dos quantis (regre...
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Trade liberalization is closely associated with a competitive shock that generates differentiated effects in the formal and informal sectors, especially in developing countries. We use the Brazilian trade liberalization episode in early 1990 as a natural experiment to test Becker's theory on discrimination, but including the informal sector. We dev...
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This study aims to test the hypothesis that the voter's decision may be influenced by his preference to be on the winning side. We use a regression discontinuity design to compare candidates who barely won with those who barely lost the first round to analyze whether this affects their performance in the second round. We find that winning the first...
Article
O objetivo deste artigo é mensurar o impacto da estrutura familiar na desigualdade de oportunidades brasileira entre 2001 e 2013, usando dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD). Para isso, foi estimado o efeito de tratamento médio a partir do propensity score matching, tendo como tratamento a composição familiar (biparental ou m...
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This note investigates the relationship between the export status of companies and the workers salary, testing whether the export leads to a wage employees of foreign companies or whether exporting companies were already paying a higher salary before starting to export. To achieve that, we consider an identified panel data employer-employee from Br...
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This paper investigates the wage effects of overeducation, a situation where workers perform jobs with lower required education. For this, data from graduates of the Federal University of Paraíba from 2003 to 2013 were used. The estimation of an OLS with fixed effects of individuals and firms, plus their interactions with time as a way to capture t...
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Esse artigo estuda o efeito do comércio internacional, mensurado por abertura comercial (exportações e importações como proporção do PIB) e FDI (Foreign Direct Investment), nas margens intensiva (horas trabalhadas) e extensiva (participação no mercado de trabalho) do trabalho infantil. Para tanto foram utilizados dados de 83 países para o ano de 20...
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Purpose This paper investigates the relationship between (1) business cycle and use of personal contacts to obtain job and (2) use of personal contacts to obtain job and wages. Design/methodology/approach For this, we use data from the Monthly Employment Survey (2002–2015) from Brazil which has detailed information on individual and job characteri...
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O objetivo deste trabalho é investigar o efeito de transferência de renda condicional do Programa Bolsa Família (PBF) nas margens extensiva (participação no mercado de trabalho) e intensiva (horas trabalhadas) de trabalho infantil no Brasil, analisando o impacto separadamente para as zonas urbana e rural. Para tanto, foram utilizados dados do Censo...
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O estudo busca mensurar o efeito das condições de saúde sobre o rendimento dos trabalhadores brasileiros, usando dados da PNAD de 2008. Para tanto, foram estimados o efeito de tratamento médio e quantílico com correção para o viés de seleção; o método de Lewbel (2012) que gera instrumentos internos a partir da heterocedasticidade dos resíduos e bou...
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Uma ampla literatura teórica e empírica sugere que há uma transferência intergeracional de características socioeconômicas da família, como a renda e a educação. Nesse sentido, o objetivo deste trabalho consiste em investigar a relação entre as características familiares e a proficiência escolar. Para isso, estimou-se um modelo não paramétrico, o g...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of family structure on child labor by comparing children of nuclear families headed by the father with children of single-mother families headed by the divorced mother. Design/methodology/approach This paper uses data from Brazilian urban areas provided by the Brazilian Demographic Cen...
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Este estudo calcula as elasticidades da pobreza em relação ao crescimento econômico e à desigualdade de renda para o Brasil, usando um painel de dados dos estados e dos municípios brasileiros e um método de estimação não paramétrico, desenvolvido por Horowitz (2012) e aplicado por Figueiredo e Laurini (2015), que controla os efeitos da desigualdade...
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This article analyses the trend of unfair inequality in Brazil (1995-2009) using a non-parametric approach to estimate the income function. The entropy metrics introduced by Li, Maasoumi and Racine (2009) are used to quantify income differences separately for each effort variable. A Gini coefficient of unfair inequality is calculated, based on the...

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This study aims to test the hypothesis that the voter's decision may be influenced by his preference to be on the winning side. We use a regression discontinuity design to compare candidates who barely won with those who barely lost the first round to analyze whether this affects their performance in the second round. We find that winning the first round increases the vote share (3.6 pp) in the second round and increases the probability (38.7 pp) of winning the election . These results are robust to different econometric specifications and stands against competing interpretations, such as differences in campaign spending, incumbency status or being from the same parties as the state governor or president of the republic .