W. Joel Schneider

W. Joel Schneider
Temple University | TU · Department of Policy, Organizational, and Leadership Studies

PhD

About

40
Publications
58,886
Reads
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1,472
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
July 2017 - present
Temple University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2014 - July 2017
Illinois State University
Position
  • Professor
August 2010 - August 2014
Illinois State University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
August 1996 - May 2003
Texas A&M University
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology
August 1989 - May 1995
University of California, Berkeley
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
Researchers often argue that the structural models of the constructs they study are relevant to clinicians. Unfortunately, few clinicians are able to translate the mathematically precise relationships between latent constructs and observed scores into information that can be usefully applied to individuals. Typically this means that when a new stru...
Chapter
Full-text available
Quantitative knowledge (Gq) can be defined as the depth and breadth of knowledge related to mathematics. … It consists of acquired knowledge about mathematics, such as knowledge of mathematical symbols .., operations (e.g., addition-subtraction, multiplication-division, exponentiation-nth rooting, factorials, negation, and many others), computation...
Article
Human resource management researchers typically treat cognitive ability as a unidimensional construct. The current paper reviews possible rationales for this choice, including practical convenience, the parsimony of Spearman's theory of general mental ability (g), positive manifold among cognitive tests, and empirical evidence of only modest increm...
Chapter
This chapter illuminates the underlying principles of measurement and psychometrics that are useful for the practitioner to know and understand. Guidance was provided in how foundational statistical concepts and analyses could be applied and utilized by practitioners conducting neuropsychological evaluations and completing interpretation via a neur...
Article
For more than four decades, researchers have used meta-analyses to synthesize data from multiple experimental studies often to draw conclusions that are not supported by individual studies. More recently, single-case experimental design (SCED) researchers have adopted meta-analysis techniques to answer research questions with data gleaned from SCED...
Article
Publication bias is the disproportionate representation of studies with large effects and statistically significant findings in the published research literature. If publication bias occurs in single-case research design studies on applied behavior-analytic (ABA) interventions, it can result in inflated estimates of ABA intervention effects. We con...
Article
A large body of prior work shows cognitive abilities and basic academic skills explain individual differences in performance on reading, writing, and math achievement measures. However, this research focuses exclusively on the average relations between cognitive and achievement scores without consideration of whether effects vary at different thres...
Article
Exploratory bifactor analysis (EBFA) represents a methodological advancement for imple- menting a bifactor model in exploratory factor analysis (EFA). However, little is known about how to properly employ the procedure. The current rotation criteria available for EBFA make it more likely to “get stuck” in local minima, contributing to possible grou...
Article
This is an invited commentary to a target article by Kovacs and Conway (A unified cognitive/differential approach to human intelligence: Implications for IQ testing) in the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.
Article
Full-text available
We used data simulations to test whether composites consisting of cohesive subtest scores are more accurate than composites consisting of divergent subtest scores. We demonstrate that when multivariate normality holds, divergent and cohesive scores are equally accurate. Furthermore, excluding divergent scores results in biased estimates of construc...
Article
Theoretical discussion often have assumed that positive and negative reinforcement differ but the literature contains little unambiguous evidence that they produce differential behavioral effects. To test whether the two types of consequences control behavior differently, we pitted money-gain positive reinforcement and money loss-avoidance negative...
Chapter
Full-text available
To use a sophisticated instrument like the Woodcock-Johnson IV Tests of Cognitive Abilities, one’s understanding of assessment principles must be equally sophisticated. To make full use of the WJ-IV’s impressive features, examiners must have a well-articulated understanding of the theory that underlies the WJ IV and also of the limitations inherent...
Article
We review rational and empirical reasons that comprehensive cognitive assessments are useful sources of information in the evaluation and treatment of learning disabilities. However, the existing evidence base that demonstrates the value of comprehensive cognitive assessments for this purpose is not nearly as strong as it needs to be. Proponents of...
Article
This study examined the association between Agreeableness and children's selection of conflict resolution tactics and their overt behaviors at school. A total of 157 second graders responded to a series of conflict resolution vignettes and were observed three times during physical education classes at school. We hypothesized that Agreeableness woul...
Article
Full-text available
Although results from factor-analytic studies of the broad, second-stratum abilities of human intelligence have been fairly consistent for decades, the list of broad abilities is far from complete, much less understood. We propose criteria by which the list of broad abilities could be amended and envision alternatives for how our understanding of t...
Article
The history of the use of intelligence tests has been summarized as a series of overlapping waves of new ideas and practices. In Wave 1 (1904 to present), intelligence tests were primarily used to measure general intelligence. In Wave 2 (1940s to present), practitioners were encouraged to generate nuanced hypotheses about individuals based on highl...
Article
Full-text available
When planning to conduct a study, not only is it important to select a sample size that will ensure adequate statistical power, often it is important to select a sample size that results in accurate effect size estimates. In cluster-randomized designs (CRD), such planning presents special challenges. In CRD studies, instead of assigning individual...
Article
Full-text available
Calibration of perception to environmental properties typically requires experiences in addition to the perceptual task, such as feedback about performance. Recently, it has been shown that such experiences need not come from an external source or from a different perceptual modality. Rather, in some cases, a given perceptual modality can train its...
Article
Background: The pairing of analysis of variance (ANOVA)-based analyses with designs lacking multiple measurement of client change may lead to conclusions that are inconsistent with theoretical expectations about how change will occur. Multilevel modeling (MLM), when used with multiple assessments of client outcomes, provides a flexible set of tool...
Article
Full-text available
Gay and lesbian parents are raising an increasing number of children, but little is known about how these parents are viewed by school personnel. In this study, preservice teacher attitudes toward gay and lesbian parents were assessed using implicit, explicit, behavioral, and behavioroid measures. Implicit measures indicate that participants rated...
Chapter
Full-text available
Zitate: Induktion; Gf & Math
Article
Full-text available
Neuropsychologists frequently rely on a battery of neuropsychological tests which are normally distributed to determine impaired functioning. The statistical likelihood of Type I error in clinical decision-making is in part determined by the base rate of normative individuals obtaining atypical performance on neuropsychological tests. Base rates ar...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The publishers and authors of intelligence test batteries provide norm-based composite scores based on two or more individual subtests. In practice, clinicians frequently form hypotheses based on combinations of tests for which norm-based composite scores are not available. In addition, with the emergence of Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory as the...
Article
"We show that a country's average IQ score is a useful predictor of the wages that immigrants from that country earn in the United States, whether or not one adjusts for immigrant education. Just as in numerous microeconomic studies, 1 IQ point predicts 1% higher wages, suggesting that IQ tests capture an important difference in cross-country worke...
Article
The present study examined the association between high status social positions in early adolescence and both overt and relational aggression. A sample of 234 sixth graders (132 girls, 102 boys) completed peer nominations assessing aggression, social centrality, and coolness. Data analyses were based on all sixth graders who received peer nominatio...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The region where a wine is produced is a factor that influences consumers' preferences and price perceptions. For most consumers, a wine from an established place like France would be preferred over a wine from less established place, like Texas. However, a consumer's identity with their home area (not well known for wine) may override su...
Article
Several constructs reflecting individual differences in emotion expression have been described in the literature, yet their structural organization is unknown. The present study provided a taxonomy of these individual differences and determined their relations to depression and anxiety symptoms. Exploratory factor analyses suggested seven emotion-e...
Article
Full-text available
The authors examined the relation between a client's disclosure of emotional material in an analogue psychotherapy session and the depth and smoothness of that session. Transcripts of 33 prepracticum psychotherapy sessions (3 sessions each from 11 volunteer clients) were coded for client disclosures, and the text of these disclosures was subjected...
Article
Full-text available
Commonality analysis, as used by Hale, Fiorello, and colleagues (e.g., Hale, J. B., Fiorello, C. A., Kavanagh, J. A., Holdnack, J. A., & Aloe, A. M. [2007]. Is the demise of IQ interpretation justified? A response to special issue authors. Applied Neuropsychology, 21, 37-51), often leads to unjustified conclusions. Analyses of simulated datasets sh...
Article
Human capital plays an important role in the theory of economic growth, but it has been difficult to measure this abstract concept. We survey the psychological literature on cross-cultural IQ tests and conclude that intelligence tests provide one useful measure of human capital. Using a new database of national average IQ, we show that in growth re...
Article
Full-text available
Human capital plays an important role in the theory of economic growth, but it has been difficult to measure this abstract concept. We survey the psychological literature on cross-cultural IQ tests, and conclude that modern intelligence tests are well-suited for measuring an important form of a nation’s human capital. Using a new database compile...
Thesis
The Transtheoretical Model of Change is intended to be a general model of change that can be applied to many populations and domains of change. However, most of the studies that have investigated this model have focused on addiction-related topics or on individual psychotherapy. The current study explored whether this model's predictions applied to...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce the construct of perceived containment, defined as children's beliefs about adults' capacity to impose firm limits and to prevail if there is a conflict in goals. We propose that children's containment beliefs represent an important but understudied factor in the development and maintenance of childhood aggression. Children's ratings o...
Chapter
Emphasizes the use of “affective reconstruction”—that is, the interpretation of persistent maladaptive relationship patterns as having their source in previous developmental experiences—within a pluralistic approach to couple therapy. This chapter begins by describing both the rationale and basic strategies for incorporating multiple theoretical ap...

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