W. John Morgan

W. John Morgan
Cardiff University | CU

BA; M.Ed; PhD; DSc(hc); FRSA; FRAI; FLSW; FRHist.S; Leverhulme Emeritus Fellow; Distinguished Professor, International Institute of Adult and Lifelong Education.
Leverhulme Emeritus Fellowship monograph in preparation.

About

176
Publications
110,529
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Introduction
Professor W. John Morgan is at the School of Social Sciences, and Wales Institute of Social & Economic Research, Cardiff University, where he is Honorary Professor and Leverhulme Emeritus Fellow. He is also Professor Emeritus, University of Nottingham, where he was UNESCO Chair of the Political Economy of Education. His research interests are in comparative and international education, and political economy. He is preparing a monograph on 'UNESCO and the Cultural Cold War.'
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - present
Cardiff University
Position
  • Honarary Professor (2014) and Leverhulme Emeritus Fellow (2018)
Description
  • Research and publication on comparative and international education and politics for Leverhulme Emeritus Fellowship. Mentoring and general advisory role as requested.

Publications

Publications (176)
Chapter
Summary Ethnicity and education form an interdisciplinary and multilevel research field. The issues are equity, whether education promotes unity or ethnic diversity, and whether such objectives are contradictory. Interethnic relations in education are shaped by state policy as well as social, economic, and demographic processes, culture, and tradit...
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Review essay on: J.A. Douglass, 2021, Neo-nationalism and universities: populists, autocrats, and the future of higher education, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, PA. . P. Kolsto, 2022, Strategic uses of nationalism and ethnic conflict: interest and identity in Russia and the post-Soviet space, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
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Sustainable development goals (SDGs) in higher education play a key role in cultivating sustainability competencies (SCs) for future leaders. Depending on geographic location and cultural perspectives, people may have different definitions of SCs, which affects their pedagogic approach and attitude to curricular reform. Based upon the experience of...
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A memoir of a 1983 visit with adult students to Mariupol (then Zhdanov) and a comment on its brutal siege by the Russian military as part of its illegal invasion of Ukraine in 2022. Published as a blog on the website of the Wales Institute of Social & Economic Research & Data, Cardiff University, Wales, UK.
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Sustain our Common Humanity The 20th century saw the catastrophes of the First and Second World Wars. International intellectual cooperation was considered necessary if humanity were to renew civilized society and build a prosperous economy to the benefit of all. Such exchange also became an instrument of ideological “soft-power” or cultural diplom...
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Putin, war in Ukraine, potential Russian opposition.
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The article considers what is a philosophy and its relation to education . The modern academic development of philosophy has questioned the theoretical basis of specific aspects of knowledge and human experience, including education. It is an active rather than a passive or descriptive discipline. Education is defined similarly as a process by whic...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has focused attention on global health, ecology, economics, common welfare, and solidarity. Since March 11, 2020, when the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Covid-19 as a pandemic, the global population has faced lock-downs. This has stimulated debate about public policy and the need for international co-operation. It h...
Book
Asking the perennial question, ‘Who are the Welsh?’, this collection illustrates the history of anthropology in Wales and its distinctive contributions to this debate. Its essays range from the ethnographic insights of Gerald of Wales in the twelfth century, to analyses of the multi-cultural Wales of today. Contributors discuss the legacy of Iorwer...
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L'appuntamento Intercultura organizza un summit per riflettere sulla convivenza oggi Il sociologo: abbiamo i mezzi per aiutare tutti, ma ci perdiamo in egoismi e banalità IVIPA_1Z.A.RE A VIVERE UN'EPOCA IN BILICO TRA LUMI E OSCURANTISMO di William John Morgan inquant'anni fa, nella sua colossale monografia intito-lata I gladiatori, il professor Mic...
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The Covid-19 pandemic has shown once again the fundamental importance of international co-operation and especially on intellectual and scientific matters. How to achieve this and to make it effective have been central concerns of global institutions in the twentieth and present centuries. The potential of such co-operation for dialogue, conflict re...
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An accessible, higher level critical discussion of historical, philosophical, and anthropological perspectives on the nature of peace and war. The contributors introduce and analyse these and their continuing relevance for peace studies and conflict resolution.
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Digital skills open opportunities for employment, promotion, and better salaries, through flexibility, mobility, and interdisciplinarity at work. They also enable social inclusion, civil activity, popular access to information and services, and lifelong education. A core benefit is the capacity to adapt to accelerating social and economic changes....
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The chapter focuses on a specific aspect of pacifism in early twentieth-century Britain: that of bourgeois pacifism and its critique, It considers pacifism in Britain between 1919 and 1946; public opinion on war; communism, imperialist war and bourgeois pacifism; the views of the cultural critic and libertarian Aldous Huxley; the views of the cultu...
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How may play, sport, and dialogue be used as pathways to peace? In the pioneering classic of cultural history, Homo Ludens, the Dutch historian Johan Huizinga describes play as an informal voluntary activity according to guided rules accepted freely under limits of space and time. The purpose is to create an atmosphere of tension, joy, and consciou...
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The characteristics of the Chinese learner together with opportunities for educational exchange continue to be of academic and policy interest. Chinese society is now more urban and outward looking than in the past, yet it retains the core of its cultural heritage and is indeed trying to renew it. This article focuses on the effects of these change...
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The purpose of this article is to provide a comment on Simone Weil's brief but seminal essay 'Reflections on the Right Use of School Studies with a View to the Love of God.' It complements an earlier one on Weil's Lectures on Philosophy. The essay was sent via a letter to her friend and mentor, the Catholic priest, and Dominican friar, Father Josep...
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Dialogue and its Use in Education: This article, that draws upon a recent book (Guilherme/Morgan 2018), considers dialogue and its use in education taking the political philosopher Hannah Arendt as an example. It is argued as worthwhile for two reasons: First, dialogue is understood usually as a conversation, as an exchange between two or more indi...
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The past thirty years have seen a remarkable expansion of the World Bank's programme of educational support. During this period the bank has established itself as the largest financier of education in the developing world (World Bank 2018). In this article, we examine the trends in World Bank education funding, its research and strategy from the 19...
Book
Peace and War: Historical, Philosophical, and Anthropological Perspectives is an accessible, higher-level critical discussion of philosophical commentaries on the nature of peace and war. It introduces and analyses various philosophies of peace and war, and their continuing theoretical and practical relevance for peace studies and conflict resoluti...
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The purpose of this article is to introduce the reader to some intellectual origins of Simone Weil's philosophy through a summary of and comment on her Lectures on Philosophy (1978) given when she was a teacher in a girls' school at Roanne in the Loire region of central France. There is a brief Introduction followed by a summary of Weil's life whic...
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The article explores E.M. Forster’s story The Machine Stops (1909) as an example of dystopian literature and its possible associations with the use of technology and with today’s cyber culture. Dystopian societies are often characterized by dehumanization and Forster’s novel raises questions about how we live in time and space; and how we establish...
Book
The book explores civil society and social change in Russia, focussing on education. It shows how, although the Russian state guarantees the right to lifelong learning, a wide range of needs are met by non-governmental providers, such as commercial companies, self-help groups, and community clubs. It discusses how this new popular education is both...
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This article considers three different concepts of the role of the teacher. Buber understands the teacher as the builder-teacher of a dialogical community playing a fundamental role in the character formation of individuals. Freire develops this notion, adding a political tinge, and argues for a political-teacher who plays a central role in the for...
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Purpose —The oversupply of college graduates and increasing competition in the Chinese urban labor market have forced college students to undertake internships much earlier and to a greater intensity in the hope of boosting their employment prospects. It may be argued that the considerable time and energy thus spent on internships is deleterious to...
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It is well-known that engineering is a key profession for both economic and social development. This is as true for China as it is for other countries which are in the process of development. However, what are the economic incentives for young people to enter the profession today? Currently, there are many studies of the rate of return to education...
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Given that there appears to be a dichotomy within the BRICS, we focus on Russia and China, discussing recent developments in their respective Higher Educational systems, and what these changes might mean in terms of internationalization. Moreover, given that the importance of Higher Education for a balanced development is something that is now wide...
Book
Philosophy, Dialogue, and Education is an advanced introduction to nine key European social philosophers: Martin Buber, Mikhail Bakhtin, Lev Vygotsky, Hannah Arendt, Emmanuel Levinas, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Simone Weil, Michael Oakeshott, and Jürgen Habermas. This detailed yet highly readable work positions the socio-political views of each philoso...
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An ElgarBlog article describing Education as Public Policy in China.
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The Handbook of Education in China provides both a comprehensive overview and an original interpretation of key aspects of education in the People's Republic of China. With a sharp focus on specific policy areas and using both original Chinese sources and other commentaries, it expertly places the topic within its historical and political context....
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The chapter provides an analysis of the key features of Maoist ideology and of related literature. It considers how Mao’s ultra-left social, cultural and educational ideology influenced the development of education in modern China. This is a fundamentally important historical issue and the chapter considers the considerable literature devoted to it...
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This Handbook is offered as a timely and scholarly collection of historical perspectives, theoretical reflections and empirical evidence that contributes to our knowledge and understanding of the development of education in the People’s Republic of China. Although many scholars from around the world have written extensively about education in China...
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The advent of the Internet has stimulated fundamental change in higher and further education. Teaching and the transmission of knowledge need no longer be restricted to a university campus, as students may take part in lectures from hundreds of miles away, while researchers collaborate through a global network. For many this digital revolution is a...
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There has been an increase in debates regarding the Chinese education system's inequality over the past years, relating it generally to China's social inequality. This article discusses how the Chinese government's educational policies can help develop a socially just system in China.
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There is a legal requirement that schools engage with the spiritual aspects of education, which encompasses pastoral care. This reflects the ethical sensibility that is present in individuals and underlies interactions with Others; and which should be part of the ethos of all educational institutions and especially schools. This is because spiritua...
Book
In place of a distributive justice perspective which focuses simply on equal access to universities, this book presents a broader understanding of the relationship between Chinese higher education and economic and social change. The necessity for research on the place of universities in contemporary Chinese society may be seen from current debates...
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The article considers Marxism–Leninism as a political ideology, its foundations as developed by Karl Marx (1818–83) and F. Engels (1820–95), its characteristics as established by V.I. Lenin (1870–1924), and its consolidation by J.V. Stalin (1879–1953) between 1922 and 1953 through ‘socialism in one country’ and the Communist International (Cominter...
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Education has two distinct but interconnected layers. There is an outer layer concerned with knowledge transfer and skills and an inner layer concerned with the development of character and relationships with others, both individually and socially. This inner layer provides the individual with the capacity to influence and to change society. In tha...
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The paper draws on findings from a case study which explored factors influencing students’ decision-making of postgraduate (PG) education at G University in China. Both questionnaires and follow-up interviews were used for data collection. This paper reports the main reasons for students’ choices of subject and institution for PG education, and the...
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From the beginning of history sounds have played a fundamentally important role in humanity’s development as ways of expression and of communication. However in contemporary western society, and indeed globally, we are experiencing an excess of speech and a relentless encouragement to expression. Such excess indicates a misunderstanding about what...
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This chapter provides a critical review of literature on the theme of higher education and social justice. It is associated with an outline of the evolution of HE reforms and policy changes in mainland China since the 1950s and a framework created for analysing HE reform and social justice in the Chinese context which refers to mainland China, Hong...
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University teachers play an important role in influencing the younger generation of Chinese professionals, the future leaders of the nation,in understanding, developing and using the concept of social justice in China. In this chapter, we consider the term ‘decent work’, which is often used by university teachers, to reflect their needs for, commen...
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39 International educational development has been dominated by primary education. This is explained by several factors, including the rate-of-return analysis which prevailed from the late 1980s. Higher educati-on's contribution relative to other investments, particularly other levels of education, was contested. By analyzing earning differentials a...
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This article focuses on Fei Xiao Tong's status as a public intellectual in Maoist China, his place in the ‘red or expert’ struggle, his fate during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, and his cautious return to academic prominence and as an influential Chinese public intellectual in post-Maoist China.
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This article reports on a study that examined the personal employment paths of six international academics at a British university. To complement previous accounts of difficult migration, it focuses on the successful experiences of such academics; in particular how proficiency in English facilitated their move into employment in higher education; a...
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38 The often narrow focus of this debate follows from the fact that the role of higher education and by extension of the university is contested (Collini 2012). This may be seen as stemming from two different concepts of higher education – that where it fulfils a right to education as a public good and that where it is considered a commodity , trad...
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The article considers the changing expectations of professional education in post-socialist Serbia and is based on original research with lawyers and with university teachers. The concept of education for the professions and, importantly, methodological considerations when researching in contemporary Serbia are explained in the first section. The s...
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40 The purpose of this article is to present the key features of these earlier reports and their relevance to the post-2015 Development Agenda. They were important statements of educational purpose which still have a significant influence on educational policy and practice, given the need for continuing professional development and for lifelong lea...
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38 Our intention is to reconsider the development theories examined by Martinussen, but in the context of what has been achieved by global development education since the Jom-tien Declaration of 1990. This set the Education for All goal to be achieved by 2015, monitored subsequently by UNESCO. We then consider the priorities for global education as...
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This study examines the presence of peace education in Jordan and England from the perspective of teachers. It adopts a qualitative research approach by interviewing a sample of 80 teachers, both female and male, from English and Jordanian secondary schools. Results indicate that peace education is a vital part of scholarly life in both countries....
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This article considers the folklore of the Chewa people of Zambia as an instrument of education. It suggests that there is only a fine distinction between Chewa culture [mwambo wa a Chewa] and Chewa education [maphunziro ya Uchewa]. The former comprises tribal “truths” to be imposed on the minds of the younger generation. The latter comprises stage...
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This comment was given to an international panel on the economics of education at the invitation of the Beijing Forum, China, on 3 November 2012. It was published in Chinese in Volume 11, 2013, of the Peking University Education Review. It considers the connections between ethics, economics and policy towards higher education, using a number of per...
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This essay is a comment on Orthodox Christianity and formal education in post-socialist Serbia. It considers the hostility of state socialism towards religion and, using Russian Orthodoxy as an initial point of comparison, examines religion and the State in post-socialist Serbia. This is a neglected theme, given the civil war that destroyed the soc...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
UNESCO and the Cultural Cold War: Intellectual co-operation or 'soft-power'? The research context is the post-1945 Cultural Cold War. There is a considerable literature on the USA and its agencies, such as the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); and to a lesser extent on the Soviet Union and agencies such as the Communist Information Bureau (Cominform). The use of the United Nations and UNESCO in this ideological struggle, using propaganda, 'soft power' or cultural diplomacy, exploiting the arts, sciences, and intellectual life, has been neglected. The project considers this through a critical review of secondary literature and original archival research. It clarifies and makes coherent a key issue, identifying lessons for today.
Project
This project aims to explore the implications of ongoing government campaign on urbanisation and modernisation for rural sustainability in China in general, and the space for and consequences on the community empowerment and bottom-up development in particular. A number of academic papers are going to develop (one have completed) to cover several themes, including three values (public, economic and community) of rural land, return migration of university students from rural background, remittances of rural migrant workers.