Vyacheslav Bobkov

Vyacheslav Bobkov
Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economics · Scientific school "Human resourse management"

Professor

About

106
Publications
10,471
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
156
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - January 2020
Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population
Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population
Position
  • Head of Department
February 2014 - present
Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economics
Position
  • Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (106)
Article
Full-text available
В статье представлены основные результаты опроса российских экспертов, проведённого в 2020 г. при участии авторов среди представителей научно-исследовательского сообщества, ведущих ВУЗов, бизнес-сообщества, профсоюзов и органов государственного и муниципального управления относительно основных теоретико-методологических аспектов концепции безусловн...
Article
The results of assessing the housing provision of the rural and urban populations of Russia are presented. On the basis of the author's methodology for identifying the level of housing provision, its actual characteristics were compared with social standards, that is, regulatory requirements for area, spaciousness, and comfort of a house or apartme...
Chapter
The article analyzes the characteristics and scale of platform employment in Russia and the world on the basis of surveys and research by international organizations. The authors have systematized and summarized the opportunities, risks and consequences of this type of employment for different actors of the labor market. Recommendations are propose...
Article
Full-text available
The article examines the most important social consequences of the 30-year capitalist transformations in Russia. The authors carried out the periodization of the stages of transformations. It is proposed to consider three heterogeneous stages: 1) 1991–1999 — liberal-oligarchic reforms; 2) 2000–2013 — strengthening of the state-capitalist orientatio...
Book
Full-text available
Первый том коллективной монографии «Трудовое право: национальное и международное измерение», подготовленный ведущими специалистами по российскому и международному трудовому праву, экономике труда, философии права, посвящен общим проблемам современного трудового права. В первом разделе тома рассматриваются общетеоретические вопросы современного труд...
Article
The issue of universal basic income (UBI) has been gaining importance due to the growth of precarious employment, unemployment and inequality in the context of the development of digital technologies, especially considering the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences. The article first presents the generalised and systemised reasoned opinions of Rus...
Article
This paper examines international discourse borders regarding theoretical and practical problems of Universal basic income concept through the prism of the scientific discussion which took place in May 2021 at the International Scientific Russian-German Conference «Universal basic income as a regulatory measure for improvement of citizens’ standard...
Article
Full-text available
The article is devoted to the problems of the material well-being of the Russian population. It presents the research results that continues the author's developments on the assessment of inequality in the distribution of the population by monetary income and housing provision. This study aimed to identify and analyse the inequality of material wel...
Article
Full-text available
The article is devoted to modeling the possibilities of overcoming absolute monetary poverty in Russia based on the concept of an unconditional basic income (UBI). It is shown that due to the unclear consequences of the impact of the introduction of UBI payments on various aspects of the life of modern societies, due to the impossibility of making...
Article
This paper aims to analyze and summarize the realities of academic discourse on fundamental transformations in the sphere of labour relations related to the development of non-standard employment. The digests of the presentations that the authors received from the speakers of the international academic pаnel «Employment and Labour Market: Contours...
Article
Статья посвящена памяти безвременно ушедшего известного российского учёного, д.э.н., профессора, заслуженного деятеля науки Российской Федерации, Валентина Дементьевича Роика, краткому обзору его огромного творческого наследия, его новой работе «Старение. Здоровье. Качество жизни старшего поколения», которая издаётся посмертно. Крайне обширен и шир...
Article
Full-text available
Статья посвящена рассмотрению реализации националь� ного приоритета «Повышение качества жизни российских граждан» в Стратегии национальной безопасности Российской Федерации. В статье проанализированы уровень и динамика занятости, реальныхденежных доходов населения, бедности и имущественного неравен� ства, а также эффективность социальной поддержки...
Article
The paper presents the results of a study on the level and quality of employment in the generational groups of the working-age population (youth, middle age and old age) and its impact on its distribution, considering the correspondence of the per capita income of their households to social standards. The research is based on the authors’ developme...
Article
Full-text available
The article provides an overview of special sources, research results, ideas and discussions in the following areas related to formation of consumer basket (CB): 1) methods of forming consumer baskets in the Russian Federation and abroad, their advantages and disadvantages; 2) composition and standards of consumption of goods and services that may...
Article
Full-text available
The relevance of the study of platform employment is determined by the fact that under the influence of digitalization, demographic and other challenges over the past decade, its scale has radically increased in the world. The emergence of digital labour platforms has become one of the important tools of the new organization and structuring of the...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents the results of a study conducted by the authors that continues to monitor the level of housing deprivation of the Russian population based on criteria standards. The scales of groups that differ in quantitative and qualitative parameters of housing conditions are identified, and estimates of the distribution of the population b...
Article
Full-text available
Problems in researching the category (universalbasicincome – UBI) were found in a number of publications. Taking into account the idea of the inevitable introduction of UBI system it is necessary to resolve problems in researching options of such systems’ functioning, such as: what can be the source of the income, what can be the UBI value, custome...
Chapter
The notion of employment precarity is about instability of employment. Such employment and work force reproduction bring about social-labour relations that are imposed on and unfavourable for employees. Such relations involve: Reduction of the sphere of employment based on open-ended employment contract with a standard work week and expansion of th...
Article
The article argues for a proposal for such a step in the direction of strengthening social support for the least protected groups of the Russian population and the development of the entire system of social state guarantees as a whole, as the introduction of a socially acceptable consumer basket instead of a consumer basket of the subsistence minim...
Article
Full-text available
This article deals with the issue of the impact of universal basic income (UBI) on the standards and quality of life of population, highlights some theoretical and methodological aspects of its introduction, characterizes the current state of research on this issue and the experience of other countries. It presents the basic conceptual provisions o...
Article
The Object of the Study. Informal employment in Russia, factors affecting the development of informal employment. The Subject of the Study. Socio-economic policy in connection with the development of non-standard forms of employment in Russia. The Purpose of the Study. Developing of proposals for the transformation of socioeconomic policy in the co...
Article
The Object of the Study. Russian citizens. The Subject of the Study. Socioeconomic relations that lead to absolute monetary and non-monetary poverty and high socioeconomic inequality. The Purpose of the Study. Justification of the relevance and approaches to the development of a national Programme to increase real monetary income, reduce poverty an...
Article
The article is devoted to understanding the results of 25 years Of monitoring of income and living standards of the population (hereinafter-Monitoring) in post-Soviet Russia. Monitoring began in 1995 in connection with the disorganization of the economy in the early 90's of the last century and the need to respond to the negative consequences of ra...
Chapter
В сборнике представлены доклады и тезисы участников Международной научно-практической конференции «III Римашевские чтения. Сбережение населения России: здоровье, занятость, уровень и качество жизни», организованной ИСЭПН ФНИСЦ РАН в память о выдающемся российском ученом – Наталье Михайловне Римашевской, д.э.н., член-корреспонденте Российской академ...
Article
Full-text available
The substantiation of the mechanism of payment of temporary basic income for unemployed Russian citizens registered with the state employment service is proposed. The introduction of this mechanism is considered as a possible experiment for testing transitional forms of universal basic income in the Russian Federation. The modeling was carried out...
Article
The article deals with conceptions of the nature and reasons of informal employment presented in the reports at the International Confrence of EN RLMM in Moskva, 3–4 October 2019. The Object of the article are workers who are not members of the staff of organizations or are engaged in those without signing an official labour contract and thus repre...
Article
Full-text available
The paper classifies and investigates working hours in order to identify the structure of their distribution and factors determining their distribution in Russia. Assessment of the situation regarding working time is relevant in conditions of non-standard employment when it is necessary to search for ways to improve productivity. Our article adds t...
Article
Full-text available
The article analyzes the effectiveness of the quality management systems that operate at a number of enterprises. The main problem in most cases is determined as weak usage of the process approach in business-process management. To eliminate this problem, the authors offere to apply a process approach in the quality management systems of engineerin...
Article
The article is devoted to the study of the possible impact of the introduction of universal basic income on improving the standards of living and quality of life and sustainability of societies. The theoretical part of the article reveals the problems that require further study of the category of " universal basic income" (UBI), such as its relatio...
Article
The article analyzes the results of implementation of the project “Precarity of employment in the Russian Federation: the state and directions of reduction”. The development of foreign and Russian studies of precarious employment has been systematized, and the contribution of the Russian scientists who have been at the forefront of studying this pr...
Article
The Object of the Study. Quality of life of low-income population The Subject of the Study. Consumer basket of subsistence minimum as a social standard of quality of life of low-income population The Purpose of the Study. Development of the methodological basis for the formation of a socially acceptable consumer basket of the subsistence minimum. T...
Article
The article is devoted to the methodological foundations of identifying and assessing the precarity of non-standard employment.The Object of the Study is workers in precarious employment. The Subject of the Study is the production relations that characterize the economic and social situation of workers due to the development of flexible forms of em...
Article
Full-text available
Precarious employment is becoming more and more widespread in the world and inRussia. It is the destruction of the traditional standard model of employment, labour and social rights of workers to secure and sustainable employment. This is one of the problematic areas of modern social relations, exacerbated by the industrial revolution 4.0, globaliz...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the main results of studying the composition and scale of Russia’s middle classes, which are comprised of the working population. The study is based on an authentic methodology, which develops a multi-criterion approach to identifying social structures, based on standards and quality of living, and to revealing middle classes...
Article
The article deals with the theoretical, methodical and practical principles of forming a new model of targeted social support of low-income families with children on the basis of guaranteed minimum income. Approbation of the new approaches to targeted social support of low-income families with children was implemented in Vologda oblast. The target...
Book
Full-text available
Сквозь призму исследовательского проекта «Неустойчивая занятость в Рос- сийской Федерации: состояние и направления снижения», выполненного в 2016– 2018 гг., раскрываются феномен неустойчивой занятости, ее теоретические аспекты и трансформация подходов к изучению, причины и последствия, особенности проявления в цифровой экономике, проводится оценива...
Article
The Object of the Study.Indigent families with childrenThe Subject of the Study.Addressed social supportThe Purpose of the Study.Development of tools to strengthen addressed social support.The Main Provisions of the Article. Among the poor, whose per capita income is below the subsistence level, families with children predominate. Taking social sup...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a characterization of the essence of precarious employment. The author describes some of the key stages in the transformation of the employment sector. The paper shares the findings from a sociological study into precarious employment in a representative group. The author has explored some of the key parameters for the group and...
Article
The article identifies the social structure of the Russian society by the level of material security. The research results proceed from the early authors’ studies on the analysis of the inequality of population distribution according to certain components of material security (income and housing security). The subject matter of this study was to id...
Article
It is shown that the theory of social quality is developed as a philosophical paradigm in relation to the modern capitalist modernization of the economy today, accompanied by the loss of the "social component". The indicators of social quality allowing to carry out subjective assessment of quality of life not at the individual level, but at the lev...
Article
Full-text available
Object. Housing provision of the population of Russia. Subject. Social groups of the population, differing in the level and quality of housing provision. Goal. The article is devoted to the identification of the social structure of the population in Russia housing security. The main provisions of the article. The authors found the intervals of the...
Article
Full-text available
Статья посвящена выявлению социальной структуры и неравенства распределения денежных доходов населения Российской Федерации. Актуальность исследования обусловлена необходимостью идентификации групп населения с разным уровнем материального достатка в обществе с высокой степенью неравенства распределения по уровню жизни. Гипотеза исследования состоит...
Article
Full-text available
Статья посвящена выявлению социальной структуры и неравенства распределения денежных доходов населения Российской Федерации. Актуальность исследования обусловлена необходимостью идентификации групп населения с разным уровнем материального достатка в обществе с высокой степенью неравенства распределения по уровню жизни. Гипотеза исследования состоит...
Article
Full-text available
В настоящей статье представлены результаты исследования, посвященного неустойчивой (прекаризованной) занятости, которая представляет собой многоуровневый феномен нестабильности социально-экономических позиций занятых, принимающий разнообразные формы. Неустойчивая занятость может быть идентифицирована как с точки зрения качества и характера трудовог...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the results of the study on precarious employment, which represents a multilevel phenomenon of the instability in the socio-economic positions of workers. This phenomenon has various forms. Precarious employment can be identified both in terms of the quality and nature of employment contract, working conditions, and in terms o...
Article
The article aims at identifying the social structure and the inequality in monetary income of the population in Russia. identification of the social groups with different levels of material well-being in a society with a high inequality in the distribution of living standard is a relevant topic. The integration of normative and statistical methods...
Book
В книгу вошли тексты, подготовленные к международной научно-практической конференции "Неустойчивость занятости: международный и российский контексты изменения законодательства о труде и занятости" / The book includes paper presented at International research and practice conference "Precarious Employment : International and Russian Contexts of Chan...
Article
Full-text available
В статье раскрыты вопросы глобальности прекаризации и обоснованы критерии неустойчивости занятости с учетом особенностей их проявления в Российской Федерации. Актуальность исследования обусловлена вариативностью подходов к содержанию неустойчивой занятости и необходимостью выработки ее оптимальных критериев с учетом особенностей национальных рынков...
Article
Full-text available
Объект. Изучаются научные школы исследования качества жизни в России и обусловленные им социальные структуры. Предмет. Основные идеи и достижения российских научных школ качества жизни, по изучению потребления, неравенства и бедности. Цель. Основная цель статьи – рассмотреть ключевые положения научных школ исследования качества жизни, неравенства и...
Article
Full-text available
Рассмотрены формы неустойчивости занятости в формальной экономике страны. Проанализированы типы контрактных соглашений, условия труда, сферы занятости и удовлетворенность ею работников. Сделан вывод о необходимости сокращения неустойчивости занятости в формальной экономике как условия легализации неформальной занятости. Предложены индикаторы, харак...
Article
Full-text available
Объект. Качество и уровень жизни населения России. Предмет. Межрегиональное неравенство в качестве и уровне жизни населения на основе социальных индикаторов. Цель. Сравнительный анализ регионов России по индикаторам качества и уровня жизни населения, оценка и анализ межрегионального неравенства, сложившегося по индикаторам качества и уровня жизни н...
Article
Full-text available
precarity employment) вы-звана тем, что в условиях объективного расширения гибкости рынков труда (labour market flexibility) и появления все новых и новых форм занятости не найдены адекватные механизмы компенсации экономических потерь го-сударства от скрытого производства, неуплаты налогов и предотвращения экономической и социальной защищенности ра...
Article
Full-text available
В статье рассматривается специфика социально-экономи­ческой структуры российского общества на основе норма­тивных критериев доходов и жилищной обеспеченности, а также среднего класса в её составе. Даны количественные оценки представительства среднего класса и других групп, выделенных по уровню материальной обеспеченности в 2015 г. и в динамике за п...
Article
Full-text available
Аннотация: рассматриваются концептуальные экономико-социологические подходы к определению сущности и понятия неустойчивости занятости. Зарубежные социологи и экономисты определяют неустойчивость занятости как одну из ключевых проблем современности, которая связана со структурными особенностями современной формы рыночного капитализма. Неустойчивость...
Article
Full-text available
The subject-matter of the article is the study of the features of the youth labour market in such a specific region of Russia as the city of Moscow. The topic of the work is connected with the adaptation of training system for young specialists to the regional requirements of the employers of Moscow. The main hypothesis of the research suggests tha...
Article
Full-text available
Предметом статьи является изучение особенностей молодежного рынка труда в таком специфическом регионе России, как город Москва. Тема работы связана с адаптацией системы подготовки молодых специалистов к региональным требованиям работодателей города Москвы. Основная гипотеза исследования предполагает, что город Москва является нетипичным регионом Ро...
Article
Full-text available
The paper is devoted to the research of the nature of precarity. The authors explore the dual substance of precarity as both global and local phenomena. There are four major premises in the formation of precarity at the global and local levels: the divisions of labor markets deepening inequalities and asymmetries; the Fourth Industrial Revolution p...
Article
The subject-matter of the article is the study of the peculiarities of the youth labour market in such a specific region of Russia as the city of Moscow. The topic of the work is connected to the adaptation of young specialists training system to the regional requirements of the employers of Moscow. The main hypothesis of the research assumes that...
Article
Full-text available
Рассматриваются концептуальные экономико-социологические подходы к определению сущности и понятия неустойчивости занятости. Зарубежные социологи и экономисты определяют неустойчивость занятости как одну из ключевых проблем современности, которая связана со структурными особенностями современной формы рыночного капитализма. Неустойчивость за-нятости...
Article
Full-text available
The relevance of the researched problem is connected with the high level of economic inequality in Russia. The article goal is to show that the current Russian institutional system is not directed to decrease the economic inequality but on the contrary it continues to make and deepen it. The leading approach to study of this problem is the analysis...
Article
Full-text available
Obviously, we face an economic crisis that dominates the headlines of daily newspapers, academic jour- nals and features as the title of TV-and-radio casts alike. And, not withstanding political differences, there is widespread consensus that the economic crisis is only the tip of an iceberg. However, there is little readi- ness to go beyond the in...
Article
The relevance of the researched problem is connected with the high level of economic inequality in Russia. The article goal is to show that the current Russian institutional system is not directed to decrease the economic inequality but on the contrary it continues to make and deepen it. The leading approach to study of this problem is the analysis...
Article
Full-text available
In the article, the authors estimated the social effect of foreign direct investments (FDI) in the regions of Kazakhstan. In order to do it, the authors studied the dynamics of FDI of the region operating enterprises with foreign participation and the regional six indicators of socio-economic development during 2003-2013 on the basis of database of...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of this paper is to reveal the relationship between poverty of economically active people’s households (monetary and non-monetary) and job satisfaction of workers from these households. Thus, the object of the study is economically active population in Russia and the subject — peculiarities of its poorest part’s attitude towards career...
Article
Full-text available
The article deals with the problems of defining middle classes. Theoretical principles of social and class structures, including middle classes, are examined. The criteria of reckoning some hired workers as middle classes worked out on the basis of normative methodology (normative criteria) are submitted, the most important of them being educationa...
Article
Full-text available
The subject of the article is the relationships in labor utilization. The article analyzes the impact of employment instability on the socio-economic situation of employees in Russia. Questions revealing the concept content of employment instability, its real forms and socio-economic consequences for employees are considered. Methods of statistical...
Article
Full-text available
The article studies the relationship of social groups about income distribution and goods consumption. It is dedicated to the internal and international aspects of inequality of living standards in Russia during the period of capitalist transformations of 1990-2000's. Problems of the dynamics of inequality in living standards are analyzed. Methods...