Volker Höllt

Volker Höllt
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg | OvGU · Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie

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119
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7,607
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Citations since 2016
3 Research Items
1838 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250

Publications

Publications (119)
Article
Cannabinoid CB1 receptor, the molecular target of endocannabinoids and cannabis active components, is one of the most abundant metabotropic receptors in the brain. Cannabis is widely used for both recreational and medicinal purposes. Despite the ever-growing fundamental roles of microRNAs in the brain, the possible molecular connections between the...
Chapter
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The first reports on tolerance to the serotonergic hallucinogen lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) were published half a century ago, yet hitherto, a systematic review on this topic is not available. In this chapter, we discuss tolerance to LSD with regard to its psychedelic and somatic effects in humans, as well as selected behaviors in animals. In...
Article
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Serotonergic hallucinogens, such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and dimethoxy-bromoamphetamine (DOB), provoke stereotype-like shaking behaviour in rodents, which is hypothesised to engage frontocortical glutamate receptor activation secondary to serotonin2A (5-HT2A) related glutamate release. Challenging this hypothesis, we here investigate wh...
Article
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A re-balance of postsynaptic serotonin (5-HT) receptor signalling, with an increase in 5-HT1A and a decrease in 5-HT2A signalling, is a final common pathway multiple antidepressants share. Given that the 5-HT1A/2A agonist lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), when repeatedly applied, selectively downregulates 5-HT2A, but not 5-HT1A receptors, one might...
Article
Preconditioning increases the neurons' resistance to subsequent hypoxia. An in vitro study was conducted to explore kinetic aspects of hypoxic preconditioning. Hippocampal slices were exposed to one single or repeated episodes of oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD). The interval between OGD episodes varied between 30min and 180min. OGD led to a si...
Article
Opioids are irreplaceable for the treatment of severe pain. However, opioid-induced immunomodulation affects therapies. Here we report that treatment of human T lymphocytes with the opioids fentanyl, methadone, loperamide and beta-endorphin resulted in a strong induction of the cytokine interleukin-4. In contrast, morphine and buprenorphine induced...
Article
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Mitragyna speciosa and its extracts are named kratom (dried leaves, extract). It contains several alkaloids and is used in traditional medicine to alleviate musculoskeletal pain, hypertension, coughing, diarrhea, and as an opiate substitute for addicts. Abuse and addiction to kratom is described, and kratom has attracted increasing interest in West...
Article
We studied nociceptive behavior and the effects of analgesics in Wistar (Wist) and Sprague Dawley (SPD) rats and in CB1 receptor-deficient mice with neuropathic pain experimentally. Neuropathic pain was induced by loose ligation of the sciatic nerve (chronic constriction injury, CCI). In CCI rats from both strains, cold allodynia and a reduced ther...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the epigenetic modifiers trichostatin A and 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine on the expression of the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 and μ-opioid receptors in human SH SY5Y neuroblastoma cells and human Jurkat T lymphocytes. Using quantitative real-time RT-PCR, mRNA specific for the aforementioned rec...
Article
Opioids potently modulate neuronal functions, for example, by regulating the activity of transcription factors. Here, we investigated the effect of morphine on the activity of the transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). Establishing cellular models for our investigations, we demonstrated that NF-κB mediated the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-i...
Article
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5-HT2A receptor internalisation induced by LSD, psilocin, DOI, quipazine, ergotamine, serotonin, but not DMT or methysergide
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Morphine is one of the most potent analgesic drugs. However, the utility of morphine in the management of chronic pain is limited by its rapid development of tolerance. Morphine exerts all of its pharmacological effects via the μ-opioid receptor. In many systems, tolerance is associated with phosphorylation and desensitization of G-protein-coupled...
Article
Morphine activates the µ-opioid receptor without causing its rapid endocytosis. In contrast, full agonists such as [d-Ala(2) -MePhe(4) -Gly-ol]enkephalin (DAMGO) or etonitazene stimulate a rapid and profound internalization. However, the detailed molecular events underlying the differential regulation of receptor trafficking by distinct opioid agon...
Article
Various immunomodulatory effects of opioids are mediated by mu opioid receptors. While in resting T lymphocytes their expression is repressed, mu opioid receptors are induced by interleukin-4 via the transcription factor STAT6. Here we investigated mechanisms underlying this induction in human Jurkat T cells. Although interleukin-4 induced a rapid...
Article
Cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitors (COX 2) such as parecoxib (par) and valdecoxib (val) are used in the treatment of neuropathic pain. Using the radioligand binding assay it was demonstrated that both the prodrug par as well as its active metabolite val have a specific affinity to the cannabinoid (CB) receptor measured in CB1-expressing HEK 293 cells and...
Article
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We demonstrated recently that opioid-induced activation of phospholipase D2 (PLD2) enhances mu- (MOPr) and delta-opioid receptor endocytosis/recycling and thus reduces the development of opioid receptor desensitization and tolerance. However, the mechanistic basis for the PLD2-mediated induction of opioid receptor endocytosis is currently unknown....
Article
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP) and the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor (SDF-1) have been implicated in neuroprotection, neurogenesis, and regeneration. Focal ischemia is associated with rapid upregulation of PACAP in perifocal neurons and delayed induction of SDF-1 in hypoxic/ischemic tissues, the latter process being...
Article
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The aim of this study was to characterize inhibitory mechanisms on T cell receptor signaling mediated by the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. Both receptors are coupled to G(i/o) proteins, which are associated with inhibition of cyclic AMP formation. In human primary and Jurkat T lymphocytes, activation of CB1 by R(+)-methanandamide, CB2 by JWH01...
Article
Endocytosis of the mu-opioid receptor (MOPr) has been shown to play a protective role against the development of tolerance to opioid drugs by facilitating receptor reactivation and recycling. It has been further demonstrated, that the opioid-mediated and ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF)-dependent activation of phospholipase D2 (PLD2) is a prerequisite...
Article
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Transient prenatal vitamin D deficiency is considered a neurodevelopmental animal model in schizophrenia research. Vitamin D deficiency in female rats causes morphological, cellular and molecular changes in the brain and alters behaviour and nerve growth factors expression in their offspring. Prenatal depleted animals showed a significant impairmen...
Article
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We have recently shown that the activation of the rat mu-opioid receptor (MOPr, also termed MOR1) by the mu-agonist [D-Ala(2), Me Phe(4), Glyol(5)]enkephalin (DAMGO) leads to an increase in phospholipase D2 (PLD2) activity and an induction of receptor endocytosis, whereas the agonist morphine which does not induce opioid receptor endocytosis fails...
Article
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Opioids are widely used for the treatment of severe pain. However, it is also known that opioids, in particular morphine, cause immunosuppression. Therefore, their use may complicate treatment of persons with an already impaired immune system, e.g., patients suffering from cancer or AIDS. We investigated the mechanisms of opioid-induced immunosuppr...
Article
The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) regulates neuronal development via the chemokine receptor CXCR4. In the adult brain the SDF-1/CXCR4 system was implicated in neurogenesis, neuromodulation, brain inflammation, tumor growth, and HIV encephalopathy. Until the recent identification of RDC1/CXCR7 as the second SDF-1 receptor, CXCR4 wa...
Article
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The interaction of mu-opioid receptor (MOPr) with the neuronal membrane glycoprotein M6a is known to facilitate MOPr endocytosis in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells. To further study the role of M6a in the post-endocytotic sorting of MOPr, we investigated the agonist-induced co-internalization of MOPr and M6a and protein targeting after in...
Article
Expression patterns of the second SDF-1 receptor RDC1/CXCR7 were examined after focal ischemia in rats using in situ hybridization. CXCR7 mRNA was identified in the ventricle walls as well as neuronal, astroglial, and vascular cells. After ischemia, intact cortical regions showed a rapid, 4 days-lasting increase in neuronal CXCR7 expression. In the...
Article
The effects of inducible heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) on emotional and learning behaviour as well as hippocampal long-term potentiation was investigated in transgenic HSP70 overexpressing mice. In active two-way avoidance learning (shuttle box) as well as spatial 8-arm radial maze learning, the HSP70 overexpressing mice showed diminished learning...
Article
Opiates function as immunomodulators, partly by their effects on T cells. Opioids act via mu-, delta-, and kappa-opioid receptors, among which the mu-type is of particular interest, because morphine-like opioids preferentially bind to it. Here we report that mu-opioid receptor mRNA was induced after CD3/28-mediated activation of primary human T lym...
Article
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Stromal-cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) play a well-established role during embryonic development of dentate gyrus granule cells. However, little is known about the regulation and function of CXCR4 in the postnatal dentate gyrus. Here, we identify a striking mismatch between intense CXCR4 mRNA and lim...
Article
It is established that hippocampal neurogenesis is dynamically regulated by physiological and pathological stimuli including learning, environmental complexity, mental disorders and brain lesion. Little is known about factors regulating adaptive changes in neurogenesis. Using mu-opioid receptor (MOP)-knockout mice we addressed whether endogenous op...
Article
The majority of effects of cannabinoids are mediated by the two receptors CB1 and CB2. In addition to neuronal cells, CB1 receptors are expressed in T lymphocytes, in which they are involved in cannabinoid-induced T helper cell biasing. Although basally expressed only weakly in T cells, CB1 receptors are up-regulated in these cells by stimuli such...
Article
Agonist-induced mu-opioid receptor (MOPr) internalization has long been suggested to contribute directly to functional receptor desensitization and opioid tolerance. In contrast, recent evidence suggests that opioid receptor internalization could in fact reduce opioid tolerance in vivo, but the mechanisms that are responsible for the internalizatio...
Article
Agonist-induced internalization of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is an important mechanism for regulating signaling transduction of functional receptors at the plasma membrane. We demonstrate here that both caveolae/lipid-rafts- and clathrin-coated-pits-mediated pathways were involved in agonist-induced endocytosis of the cannabinoid type 1 r...
Article
In rat hippocampal slices, a short hypoxia/hypoglycemia causes immediate loss of evoked potentials (population spike amplitude) in the CA1 region and the extent of electrophysiological restoration during reperfusion can serve as a parameter for cell function. Previous experiments using this model revealed that exposure to morphine aggravates the ne...
Article
The protective effect of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) in stroke models is poorly understood. We studied patterns of PACAP, vasoactive intestinal peptide, and the PACAP-selective receptor PAC1 after middle cerebral artery occlusion and neuroprotection by PACAP in cortical cultures exposed to oxygen/glucose deprivation (...
Article
Morphine modulates neuronal and immune cell functions via mu-opioid receptors. In primary and Jurkat T cells, and Raji B cells mu-opioid receptor transcripts were detected only after stimulation of the cells with IL-4 or TNF-alpha. Moreover, the amount of the induced mu-opioid receptor mRNA in the immune cells was 15 to 200 times less than those in...
Article
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Using a yeast two-hybrid screen, the neuronal membrane glycoprotein M6a, a member of the proteolipid protein family, was identified to be associated with the mu-opioid receptor (MOPr). Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer and co-immunoprecipitation experiments confirmed that M6a interacts agonist-independently with MOPr in human embryonic kidn...
Article
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Most of the effects of the signalling molecule nitric oxide (NO) are mediated by the stimulation of the NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (GC) and the subsequent increase in cGMP formation. The enzyme contains a prosthetic heme group which mediates NO stimulation. NO/cGMP signalling plays an important role in the vascular system and has been proposed t...
Article
Cortical GABAergic neurons originate in the ventral telencephalon, invade the cortex via tangential migration, and integrate into the cortical plate by surface-directed and ventricle-directed migration. In mice lacking CXCR4 or SDF-1, GABAergic neurons fail to complete their migration. It is presently unknown which parts of the migration of CXCR4-e...
Article
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Kindling induced by the convulsant pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) is an accepted model of primary generalized epilepsy. Because seizures represent a strong distressing stimulus, stress-induced proteins such as heat shock proteins might counteract the pathology of increased neuronal excitation. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine wheth...
Article
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Chemotactic cytokines (chemokines) are small secreted proteins that control leukocyte trafficking in immune organs. Chemokines which are induced in the brain during conditions of inflammation play a role in the local immune response. Recently, it has been established in the rodent brain that distinct chemokines and chemokine receptors are constitut...
Article
Effects of cannabinoids are mediated by CB1 and CB2 receptors. In addition to neuronal effects, cannabinoids are potent modulators of immune functions. In this report, we investigated whether the transcription of these receptors is regulated after activation of T lymphocytes. CB1- and CB2-specific mRNA of primary human peripheral blood T cells and...
Article
Neuropeptide B (NPB) and the structurally related neuropeptide W (NPW) have recently been identified as the endogenous ligands of the orphan G protein-coupled receptors GPR7 and GPR8. Whereas NPW is a high-affinity ligand for both GPR7 and GPR8, NPB activates only GPR7 in sub-nanomolar concentrations. GPR7 is highly conserved in both human and rode...
Article
Effects of cannabinoids (CBs) are mediated by two types of receptors, CB1 and CB2. In this report, we investigated whether CBs regulate gene expression of their cognate receptors in T cells and studied underlying mechanisms in CD4+ Jurkat T cells. Transcription of the CB1 gene was strongly induced in response to Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), w...
Article
There is increasing evidence that the signal transduction of opioid receptors is modulated by receptor-associated proteins. In the search for proteins regulating mu-opioid receptor (MOPr) endocytosis, synaptophysin was found to bind to the rat micro-opioid receptor in yeast two-hybrid assay. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments and bioluminescence res...
Article
Earlier investigations demonstrated up-regulated mu-opioid receptor expression in neuronal and immune cells in response to IL-1, IL-4, IL-6 and TNF-alpha. We herein report that mu-opioid receptor expression is down-regulated in SH SY5Y neuroblastoma cells by IFN-gamma, and that IL-4-mediated induction of mu-opioid receptor expression is inhibited i...
Article
Full-text available
Despite numerous investigations, the mechanisms underlying the development of opioid tolerance are far from clear. However, several in vitro studies implicated a protective role of agonist-induced micro-opioid receptor endocytosis in the development of opioid tolerance. Moreover, we have recently demonstrated that the high-efficacy agonist etonitaz...
Article
We have recently shown that the mu-opioid receptor [MOR1, also termed mu-opioid peptide (MOP) receptor] is associated with the phospholipase D2 (PLD2), a phospholipid-specific phosphodiesterase located in the plasma membrane. We further demonstrated that, in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells co-expressing MOR1 and PLD2, treatment with (D-Ala2,...
Article
Opioids and cannabinoids are both associated with analgetic, psychotropic, and immunomodulatory effects. It has been suggested that both systems interact on multiple levels. We hypothesized that cannabinoids induce opioid receptors and investigated cannabinoid-dependent expression of the mu-opioid receptor subtype in a human T cell model. We report...
Article
It is generally assumed that combinations of polymorphic alleles of different genes contribute to polygenetic disorders. Variants of the opioid receptors are the obvious candidates underlying addiction. Most research has focused on the coding variation A118G of the mu opioid receptor (MOPr), which replaces asparagine at position 40 by aspartate (As...
Article
Repeated opiate administration alters gene expression in different brain regions of rodents, an effect which may contribute to plastic changes associated with addictive behaviour. There is increasing evidence that multiple transcription factors are induced in morphine tolerance, sensitization and during morphine withdrawal. Whereas morphine treatme...
Article
The effects of somatostatin in the rat lateral amygdala (LA) in vitro were investigated through whole cell recording techniques. Somatostatin induced an inwardly rectifying K+ current in approximately 98% of LA projection neurons. Half-maximal effects were obtained by 189 nM somatostatin. The effects of somatostatin were insensitive to tetrodotoxin...
Article
Somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR2) mediates neuromodulatory signals of somatostatin and cortistatin in the cerebral cortex. Recently, SSTR2 has been shown to enhance conserved death ligand- and mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathways in non-neuronal cells. Whether somatostatin receptors are activated in cerebrocortical neurons and contribute to neuro...
Article
Full-text available
In contrast to endogenous opioids, the highly addictive drug morphine activates the mu-opioid receptor without causing its rapid endocytosis. It has recently been reported that coapplication of low concentrations of [d-Ala(2),N-Me-Phe(4),Gly(5)-ol]-enkephalin (DAMGO) facilitates the ability of morphine to stimulate mu-opioid receptor endocytosis an...
Article
Human tumors frequently overexpress receptors for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP). However, none of the VIP/PACAP receptor proteins has been visualized individually in human tumors. Here, we developed and characterized a panel of antipeptide antibodies to the carboxyl-terminal regions o...
Article
Opioid receptors are expressed in neuronal and immune cells and regulated in response to immunological processes. Herein, we demonstrate up-regulation of the delta-opioid receptor gene by interleukin-4 in immune cells (primary T and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, Jurkat E6 T cells), and in NG 108-15 neuronal cells. We identified an interleukin-4-res...
Article
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Inflammatory pain is counteracted by a number of physiological processes. For example, opioid receptors, which are present on peripheral terminals of sensory neurons, are activated by endogenous opioids, which are released from immune cells migrating to the inflamed tissue. Earlier data demonstrated that interleukin-6 contributes to such inflammati...
Article
Morphine is a poor inducer of micro-opioid receptor (MOR) internalization, but a potent inducer of cellular tolerance. Here we show that, in contrast to full agonists such as [D-Ala(2)-MePhe(4)-Gly-ol]enkephalin (DAMGO), morphine stimulated a selective phosphorylation of the carboxy-terminal residue 375 (Ser(375)). Ser(375) phosphorylation was suff...
Article
Multiple approaches have been performed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying drug withdrawal in opioid-dependent animals. Opiate withdrawal represents a state of neuronal hyperexcitability in the brain that leads to alterations in a number of second-messenger systems which, in turn, induce expression of transcription factors. Whereas ea...
Article
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The physiological responses of somatostatin are mediated by five different G protein-coupled receptors. Although agonist-induced endocytosis of the various somatostatin receptor subtypes (sst(1)-sst(5)) has been studied in detail, little is known about their postendocytic trafficking. Here we show that somatostatin receptors profoundly differ in pa...