# Vladyslav C. UsenkoPalacký University Olomouc · Department of Optics and Quantum Optics Laboratory

Vladyslav C. Usenko

PhD

## About

65

Publications

9,669

Reads

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2,405

Citations

Citations since 2017

Introduction

Vladyslav C. Usenko currently works at the Department of Optics at Palacký University Olomouc where he does research in Quantum Optics, Quantum Information and Quantum Communication.

Additional affiliations

September 2014 - present

January 2010 - present

January 2005 - present

Education

September 1999 - May 2003

**Institute of Physics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine**

Field of study

- Theoretical physics

September 1998 - May 1999

September 1993 - May 1998

## Publications

Publications (65)

Discrete-variable (DV) and continuous-variable (CV) schemes constitute the two major families of quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols. Unfortunately, since the setup elements required by these schemes are quite different, making a fair comparison of their potential performance in particular applications is often troublesome, limiting the experi...

Advances in quantum technologies are giving rise to a revolution in the way fundamental physics questions are explored at the empirical level. At the same time, they are the seeds for future disruptive technological applications of quantum physics. Remarkably, a space-based environment may open many new avenues for exploring and employing quantum p...

We analyze degradation of multimode entanglement and quantum key distribution in the presence of cross talk. As countermeasures we suggest optimization of initial entangled resource or cross talk compensation by additional coupling between the modes.

Two-mode squeezed states are scalable and robust entanglement resources for continuous-variable and hybrid quantum information protocols at a distance. We consider the effect of a linear cross talk in the multimode distribution of two-mode squeezed states propagating through parallel similar channels. First, to reduce degradation of the distributed...

Quantum key distribution with continuous variables already uses advantageous high-speed single-mode homodyne detection with low electronic noise at room temperature. Together with continuous-variable information encoding to nonclassical states, the distance for secure key transmission through lossy channels can approach 300 km in current optical fi...

Quantum key distribution with continuous variables already uses advantageous high-speed single-mode homodyne detection with low electronic noise at room temperature. Together with continuous-variable information encoding to nonclassical states, the distance for secure key transmission through lossy channels can approach 300 km in current optical fi...

Advances in quantum technologies are giving rise to a revolution in the way fundamental physics questions are explored at the empirical level. At the same time, they are the seeds for future disruptive technological applications of quantum physics. Remarkably, a space-based environment may open many new avenues for exploring and employing quantum p...

Flaws in the process of modulation, or encoding of key bits in the quadratures of the electromagnetic light field, can make continuous-variable quantum key distribution systems susceptible to leakage of secret information. Here, we report such a modulation leakage vulnerability in a system that uses an optical in-phase and quadrature modulator to i...

Two-mode squeezed states are scalable and robust entanglement resources for continuous-variable and hybrid quantum information protocols that are realized at a distance. We consider the effect of a linear cross talk in the multimode distribution of two-mode squeezed states propagating through parallel similar channels. First, to reduce degradation...

Flaws in the process of modulation, or encoding of key bits in the quadratures of the electromagnetic light field, can make continuous-variable quantum key distribution systems susceptible to leakage of secret information. Here, we report such a modulation leakage vulnerability in a system that uses an optical in-phase and quadrature modulator to i...

We address the applicability of quantum key distribution with continuous-variable coherent and squeezed states over long-distance satellite-based links, considering low Earth orbits and taking into account strong varying channel attenuation, atmospheric turbulence and finite data ensemble size effects. We obtain tight security bounds on the untrust...

We address the applicability of quantum key distribution with continuous-variable coherent and squeezed states over long-distance satellite-based links, considering low Earth orbits and taking into account strong varying channel attenuation, atmospheric turbulence and finite data ensemble size effects. We obtain tight security bounds on the untrust...

We investigate estimation of fluctuating channels and its effect on security of continuous-variable quantum key distribution. We propose a novel estimation scheme which is based on the clusterization of the estimated transmittance data. We show that uncertainty about whether the transmittance is fixed or not results in a lower key rate. However, if...

We propose the Gaussian continuous-variable quantum key distribution using squeezed states in the composite channels including atmospheric propagation with transmittance fluctuations. We show that adjustments of signal modulation and use of optimal feasible squeezing can be sufficient to significantly overcome the coherent-state protocol and drasti...

Transmittance fluctuations in turbulent atmospheric channels result in quadrature excess noise which limits applicability of continuous-variable quantum communication. Such fluctuations are commonly caused by beam wandering around the receiving aperture. We study the possibility to stabilize the fluctuations by expanding the beam, and test this cha...

Quantum cryptography is arguably the fastest growing area in quantum information science. Novel theoretical protocols are designed on a regular basis, security proofs are constantly improving, and experiments are gradually moving from proof-of-principle lab demonstrations to in-field implementations and technological prototypes. In this review, we...

In this contribution we present reasons for sharing the fibres by both Quantum key distribution and telecommunication traffic, we describe possible sources of noise, discuss availability of photodetectors. Based on these facts we propose suitable wavelength band and verify injection of such Quantum key distribution signal into telecommunication fib...

We address feasibility of continuous-variable quantum key distribution using bright multimode coherent states of light and homodyne detection. We experimentally verify the possibility to properly select signal modes by matching them with the local oscillator and this way to decrease the quadrature noise concerned with unmatched bright modes. We app...

We investigate estimation of fluctuating channels and its effect on security of continuous-variable quantum key distribution. We propose a novel estimation scheme which is based on the clusterization of the estimated transmittance data. We show that uncertainty about whether the transmittance is fixed or not results in a lower key rate. However, if...

Security of practical continuous-variable quantum key distribution is addressed and a security analysis framework, which does not rely on phase-space symmetries of signal states and correlations, is developed. In a general purification-based approach, following optimality of Gaussian collective attacks, it is suggested to find an equivalent general...

Quantum cryptography is arguably the fastest growing area in quantum information science. Novel theoretical protocols are designed on a regular basis, security proofs are constantly improving, and experiments are gradually moving from proof-of-principle lab demonstrations to in-field implementations and technological prototypes. In this review, we...

Quantum communication: no information for the eavesdroppers A new study demonstrates that information leakage from purely lossy quantum channels can be prevented without the need for data post-processing. Christian Jacobsen and colleagues from the Technical University of Denmark and the Palacky University of Czech Republic have shown that communica...

In the original published version of the Article, the inline equation for the conditional covariance matrix γ A|B was listed as γ A|B = γ A − γ B,11 −1 C Π C. This equation should be γ A|B = γ A − γ B,11 −1 σ AB Π σ AB . This has now been corrected in the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

Transmittance fluctuations in turbulent atmospheric channels result in quadrature excess noise which limits applicability of continuous-variable quantum communication. Such fluctuations are commonly caused by beam wandering around the receiving aperture. We study the possibility to stabilize the fluctuations by expanding the beam, and test this cha...

We propose the Gaussian continuous-variable quantum key distribution using squeezed states in the composite channels including atmospheric propagation with transmittance fluctuations. We show that adjustments of signal modulation and use of optimal feasible squeezing can be sufficient to significantly overcome the coherent-state protocol and drasti...

The possibility of using squeezed states in the recently suggested unidimensional continuous-variable quantum key distribution based on a single quadrature modulation is addressed. It is shown that squeezing of the signal states expands the physicality bounds of the effective entangled state shared between the trusted parties due to the antisqueezi...

We address side-channel leakage in a trusted preparation station of continuous-variable quantum key distribution with coherent and squeezed states. We consider two different scenaria: multimode Gaussian modulation, directly accessible to an eavesdropper, or side-channel loss of the signal states prior to the modulation stage. We show the negative i...

Quantum key distribution can be enhanced and extended if nonclassical single-photon states of light are used. We study a connection between the security of quantum key distribution and quantum non-Gaussianity of light arriving at the receiver's detection system in three different realistic models for discrete-variable quantum key distribution schem...

The role of the side channels in the continuous-variable quantum key distribution is studied. It is shown how the information leakage through a side channel from the trusted sender station increases the vulnerability of the protocols to the eavesdropping in the main quantum communication channel. Moreover, the untrusted noise infusion by an eavesdr...

We study the robustness of quantum key distribution protocols based on discrete and continuous variables to the channel noise. We introduce the model of such noise based on coupling of the signal to a thermal bath, typical for continuous-variable quantum key distribution, to the discrete-variable case. Then we perform a comparison of the bounds on...

We address the role of the phase-insensitive trusted preparation and
detection noise in the security of a continuous-variable quantum key
distribution, considering the Gaussian protocols on the basis of coherent and
squeezed states and studying them in the conditions of Gaussian lossy and noisy
channels. The influence of such a noise on the securit...

In a direct detection scheme we observed 7.8 dB of twin-beam squeezing for
multi-mode two-color squeezed vacuum generated via parametric down conversion.
Applying post-selection, we conditionally prepared a Sub-Poissonian state of
light containing $6.3\cdot10^5$ photons per pulse on the average with the Fano
factor $0.63\pm0.01$. The scheme can be...

For systems analogous to a linear harmonic oscillator, the simplest way to
characterize the state is by a covariance matrix containing the
symmetrically-ordered moments of position and momentum. We show that without
direct access to either position or momentum, the estimation of the covariance
matrix of non-classical states is still possible using...

We analyze homodyne detection of macroscopically bright multimode
nonclassical states of light and propose their application in quantum
communication. We observe that the homodyne detection is sensitive to a
mode-matching of the bright light to the highly intense local oscillator.
Unmatched bright modes of light result in additional noise which tec...

We propose the continuous-variable quantum key distribution protocol based on
the Gaussian modulation of a single quadrature of the coherent states of light,
which is aimed to provide simplified implementation compared to the
symmetrically modulated Gaussian coherent-state protocols. The protocol waives
the necessity in phase quadrature modulation...

Secure quantum key distribution with multimode Gaussian entangled states and
multimode homodyne detectors is proposed. In general the multimode character of
both the sources of entanglement and the homodyne detectors can cause a
security break even for a perfect channel when trusted parties are unaware of
the detection structure. Taking into accoun...

We investigate the main limitations which prevent the continuous-variable
quantum key distribution protocols from achieving long distances in the
finite-size setting. We propose a double-modulation protocol which allows using
each state for both channel estimation and key distribution. As opposed to the
standard method, we optimize the parameters o...

Applying a multiphoton-subtraction technique to two-color macroscopic
squeezed vacuum state of light generated via high-gain parametric down
conversion we conditionally prepare a new state of light: bright multi-mode
low-noise twin beams. The obtained results demonstrate up to 8-fold suppression
of noise in each beam while preserving and even moder...

In all lossy communication channels realized to date, information is
inevitably leaked to a potential eavesdropper. Here we present a communication
protocol that does not allow for any information leakage to a potential
eavesdropper. By encoding information into a restricted Gaussian alphabet of
squeezed states we show, both theoretically and exper...

Quantum key distribution enables two remote parties to grow a shared key, which they can use for unconditionally secure communication over a certain distance. The maximal distance depends on the loss and the excess noise of the connecting quantum channel. Several quantum key distribution schemes based on coherent states and continuous variable meas...

Entanglement properties of Gaussian states of light as well as the security
of continuous variable quantum key distribution with Gaussian states in
free-space fading channels are studied. These qualities are shown to be
sensitive to the statistical properties of the transmittance distribution in
the cases when entanglement is strong or when channel...

Quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols allow two trusted parties to
distribute a cryptographic key which they can further use for the
unconditionally secure classical communication. During the last decades
the field has grown mature with the commercial prototypes being
available. They mostly rely on the faint laser pulses implementing the
protoco...

We address the effect of classical correlations, introduced to a quantum resource used for the continuous-variable quantum key distribution. The set-up is based on an entangled source with two trusted parties performing homodyne measurements on their modes, thus corresponding to the preparation of squeezed states, while one of the modes is travelin...

We address the security of continuous-variable quantum key distribution with
squeezed states upon realistic conditions of noisy and lossy environment and
limited reconciliation efficiency. Considering the generalized preparation
scheme and clearly distinguishing between classical and quantum resources, we
investigate the effect of finite squeezing...

We address the applicability of the continuous-variables quantum key distribution in the realistic conditions of noisy preparation,
channel loss and detection noise and investigate the possibility to increase its tolerance to the state preparation noise.
The two types of preparation noise, either phase-sensitive or phase-insensitive excess noise, a...

We address the effects of realistic photodetection, with nonunit quantum efficiency and background noise (dark counts), on the performances of quantum communication schemes based on photon-number entangled states (PNES). We consider channels based on Gaussian twin-beam states (TWB) and non-Gaussian two-mode coherent states (TMC) and evaluate the ch...

We address security of the quantum key distribution scheme based on the noisy modulation of coherent states and investigate how it is robust against noise in the modulation regardless of the particular technical implementation. As the trusted preparation noise is shown to be security breaking even for purely lossy channels, we reveal the essential...

We address the process of generation of the photon-number entangled states of light in the stimulated nonlinear parametric down conversion process and build the simple model describing the generation, not involving the traditional parametric approximation. The motion equations for the system of pumping and two-mode outgoing field are solved for the...

Communication protocols based on quantum states of light have attracted increasing interest in the recent years, since they offer the possibility of enhancing either the communication capacity or the security by exploiting the very quantum nature of the information carriers. While first theoretical ideas and practical realizations started from disc...

We address M-ary communication channels based on entangled two-mode states of radiation in the presence of losses. In particular we focus
on channels build by two-mode coherently-correlated (TMC) or twin-beam (TWB) states. Optimized bit discrimination thresholds,
as well as the corresponding maximized mutual information, are explicitly evaluated as...

We address binary and quaternary communication channels based on correlated multiphoton two-mode states of radiation in the presence of losses. The protocol are based on photon number correlations and realized upon choosing a shared set of thresholds to convert the outcome of a joint photon number measurement into a symbol from a discrete alphabet....

The large-alphabet quantum cryptography protocol based on the two-mode coherently correlated multi-photon beams is proposed. The alphabet extension for the protocol is shown to result in the increase of the QKD effectiveness and security.

The statistical properties of two-mode coherently correlated states of a laser beam and the possibility to use them in the construction of secure quantum channels are described. The stability and security of a corresponding quantum-cryptographic protocol are analyzed.

This work is the development and analysis of the recently proposed quantum
cryptographic protocol, based on the use of the two-mode coherently correlated
states. The protocol is supplied with the cyrptographic control procedures. The
channel error properties and stability against eavesdropping are examined.
State detection features are proposed.

This work is the development and analysis of the recently proposed quantum cryptographic protocol, based on the use of the two-mode coherently correlated states. The protocol is supplied with the cryptographic control procedures. The quantum noise influence on the channel error properties is examined. State detection features are proposed.

The data transmission protocol, based on the use of a strongly correlated pair of laser beams, is proposed. The properties of the corresponding states are described in detail. The protocol is based on the strong correlation of photon numbers in both beams in each measurement. The protocol stability against the interception attempts is analyzed.

Theoretical study of mutual orientation of fullerene $C_{60}$ molecule atom spins is presented in this work. Spin-spin interaction was described by Habbard's model. Existence of antiferromagnetic sturcture of spin sub-system in ground state is found.

We address the problem of the security of the continuous variable quantum key distribution with coherent states in the presence of a trusted noise of different origins, e.g., preparation noise at the sender side and the detection noise at the remote receiver side. We show the essential difference between the impact of these types of noise under con...