Vladimir Hlasny

Vladimir Hlasny
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

PhD

About

76
Publications
8,544
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284
Citations

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluates the bias to inequality measurement from survey nonrespondents. Sixty‐six Luxembourg Income Study surveys for 38 middle‐ and high‐income countries, encompassing some 900,000 households, are used to derive estimates of the Gini coefficient for countries and selected world regions. Household nonresponse typically biases national G...
Article
Korean employers notoriously practice seniority-based personnel management, rather than one prioritizing workers’ skills or performance, and this has changed only slowly amid the evolving business landscape and advancing labor standards. This study contributes to understanding this phenomenon by assessing Korean firms’ promotion criteria and practi...
Article
Full-text available
Korean employers notoriously practice seniority-based personnel management, rather than one prioritizing workers’ skills or performance, and this has changed only slowly amid the evolving business landscape and advancing labor standards. This study contributes to understanding this phenomenon by assessing Korean firms’ promotion criteria and practi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the prevalence and drivers of employment vulnerability among youth in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia, and their propensity to transition to better jobs over time. Design/methodology/approach The analysis is based on longitudinal data from Labor Market Panel Surveys spanning 6–20 years. The authors use...
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The paper assesses how top incomes biases affect the estimation of income inequality in the United States using the Current Population Survey (the March Annual Social and Economic Supplement) and two alternative correction methods – a stochastic approach based on reweighting and a semi‐parametric approach based on replacing observations. Consistent...
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Incomes in surveys suffer from various measurement problems, most notably in the tails of their distributions. We study the prevalence of negative and zero incomes, and their implications for inequality and poverty measurement relying on 57 harmonized data sets from the Luxembourg Income Study and Economic Research Forum databases, covering 12 Medi...
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This article assesses the redistributive effects of fiscal instruments in Mexico in 2010-2014, correcting for top-income measurement problems. Two correction methods are applied-survey-sample reweighting for households' nonresponse probability and replacing of top incomes using smooth Pareto distributions-to reestimate the effects of pensions, tran...
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Empirical distributions of top incomes suffer from statistical problems affecting the measurement of inequality and its trend. Researchers and practitioners have been increasingly noting parametric regularities across income distributions and turning to parametric functions to approximate or supplement the observed distributions, both for descripti...
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The Israeli occupation of Palestine is accompanied by violence and a repressive security regime affecting firms’ operations. We assess firms’ status, and female and total employment during 1997–2017 across region–years seeing differently repressive regimes. Indicators of the security regime come from OCHA-oPt, B’Tselem, and World Bank databases. Da...
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This Comment responds to the critical review by Gilbert Achcar published in this journal (May 2020) which concludes that the protagonists of the ‘Arab Inequality Puzzle’ debate exhibit a systematic neoliberal bias. We counter that Achcar's conclusion is based on a misleading and selective interpretation of evidence, false grouping of scholars and a...
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This study applies unconditional quantile regressions estimated using recentered influence functions to analyze income gaps based on households’ residence, education and employment status in six Asian countries. China, India, Japan, Korea, Russia and Taiwan are found to represent different demographic corners of Asia and different stages of develop...
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This study was motivated by reports of a mismatch between inequality experienced on the streets across the Arab region, and that estimated in household expenditure surveys. The study uses eleven surveys from Egypt, Jordan, Palestine, Sudan and Tunisia to investigate whether the dispersion of top expenditures and measurement errors in them bias the...
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Social capital (SC) is both an input and an output of individuals’ economic choices, but relatively little is known about SC investment, particularly in individuals’ old age. With a premise that SC is an individual-level concept in which individuals purposely invest, we estimate elderly individuals’ stock and investment in SC using principal compon...
Book
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Youths in the Middle East and North Africa face the highest unemployment rates in the world. Those who are employed are pushed to accept informal sector jobs that are insecure, unsafe, and lack non-wage benefits. Precarious employment is pervasive among lower socio-economic groups, leading to the perpetuation of misery across generations. Understan...
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Female labor force participation rates in the Middle East and North Africa are low compared to other world regions. This study contributes to the literature explaining this phenomenon in Egypt (1998, 2006, 2012), Jordan (2010, 2016) and Tunisia (2014) by referring to women’s unearned incomes, whether in the form of household wealth, the presence of...
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This paper estimates a structural macro-econometric model of the Lebanese economy to simulate the implications of accumulated debt changes on GDP and other economic indicators, and to project the growth–fiscal nexus for the six years following the last year for which national statistics are systematically available, 2015–2020. To these ends, histor...
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Economic inequality across socio‐demographic groups in the Arab region is high and growing. This paper evaluates the differentials in household expenditures across rural/urban areas, female/male‐headed households, non‐educated/educated‐headed households and non‐employed/employed‐headed households, in ten Household Income and Expenditure surveys fro...
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We use panel surveys and wealth indexes based on households’ production and non-production assets to examine economic inequality in three MENA countries – Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia. The exercise complements the traditional measures of inequality based on income and consumption and allows us to gauge the inequality of a variety of lifetime welfare d...
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It is sometimes observed and frequently assumed that top incomes in household surveys worldwide are poorly measured and that this problem biases the measurement of income inequality. This paper tests this assumption and compares the performance of reweighting and replacing methods designed to correct inequality measures for top-income biases genera...
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This study combines and compares data from the Korean Youth Panel Survey and the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey to examine the effects parenting, peers, school, social structure, and personality exert on nonviolent and violent delinquency among 5,462 male and 5,103 female adolescents in South Korea. Overall, parental effects were found to b...
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Le présent article se propose d’évaluer le rôle des motifs de réélection des commissaires de la fonction publique d’État dans la déréglementation du marché américain de la distribution de gaz au cours des vingt dernières années. Ces motifs de réélection peuvent affecter le choix des commissaires quant à la date et au type de régime règlementaire –...
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The central hypothesis of this study is that relationships develop systematically between referees and teams and affect referees’ decisions. Referees’ travel distance to respective stadiums and count of matches refereed for respective teams are used to measure long-term relationships. We find some evidence that the count of referee–team interaction...
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Purpose This study evaluates opportunities for early childhood development regarding children’s prenatal care, access to nutrition, health, parental care and cognitive developmental activities, in 33 surveys from 13 countries. 15 indicators for children’s opportunities are assessed including their typical level, inequality across demographic group...
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This study investigates the implications of models of capitalism for the responsiveness of countries’ fiscal policies during business cycles using new data for member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and China. We expand the literature by adding the category of East Asian nonliberal capitalism to the establishe...
Article
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Chinese employers practise extensive personal screening of applicants during the recruitment process. This study identifies four motives for these practices – statistical, customer taste, employer taste and regulatory. It discusses their distinctive roles in the Chinese labour market and in regard to labour-market regulations. Using a convenience s...
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This study exploits unprecedented access to income data and a combination of newly developed statistical methods to evaluate income inequality in Egypt and test for potential top incomes biases. Income inequality in Egypt is found to be low by regional and world standards; top incomes are found to follow the Pareto distribution and do not show anom...
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Wellington Chung (1927-1963) was a Korean American doctor born and raised in Hawaii, striving all his life to move to Korea, and dying in despair in Czechoslovakia. Chung received medical education at Charles University and practiced pathology in Czechoslovakia for eight years. Chung's life, however, ended tragically when he committed suicide. This...
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Korean employers screen job applicants' detailed personal backgrounds with the intent to discriminate among them. This study develops a statistical model of employers' problem in recruiting, and identifies a hierarchical process whereby employers screen applicants' personal characteristics in the diminishing order of their incremental predictive po...
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This study addresses students’ executive functioning and time allocation while taking Principles of Economics multiple-choice exams, their attitudes toward these exams, and their performance on them and in the course overall. Students’ decision how much time to spend on an exam and whether to review answers before submitting the exam is linked to s...
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This study evaluates employers’ motives for screening job applicants’ personal characteristics and investigates implications of this practice for applicants using the Korean Human Capital Corporate Panel for 568 firms and five biannual periods, 2004-2012. The number of stages in recruiting, and the importance attributed to screening of traits relat...
Article
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Chinese employers practice extensive personal screening of job applicants. This study identifies four conceptual motives for these practices in the Chinese economy – statistical, customer taste-based, employer taste-based and regulatory – and evaluates their importance, economic determinants and implications for firms’ performance. Statistical and...
Article
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The work of Thorstein Veblen and Wesley Mitchell has a prominent position in business cycle theory. Veblen developed a theory of firms’ life cycle to explain market fluctuations; Mitchell devised empirical tools to study their inner motion and to monitor them. Both stressed economy-wide institutions in explaining the self-generating nature of fluct...
Article
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Wellington Chung was a talented scientist and physician educated at Charles University during 1950-55 and practicing in several Czechoslovak cities between 1955 and 1963. Trapped in place without freedom to express his beliefs, opportunity to advance his career, or prospect to reunite with his family, he took his life. Wellington came from a Korean...
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Korean employers screen job applicants’ personal backgrounds with the intent to statistically discriminate among them. This study develops a statistical model to illustrate employers’ problem, and identifies a hierarchical screening process that employers use to survey applicants’ characteristics in the diminishing order of their predictive power o...
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The success rate of invasive species control programs is usually inferred from the species identification record. However, identifications may not happen concurrently with species introductions. Some species prevented from arriving also remain undetected by authorities. This study accounts for these possibilities and provides an estimate of the his...
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Many state public commissions have deregulated their utility markets. However, evidence of welfare or efficiency improvements under deregulation is ambiguous. It is also unclear why different states adopt consumer choice, price caps, sliding-scale plans, or retain rate-of-return regulation. This study evaluates several economic factors behind dereg...
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Most Korean employers use discriminatory practices in hiring workers. They enquire about facts not directly related to applicants' skills and qualifications but correlated with their protected statuses, in order to discriminate among them based on these factors. This study uses a unique dataset of companies' application forms, and probability model...
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This study evaluates a novel scheme to trade sulfur dioxide emission permits subject to non-uniform rates. These rates are based on generators’ marginal costs of compliance with environmental policy in a hypothesized least social-cost solution. This scheme is compared against the existing trading program used by the U.S. Environmental Protection Ag...
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Causes and consequences of policy reform in utility industries continue to draw debate in US state legislatures. State commissions approve various deregulatory mechanisms in different industries at different times. In the telecommunications market state commissions adopted retail restructuring via Section 271 of the Telecommunications Act at differ...
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Invasions of nonindigenous organisms have long been linked to trade, but the contribution of individual trade pathways remains poorly understood, because species are not observed immediately upon arrival and the number of species arriving annually is unknown. Species interception records may count both new arrivals and species long introduced. Furt...
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Causes and consequences of deregulation and restructuring in utility markets in US states continue to draw heated debate. It is unclear why different utilities choose retail restructuring, price caps or sliding-scale plans. Various economic and political reasons lend themselves to explaining regulatory decisions. This study uses a stylized capture...
Article
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This study is concerned with health damages from SO2 under different assumptions on the relationship between air concentrations and their marginal health impacts. SO2 concentration profiles resulting under emission caps, and a system of tradable emission allowances are compared. Using slopes and curvatures of the health response function consistent...
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This study uses a computable partial-equilibrium model of the U.S. energy industry to evaluate sulfur dioxide concentrations under two environmental policies. The policies, generator-level emission caps and tradable allowances, are selected to yield identical aggregate emissions. Regional concentrations are found to vary across the two policies sig...
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Nominal and real macroeconomic variables are traditionally linked by the expectational Phillips curve. There is evidence that changes in employment and output result from unanticipated changes in money stock and inflation. Unfortunately, expectations about money stock and prices are not observed. Previous literature estimates them using static mode...
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This study compares sulfur dioxide concentrations and the resulting health damages across U.S. regions under three alternative policies considered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: emission caps, emission tax and tradable permits. Regional modeling is important because SO 2 does not diffuse uniformly across regions, and because the U.S....
Article
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Introductions of nonindigenous organisms into the United States have been linked to international trade. The individual contributions of imports, immigration, and international travel, however, are poorly understood because introduction dates are unavailable. We examine relationships between economic trends and discoveries of nonindegenous insects...
Article
Full-text available
Introductions of nonindigenous organisms into the United States have been linked to international trade. The individual contributions of imports, immigration, and international travel, however, are poorly understood because introduction dates are unavailable. We examine relationships between economic trends and discoveries of nonindegenous insects...
Article
Full-text available
This article evaluates the impact of consumer choice programs, price caps, and sliding scale plans on consumer prices of gas using a custom survey of public service commissions and data from the Department of Energy. A seemingly unrelated regressions model estimates residential, commercial and industrial prices jointly, controlling for potentially...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present implications of the seller's ability to bid in the four classical auction forms, with independent private values: English, Dutch, first- and second-price auctions. Design/methodology/approach – Under each auction form, the identity of the winning bidder and the expected winning bid are compared betw...
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This study evaluates the impact of Gas Cost Incentive Mechanisms on the consumer rates of natural gas throughout the Continental US. Panel data comes from a custom survey of state public service commis-sions and the annual survey EIA-176 by the US Department of Energy. After controlling for a group of incentive programs and other competition-enhanc...
Article
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To induce utilities in the gas distribution market to operate efficiently, US states have deployed consumer choice programs, price caps, and variations of sliding scale plans. My first essay studies the impact of these restructuring and deregulation efforts on consumer rates, using panel data from a custom survey of state commissions and the Depart...
Article
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A discussion covers the sensitivity of the net benefits of the SO 2 regulation; the choice of the environmental policy in the US to the form of the health damage function; a computable model of the electricity industry, which determines plants' production, participation in energy trade, SO 2 emissions and SO 2 abatement as functions of the regulato...
Article
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Most Korean employers use inappropriate practices in hiring workers. Their job application forms enquire about facts unrelated directly to applicants' skills and qualifications. To the extent that information sought is correlated with applicants' protected status, this practice is likely to result in differential treatment of applicants, in violati...

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