Vladan Hruška

Vladan Hruška
Jan Evangelista Purkyně University | UJEP · Department of Geography

PhD

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52
Publications
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99
Citations

Publications

Publications (52)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the development obstacles present in old industrial regions (OIR), we can find here also many examples of human agency that positively influence their transformation and the possibility to create new development paths. The change agency (as it is defined by Grillitsch et al. 2019) of individuals (hereinafter agents of change) is nurtured by...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Old industrial regions (OIR) face several challenges arising from their continuing dependence on declining economic sectors. The decay of the formerly fundamental economic activities is accompanied by several emerging and mutually interconnected problems concentrated in areas that have been, at least on the national scale, important economic centre...
Article
Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko) is a name that has been associated with the prominent area of sandstone landscapes located in Northern Czechia (Central Europe). Over the last centuries, the development of the area and the locational transformation of tourism facilities has been influenced by multiscalar effects of transforming geopolitical c...
Article
With immensely growing pressure on land and its scarcity, conflicting societal expectations concerning land use increasingly result in land use conflicts (LUCs). In this paper, we explore local LUCs, which we define as the complex situations, where fragmented planning policies encounter place-based societal conceptions and perceptions of site-speci...
Article
Full-text available
Local agency is marked by its structural boundedness including nation state strategies. We investigate the dynamic and mutually constitutive interrelationship between agency and state strategies to better understand and explain change in local development with the examples of four mining towns: Kiruna (Sweden), Zeitz (Germany), Most (Czechia) and T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The public sector has an important role in the development of old industrial regions which struggle with negative consequences of economic restructuring. Despite the perception of old industrial regions as lagging, unattractive and even hopeless, there are many examples of activities of local people that contribute to the emergence of new developme...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Staré průmyslové regiony se potýkají s rozsáhlou fyzickou infrastrukturou související s průmyslovou výrobou, která často bývá nevyužívaná či využívaná jen z menší části. Tím, že zabírají podstatnou část sídel se následně mohou stávat bariérou rozvoje daného sídla. Na druhou stranu, velká část obyvatel měst má vytvořeno k daným objektům určité emoci...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Industrial heritage is frequently accentuated in development strategies of old industrial regions as an asset that may be subject to commodification and thus helping to support employment, improve the quality of public spaces and more generally to facilitate re-imaging of rather negatively perceived old industrial regions. However, incorporation of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Industrial heritage is frequently accentuated in development strategies of old industrial regions as an asset that may be subject to commodification and thus helping to support employment, improve the quality of public spaces and more generally to facilitate re-imaging of rather negatively perceived old industrial regions. However, incorporation of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Industrial heritage is frequently accentuated in development strategies of old industrial regions as an asset that may be subject to commodification and thus helping to support employment, improve the quality of public spaces and more generally to facilitate re-imaging of rather negatively perceived old industrial regions. However, incorporation of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Das Thema der Ländlichkeit in der Stadt wurde in den letzten Jahren in den urbanen Räumen vor allem aus Sicht der Land- und Sozialkonflikte im peri-urbanen Raum erforscht. Die Ländlichkeit in den innerstädtischen Lagen – z.B. in ehemaligen Dörfern, die durch die schnell wachsende Stadt baulich integriert wurden - wurde aber, mit wenigen Ausnahmen,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Economic restructuring of post-socialist countries during last three decades have caused significant spatial disparities in formerly relatively homogenous states of Central and Eastern Europe. Regions with strong concentration on heavy industries, once symbols of successful socialist industrialisation, have been especially affected by the turn to n...
Article
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Unsustainable food practices in the global North have brought a lot of attention to the concept of alternative food networks. However, prevailing research perspectives have focused on urban areas or market-related activities and tended to overlook the widespread yet neglected food growing in home gardens, especially in rural areas. This paper uses...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Průmyslové dědictví je často zmiňováno v rozvojových strategiích starých průmyslových regionů jako jedinečný místní zdroj, který by měl být komodifikován za účelem podpory oživení veřejných prostorů, re-imaging daného regionu, popř. zvýšení zaměstnanosti. V některých regionech je toto dědictví využíváno intenzivněji, v některých méně. Ve vědecké ko...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of the article is to present a regional analysis of alternative food networks (AFNs) in the old industrial Moravia-Silesian Region in Czechia accompanied by an assessment of their extent, the basic characteristics of their constituents and evolution during the period between 2014-2018. Although a number of studies on AFNs have been pub...
Article
Full-text available
Retreat from socialism at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s conditioned significant social, economic and environmental changes for former socialist countries. Transformation from the centrally planned economy under the authoritative regime to market economy and democratic system re-structured also economies of rural areas. As a result, the conversion...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the decreasing importance of farming for rural economies, diversification of farming activities is still perceived by the EU as one of the sources of new jobs in rural areas. However, as authors argue, there are more efficient ways for new job generation associated with entrepreneurial rural in-migration. Such migration movement brings new...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial planning axes are an important instrument of spatial planning to help connect urban areas and ensure the accessibility of rural areas and their development. The planning of such axes can steer population and traffic flows, decisions on the locations of economic developments as well as infrastructures such as cable networks. In this paper, c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agriculture is an inseparable part of rural identity and key user of rural landscape. However, its importance for rural employment and its GDP is negligible in developed countries (Atterton et al., 2012). Despite this fact, agriculture is a central element of rural development and economic polices even on the EU level within the Common Agricultural...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the start of the deindustrialization process throughout the developed countries scientific interest in transformation of urban areas and their economies formerly highly dependent on heavy industry has been growing. However, this research of so called old industrial regions has been limited to urban areas whereas rural areas, despite their int...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Axes are an important instrument of spatial planning for the connection of urban areas and for ensuring the acces-sibility of rural areas and their development. Planning can steer traffic flows, economic location decisions as well as infrastructures like cable networks. In this paper, current existing spatial planning axes and their continuity were...
Book
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Der vorliegende Bericht liefert einen Beitrag zum Vergleich raumplanerischer Achsenkonzepte in den Grenzregionen Sachsens und Nordböhmens am Beispiel der Planungsregion Oberes Elbtal/Osterzgebirge und des Bezirks Ústí nad Labem. Ausgangsbefund ist ein identifizierter Harmonisierungsbedarf der Achsen beiderseits der Grenze. Im Rahmen der Untersuchun...
Presentation
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Videozáznam zde: http://fresh-eye.cz/video/obraz-versus-vesnice-vladan-hruska-promeny-ceskeho-venkova/
Article
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In Czechia, especially in the last decade, there has been an unusual expansion of regional labelling of products, experience, and services. This trend confirms the paradigmatic change in the approach to rural development, as well as the growing popularity of alternative food networks and forms of consumption. The boom of regional labelling, however...
Technical Report
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Der vorliegende Praxisleitfaden Resultat des trinationalen, zwei Jahre umfassenden Kooperationsprojekts „Regionale Wertschöpfungsketten im Kontext von Ökosystemleistungen und Biodiversität“ mit 60 kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen (KMU) aus dem Dreiländereck Polen, Tschechien und Deutschland in sechs verschiedenen Branchen. Der Schutz von Biodivers...
Article
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Abstrakt: Význam komunit v lokálním rozvoji a při zvyšování pružnosti reakce společnosti na nepředvídané a extrémní události je v posledních desetiletích stále více zdůrazňován a stal se součástí mezinárodních i národních strategických dokumentů. Ačkoliv byl již i v českém prostředí komunitní přístup částečně implementován, v rámci odborného i prak...
Poster
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Article
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http://geography.cz/informace-cgs/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2017/09/icgs022017_literatura.pdf
Article
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The regime change in the former German Democratic Republic and its reunification with the Federal Republic of Germany at the beginning of 1990s launched significant social and economic changes which resulted i.a. in high out-migration rate and secondary also rapid demographic ageing of the populations of the states of former Eastern Germany includi...
Conference Paper
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Article
Full-text available
The regime change in the former German Democratic Republic and its reunification with the Federal Republic of Germany at the beginning of 1990s launched significant social and economic changes which resulted i.a. in high out-migration rate and secondary also rapid demographic ageing of the populations of the states of former Eastern Germany includi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the goals of the present European rural development policy is or should be to reverse the negative depopulation trend in peripheral rural areas by, inter alia, promotion of creation of new jobs there. This paper asks the questions, whether present constellation of rural development tools and measures derived from the Common Agricultural Poli...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of this paper is to provide a comparative analysis of regional policies dealing with peripheral rural areas in the Visegrad countries from a historical perspective. As it is demonstrated in the paper despite the common political and ideological framework the goals and means of regional policy remained rather different in these countr...
Article
Full-text available
Present rural economies of developed countries are no more dominated by agriculture. However, in policies of rural economic development the position of farming remains very strong due to the persisiting productivist thinking. Consequently, the tools of such policies are strongly related to agriculture, despite its minor contribution to rural econ...
Article
Full-text available
The article is focused on the introduction and categorization of various approaches to rurality, and the identification and delimitation of rural areas in Visegrad countries. Three substantively different groups of conceptualizations and definitions of rural and rurality are described as follows: functional definitions, rural as locality (politi...
Article
Full-text available
Rural areas have been traditionally perceived as space dominated by agriculture. However, especially since the World War II a sinking importance of agriculture for the economy, employment and even identity building could be observed. This has occurred both in developed capitalist and post-socialist countries. The pur- pose of this article is to dis...
Article
Full-text available
The Role of the Strategic Plan in Development. This article describes the purpose and structure of a strategic plan. It identifies a number of pitfalls commonly encountered during the formation of a strategic plan, as well as the most common mistakes made by plan creators. The article also presents a brief guide for formulating a strategic plan.
Article
Full-text available
The article focuses on various approaches to conceptualising rural space within the evolution of (in particular British) rural studies. The overview starts with the functional defi nitions (descriptive and socio-cultural) typical for the positivist and modern period of rural studies. Descriptive and socio-cultural defi nitions derive from the rural...

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Projects

Projects (8)
Project
With growing pressure on land, conflicting values and rationalizations may result in land use conflicts and globally pose fundamental dilemmas for decision-makers. Taking the sociogeographical stance, we focus on local land use conflicts − the situations where strategies and policies meet varying perspectives at a local level. Using the Czech case study, we aim at different priorities (brownfield regeneration, energy landscapes, flood management and rural development) that are frequently encountered in similar territorial settings and create local land use conflicts. First, we will conduct a country-wide quantitative analyses of the extent and dynamics of conflicting land use transitions. Second, we will apply the process-tracing based on documentary data, semi-structured questionnaires with stakeholders and face-to-face questionnaires in local communities to explore rationalizations leading to land use decisions in case studies. Finally, we aim to establish a typology of local land use conflicts and suggest the regionally-based guiding principles for their adaptive management. Funding agency: Czech Science Foundation 20-11782S
Project
The aim of the project is to develop expertise and infrastructure for the research and application of SMART City concept, SMART Region and SMART Community addressing the long-term social needs of the population, improving the quality of life and competitiveness in the Usti nad Labem Region. The project consists of four research intents: • SMART Public Administration • SMART Public Services and Infrastructure • SMART Quality of Life and the Environment • SMART People SMART Public Administration is focused on Public Participation and Smart City Management – Smart regulations (participatory decision making, behavioral approaches to public administration, using new technologies, analytical support, open data etc.) SMART Public Services and Infrastructure is focused on demand approach to providing public services aimed at increasing the efficiency, quality, and public participation. There are several areas involved: Smart Energy, Water Management, Resource Management, and Smart Mobility and Transportation. SMART Quality of Life - an environment is focused on creating tools for adapting climate change, green infrastructure and the relationship between nature and society. Research intent SMART People is focused on the quality of public space, image of the city and the region and Smart education.