Vivian Schultz

Vivian Schultz
Brigham and Women's Hospital | BWH · Department of Psychiatry

MD

About

10
Publications
2,121
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213
Citations

Publications

Publications (10)
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Periradicular infiltrations are frequently performed in daily neuroradiological routine and are often guided by multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT), thus leading to radiation exposure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate MDCT with low dose (LD) and model-based iterative reconstruction for image-guided periradicular infiltration...
Article
Background: Repetitive head impacts (RHI) from contact sports have been associated with cognitive and neuropsychiatric disorders. However, not all individuals exposed to RHI develop such disorders. This may be explained by the reserve hypothesis. It remains unclear if the reserve hypothesis accounts for the heterogenous symptom presentation in RHI...
Article
Full-text available
Background Exposure to repetitive head impacts (RHI) is associated with an increased risk of later-life neurobehavioral dysregulation and neurodegenerative disease. The underlying pathomechanisms are largely unknown. Purpose To investigate whether RHI exposure is associated with later-life corpus callosum (CC) microstructure and whether CC microstr...
Article
Full-text available
Sports‐related concussion is a serious health challenge, and females are at higher risk of sustaining a sports‐related concussion compared to males. Although there are many studies that investigate outcomes following concussion, females remain an understudied population, despite representing a large proportion of the organized sports community. In...
Chapter
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results from blunt trauma, acceleration–deceleration forces, rotational forces, or blast exposure to the head. The injury involves a heterogenous pattern of focal and/or diffuse axonal injury, leading to a wide range of symptoms. The severity of the injury covers the spectrum from mild to moderate to severe, with severe...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease associated with exposure to repetitive head impacts. CTE has been linked to disruptions in cognition, mood, and behavior. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of CTE can only be made post-mortem. Neuropathological evidence suggests limbic structures may provide an opportunity to characte...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To determine whether or not automated FreeSurfer segmentation of brain regions considered important in repetitive head trauma can be analyzed accurately without manual correction. Materials and methods 3 T MR neuroimaging was performed with automated FreeSurfer segmentation and manual correction of 11 brain regions in former National Fo...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Repetitive subconcussive head impacts (RSHI) may lead to structural, functional, and metabolic alterations of the brain. While differences between males and females have already been suggested following a concussion, whether there are sex differences following exposure to RSHI remains unknown. The aim of this study was to identify and to...
Article
Full-text available
Thalamic atrophy has been associated with exposure to repetitive head impacts (RHI) in professional fighters. The aim of this study is to investigate whether or not age at first exposure (AFE) to RHI is associated with thalamic volume in symptomatic former National Football League (NFL) players at risk for chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Ei...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Worldwide more than 22 million children and adolescents are exposed to repetitive head impacts (RHI) in soccer. Evidence indicates cumulative effects on brain structure, but it is not known whether exposure to RHI affects cognitive improvement in adolescents. To determine whether exposure to RHI while heading the ball in soccer affects...

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