Vittorio Rosato

Vittorio Rosato
ENEA | ENEA · European Infrastructure Simulatiion and Analysis Centre

Ph.D. Physics

About

158
Publications
16,882
Reads
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4,688
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2010 - present
ENEA
Position
  • Head
January 2010 - September 2015
ENEA
Position
  • Research Director
September 1979 - May 1981
University of Wales
Position
  • Research Assistent
Description
  • Scientific Research Council Fellowship

Publications

Publications (158)
Chapter
This paper proposes, and discusses the expansion of AINOP, the National IT Archive of Public Structures in Italy, into a standardized and interoperable platform for supporting the seismic vulnerability assessment and seismic monitoring of Italian bridges and viaducts. To this end it is proposed an ad-hoc customisation and the provision of AINOP int...
Preprint
Full-text available
Densely urbanized areas, with a low percentage of green vegetation, are highly exposed to Heat Waves (HW) which nowadays are increasing in terms of frequency and intensity also in the middle-latitude regions, due to ongoing Climate Change (CC). Their negative effects may combine with those of the UHI (Urban Heat Island), a local phenomenon where ai...
Article
Full-text available
Historic areas (HAs) are highly vulnerable to natural hazards, including earthquakes, that can cause severe damage, if not total destruction. This paper proposes methods that can be implemented through a geographical information system to assess earthquake-induced physical damages and the resulting impacts on the functions of HAs and to monitor the...
Article
Full-text available
The electrical distribution network (EDN) is a critical infrastructure that plays a primary role in a person’s life. Its resilience is a primary property to be achieved in order to withstand all types of perturbations affecting their functions, thus guaranteeing service continuity in adverse conditions. Resilience arises from a combination of a num...
Chapter
Full-text available
As critical systems shall withstand different types of perturbations affecting their functionalities and their service level, resilience is a very important requirement. Especially in an urban critical infrastructures where the occurrence of natural events may influence the state of other dependent infrastructures from various different sectors, th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The EU-H2020 project ARCH aims to develop and adapt tools and methods for assessing and improving the resilience of historic areas to climate-related and other natural hazards [1]. One of these tools is CIPCast, a scenario simulation and decision support system for the analysis and forecast of risks and vulnerabilities of critical infrastructure co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Questo lavoro intende fornire una panoramica di strumenti già realizzati e in corso di realizzazione a supporto della Pubblica Amministrazione (PA) per la definizione e implementazione di interventi di riqualificazione degli edifici pubblici, che mirano a perseguire congiuntamente la sicurezza sismica, l'efficienza energetica e la certificazione am...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the work under development to customize a Web-GIS Decision Support System, CIPCast DSS, conceived and created by ENEA in the framework of different international research projects, to support the management of highway networks in the event of earthquakes. CIPCast DSS can acquire in real time the coordinates and the magnitude of...
Chapter
Full-text available
Crisis produced by earthquake events are often dramatic for their severity and their impact on population. Damages may extend from buildings to Critical Infrastructures. Predicting the functionality of the latter after an event is relevant for the design of contingency plans, as availability of primary services empowers the action of first responde...
Chapter
Risks identification in socio‐technological systems is a complex activity due to uncertainties of hazards, to an increased interdependence of critical infrastructures (CI), and to the limited ability to foresee cascading failures. This chapter presents the system architecture of a tool suite that aims to generate geolocalized conceptual models of r...
Chapter
The Electrical Distribution Network is a Critical Infrastructure which plays a primary role in citizen life. Resilience is a relevant property to be achieved as it allows the network to withstand all types of perturbations affecting its functions and allowing to provide its service with continuity. Resilience comes out from a combination of a numbe...
Conference Paper
We present RecSIM, a specific application which is part of the CIPCast tool, a Decision Support System (DSS) for risk analysis of (inter)-dependent Critical Infrastructures (CI) under development within the EU FP7 CIPRNet Project. Electrical and the telecommunication networks play a central role in systems of CI and are also strongly inter-dependen...
Conference Paper
Societies rely on the exchange of essential goods and services produced by Critical Infrastructures (CI). The failure of one CI following an event could cause “cascading effects” on other CI that amplifies the crisis. Existing tools incorporate modelling and simulation techniques to analyze these effects. The CIPRNet tools go a step further by asse...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a novel decision support system for the assessment and mitigation of seismic risk for Critical Infrastructures (CI). The tool, named CIPCast-ES, was developed by ENEA in the framework of the EU-funded CIPRNet project. CIPCast-ES provides a user-friendly geographical interface for querying and analysing data, producing and evalua...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Seismic risk assessment, which attempts to predict earthquake-induced physical impacts on structures and infrastructures, casualties and losses can be a powerful tool to support emergency response planning as well as the development of effective mitigation strategies. The Civil Protection (CP) Department of Florence Municipality commissioned this s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent seismic event worldwide proved how fragile the electric power system can be to seismic events. Decision Support Systems (DSSs) could have a critical role in assessing the seismic risk of electric power networks and in enabling asset managers to test the effectiveness of alternative mitigation strategies and investments on resilience. This pa...
Book
Full-text available
This book collects the tutorial material developed by the authors during the six editions of the Master Classes and Courses on Modelling, Simulation and Analysis of Critical Infrastructures. These training events attracted more than 200 students from all over Europe and represented the cornerstone instrument for the training program developed insid...
Article
Densely urbanized areas, with a low percentage of green vegetation, are highly exposed to Heat Waves (HW) which nowadays are increasing in terms of frequency and intensity also in the middle-latitude regions, due to ongoing Climate Change (CC). Their negative effects may combine with those of the UHI (Urban Heat Island), a local phenomenon where ai...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Natural hazards might damage elements of Critical Infrastructures and produce perturbations on the delivered services. In addition, (inter)dependency phenomena interconnecting infrastructures, may amplify impacts through cascading effects. In this paper, we present a Decision Support System (DSS) aiming at predicting the possible effects of natural...
Chapter
Full-text available
Decision Support Systems (DSS) are complex technological tools, which enable an accurate and complete scenario awareness, by integrating data from both “external” (physical) situation and current behaviour and state of functioning of the technological systems. The aim is to produce a scenario analysis and to guess identify educated the most efficie...
Chapter
Full-text available
The ultimate target of Modelling and Simulation (M&S) activities in the field of CIP is to provide Models, Methodologies and tools to help in the analysis of different crisis’ scenarios and, subsequently, in crisis management decision making. A CIs’ disruptions scenario is simply a sequence of random events following a well-defined chronological or...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper an overview of the first results of FP7 CIPRNet project is presented. Particularly, we demonstrate CIPRNet services for critical infrastructure protection (CIP) stakeholders. The role of the proposed services is to support decisions in the CIP domain. Moreover, those services are expected to serve as the underpinnings for the European...
Conference Paper
Fight against global warming is a tough challenge requiring synergic efforts from governments, industry and scientific communities. Facing these challenges by means of sectorial or local approaches is a loosing strategy. A holistic approach is required to provide more flexibility and prompt responses to unpredicted side effects on environment, econ...
Conference Paper
ICT for a low carbon society is a new research topic, also supported by the current research programs of the European Commission. The main characteristic of this area is the presence of multi-disciplinary problems spanning from the energy and environment fields to macroeconomics and societal life. Energy plays a key role here as the energy market i...
Article
Full-text available
Possible accidents in nuclear power stations around the Alpine area could have serious impacts on all areas of the Mediterranean basin, as well as on the Mediterranean sea itself. The DIFURAD system starting from the quantities of radionuclides released into the atmosphere following the accident, is able to predict their dispersion in the atmospher...
Conference Paper
This paper summarises key attributes of the National and European Information Sharing and Alert System and its contribution to the European Public-Private Partnership for Resilience project, sponsored by the European Commission’s Directorate-General Home Affairs as part of its European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection.
Conference Paper
An inter-system adapter design is described which links the web service based DR NEP and WebSimP simulation platforms. The adapter enables the PSS Sincal electrical simulator to share results with the DR NEP which coordinates the data exchange among interdependent simulators. In this paper, we describe an adapter which supports decision makers invo...
Article
Full-text available
Systems of technological networks (so-called Critical Infrastructures) might undergo strong perturbations leading to the reduction of their functionalities (crisis scenarios). Under perturbed conditions, infrastructures deliver their specific services in a range from a partial reduction up to a complete loss. Systems of complex technological networ...
Conference Paper
Extreme natural hazards are regarded as major threats for Critical Infrastructures (CI). A fault of single elements of a CI, due to CI interdependency, can produce hardly predictable cascading effects. Coupling meteorological-climatic and geophysical predictions with the knowledge of all CIs in a given region could be used to design a new class of...
Article
We calculate the shear elastic constants of the alloy NiZr 2 by molecular dynamics simulations in the crystalline and amorphous phases as well as upon introduction of antisite defects in the crystal at T=300K. For S (long range order parameter) equal to 0.5, the system is amorphous and C' is larger than the same quantity relative to the crystal whe...
Article
The order-disorder transformation in CU3Au has been investigated using a combined Molecular Dynamics and Cluster Variation Method approach. Free energy minimization has been performed using the Natural Iteration technique. The calculated temperature dependence of enthalpy, lattice dynamics, short-range and long-range order parameters have been succ...
Article
We report the results obtained in a molecular dynamics simulation study of the behavior of two different systems, NiZr2 and Cu3Au, subjected to a chemical disordering process, under different thermodynamical conditions. We underline the relevant phenomena which, in the first case, trigger the onset of the crystal-to-amorphous transition but in the...
Article
“PseudoBioRes” is a specialized Pseudomonas resource associated to a user-friendly web interface which provide a comprehensive information of Pseudomonas-related gene and protein sequences clustered them on the basis of the metabolic pathway in which they are involved. The current release includes all the enzyme and proteins sequences involved in t...
Article
Full-text available
Most of critical infrastructures (CIs) depend on the power system. The predictable onset of a microgeneration paradigm (many dispersed small generators of medium-low power) will considerably decrease network stability and thus increase risk of failures and other's infrastructures dependence. In order to study the stability of synchronisation in a p...
Conference Paper
Technological and energetic networks display functional interdependency effects which should be evaluated and accounted for when control and healing strategies have to be envisaged. Topological and functional emulations (based on available data) of interconnected networks might help in shedding some light on the complex entanglement binding differe...
Conference Paper
We report on recent developments on stochastic chain modelling of inter-dependent network infrastructures. The problem is approached in the spirit of the Leontief tradition within the framework of the Inoperability Input/Output Modelling [6] where, instead of dealing with the sector products, inoperabilities are introduced to describe the status of...
Article
Full-text available
A model of the Italian 380 kV electrical transmission network has been analyzed under the topological and the functional viewpoints. The DC power flow model used to evaluate the power flux has been solved on the basis of input conditions (injected power - extracted power, line's reactances and the maximum flux capacity of each line) taken from real...
Article
We performed a comparative study of the adsorption of an in vitro selected peptide on two different carbon surfaces: a flat graphene and a curved (0,15) nanotube. The sequence was selected from recent experiments, as the one giving the highest carbon affinity for carbon nanotubes. Rigid docking of the molecule on the two surfaces by a genetic algor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We derive a Kuramoto-like equation from the Cardell-Ilic distributed electrical generation network and use the resulting model to simulate the phase stability and the synchronization of a small electrical grid. It is well-known that a major problem for distributed generation is the frequency stability. This is a non linear problem and proper models...
Article
Full-text available
IMAGE is an application tool, based on the vector quantization method, aiding the discovery of nucleotidic sequences corresponding to Transcription Factor binding sites. Starting from the knowledge of regulation regions of a number of co-expressed genes, the software is able to predict the occurrence of specific motifs of different lengths (startin...
Article
Monoclonal antibodies coupled to highly toxic molecules (immunoconjugates) are currently being developed for cancer therapy. We have used an in silico procedure for evaluating some physicochemical properties of two tumor-targeting anti-HER2 immunoconjugates: (a) the single-chain antibody scFv(FRP5) linked to a bacterial toxin, that has been recentl...
Article
The recombinant antibody fragment scFv(F8), which recognizes the coat protein of the plant virus AMCV, is characterized by peculiar high in vitro stability and functional folding even in reducing environments, making it fit for designing stable antibodies with desired properties. Mutagenesis and functional analysis evidenced two residues, at positi...
Article
The Internet is one of the most interesting realizations of a “complex” network. As a non-supervised growing object, it allows the study of the selective pressure which drives the network to assume its current structure. The DIMES and the ROUTEVIEWS projects are ongoing projects aimed at evaluating the topological structure of the Internet (at the...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the consequence of failures, occurring on the electrical grid, on a telecommunication network. We have focused on the Italian electrical transmission network and the backbone of the internet network for research (GARR). Electrical network has been simulated using the DC power flow method; data traffic on GARR by a model of the TCP/IP...
Article
Full-text available
High levels of plasma chitotriosidase are a marker of macrophage activation in several pathologies and, in particular, in human malaria. Plasmodium falciparum, during its maturative cycle in the midgut of the Anopheles mosquito, secretes a chitinase to disrupt the peritrophic membrane, a necessary step in the migration of the parasite from the midg...
Article
Full-text available
We elucidate the role played by defective icosahedra on the stability of undercooled copper by using molecular-dynamics simulations. Our approach is substantiated by the level of agreement with experiments on a variety of structural properties. We show that not only perfect but also defective icosahedra, embedded in a disordered matrix, lower the l...
Article
The influence of the topology on the asymptotic states of a network of interacting chemical species has been studied by simulating its time evolution. Random and scale-free networks have been designed to support relevant features of activation-deactivation reactions networks (mapping signal transduction networks) and the system of ordinary differen...
Article
Full-text available
The topological properties of high-voltage electrical power transmission networks in several UE countries (the Italian 380 kV, the French 400 kV and the Spanish 400 kV networks) have been studied from available data. An assessment of the vulnerability of the networks has been given by measuring the level of damage introduced by a controlled removal...
Article
Full-text available
The "inverse" problem is related to the determination of unknown causes on the bases of the observation of their effects. This is the opposite of the corresponding "direct" problem, which relates to the prediction of the effects generated by a complete description of some agencies. The solution of an inverse problem entails the construction of a ma...
Article
To understand how genes, proteins and metabolites make up the whole organism, a systemic view is demanded, that is to conceive genes and proteins more as part of a network than as isolated entities. Molecular function becomes then a function of cellular context and not only an individual property. This change of attitude is accompanied by the recog...
Article
Astrocomp is a project developed by the INAF-Astrophysical Observatory of Catania, University of Roma La Sapienza and Enea in collaboration with Oneiros s.r.l. The project has the goal of building a web-based user-friendly interface which allows the international community to run some parallel codes on a set of high-performance computing (HPC) reso...