Vittorio Leone

Vittorio Leone
Università degli Studi della Basilicata | UniBas

About

43
Publications
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625
Citations

Publications

Publications (43)
Cover Page
Full-text available
Special number of journal FIRE, Mdpi that has impact facror.
Article
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The most widely used metrics to characterize wildfire regime and estimate the impact of wildfires are total burnt area (BA) and the number of fire events (FE). However, these are insufficient to analyse the threat to society of a new fire regime characterized by a higher occurrence of very large events. To overcome this weakness, we propose the use...
Chapter
Full-text available
Extreme wildfires events (EWEs) represent a minority among all wildfires, but are a true challenge for societies, as they exceed the current control capacity even in the best prepared regions of the world, and they create destruction and a disproportionately number of fatalities. Recent events in Portugal, Chile, Greece, and the USA provide evidenc...
Book
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Extreme wildfire events, exacerbated by climate change and societal, economic, and political processes are occurring with increasing frequency across the globe. Current management strategies cannot control this type of fires which exceed the capacity of suppression systems even in the most prepared regions of the world, leaving communities extremel...
Chapter
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This chapter proposes a concise history of wildfire policies and research, their steps and the induced progresses in some countries. Conversely, it presents a paradigmatic example where no change has been induced in a typically static suppression centered policy, that now exhibits the full weakness to cope with the new scenario dominated by extreme...
Chapter
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Strategies for coping with normal wildfires are everywhere inadequate in the case of intense, fast-moving ones and much more in the face of extreme wildfire events. After a detailed analysis of wildfires fatalities, the chapter proposes a new adaptive approach to cope with wildfires and possible actions to be undertaken before, during and after a f...
Chapter
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The current view of wildfires in scientific literature is that they cannot be excluded from Earth. It is necessary to learn how to coexist with wildfires. Several initiatives have been proposed to increase buildings resistance and the reduction of fuels. In this chapter is discussed the Fire Smart Territory (FST) concept, as a holistic planning phi...
Chapter
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The failure of the "War on Fire" (WoF) model to address the increasing social impacts of extreme wildfires highlights the need to look for new ways of thinking. Although a range of perspectives have been proposed, none of them considers the full array of challenges that inform outcomes, particularly when considering Extreme Wildfire Events (EWE). I...
Chapter
In this chapter, the cases of the extreme wildfires and disasters that occurred in Portugal in 2013 (Picões and Caramulo) and in 2017 (Pedrogão Grande and Central Region), their fire environment, fire propagation, and impacts are described. The Portuguese experience is complemented with other cases that occurred in Greece, Italy, Australia, USA, an...
Chapter
This chapter presents and discusses the genesis, evolution and persistence of wildfire regulation policies, and how misguided approaches are self-reinforced without due consideration or understanding of the roots and dynamics of the problem to be tackled. Recommendations to replace fire exclusion policies with integrated fire management have been p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Burned area is a rather weak descriptor of wildfire activity, since it is not well correlated neither with fire severity and ecological effects, nor with socioeconomic impacts. It ignores the heterogeneity in severity distribution within fire boundaries, and the existence of unburned patches (UPs). The purpose of this paper is to provide a first un...
Article
Full-text available
This research aims to study wildfire perception by residents living in Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) in Kabylia (Algeria). We conducted an exploratory qualitative survey contacting 254 randomly selected individuals in eight hamlets of the Mizrana forest. Face-to-face questionnaires were administered to understand the fire risk problem. Respondents...
Article
Full-text available
Every year worldwide some extraordinary wildfires occur, overwhelming suppression capabilities, causing substantial damages, and often resulting in fatalities. Given their increasing frequency, there is a debate about how to address these wildfires with significant social impacts, but there is no agreement upon terminology to describe them. The con...
Article
This research aims to study wildfire perception by residents living in Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) in Kabylia (Algeria). We conducted an exploratory qualitative survey contacting 254 randomly selected individuals in eight hamlets of the Mizrana forest. Face-to-face questionnaires were administered to understand the fire risk problem. Respondents...
Chapter
Forest fires (term used in Europe to designate the unwanted fires burning forests and wild lands) constitute a serious problem for Europe. Frequently, Thought of almost exclusively as a problem for France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, this chapter introduces how fire is now a hazard that affects most of the European countries. Although, a sh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Europe, the fire suppression policy (command and control chain approach) even though it has been able, for the time being, to stop the increase in annually burned area, it has not addressed the diversity and complexity of fire causes and to prevent the appearance of extreme fire events that result in major disasters. Signs of the necessary chang...
Article
Full-text available
This review presents a multidisciplinary framework for integrating the ecological, regulatory, procedural and technical aspects of forest management for fires prevention under Mediterranean environments. The aims are to: i) provide a foreground of wildfire scenario; ii) illustrate the theoretical background of forest fuel management; iii) describe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Forest fires (term used in Europe to designate the unwanted fires burning forests and wild lands) constitute a serious problem for Europe. Frequently, Thought of almost exclusively as a problem for France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, this chapter introduces how fire is now a hazard that affects most of the European countries. Although, a sh...
Article
Full-text available
Nella collana “Scienza e innovazione per i sistemi forestali ed ambientali” della Editrice Aracne è stato recentemente pubblicato il volume “La tecnica del fuoco prescritto” a cura di G. Bovio e D. Ascoli dell’Università di Torino.
Article
The aim of this paper was to survey the perception of wildfire motifs by members of Civil Protection in Algeria. This survey complements a previous one, already accomplished by the same authors, but related to personnel of Forestry Service. It permitted an explanation of unknown causes, which in Algeria represent the large majority of fire starts....
Chapter
Full-text available
The Mediterranean region accounts the larger proportion of human caused fires in the world (95%) followed by South Asia (90%), South America (85%) and Northeast Asia (80%) (FAO 2007). Socio-economic changes which are occurring in Europe along with global warming result in an augment of fire risk. Systematic and reliable information on fire causes i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
FIREcast is a previsional fire danger index computing system, which elaborates weather parameter maps to evaluate the danger indicator on the interest area. FIREcast uses as a starting point the foreseen Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI) adjusted for continental European latitudes and climatology and adapted for alpine regions orography. As FWI is...
Article
An elegant book with the biografy of 40 Italian eminent Italian foresters has been published by the Italian Academy of Forest Science.
Chapter
Forest fires are neither a natural disaster nor a natural calamity, with the exception of those started by natural agents, but rather an anthropogenic phenomenon, with an exclusive, direct dependence on social behaviour, whether voluntary or involuntary. Chapter 6 provides a compelling evidence of the relationships between fire and people; reviews...
Chapter
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Desertification includes land degradation due to both climatic and anthropogenic causes, where land includes water, soil, and the biosphere. This book presents the most recent findings from the European Community's MEDALUS project, which was formed to understand and manage semi-arid environments that are undergoing great change.
Chapter
Full-text available
The National Park of Gargano, in the south-eastern side of Italy, is characterised by repetitive and frequent forest fires, mainly of voluntary origin, which make the area one of the most severely affected of the Italian territory. Our research pointed out statistic associations and potential causal or cocausal relations between significant variabl...
Chapter
To introduce my topic in a way consistent with the theme of the conference, I would like to quote a passage from the book My Life, My Trees by Richard St. Barbe Baker, standard-bearer of the American conservationists, founder of the Civil Conservation Corps, founder of Men of the Trees, and supervisor of the reforestation of more than 15 000 000 he...
Chapter
Full-text available
This work examines the consequences of fires of different intensities on a Pinus halepensis Miller forest growing on coastal dunes (Ionian Sea, Province of Taranto, Southern Italy). Seed collecting was begun immediately after fire to determine seed density during the first two months after fire. In addition, the number of seeds picked up from the g...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I am looking for up-to-date publications about the performance of Canadair aircraft in reducing fire front intensity and in particular the value of intensity in kW/m. The few references I know are very dated. Can anyone help me?

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
AVODIS project proposes to develop and achieve novel strategies to improve the scarce knowledge of social context of wildfire prevention, mitigation and suppression and ensure better implementation of risk and crisis communication programs to increase safety and resilience. The project will improve knowledge by developing empirical information on key aspects of the social context of Portuguese wildfire problem to support the development of effective risk and crisis communication programs. AVODIS will support the integration of social context in Portuguese outreach countryside and will demonstrate how it can be used to improve risk and crisis communication to promote effective changes of behaviors and create a resilient society able to avoid wildfire disasters.
Project
The nature and the major challenge of this project is the comprehension of the biophysical and human processes contributing to extreme fire events and their interactions through the appreciation of the complexity of past extreme fire events in Portugal, as a learned lesson. The purpose is to develop efficient prevention and preparedness strategies and measures to contain wildfire risk, to decrease impacts and damages and to enhance resilience to extreme events. Communities have to prevent and prepare timely for extreme fire events. The novel idea of this project is based on the exploitation of the innovative concept of “fire smart territories”. Thus, we will consider the different roles of fire in social-ecological systems and all fire management activities, mainly those of prevention and preparedness. The project activities involve 8 institutions from Australia, Canada, France, Italy, U.S., and Portugal.