Vítor M. J. Matos

Vítor M. J. Matos
University of Coimbra | UC · Research Centre for Anthropology and Health

PhD Biological Anthropology

About

43
Publications
5,898
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
216
Citations
Introduction
I'm a biological anthropologist and paleopathologist interested in studying the multiple dimensions of human health and disease through time and space. Human skeletons and old medical archives are my primary sources for data collection and analysis.
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - September 2020
Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, Politécnico e Universitário
Position
  • Professor
September 2009 - present
University of Coimbra
Position
  • Researcher
October 2004 - present
University of Coimbra
Position
  • Researcher
Education
October 2004 - March 2010
University of Coimbra
Field of study
  • Biological Anthropology

Publications

Publications (43)
Data
Full-text available
Documentary sources refer to leprosy patients in the Portuguese territory since the first century AD, and in the Middle Ages around 70 leprosaria were established. However, prior to 2003 this historical evidence had not been confirmed by archeological findings. The excavation performed in monitoring the rehabilitation done by the Polis program in t...
Article
Full-text available
Diseases that culminate into vertebral collapse are of intricate diagnosis both in palaeopathology and modern clinical practice. When analysing human skeletal remains from the archaeological record this difficulty is amplified due to the absence of complementary medical diagnostic information. This is especially evident when the distinction between...
Article
Full-text available
Leprogenic odontodysplasia (LO), also known as dens leprosus, consists of anomalous root development of the permanent upper incisors. This dental anomaly was first reported by Danielsen in 1968 among Danish juvenile skeletons from medieval leprosaria cemeteries. As yet, no clinical cases have been documented and the etiological and epidemiological...
Article
Although rarely reported in the anthropological literature, rib fractures are commonly found during the analysis of human skeletal remains of past and modern populations. This lack of published data precludes comparison between studies and restricts an accurate understanding either of the mechanisms involved in thoracic injuries or their impact on...
Article
In the last 20 years, studies on human identified skeletal collections have revealed a significant relationship between new bone formation on the visceral surface of ribs and pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). To improve methods of differential diagnosis of respiratory diseases in archaeological skeletons, an investigation was conducted on 197 individual...
Article
Full-text available
Sex estimation is an important step in the identification of human skeletal remains, since it reduces the number of potential matches to approximately one-half. The os coxae and skull are consid-ered the most dimorphic skeletal elements; however, when unavailable, teeth may be used alternatively. This study aims to evaluate the usefulness of specif...
Article
Full-text available
When encountering human skeletal remains in forensic contexts, one important step in the identification process is the estimation of sex, because it reduces the number of individuals to approximately one half. The pelvis and skull are considered the most efficient elements for this estimation; however, when unavailable, teeth may be used alternativ...
Article
Objective Was cancer a rare disease in the past? Our objective is to consider the various terminological, theoretical, and methodological biases that may affect perceptions of the rarity of cancer in the past. Materials and methods We discuss relevant malignant neoplastic biomedical and paleopathological literature and evaluate skeletal data. We s...
Article
The true impact of heat-induced changes in human bone regarding their sex estimation has not been comprehensively documented having a potentially negative impact on forensic anthropology. The objective of this paper was to evaluate how heat exposure affects sex estimation based on both morphological and metric features. The study focused in both lo...
Poster
Full-text available
En la intervención arqueológica número 5036 del área funeraria romana situada en la zona sur/Los Bodegones de la ciudad de Mérida (España) fueron excavados 50 enterramientos, de inhumación y de cremación, datados en los siglos I-IV d.C. y localizados junto a una vía de acceso a la colonia de Augusta Emerita, capital de la provincia de Lusitania. Un...
Presentation
Full-text available
Sclerosing bone dysplasias are abnormalities of varying severity and include a wide range of complex alterations in the bone ossification pathway. This work aims to discuss the differential diagnosis of a sclerosing dysplasia. The skull of a 61 year-old male from the International Exchange Skull Collection who died in 1928 (registered cause of deat...
Chapter
Full-text available
Long bone proliferative periosteal reactions (PR) have been extensively used as a proxy to health status, physiological stress, or frailty in past human societies, as well as, an activity-related marker. Studies have demonstrated an increase in PR in human populations undergoing major economic and societal transitions (e.g. transition from foraging...
Poster
Full-text available
O conhecimento em Evolução Humana, se bem que determinante para a compreensão da origem humana, da sua biologia e cultura, assim como da sua estreita relação com outras espécies vivas, designadamente da Ordem dos Primatas, continua a ocupar um peso residual no ensino das Ciências Naturais e Humanas. Essa presença é ainda mais incipiente junto do gr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Linear measurements and landmark-based geometric morphometrics are both widely used to quantitatively describe primate cra-nial form and its variation. Each type of data is often subsequently used to study evolutionary aspects of primate cranial form, including the action of microevolutionary processes, such as random genetic drift and natural sele...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Primate cranial form is widely variable among primate groups, while being constrained by their close phylogenetic relationships. Fossils show that extinct primates were also extremely variable in cranial form. Evolutionary, cranial form is driven by the action of microevolutionary processes, such as genetic drift and natural selection, but how each...
Article
Biological, sociocultural, demographic and environmental factors are major contributors to the contemporary burden of oncological diseases. Although cancer’s current epidemiological landscape is fairly well known, its past occurrence and history seem more obscure. In order to test the hypothesis that paleopathological diagnosis is an adequate measu...
Poster
Full-text available
Qualquer processo biológico ou mecânico que interrompa ou interfira com o normal funcionamento da camada interna do periósteo pode estimular a produção de osso novo, não sendo esta resposta nem homogénea, nem uniforme para todos os indivíduos ou condições patológicas. No entanto, na literatura surge menção a um crescimento ósseo específico na regiã...
Chapter
Full-text available
Study on the osteological sample exhumed during excavations at the necropolis adjoining the Espírito Santo Chapel, a medieval church in Almada. The authors focuses on the perinatal remains of six individuals (between 20 pregnancy weeks to 28 days post-delivery), and two adult individuals (presumably the mothers of two of the perinatal individuals)....
Poster
Full-text available
GEEvH (Group of Studies in Human Evolution) Activities
Article
Full-text available
Iconographic representation of humans is an important source of evi-dence for paleopathologists. This is particularly so in acknowledging sociocultural practices in past and/or extinct populations. The aim of this work is to report images of body modifications and cases of paleopathological interest represented in the iconography recovered during t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Paleoepidemiological studies on sacroiliac joint ankylosis (SIA) were previously reported both on identified skeletal collections and in archaeological samples, revealing an accentuated sex and age bias. Although the sacroiliac articulation is preferentially involved on some rheumatologic conditions, including spondyloarthropathies and Diffuse Idio...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo Um dos desafios inerentes à interpretação paleopatológica radica na dis-tinção entre o carácter normal e o patológico de determinadas alterações ósseas. Esta dicotomia nem sempre é linear e, frequentemente, dificulta ou impossibilita um diagnóstico retrospectivo concreto. O presente trabalho tem por objectivo exem-plificar a fluidez da front...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Palavras-chave: Doença de Hansen, Etnografia, Interdisciplinaridade, Paleopatologia, Espaço, Exclusão. Em 1947, sob o impulso do médico Fernando Bissaya Barreto, é inaugurado na Vila da Tocha o Hospital-Colónia Rovisco Pais (H-CRP), vocacionado para a erradicação da lepra no contexto nacional, tendo por base um modelo de internamento compulsivo e d...
Book
Full-text available
Apresentação dos trabalhos desenvolvidos no campo militar de S. Jorge: prospecção geofísica, intervenção arqueologica, análise antropologica do espólio osteológico, interpetação da batalha de Aljubarrota integrando os resultados destes estudos

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The Group of Studies in Human Evolution (GEEvH) - https://geevh.jimdo.com/ is a nonprofit scientific organization created in 2005 by a group of students attending the Master Course in Human Evolution (class 2004–2006) syllabus from the former Department of Anthropology at the University of Coimbra, Portugal. Since its foundation, GEEvH’s mission has been grounded on three main aims: (1) the scientific and pedagogical promotion of the knowledge in human evolution and of the numerous sciences that contribute to it; (2) the promotion and organization of scientific meetings, conferences, courses, workshops, amongst others; and (3) the fruitful interaction with other similar scientific institutions to achieve the former two aims. Over the last decade, GEEvH’s members – always working on a voluntary basis – have developed a set of initiatives that aim, not only to communicate the last scientific discoveries but also to reinforce the interdisciplinarity that underlies knowledge in human evolution. Accordingly, three major areas of action were progressively established: 1) The development of scientific and pedagogical activities for children and to the general public One of the main goals of the association is the scientific and pedagogical promotion of studies in Human Evolution. To fulfill this goal, efforts were made to disseminate Darwin’s theory in schools, museums and among the general public by focusing on distinct disciplines since Darwin was himself an interdisciplinary thinker. As a result, a voluntary and multidisciplinary project centered on the topic of human evolution was developed in 2005 by the GEEvH. The project, entitled Playing with the Big Tree of Evolution was created within the scope of a national program called Ciência Viva VI from the former Ministry of Science, Technology and High Degree, embracing a non-formal and informal apprenticeship. The project was composed of a set of pedagogical and experimental workshops that aimed to promote the broad concept of human evolution as well as to demystify the anthropocentric perspective that places humans at the top of the chain of life, embracing the idea that evolution is not a straight road but is a casual and unexpected event that needs constant updates. 2) The organization and support of scientific meetings The GEEvH has co-organized national and international scientific meetings, mainly with the purpose of allowing the promotion and discussion of scientific works, as well as the creation of new partnerships between researchers and university students, especially from anthropology and archaeology. 3) The release of two free online publications Cadernos do GEEvH | Notes in Human Evolution - https://geevh.jimdo.com/cadernos-do-geevh/ - was launched in 2012 with the main objective of filling a gap: the inexistence of an open-access peer-reviewed Portuguese journal focusing on the broad scope of human evolution. It allows publishing in three different languages (Portuguese, English and Castilian) and welcomes grey literature. The latter is composed of technical reports, dissertations, databases and other kinds of information that are usually not easily accessible since they are often refused for publication in conventional journals. In 2014, a new online publication – Show Us Your Research! (SUYR!) – https://geevh.jimdo.com/suyr/ - was created by GEEvH in collaboration with NAP (Group of Archaeology and Paleoecology, University of Algarve, Portugal). SUYR! main goal consists in publishing social and biological anthropology and archaeological works aimed for the general public, to construct a new channel of communication between the researchers and the wider public. SUYR! welcomes works about any anthropological and archaeological topic, such as: past and current research projects, methodologies, artefacts, theories, pathological conditions, anatomical features (e.g. non-metric traits), an archaeological site, and outreach activities, among others.