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Vito Domenico Pietro Servedio

Vito Domenico Pietro Servedio
Complexity Science Hub Vienna

Dr.

About

94
Publications
22,377
Reads
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2,818
Citations
Citations since 2017
26 Research Items
1252 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Introduction
Innovation dynamics, data science, recommendation systems, applied blockchain technology.
Additional affiliations
October 2016 - present
Complexity Science Hub Vienna
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (94)
Preprint
Forecasting the popularity of new songs has become a standard practice in the music industry and provides a comparative advantage for those that do it well. Considerable efforts were put into machine learning prediction models for that purpose. It is known that in these models, relevant predictive parameters include intrinsic lyrical and acoustic c...
Article
Full-text available
Open Source Software (OSS) is widely spread in industry, research, and government. OSS represents an effective development model because it harnesses the decentralized efforts of many developers in a way that scales. As OSS developers work independently on interdependent modules, they create a larger cohesive whole in the form of an ecosystem, leav...
Article
Full-text available
Blockchains are among the most relevant emerging technologies of recent times and, according to many, they will have a central role in shaping the future of our society. Since the introduction of Bitcoin in 2009, the first notorious blockchain system bound to a cryptocurrency, the blockchain ecosystem has experienced a huge growth, driven by innova...
Preprint
Hundreds of years after its creation, the game of chess is still widely played worldwide. Opening Theory is one of the pillars of chess and requires years of study to be mastered. Here we exploit the "wisdom of the crowd" in an online chess platform to answer questions that, traditionally, only chess experts could tackle. We first define the relate...
Preprint
Full-text available
Open-source software (OSS) is widely spread in industry, research, and government. OSS represents an effective development model because it harnesses the decentralized efforts of many developers in a way that scales. As OSS developers work independently on interdependent modules, they create a larger cohesive whole in the form of an ecosystem, leav...
Article
Full-text available
For decades the number of scientific publications has been rapidly increasing, effectively out-dating knowledge at a tremendous rate. Only few scientific milestones remain relevant and continuously attract citations. Here we quantify how long scientific work remains being utilized, how long it takes before today’s work is forgotten, and how milesto...
Preprint
Full-text available
For decades the number of scientific publications has been rapidly increasing, effectively out-dating knowledge at a tremendous rate. Only few scientific milestones remain relevant and continuously attract citations. Here we quantify how long scientific work remains being utilized, how long it takes before today's work is forgotten, and how milesto...
Article
Full-text available
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, governments have implemented a wide range of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). Monitoring and documenting government strategies during the COVID-19 crisis is crucial to understand the progression of the epidemic. Following a content analysis strategy of existing public information sources, we developed a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Rediscovering a new function for something can be just as important as the discovery itself. In 1982, Stephen Jay Gould and Elisabeth Vrba named this phenomenon Exaptation to describe a radical shift in the function of a specific trait during biological evolution. While exaptation is thought to be a fundamental mechanism for generating adaptive inn...
Article
Full-text available
Taylor’s law quantifies the scaling properties of the fluctuations of the number of innovations occurring in open systems. Urn-based modeling schemes have already proven to be effective in modeling this complex behaviour. Here, we present analytical estimations of Taylor’s law exponents in such models, by leveraging on their representation in terms...
Preprint
Full-text available
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, governments have implemented a wide range of nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). Monitoring and documenting government strategies during the COVID-19 crisis is crucial to understand the progression of the epidemic. Following a content analysis strategy of existing public information sources, we developed a...
Preprint
Taylor's law quantifies the scaling properties of the fluctuations of the number of innovations occurring in open systems. Urn based modelling schemes have already proven to be effective in modelling this complex behaviour. Here, we present analytical estimations of Taylor's law exponents in such models, by leveraging on their representation in ter...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rediscovering a new function for something can be just as important as the discovery itself. In 1982, Stephen Jay Gould and Elisabeth Vrba named this phenomenon Exaptation to describe a radical shift in the function of a specific trait during biological evolution. While exaptation is thought to be a fundamental mechanism for generating adaptive inn...
Article
Full-text available
We present a new metric estimating fitness of countries and complexity of products by exploiting a non-linear non-homogeneous map applied to the publicly available information on the goods exported by a country. The non homogeneous terms guarantee both convergence and stability. After a suitable rescaling of the relevant quantities, the non homogen...
Article
Full-text available
Zipf’s, Heaps’ and Taylor’s laws are ubiquitous in many different systems where innovation processes are at play. Together, they represent a compelling set of stylized facts regarding the overall statistics, the innovation rate and the scaling of fluctuations for systems as diverse as written texts and cities, ecological systems and stock markets....
Preprint
Full-text available
Zipf's, Heaps' and Taylor's laws are ubiquitous in many different systems where innovation processes are at play. Together, they represent a compelling set of stylized facts regarding the overall statistics, the innovation rate and the scaling of fluctuations for systems as diverse as written texts and cities, ecological systems and stock markets....
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a new method of estimating fitness of countries and complexity of products by exploiting a non-linear non-homogeneous map applied to the publicly available information on the goods exported by a country. The non homogeneous terms guarantee both convergence and stability. After a suitable rescaling of the relevant quantities, the non homo...
Article
Full-text available
Railways are a key infrastructure of any modern country where major disruptions and large delays compromising the correct mode of operation occur on a daily basis. Despite their importance, a general theoretical understanding of the underlying causes is still lacking so that a deeper comprehension of these critical situations will impact the effect...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a non-linear non-homogeneous fitness-complexity algorithm where the presence of non homogeneous terms guarantees both convergence and stability. After a suitable rescaling of the relevant quantities, the non homogeneous terms are eventually set to zero so that this new method is parameter free. This new algorithm reproduces the findings...
Article
Full-text available
Creative industries constantly strive for fame and popularity. Though highly desirable, popularity is not the only achievement artistic creations might ever acquire. Leaving a longstanding mark in the global production and influencing future works is an even more important achievement, usually acknowledged by experts and scholars. textquoteleftSign...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the last few years the Web has progressively acquired the status of an infrastructure for social computation that allows researchers to coordinate the cognitive abilities of human agents, so to steer the collective user activity towards predefined goals. This general trend is also triggering the adoption of web-games as an alternative laboratory...
Chapter
The emergence of awareness is deeply connected to the process of learning. In fact, by learning that high sound levels may harm one’s health, that noise levels that we estimate as innocuous may be dangerous, that there exist an alternative path we can walk to go to work and minimize our exposure to air pollution, etc., citizens will be able to unde...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recently, social phenomena have received a lot of attention not only from social scientists, but also from physicists, mathematicians and computer scientists, in the emerging interdisciplinary field of complex system science. Opinion dynamics is one of the processes studied, since opinions are the drivers of human behaviour, and play a crucial role...
Chapter
Full-text available
Novelties are part of our daily lives. We constantly adopt new technologies, conceive new ideas, meet new people, experiment with new situations. Occasionally, we as individuals, in a complicated cognitive and sometimes fortuitous process, come up with something that is not only new to us, but to our entire society so that what is a personal novelt...
Article
Full-text available
The complex organization of syntax in hierarchical structures is one of the core design features of human language. Duality of patterning refers, for instance, to the organization of the meaningful elements in a language at two distinct levels: a combinatorial level, where meaningless forms are combined into meaningful forms; and a compositional le...
Article
Full-text available
The comprehension of vehicular traffic in urban environments is crucial to achieve a good management of the complex processes arising from people collective motion. Even allowing for the great complexity of human beings, human behavior turns out to be subject to strong constraints-physical, environmental, social, economic-that induce the emergence...
Data
Supporting Information Data. One compressed text file containing aggregated data that can be used to reproduced the findings of this paper. Each row of the text conatins the starting day, starting hour, arrival day, arrival hour, travel time in seconds, travel length in meters of each travel used for the data analysis. (BZ2)
Data
Supporting Information Text for this paper. One PDF paper with details on the materials and methods. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Each sphere of knowledge and information could be depicted as a complex mesh of correlated items. By properly exploiting these connections, innovative and more efficient navigation strategies could be defined, possibly leading to a faster learning process and an enduring retention of information. In this work we investigate how the topological stru...
Article
Full-text available
Air Transportation represents a very interesting example of a complex techno-social system whose importance has considerably grown in time and whose management requires a careful understanding of the subtle interplay between technological infrastructure and human behavior. Despite the competition with other transportation systems, a growth of air t...
Article
Full-text available
Contact languages are born out of the non-trivial interaction of two (or more) parent languages. Nowadays, the enhanced possibility of mobility and communication allows for a strong mixing of languages and cultures, thus raising the issue of whether there are any pure languages or cultures that are unaffected by contact with others. As with bacteri...
Article
Full-text available
The issue of sustainability is at the top of the political and societal agenda, being considered of extreme importance and urgency. Human individual action impacts the environment both locally (e.g., local air/water quality, noise disturbance) and globally (e.g., climate change, resource use). Urban environments represent a crucial example, with an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The introduction of a new SESAR scenario in the European Airspace will impact the functioning and the performances of the current Air Traffic Management (ATM) System. The understanding of the features and the limits of the current system could be crucial in order to improve and design the structure of the future ATM. In this paper we present some r...
Article
Full-text available
Novelties are a familiar part of daily life. They are also fundamental to the evolution of biological systems, human society, and technology. By opening new possibilities, one novelty can pave the way for others in a process that Kauffman has called "expanding the adjacent possible''. The dynamics of correlated novelties, however, have yet to be qu...
Article
Full-text available
In the last few years the Web has progressively acquired the status of an infrastructure for social computation that allows researchers to coordinate the cognitive abilities of human agents in on-line communities so to steer the collective user activity towards predefined goals. This general trend is also triggering the adoption of web-games as a v...
Article
Full-text available
The development of ICT infrastructures has facilitated the emergence of new paradigms for looking at society and the environment over the last few years. Participatory environmental sensing, i.e. directly involving citizens in environmental monitoring, is one example, which is hoped to encourage learning and enhance awareness of environmental issue...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays Nuclear Magnetic Resonance diffusion (dNMR) measurements of water molecules in heterogeneous systems have broad applications in material science, biophysics and medicine. Up to now, microstructural rearrangement in media has been experimentally investigated by studying the diffusion coefficient (D(t)) behavior in the tortuosity limit. Howe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent times, the research field of language dynamics has focused on the investigation of language evolution, dividing the work in three evolutive steps, according to the level of complexity: lexicon, categories and grammar. The Naming Game is a simple model capable of accounting for the emergence of a lexicon, intended as the set of words throu...
Article
Full-text available
Opinion formation is an important element of social dynamics. It has been widely studied in the last years with tools from physics, mathematics and computer science. Here, a continuous model of opinion dynamics for multiple possible choices is analysed. Its main features are the inclusion of disagreement and possibility of modulating information, b...
Article
The development of ICT infrastructures has facilitated the emergence of new paradigms for looking at society and the environment over the last few years. Participatory environmental sensing, i.e. directly involving citizens in environmental monitoring, is one example, which is hoped to encourage learning and enhance awareness of environmental issue...
Article
Full-text available
Opinion dynamics concerns social processes through which populations or groups of individuals agree or disagree on specific issues. As such, modelling opinion dynamics represents an important research area that has been progressively acquiring relevance in many different domains. Existing approaches have mostly represented opinions through discrete...
Article
Full-text available
Folksonomies provide a rich source of data to study social patterns taking place on the World Wide Web. Here we study the temporal patterns of users' tagging activity. We show that the statistical properties of inter-arrival times between subsequent tagging events cannot be explained without taking into account correlation in users' behaviors. This...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the directed and weighted complex network of free word associations in which players write a word in response to another word given as input. We analyze in details two large datasets resulting from two very different experiments: On the one hand the massive multiplayer web-based Word Association Game known as Human Brain Cloud, and o...
Article
We report layer-Korringa–Kohn–Rostocker calculations for bulk and surface states (SFS) as well as the corresponding photoemission intensities of MgB2. Our theoretical results reproduce very well the recent angle resolved photoemission data by Uchiyama et al. At least two SFS are assigned. Consequences of SFS on the anisotropy of the upper critical...
Chapter
Full-text available
There is now overwhelming evidence that the current organisation of our economies and societies is seriously damaging biological ecosystems, social structures and human living conditions in the very short term, with potentially catastrophic effects in the long term. A lot can and must be done from the technology and policy point of view. However, i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We study the semantic assortativity in the social networks hosted by the Flickr folksonomy, based both on the contact data and on the group membership data provided by the users. The social network built this way are complex one. Besides, one observes a clear assortativity pattern, stronger than in a suitable null model adopted for a comparison. Ne...
Article
Full-text available
A distributed classification paradigm known as collaborative tagging has been widely adopted in new Web applications designed to manage and share online resources. Users of these applications organize resources (Web pages, digital photographs, academic papers) by associating with them freely chosen text labels, or tags. Here we leverage the social...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of our group was to exploit state-of-the-art Information Retrieval methods for finding associations and dependencies between tags, capturing and representing differences in tagging behavior and vocabulary of various folksonomies, with the overall aim to better understand the semantics of tags and the tagging process. Therefore we anal...
Article
Full-text available
Auch erschienen in: Proceedings. WWW2007 Workshop "Tagging and Metadata for Social Information Organization". Banff, 2007. Social resource sharing systems like YouTube and del.icio.us have acquired a large number of users within the last few years. They provide rich resources for data analysis, information retrieval, and knowledge discovery applica...
Article
Full-text available
Endothelial cells are responsible for the formation of the capillary blood vessel network. We describe a system of endothelial cells by means of two-dimensional molecular dynamics simulations of point-like particles. Cells' motion is governed by the gradient of the concentration of a chemical substance that they produce (chemotaxis). The typical ti...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze a large-scale snapshot of del.icio.us and investigate how the number of different tags in the system grows as a function of a suitably defined notion of time. We study the temporal evolution of the global vocabulary size, i.e. the number of distinct tags in the entire system, as well as the evolution of local vocabularies, that is the gr...
Article
Full-text available
The electronic structure and magnetic properties of NpCoGa5 are investigated in the framework of relativistic density functional theory in the local spin density approximation (LSDA) with and without orbital polarization (OP) corrections. A detailed analysis of the Fermi surface is presented. Comparison of the calculated angular dependence of the d...
Conference Paper
While the Semantic Web has evolved to support the meaningful exchange of heterogeneous data through shared and controlled conceptualisations, Web 2.0 has demonstrated that large-scale community tagging sites can enrich the semantic web with readily accessible and valuable knowledge. In this paper, we investigate the integration of a movies folksono...
Article
Full-text available
While the Semantic Web has evolved to support the meaningful exchange of heterogeneous data through shared and controlled conceptualisations, Web 2.0 has demonstrated that large-scale community tagging sites can enrich the semantic web with readily accessible and valuable knowledge. In this paper, we investigate the integration of a movies folksono...
Article
Full-text available
The Yule-Simon model has been used as a tool to describe the growth of diverse systems, acquiring a paradigmatic character in many fields of research. Here we study a modified Yule-Simon model that takes into account the full history of the system by means of a hyperbolic memory kernel. We show how the memory kernel changes the properties of prefer...