Virginie Bonnot

Virginie Bonnot
Université Paris Cité (formerly U. Paris Descartes)

PhD in Social Psychology ; Professor

About

37
Publications
11,739
Reads
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355
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
September 2007 - present
Paris Descartes University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2006 - July 2007
New York University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2002 - September 2006
Université Clermont Auvergne - LAPSCO
Field of study
  • Social Psychology

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
Intensive mothering is a cultural model of appropriate childrearing according to which mothers should unselfishly make a tremendous investment in their child. Using a mixed methodology, we examined the relevance of this ideology to understand the persistence of gender inequality. A content analysis of the most popular French mommy blogs indicates t...
Poster
Full-text available
Intensive mothering (IM) defines appropriate child rearing as child-centered, labor-intensive and financially expensive (Hays, 1996). We consider the role of IM for social hierarchies, and suggest that IM is a judgement norm.
Poster
Full-text available
This poster presents two studies on the subject of the gender backlash effect against adolescents who do not conform to gender stereotypes. Through these two studies, adolescents were awarded lower adult social status when the were perceived as counter-stereotypical. Results also showed that masculine stereotypes were more associated with higher so...
Article
Full-text available
This article adds to the existing literature on neoliberal ideology by investigating its content and contours in a context historically marked by statism. Very few studies in social psychology have looked at how neoliberal ideology transpires out of people's discourses and none have done so in such contexts. Yet, this appears necessary in order to...
Article
Full-text available
The worldwide spread of a new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) since December 2019 has posed a severe threat to individuals' well-being. While the world at large is waiting that the released vaccines immunize most citizens, public health experts suggest that, in the meantime , it is only through behavior change that the spread of COVID-19 can be controlled...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to test the main hypothesis that the endorsement of neoliberal ideology, comprising beliefs and values such as personal responsibility and hedonism, is negatively associated with the engagement in the Yellow Vest (YV) movement. In a first study (N = 489), analysis of qualitative data shows that most of the YV movement g...
Chapter
Climate change is one of the main risks humanity faces this century. Numerous studies in social sciences show that people have a biased understanding of scientific knowledge regarding climate change and, consequently, do not adopt the good practices. We consider the concept of threat helpful to understand why this is so. Indeed, it integrates cogni...
Preprint
Le lecteur ou la lectrice désireux·se de découvrir les travaux de psychologie sociale sur la question de la résistance au féminisme pourrait être quelque peu frustré·e face à la rareté des recherches publiées sur cette problématique spécifique. Si la psychologie sociale ne s'est pas encore emparée pleinement du sujet, il n'en reste pas moins que le...
Article
Full-text available
Even though gender inequality is ubiquitous, not all women get involved in remedial collective action. We hypothesize that neoliberal ideology, which emphasizes individual responsibility, free choice, competition, and meritocracy, undermines women’s feminist identification and collective action. In the first experimental study (n=159), and consiste...
Article
We examined how the framing of responsibility for reducing socio‐economic inequality affects individuals' emotional reactions towards the poor and the willingness to engage in prosocial actions. Attribution of responsibility to either the system (government and institutions), the less deprived in‐group, or the disadvantaged out‐group (poor) was mea...
Article
Collective emotions are considered relevant factors in predicting pro-ecological behavior. However, the literature provides no insight into the role played by culture, despite the fact that emotions depend on specific appraisals, which are culturally grounded. As climate change is appraised as a political issue in France and as a moral issue in Ger...
Article
Research based on system justification theory has shown that women's self-perceptions may be altered by the motivation to justify the system and its inequalities. Self-perceptions being built on past experiences, the present study aimed to explore how system justification motivation induced through a system dependency manipulation may alter both wo...
Article
The present study examines how guilt norms regarding past French colonization in Algeria (one of the North African countries referred to as the Maghreb) are linked to collective guilt and other negative group-based emotions, contemporary intergroup attitudes towards immigrants of the former colonies and their descendants (French Maghrebians), and c...
Chapter
Nous sommes tous les jours confrontés à bon nombre d’informations inquiétantes relatives à l’état de notre système social, politique ou économique : la crise économique (« Pourquoi la France ne survivra pas à la crise », NY Times 2013), l’accroissement des inégalités (« La crise creuse les inégalités en France », Le Figaro, 2014), la crise écologiq...
Book
Full-text available
Menaces sociales et environnementales : Repenser la société des risques ---- Sabine Caillaud, Virginie Bonnot et Ewa Drozda-Senkowska (dir.) ---- Le monde est plein de dangers : crise économique, chômage, incivilités, délinquance, crimes, guerre et conflits, problèmes de santé publique, sécurité nucléaire, changements climatiques, extinction d’espè...
Chapter
Article dans le magazine "Cerveau & Psycho"
Article
Full-text available
Based on system justification theory (Jost & Banaji, 1994), we hypothesized that men and women would perform in accordance with gender stereotypes mainly when justification of the system is necessary. In this research, system-justification motivation was triggered using a system-dependency manipulation. Study 1 shows that when feeling highly (vs. l...
Chapter
Full-text available
4e de couverture --- Qu'est-ce qu'être une femme ou un homme ? Ce que nous pensons «féminin» ou «masculin» l'est-il bien ? Est-ce conjoncturel, culturel, ou bien profondément inscrit dans nos corps et plus ou moins intangible ? Ces questions se posent de nos jours dans un contexte radicalement nouveau : celui de la remise en cause globale de la dom...
Article
Full-text available
Fifty years after the end of the Algerian war of independence, French colonization in Algeria (1830-1962) is still a very controversial topic when sporadically brought to the forefront of the public sphere. One way to better understand current intergroup relationships between French of French origins and French with Algerian origins is to investiga...
Article
This study explores the way groups cope with collective responsibility for ecological problems. The social representations approach was adopted, and the collective symbolic coping model was used as a frame of analysis, integrating collective emotions to enhance the understanding of coping processes. The original feature of this study is that the an...
Article
Full-text available
The belief that, in school, success only depends on will and hard work is widespread in Western societies despite evidence showing that several factors other than merit explain school success, including group belonging (e.g., social class, gender). In the present paper, we argue that because merit is the only track for low status students to reach...
Chapter
Full-text available
The last decades have seen striking progress in girls’ education and females are now doing as well as or better than males on numerous indicators. Paradoxically, the gender hierarchy in higher education remains. Indeed, female students, compared to male students, are still underrepresented in the fields of education leading to the more "profitable"...
Article
Full-text available
At a time when teaching platforms are heavily introduced in French universities, this study aims to evaluating the way in which female and male students use information technology in general and teaching platforms in particular, taking into account the role that the gender stereotype, favoring boys in information technology, might play. A survey wa...
Article
Based on system justification theory, we hypothesized that, when the salience of system justification concerns are high, both men and women would bias estimates of their own and their group's academic competence so as to make them more congruent with complementary gender stereotypes concerning mathematical and verbal abilities. Results show that, c...
Chapter
Full-text available
Il existe différentes manières de considérer le caractère collectif des émotions. Dans ce chapitre, les émotions collectives, telle la peur, sont envisagées comme des émotions ressenties du fait de nos appartenances sociales. Eprouver la peur ou la colère lorsque les valeurs de notre groupe nous semblent menacées en est un exemple fréquent qui illu...
Article
Full-text available
The existence of incompetence stereotypes of certain social groups may lead their group members to adopt behaviors that confirm their group’s negative reputation. Two dynamics are exposed to explain the deleterious impact of these stereotypes in the group members’ professional development: one relates to stereotype internalization, the other to ste...
Chapter
Full-text available
Contrairement à la plupart des chapitres de cet ouvrage qui se focalisent sur la régulation des émotions dans un but intra-personnel (ex. préservation du bien-être et de la santé, maximisation de la performance au travail), la présente contribution est centrée sur le rôle des émotions et leur régulation dans les relations intergroupes. Nous proposo...
Article
Full-text available
Stereotypes may influence performance of stereotyped individuals by means of stereotype internalization and/or by means of stereotype threatening situations. The present study investigated the joint influence of those mechanisms on women’s math performance, taking stereotype endorsement as a proxy for internalization. Results show that, congruent w...
Article
It has long been argued that stigmatized individuals can ultimately internalize the stereotype alleging their inferiority. The present article investigated whether the internalization of the reputation of math inferiority that targets women can affect their math performance and whether this influence is caused by a disruption of working memory. A f...
Article
Full-text available
Based on Eccles’ (1987) model of academic achievement-related decisions, we tested whether women, who are engaged in mathematical fields at university, have internalized, to some extent, the stereotype about women’s inferiority in math. The results indicate that men and women do not assess their ability self-concept, subjective value of math, or pe...
Thesis
Full-text available
Les stéréotypes de genre qui attribuent des compétences intellectuelles différentes aux femmes et aux hommes sont rémanents et particulièrement utiles pour fonder les différences de statut social. En particulier, le stéréotype d'incompétence mathématique des femmes influence profondément leurs performances et leurs choix d'orientations scolaire et...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Goal: Part of an ANR Project URGEN (ANR-19-CE41-0001) « Understanding the resistance to gender equality: backlash effects and system-justifying ideologies ». Partenaires: LPS, U. Paris Descartes/U. de Paris (Cristina Aelenei, Silvia Krauth-Gruber, Catherine Verniers), LAPSCO, U. Clermont Auvergne (Sandrine Redersdorff), Institut de recherche Médias, Cultures, Communication et Numérique (Irméccen), U. Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3 (Yvette Assilaméhou-Kunz), Psychological Sciences Research Institute, U. Louvain la Neuve, Belgium (Vincent Yzerbyt), NYU, US (John Jost). Intensive mothering (IM) refers to a cultural model of appropriate mothering which posits that child-rearing must be child-centered, expert-guided, labor-intensive, emotionally absorbing, financially expensive and, most importantly, that mothers are primarily responsible for fulfilling this mandate (Hays, 1996). While IM has been initially documented in the North American context, contemporary research indicates that it has expanded to other Western cultures. Yet, it has received only little attention in France. So far, however, research has been largely descriptive, focusing on how individual mothers align their practices along IM. In contrast with previous work, and using a system justification perspective (Jost & Banaji, 1994), we intend to study IM at the intersection of ideological and intergroup levels, in order to document how IM ideology may indeed be a justifying tool for gender and class hierarchies.
Project
1) https://www.researchgate.net/project/Backlash-dynamics-against-women-who-challenge-the-gender-hierarchy-URGEN 2) https://www.researchgate.net/project/Neoliberalism-as-an-ideological-barrier-to-feminist-collective-actions-URGEN 3) https://www.researchgate.net/project/Gender-inequality-in-the-public-and-private-spheres-The-role-of-intensive-mothering-ideology-URGEN
Project
Part of an ANR project : URGEN « Understanding the resistance to gender equality: backlash effects and system-justifying ideologies » (ANR-19-CE41-0001). Partenaires: LPS, U. Paris Descartes/U. de Paris (Cristina Aelenei, Silvia Krauth-Gruber, Catherine Verniers), LAPSCO, U. Clermont Auvergne (Sandrine Redersdorff), Institut de recherche Médias, Cultures, Communication et Numérique (Irméccen), U. Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3 (Yvette Assilaméhou-Kunz), Psychological Sciences Research Institute, U. Louvain la Neuve, Belgium (Vincent Yzerbyt), NYU, US (John Jost). According to backlash theory and system justification theory, people are motivated to sanction counter-stereotypical behavior in order to preserve the social status quo and to legitimize existing social hierarchies (e.g., Jost, 2018; Rudman, Moss-Racusin, Glick, et al., 2012). Women are specifically likely to suffer backlash (i.e., prejudice and discrimination) when they violate status-relevant gender norms, such as displaying agency-dominance or expressing anger (Brescoll & Uhlmann, 2008). The present research aim is twofold: to analyze how the backlash unfolds within the more complex social dynamics of multiple identities and to investigate strategies of how best to disrupt backlash effects.