# Vincenzo SalzanoUniversity of Szczecin

Vincenzo Salzano

## About

52

Publications

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## Publications

Publications (52)

Extended theories of gravity have been extensively investigated during the last thirty years, aiming at fixing infrared and ultraviolet shortcomings of General Relativity and of the associated $$\varLambda $$ Λ CDM cosmological model. Recently, non-local theories of gravity have drawn increasing attention due to their potential to ameliorate both t...

The Ultra-Diffuse galaxy NGC1052-DF2 has recently been under intense scrutiny because from its kinematics it has revealed to be "extremely deficient" in dark matter, if not lacking it at all. This claim has raised many questions and solutions regarding the relationship between baryons and dark matter in Ultra-Diffuse galaxies. But there seems to be...

Extended theories of gravity have been extensively investigated during the last thirty years, aiming at fixing infrared and ultraviolet shortcomings of General Relativity and of the associated $\Lambda$CDM cosmological model. Recently, non-local theories of gravity have drawn increasing attention due to their potential to ameliorate both the ultrav...

Extended Theories of Gravity with additional scalar degrees of freedom have recently acquired increasing interest due to the presence of a screening mechanism that allows suppressing at small scales (e.g., the Solar System scale) every modification restoring General Relativity. In this work, we consider a second-order Extended Theory of Gravity bel...

Combining measurements with observations of the large scale structure coming from surveys which will probe the Universe in different scale regimes as compared to the size of the horizon, is a crucial step. Cosmology is (among others) our gravity laboratory. Hence, detailed investigation of the cosmological applications of various theories of gravit...

To recognize gravitational wave lensing events and being able to differentiate between similar lens models will be of crucial importance once one will be observing several lensing events of gravitational waves per year. In this work, we study the lensing of gravitational waves in the context of LISA sources and wave-optics regime. While different p...

Extended Theories of Gravity with additional scalar degrees of freedom have recently acquired increasing interest due to the presence of a screening mechanism that allows suppressing at small scales (e.g., the Solar System scale) every modification restoring General Relativity. In this work, we consider a second-order Extended Theory of Gravity bel...

Recently, a new cosmological framework, dubbed Ricci cosmology, has been proposed. Such a framework has emerged from the study of relativistic dynamics of fluids out of equilibrium in a curved background and is characterised by the presence of deviations from the equilibrium pressure in the energy–momentum tensor which are due to linear terms in th...

The next generation of galaxy surveys will allow us to test some fundamental aspects of the standard cosmological model, including the assumption of a minimal coupling between the components of the dark sector. In this paper, we present the Javalambre Physics of the Accelerated Universe Astrophysical Survey (J-PAS) forecasts on a class of unified m...

The mass-sheet degeneracy is a well-known problem in gravitational lensing that limits our capability to infer astrophysical lens properties or cosmological parameters from observations. As the number of gravitational wave observations grows, detecting lensed events will become more likely, and to assess how the mass-sheet degeneracy may affect the...

Recently, a new cosmological framework, dubbed Ricci Cosmology, has been proposed. Such a framework has emerged from the study of relativistic dynamics of fluids out of equilibrium in a curved background and is characterised by the presence of deviations from the equilibrium pressure in the energy-momentum tensor which are due to linear terms in th...

General Relativity and the $\Lambda$CDM framework are currently the standard lore and constitute the concordance paradigm. Nevertheless, long-standing open theoretical issues, as well as possible new observational ones arising from the explosive development of cosmology the last two decades, offer the motivation and lead a large amount of research...

The standard Λ Cold Dark Matter cosmological model provides an amazing description of a wide range of astrophysical and astronomical data. However, there are a few big open questions, that make the standard model look like a first-order approximation to a more realistic scenario that still needs to be fully understood. In this Letter of Interest we...

The standard Λ Cold Dark Matter cosmological model provides a wonderful fit to current cosmological data, but a few statistically significant tensions and anomalies were found in the latest data analyses. While these anomalies could be due to the presence of systematic errors in the experiments, they could also indicate the need for new physics bey...

A precise measurement of the curvature of the Universe is of prime importance for cosmology since it could not only confirm the paradigm of primordial inflation but also help in discriminating between different early-Universe scenarios. Recent observations, while broadly consistent with a spatially flat standard Λ Cold Dark Matter (ΛCDM) model, sho...

The current cosmological probes have provided a fantastic confirmation of the standard Λ Cold Dark Matter cosmological model, which has been constrained with unprecedented accuracy. However, with the increase of the experimental sensitivity, a few statistically significant tensions between different independent cosmological datasets emerged. While...

The mass-sheet degeneracy is a well-known problem in gravitational lensing which limits our capability to infer astrophysical lens properties or cosmological parameters from observations. As the number of gravitational wave observations grows, detecting lensed events will become more likely, and to assess how the mass-sheet degeneracy may affect th...

Abstract Effects from nonstandard corrections to Newtonian gravity, at large scale, can be investigated using the cosmological structure formation. In particular, it is possible to show if and how a logarithmic correction (as that induced from nonlocal gravity) modifies the clustering properties of galaxies and of clusters of galaxies. The thermody...

We investigate entropic force cosmological models with the possibility of matter creation and energy exchange between the bulk and the horizon of a homogeneous and isotropic flat Universe. We consider three different kinds of entropy, Bekenstein’s, the non-extensive Tsallis–Cirto’s, and the quartic entropy, plus some phenomenological functional for...

Over the last years some interest has been gathered by f(Q) theories, which are new candidates to replace Einstein’s prescription for gravity. The nonmetricity tensor Q allows to put forward the assumption of a free torsionless connection and, consequently, new degrees of freedom in the action are taken into account. This work focuses on a class of...

In this work, we further study a metric modified theory of gravity which contains a non-minimal coupling to matter, more precisely, we assume two functions of the scalar curvature, $f_1$ and $f_2$, where the first one generalises the Hilbert-Einstein action, while the second couples to the matter Lagrangian. On the one hand, assuming a $\Lambda$CDM...

In this work, we further study a metric modified theory of gravity which contains a non-minimal coupling to matter, more precisely, we assume two functions of the scalar curvature, $$f_1$$ f 1 and $$f_2$$ f 2 , where the first one generalises the Hilbert–Einstein action, while the second couples to the matter Lagrangian. On the one hand, assuming a...

Gravitational nonlocality effects at large scale can be investigated using the cosmological structure formation. In particular, it is possible to show if and how gravitational nonlocality modifies the clustering properties of galaxies and of clusters of galaxies. The thermodynamics of such systems can be used to obtain important information about t...

The Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) has emerged in numerous attempts to a theory of quantum gravity and predicts the existence of a minimum length in Nature. In this work, we consider two cosmological models arising from Friedmann equations modified by the GUP (in its linear and quadratic formulations) and compare them with observational da...

With a focus on modified gravity this book presents a review of the recent developments in the fields of gravity and cosmology, presenting the state of the art, high-lighting the open problems, and outlining the directions of future research.
General Relativity and the ΛCDM framework are currently the standard lore and constitute the concordance pa...

Over the last years some interest has been gathered by $f(Q)$ theories, which are new candidates to replace Einstein's prescription for gravity. The non-metricity tensor $Q$ allows to put forward the assumption of a free torsionless connection and, consequently, new degrees of freedom in the action are taken into account. This work focuses on a cla...

A novel fractal structure for the cosmological horizon, inspired by COVID-19 geometry, which results in a modified area entropy, is applied to cosmology in order to serve dark energy. The constraints based on a complete set of observational data are derived. There is a strong Bayesian evidence in favor of such a dark energy in comparison to a stand...

The standard $\Lambda$ Cold Dark Matter cosmological model provides an amazing description of a wide range of astrophysical and astronomical data. However, there are a few big open questions, that make the standard model look like a first-order approximation to a more realistic scenario that still needs to be fully understood. In this Letter of Int...

A precise measurement of the curvature of the Universe is of primeval importance for cosmology since it could not only confirm the paradigm of primordial inflation but also help in discriminating between different early Universe scenarios. The recent observations, while broadly consistent with a spatially flat standard $\Lambda$ Cold Dark Matter ($...

The standard $\Lambda$ Cold Dark Matter cosmological model provides a wonderful fit to current cosmological data, but a few tensions and anomalies became statistically significant with the latest data analyses. While these anomalies could be due to the presence of systematic errors in the experiments, they could also indicate the need for new physi...

The current cosmological probes have provided a fantastic confirmation of the standard $\Lambda$ Cold Dark Matter cosmological model, that has been constrained with unprecedented accuracy. However, with the increase of the experimental sensitivity a few statistically significant tensions between different independent cosmological datasets emerged....

We investigate entropic force cosmological models with the possibility of matter creation and energy exchange between the bulk and the horizon of a homogeneous and an isotropic flat Universe. We consider three different kinds of entropy, Bekenstein's, the non-extensive Tsallis-Cirto's and the quartic entropy, plus some phenomenological functional f...

A novel fractal structure for the cosmological horizon, inspired by COVID-19 geometry, which results in a modified area entropy, is applied to cosmology in order to serve dark energy. The constraints based on a complete set of observational data are derived. There is a strong Bayesian evidence in favor of such a dark energy in comparison to a stand...

The Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) has emerged in numerous attempts to a theory of quantum gravity and predicts the existence of a minimum length in Nature. In this work, we consider two cosmological models arising from Friedmann equations modified by the GUP (in its linear and quadratic formulations) and compare them with observational da...

In light of the newly opened and rapidly growing gravitational waves window in multi-messenger astronomy, in order to fully take advantage of the new opportunities we are provided with, new ideas are required for a better and deeper employ of the state-of-the-art probes we handle. Following this goal, here we suggest a method to constrain the cosmo...

In light of the newly opened and rapidly growing GW window in multi-messenger astronomy, in order to fully take advantage of the new opportunities we are provided with, new ideas are required for a better and deeper employ of the state-of-the-art probes we handle. Following this goal, here we suggest a method to constrain the cosmological backgroun...

In this work, we consider an extension of symmetric teleparallel gravity, namely, f(Q) gravity, where the fundamental block to describe spacetime is the nonmetricity, Q. Within this formulation of gravitation, we perform an observational analysis of several modified f(Q) models using the redshift approach, where the f(Q) Lagrangian is reformulated...

The quest for the origin of the present accelerated expansion of the Universe is still open. By means of the present geometrical and dynamical observational data, it is very hard to establish, from a statistical perspective, a clear preference among the vast majority of the proposed models for the dynamical dark energy and/or modified gravity theor...

In this work, we consider an extension of symmetric teleparallel gravity, namely, $f(Q)$ gravity, where the fundamental block to describe spacetime is the nonmetricity, $Q$. Within this formulation of gravitation, we perform an observational analysis of several modified $f(Q)$ models using the redshift approach, where the $f(Q)$ Lagrangian is refor...

In this work we study a phenomenological generalization of the Chaplygin cosmological model, which we call umami Chaplygin model. We consider three different cosmological background scenarios in which our fluid can play three different roles: only as a dark energy component; as a dark matter and dark energy component; and as a dark plus baryonic ma...

In this work we study in detail a phenomenological generalization of the Chaplygin cosmological model, which we call as \textit{umami} Chaplygin model. We consider three different cosmological background scenarios in which our fluid can play three different roles: only as a dark energy component; as a dark matter and dark energy component; and as a...

It is a very well established matter nowadays that many modified gravity models can offer a sound alternative to General Relativity for the description of the accelerated expansion of the universe. But it is also equally well known that no clear and sharp discrimination between any alternative theory and the classical one has been found so far. In...

The cosmological redshift drift could lead to the next step in high-precision cosmic geometric observations, becoming a direct and irrefutable test for cosmic acceleration. In order to test the viability and possible properties of this effect, also called Sandage-Loeb (SL) test, we generate a model independent mock data set so as to compare its con...

Many varying speed of light (VSL) theories have been developed recently. Here we address the issue of their observational verification in a fully comprehensive way. By using the most updated cosmological probes, we test three different candidates for a VSL theory (Barrow & Magueijo, Avelino & Martins, and Moffat). We consider many different Ansätze...

Based on thermodynamics, we discuss the galactic clustering of expanding Universe by assuming the gravitational interaction through the modified Newton's potential given by $f(R)$ gravity. We compute the corrected $N$-particle partition function analytically. The corrected partition function leads to more exact equations of states of the system. By...

We investigate a new method to recover (if any) a possible varying speed of light (VSL) signal from cosmological data. It comes as an upgrade by Salzano, Dąbrowski, and Lazkoz [Phys. Rev. Lett.114, 101304 (2015); Phys. Rev. D 93, 063521 (2016)], where it was argued that such a signal could be detected at a single redshift location only. Here, we sh...

In this work we will test an alternative model of gravity belonging to the large family of galileon models. It is characterized by an intrinsic breaking of the Vainshtein mechanism inside large astrophysical objects, thus having possibly detectable observational signatures. We will compare theoretical predictions from this model with the observed t...

The existence of interactions among dark matter and dark energy have been widely studied in the literature, since such models fit well the observational data and may provide new physics through such an interaction. Here we analyze this kind of models, and investigate the possible occurrence of future cosmological singularities in such a framework....

We present basic ideas of the varying speed of light cosmology, its formulation, benefits and problems. We relate it to the theories of varying fine structure constants and discuss some new tests (redshift drift and angular diameter distance maximum) which may allow measuring timely and spatial change of the speed of light by using the future missi...