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The importance of the accurate forecasting of power outputsof wind-based generation systems is increasing, as their contributions to the total system generation are rising. However, wind energy resource exhibits strong and stochastic spatio-temporal variations, which further combine with the uncertainties in WF operating regimes, i.e., numbers of w...
This paper analyses importance of including wind direction (WD) as an additional explanatory variable to the wind speed (WS) for evaluating uncertainty in wind turbine (WT) power output (P out). Using available measurements of an actual WT, the paper compares a ‘two‐dimensional’ (2D) P out ‐WS model with a ‘three‐dimensional’ (3D) P out ‐WS‐WD mode...