Vincenzo Artale

Vincenzo Artale
ENEA (retired)

Laurea in Physics

About

103
Publications
28,779
Reads
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5,650
Citations
Introduction
Vincenzo Artale has more than 40 years’ experience of a wide range of ocean and climate research, he is specializes in ocean circulation and impact studies of climate change in the ocean, in particular in the Mediterranean Sea
Additional affiliations
September 1991 - June 1993
NCAR (Boulder, C0, USA)
Position
  • visiting scientist
Description
  • host of the Oceanography section, involved in the MECCA project
June 1984 - December 2020
ENEA
Position
  • Research Director
June 1984 - December 2020
ENEA
Position
  • Research Director
Description
  • Retired from ENEA (31 december 2020)
Education
October 1973 - March 1979
Sapienza University of Rome
Field of study
  • Physics and physical oceanography

Publications

Publications (103)
Article
Full-text available
If climate services are to lead to effective use of climate information in decision-making to enable the transition to a climate-smart, climate-ready world, then the question of trust in the products and services is of paramount importance. The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) has been actively grappling with how to build such trust; provisi...
Article
Full-text available
We examine North Atlantic climate variability using an ensemble of ocean reanalysis datasets to study the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) from 1979 to 2018. The dataset intercomparison shows good agreement for the latest period (1995–2018) for AMOC dynamics, characterized by a weaker overturning circulation after 1995 and a more...
Article
Full-text available
The city of Venice and the surrounding lagoonal ecosystem are highly vulnerable to variations in relative sea level. In the past ∼150 years, this was characterized by an average rate of relative sea-level rise of about 2.5 mm/year resulting from the combined contributions of vertical land movement and sea-level rise. This literature review reassess...
Article
Full-text available
Air-sea heat fluxes are essential climate variables, required for understanding air-sea interactions, local, regional and global climate, the hydrological cycle and atmospheric and oceanic circulation. In situ measurements of fluxes over the ocean are sparse and model reanalysis and satellite data can provide estimates at different scales. The accu...
Article
Full-text available
A joint effort between the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) and the Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST) has been dedicated to an intercomparison study of eight global gap-free Sea Surface Temperature (SST) products to assess their accurate representation of the SST relevant to climate analysis. In general, all SST prod...
Preprint
Full-text available
The City of Venice and the surrounding lagoonal ecosystem are highly vulnerable to variations in relative sea level. In the past ~150 years, this was characterized by a secular linear trend of about 2.5 mm/year resulting from the combined contributions of vertical land movement and sea-level rise. This literature review reassesses and synthesizes t...
Article
Full-text available
Estimating long-term modifications of the sea surface temperature (SST) is crucial for evaluating the current state of the oceans and to correctly assess the impact of climate change at regional scales. In this work, we analyze SST variations within the Mediterranean Sea and the adjacent Northeastern Atlantic box (west of the Strait of Gibraltar) o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Heat contained in the ocean (OHC) represents a fundamental parameter for understanding climate changes. Nevertheless , paucity of observational data hampers our knowledge on OHC variability, particularly in abyssal areas. By using hydrographic data, collected in the last three decades in the abyssal Ionian Sea (Eastern Mediterranean), here we inves...
Article
Full-text available
The heat contained in the ocean (OHC) dominates the Earth's energy budget and hence represents a fundamental parameter for understanding climate changes. However, paucity of observational data hampers our knowledge on OHC variability, particularly in abyssal areas. Here, we analyze water characteristics, observed during the last three decades in th...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial processes involved in water biogeochemistry are linked to physical and chemical variability of water masses. While the occurrence of hydrological changes in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea has been documented, its effects on microbial dynamics and processes have been poorly investigated. An interdisciplinary survey was carried out in Novemb...
Article
Full-text available
The warm-temperate regions of the globe characterized by dry summers and wet winters (Mediterranean climate; MED) are especially vulnerable to climate change. The potential impact on water resources, ecosystems and human livelihood requires a detailed picture of the future changes in this unique climate zone. Here we apply a probabilistic approach...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is the outcome of a workshop held in Rome in November 2011 on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the POEM (Physical Oceanography of the Eastern Mediterranean) program. In the workshop discussions, a number of unresolved issues were identified for the physical and biogeochemical properties of the Mediterranean Sea as a whole, i.e., c...
Article
Full-text available
A large-scale tool for systematic analyses of the dispersal and turbulent properties of ocean currents and the subsequent separation of dynamical regimes according to the prevailing trajectories taxonomy in a certain area was proposed by Rupolo. In the present study, this methodology has been extended to the analysis of model trajectories obtained...
Article
Full-text available
New insights into the structure and variability of the Tyrrhenian Sea's surface circulation are obtained through the analysis of a very long series of altimetric observations (1993-2010). In late winter and part of spring, a consistent mean flow is individuated in the eastern Tyrrhenian Sea, formed by a stream of Atlantic water that meanders around...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of the Mediterranean Sea for the world ocean has long been recognized. First, the Mediterranean sea has a profound impact on the Atlantic ocean circulation and, consequently, on the global thermohaline conveyor belt. Maps of the Mediterranean salty water tongue exiting from the Gibraltar strait at intermediate depths and spreading th...
Article
Full-text available
A large-scale tool for systematic analyses of the dispersal and turbulent properties of ocean currents and the subsequent separation of dynamical regimes according to the prevailing trajectories taxonomy in a certain area was proposed by Rupolo. In the present study, this methodology has been extended to the analysis of model trajectories obtained...
Article
Full-text available
Possible accidents in nuclear power stations around the Alpine area could have serious impacts on all areas of the Mediterranean basin, as well as on the Mediterranean sea itself. The DIFURAD system starting from the quantities of radionuclides released into the atmosphere following the accident, is able to predict their dispersion in the atmospher...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter we show results from an innovative multi-model system used to produce climate simulations with a realistic representation of the Mediterranean Sea. The models (hereafter simply referred to as the “CIRCE models”) are a set of five coupled climate models composed by a high-resolution Mediterranean Sea coupled with a relatively high-re...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this chapter is to introduce the main topics in the Mediterranean circulation research and to give a general description of the Mediterranean Sea variability. Its scope is to provide information that is important for a comprehensive view of the most relevant issues concerning climate, which is a coupling between atmosphere and sea. The c...
Chapter
Future climate change over the Mediterranean area is investigated by means of climate model simulations covering the twenty-first century that take into account different anthropogenic greenhouse-gas-emission scenarios. This chapter first gives some new insights on these projections coming from the use of new methods, including the coupling at the...
Article
Full-text available
A regional atmosphere–ocean coupled model has been used to estimate sea level rise in the Mediterra-nean basin under present and future conditions. A present climate simulation has been forced by ERA40 reanalysis covering the period 1958–2001. Moreover a simulation has been forced by the global coupled model ECHAM5-MPI-OM under present climate cond...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, the authors describe an innovative multimodel system developed within the Climate Change and Impact Research: The Mediterranean Environment (CIRCE) European Union (EU) Sixth Framework Programme (FP6) project and used to produce simulations of the Mediterranean Sea regional climate. The models include high-resolution Mediterranean S...
Article
Regional climate models have a temporal resolution which is often adequate for the application in climate change impact studies, but a spatial resolution which can be insufficient to resolve precipitation extremes and small-scale variability, particularly in the presence of complex terrain and heterogeneous orography. In the absence of fully determ...
Article
Full-text available
Two sea surface temperature (SST) time series, the Extended Reconstructed SST version 3 (ERSST.v3) and the Hadley Centre Sea Ice and Sea Surface Temperature dataset (HadISST), are used to investigate SST multidecadal variability in the Mediterranean Sea and to explore possible connections with other regions of the global ocean. The consistency betw...
Article
We present a quantitative analysis of the water content in the atmosphere, soil and ocean over the Mediterreanean catchment area. The Regional Earth System developed by ENEA-ICTP, the PROTHEUS system, is an optimal modelling tool for this purpose as it explicitly accounts for the various components of the hydrological cycle and their interactions....
Article
Full-text available
A regional atmosphere-ocean coupled model (the Protheus system) has been used to estimate sea level rise in the Mediterranean basin. A present climate simulation has been forced by ERA40 covering the period 1958-2001. Another simulation has been forced by the coupled model ECHAM5-MPIOM for the period 1951-2000 and under the scenario SRES A1B for th...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the impact of land-cover changes on regional climate over the Euro-Mediterranean area. For this purpose, we compared a control simulation, which employs the present-day vegetation cover, with 2 different potential vegetation distributions performed with the regional climate model RegCM3 for the time period 1981-2000. The simulation...
Article
Full-text available
We present an atmosphere–ocean regional climate model for the Mediterranean basin, called the PROTHEUS system, composed by the regional climate model RegCM3 as the atmospheric component and by a regional configuration of the MITgcm model as the oceanic component. The model is applied to an area encompassing the Mediterranean Sea and compared to a s...
Article
An eddy-permitting model of View the MathML source resolution is implemented covering the whole Mediterranean Sea. Within this grid a View the MathML source resolution model of the Strait of Gibraltar is embedded. The two grids belong to different models that are coupled through an external parallel driver. The robustness of the adopted grid refine...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean Sea is an evaporative basin in which the deficit of water is supplied by the inflow from the Gibraltar Strait of Atlantic Water. The net result of the air sea interactions in the entire basin is an outflow at Gibraltar of a salty water that is mainly constituted by the Levantin Intermediate Water, formed in the eastern part of the...
Article
Full-text available
At present fully coupled regional climate models are being developed, so that the interactions among the components of the climate system (i.e. ocean, atmosphere, biosphere and sea-ice) are explicitly simulated. Such models are also expected to improve the representation of the present and future water cycle over complex regions such as the Mediter...
Article
In the framework of European CIRCE Project, the object is to describe the climate change in the Mediterranean area and to give some information about environmental impacts. We analyzed the simulations from the regional model PROTHEUS, comprehensive of atmospheric and oceanic components, applied over the Mediterranean Basin (-10, 40 °E; 22, 57 °N),...
Article
Observations of SST, T and S, spanning several decades, show that the Mediterranean Sea is subjected to a large range of variability from interannual to multidecadal scale. Moreover, these scale of variability is also detected in the basin circulation and on the related processes and characteristic of water mass formation that Mediterranean hosts,...
Article
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This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
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This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
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This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
One of the key processes of the thermohaline circulation is the water mass transformation caused by the external forcing and the continuing renewal and stratification of the water column. In this context the marginal seas, such as the Mediterranean Sea, the Arctic Sea, the Greenland Sea, etc., play a fundamental role by supplying the global ocean w...
Article
Under a suite of global climate change scenarios, the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projects major changes in the Mediterranean region, in particular as a "Hot Spot" in hydrological change. However, the combined effects of future precipitation decrease and increasing surface temperature on Mediterranean w...
Article
Full-text available
We use CMIP3 multi-model simulations to show how individual hydroclimatic changes will concur to determine even greater alterations of 21st century Mediterranean water cycle characteristics, with contrasting behavior over land and sea. By 2070–2099, the average of the models predicts a 20% decrease in land surface water availability and a 24% incre...
Article
Nested limited-area atmospheric models have proven their ability in resolving small features that are missing in global-scale climate simulations. At present fully coupled regional climate models are being developed, so that the interactions among the components of the climate system (i.e. ocean, atmosphere, biosphere and sea-ice) are explicitly si...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean Sea is connected to the Atlantic ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar, a narrow and shallow channel, 60 km long and 20 km wide, characterized by a complex system of contractions and sills. The mean circulation within the strait of Gibraltar is an inverse estuarine circulation, characterized by a two-way exchange, with an upper fl...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze the stability of an idealized model of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation by adopting a two-dimensional Boussinesq model. We define a two-dimensional parameter space descriptive of the freshwater forcing of the system and determine a bounded region on which multiple equilibria are realized. We also analyze the dependence of...
Article
Full-text available
The ability of a three-dimensional sigma coordinate free surface model to reproduce the interfacial layer between the Atlantic and Mediterranean waters in the Strait of Gibraltar is verified. The model uses a coastal-following curvilinear orthogonal grid that includes the Gulf of Cadiz and the Alboran Sea, with very high resolution in the strait (l...
Article
Full-text available
In last decade the conscience of the human impact on the climate natural variability has rapidly increased. The impact of the industrial and technological progress on the ecosystem equilibrium are also increased. The global warming due to the greenhouse gases, sustained development and environmental cost are all words that have commonly used by the...
Article
The Mediterranean Region has many morphologic, geographical, historical, and societal characteristics, which make its climate scientifically interesting. The concept of Mediterranean climate is characterized by mild wet winters and warm to hot, dry summers and occur on the west side of continents between about 30° and 40° latitude. However, the pre...
Book
Cited By (since 1996): 6, Export Date: 15 January 2013, Source: Scopus, doi: 10.1016/S1571-9197(06)80007-8, Language of Original Document: English, Correspondence Address: Tsimplis, M.N.; James Rennell Division for Ocean Circulation and Climate, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, United Kingdom; email: mnt@noc.soton.ac.uk, References: Artal...