Vincent Gourdon

Vincent Gourdon
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · Centre Roland Mousnier

About

125
Publications
4,137
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212
Citations
Citations since 2016
42 Research Items
127 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
Introduction
Vincent Gourdon currently works at the Centre Roland Mousnier, French National Centre for Scientific Research (Paris). Vincent does research in History of the Family in France and Italy. His current projects are "History of the baptism/godparenthood practices in France and Rome", "History of familial and social networks in French colonial societies", "Historical demography of the Charleville city XVIIIth-XIXth centuries" and "History of the administrative, statistical and funeral gestion of fetus losses and stillbirth (France, XVIIIth-XIXth centuries)".

Publications

Publications (125)
Article
La historia social de los siglos XVI, XVII y XVIII se ha esforzado por tener en cuenta las divergencias de comportamiento, sobre todo sociodemográficas, mostradas por los individuos pertenecientes a grupos socioeconómicos similares. Después de revisar la literatura histórica sobre esta cuestión, mostraremos cómo durante mucho tiempo la investigació...
Book
Full-text available
Confirmation is the second of the seven Catholic sacraments. Unfortunately, it is one of the most neglected by historians; at times it seems to be the forgotten Sacrament. Consequently, we are at a loss to understand how it was grasped and internalized by the devout throughout the world during past centuries. We do not know how the clergy felt whil...
Article
English Quite surprisingly, there are few social history or historical demographic studies dealing with the practice of divorce in France in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. About the suburbs, the silence is complete, even though they offer a singular framework for the recourse to divorce, especially from the second half of the 19th century,...
Book
Full-text available
Los trabajos de este libro permitirán al lector hacerse con una visión comparada de la relación que la inmigración, el funcionamiento de los mercados de trabajo y el servicio doméstico establecieron entre sí, juntos o por separado, en el seno de diferentes ciudades europeas en el curso de los siglos XVIII, XIX y XX. La novedad de los mismos no solo...
Article
Full-text available
Située à proximité de Paris, Aubervilliers, au cours du XIXe siècle, connaît une forte croissance de sa population et une transformation de son tissu social avec l’arrivée de migrants et l’orientation des activités économiques vers l’industrie au détriment de l’agriculture traditionnelle. Dans le cadre d’une réfl exion générale concernant la place...
Research
Full-text available
European Social Science History Conference Belfast 4-7 april 2018 (Queen’s University) Call for paper for a session in the “Family/Demography” network. Title: “Fetus and stillborn. Handling corpses, registration practices and family experience” Organizers Vincent Gourdon (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) vincentgourdon@orange...
Article
Full-text available
Patrinus, «la red de historia cultural y social de bautismo y de padrinazgo» fue fundada en 2006. Retomando los trabajos disponibles antes de esa fecha y los de los investigadores comprometidos desde entonces con Patrinus, este articulo propone un balance de los principales resultados en referencia a la eleccion de los padrinos y madrinas en la Eur...
Research
Full-text available
The conference will get 3 sessions : 1) Counting mixed marriages : sources and methods ? / Quantifier les mariages mixtes : quelles sources, quelles méthodes ? 2) The mixed marriages ceremonies (rituals, witnesses and guests, financial agreements, etc.) /Autour du mariage mixte. 3) Beyond the wedding ceremony : mixed couples longevity and children'...
Chapter
The Baptism of illegitimate Children (XVIth-XXIth centuries) For the Catholic Church, all the children must be baptized, but legitimacy or illegitimacy of birth is considered as a fundamental element of the individual identity. Using various sources from the XVIth-XXIth centuries, both ecclesiastical and lay, this chapter studies the proceedings o...
Article
During the last decades, family ties have been the object of much research conducted by historical demographers and historians of the family. This is mostly due to two factors. First, the great diversity of relations existing both within and on the border of the family has been fully accounted for. Secondly, a reflection has started on the complexi...
Article
En los últimos quince años, el estudio la historia del padrinazgo en la Francia de la época moderna y contemporánea ha experimentado un gran avance. Aunque en origen el tema fue investigado por la Antropología Histórica, este nuevo interés viene ahora de la mano de quienes se ocupan de la historia social de la familia. De aquellos que no olvidan qu...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses short-term (one year) and medium-term (five years) urban emigration during the second half of the 19th century, using the annual census of the town of Charleville (eastern France). From 1860 to 1870, the town underwent sustained demographic growth due to industrialization. The renewal of the population of this small town reflect...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Must the foundlings be baptized ? This article analyzes the procedures, regulations and civil and religious conceptions since the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 20th century, in France. After centuries of obligation for the foundlings to be baptized in the catholic faith, the secularization of the State in the 19th century and the recognition...
Article
Full-text available
Con cierto retraso respecto a lo sucedido en Italia, las diócesis francesas comenzaron a aplicar las decisiones del Concilio de Trento a comienzos del siglo XVII. En el norte de Francia, uno de los aspectos derivados de esa aplicación fue la paulatina asunción de un modelo de padrinazgo binario, del tipo padrino-madrina, en un ámbito dominado hasta...
Article
This article studies the choice of godparents in Aubervilliers, a French catholic rural parish near Paris, during the Early Modern Era. At the turn of the sixteenth century, godparenthood essentially served to extend social ties. Vertical godparenthood was quite visible, at least with regards to ‘elite’ local residents. The shift toward kin godpare...
Article
This article analyzes social norms regulating the selection of godparents in Italy and France. Based on Vatican statistics and European Values Study responses, the vast majority of children in Catholic Europe are baptized and birth rituals are considered important even by nonbelievers. Moreover, the dominant custom of selecting godparents from amon...
Article
The establishment of trust is a key component of economic activity and social ties can make business dealings work better. However, we do not know much about how economic actors created new social ties deliberately in order to pursue their objectives. This article analyses the way in which merchants and entrepreneurs used specific rituals to establ...
Book
Full-text available
History of grandparenthood in France since the XVIIth-Century until now.
Chapter
In March 1894, the first number of L’Athée (The Atheist) — the journal of the Society of Secular Baptisms and Atheist Propaganda of the Eighteenth Arrondissement (Société du Baptême Civil et de Propagande Civile d’Athéïsme du XVIIIe Arrondissement) — appeared in Paris. The association had previously organised, on 31 December 1893, the first mass ce...
Chapter
In European societies during the Middle Ages, baptism did not merely represent a solemn and public recognition of the ‘natural’ birth of a child. Rather, it was considered a second birth, a ‘spiritual birth’ within a group of relatives normally different from that based on blood relations: the spiritual family, composed of godfathers and godmothers...
Article
Recent developments in applications of network analysis to history are leading to a new way of thinking about how social and economic actors interacted in the past. Focus on the social tie has resulted in increased interest in relational instruments that have not previously been taken into great consideration. This article analyses some of these in...
Article
Full-text available
In the nineteenth century, the stillbirth rate in Paris was higher than in the rest of France, representing almost one birth in ten at the end of the century. These data, provided by the statistical institutions, refect the diffculty of defning the category of stillbirths, located at the boundary between life and death, and subject to conficting so...
Article
Full-text available
Still births in Nineteenth-Century Paris: Social, Legal and Medical Implications of a Statistical Category In the nineteenth century, the stillbirth rate in Paris was higher than in the rest of France, representing almost one birth in ten at the end of the century. These data, provided by the statistical institutions, reflect the difficulty of defi...
Article
Full-text available
Festivities of baptism have a complex history. Largely present in the religious practice of the Middle Ages, they showed publicly, and well beyond the circle of kinsmen (with some extreme variant) the social networks that had been created by the baptismal rite, or that pre-existed but were reinforced by the rite. In this way, they made effective, b...
Article
Full-text available
On April 5th 1864, in the city-hall of the 8th district of Paris Emile II Pereire marries Suzanne Chevalier. Born in 1840, Isaac Emile Pereire is the son of the banker Emile Pereire. His wife Suzanne is the daughter of Guillaume August Chevalier, who had been in particular the principal private secretary to Napoleon III, and the niece of Michel Che...
Article
Full-text available
This article deals with the choice of witnesses at the civil wedding in the nineteenth century, in the french, dutch, belgian and italian cities, in order to know if this source can be useful for the understanding of urban personal networks. The various legal contexts influencing the selection of wedding witnesses are first analyzed. Afterwards we...
Article
Full-text available
[Universidad de Santiago de Compostella, Santiago de Compostella - Vejez y envejecimiento poblacional en la europa occidental, Isidro DUBERT García, Julio HERNÁNDEZ BORGE, José M. ANDRADE CERNADAS (sous la dir. de)]
Chapter
Cet article s'interroge avec un regard historique sur les ambiguités de la notion de vieillesse et sur les fluctuations des seuils d'âge qui la concernent.
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes the impact of gender on the selection of civil wedding witnesses during the nineteenth-century in three European countries dominated by the Napoleonic Code (France, Belgium, Netherlands). The legislations and the dates of female witnessing acceptation are first studied. Available datas show that the selection of kin-witnesses...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cet article se penche sur le choix des témoins de mariage civil dans une commune de la banlieue lyonnaise au XIXe siècle. Les analyses, menées à partir de méthodes économétriques, montrent la faiblesse du recours à la parenté dans une commune en pleine expansion démographique, mais montre cependant une progression sensible des choix intra-familiaux...
Chapter
Cet article cherche à opérer une déconstruction historique des seuils et catégories d'âge en démographie, en se penchant sur le cas de la transition de jeunesse à l'âge adulte, et sur le seuil d'entrée dans la vieillesse.
Article
This article proposes an experimental use of methods of formal network analysis for an original approach to the question of sociability in a nineteenth century French village and evaluates the variables (spatial, professional, demographic) that eventually determined the central or peripheral position of families in the village social space. The fie...
Book
Cet article s'intéresse aux figures de la grand-parentalité du XVIIIe siècle à nos jours en montrant les liens que celles-ci entretiennent avec un certain nombre d'idéologies : Réforme catholique, mouvement des Lumières, idéologie libérale, pensée républicaine, culture bourgeoise, conservatisme catholique du XIXe siècle dans ses versions contre-rév...
Article
Full-text available
Private baptism in the parishes of Paris during the 19th century During the nineteenth-century, French catholic families have changed their way of practicing baptism. In Paris, for instance, we can observe an increase of the ‘‘ondoiements’’ (i.e. baptisms without complete ceremonies). In the first part of the century, urban elites families began to...
Article
Cet article compare entre 1800 et la Seconde Guerre Mondiale la mise en place des mesures de protection infantile et maternelle en France et en Belgique, deux pays ayant hérité du Code Napoléon si favorable à la puissance paternelle. L'article insiste sur les influences à double sens entre les deux pays, influences favorisées par la langue commune,...
Article
Full-text available
During the nineteenth-century, French catholic families have changed their way of practicing baptism. In Paris, for instance, we can observe an increase of the "ondoiements" (i.e. baptisms without complete ceremonies). In the first part of the century, urban elites families began to use more and more preventive "ondoiements" with the authorisation...
Book
L'histoire sociale des villes de l'époque moderne est en grande partie conservée dans les minutiers des notaires. La méthodologie de cet usage critique pratiqué par les chercheurs depuis plusieurs décennies est analysée pour éclairer la corrélation entre liens sociaux et actes notariés en France, en Italie, en Espagne, dans l'actuelle Belgique aisi...
Article
Full-text available
Comme la maternité, la paternité ou l’enfance, la grand-parentalité a une histoire. Si le concept des « nouveaux grands-parents » émerge depuis peu dans la littérature sociologique pour décrire un certain nombre d’évolutions en cours, il convient de le mettre en perspective par rapport aux modèles antérieurs, sous peine de surévaluer les mutations...
Book
Cet article se penche sur les ambiguités de la notion de réseau familial telle qu'elle se développe dans les travaux d'histoire sociale ou d'histoire de la famille depuis deux décennies. La réflexion est illustrée par l'exemple des réseaux familiaux et sociaux visibles dans les assemblées de tutelle de Paris et de la région de Vernon en Normandie a...
Book
Les pratiques du baptême évoluent grandement à Paris au XIXe siècle : retard croissant du baptême, baptêmes de plus en plus dominicaux, recours croissant à l'ondoiement par autorisation ou en péril de mort. L'article expose les motifs de ces évolutions : prise de distance par rapport aux normes religieuses, prise en compte de nouvelles aspirations...
Book
Cet article étudie le voisinage entre grands-parents et petits-enfants dans un village d'ïle-de-France à travers le recensement quinquennal de 1836

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Projects (5)
Project
Understanding matrimonial mixity in the European past. How was it considered (socially, politically, religiously, statistically, juridicly, familialy) ? How mixed marriages were celebrated, in particular interreligious weddings ? What was the life-course of mixed couples and of their children ?
Project
Understanding the way miscarriages and stillbirths were treated in the past : in statistics and registration, in funeral and religious practices, in familial and social emotions and memories.
Project
What was the role of grandparents in past societies ? When the contemporary model of tender and kind grandparents appeared and why ?