Vincent Bernard

Vincent Bernard
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · UMR 6566 CReAAH - Univ. Rennes 1

About

115
Publications
15,881
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548
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2001 - present
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher
January 1998 - September 2001
Université de Rennes 1
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
The analysis of archaeological textiles is a primary source of knowledge about past societies, and the information it provides is remarkably diverse. However, special preservation conditions are needed to obtain an accurate picture of the use of textiles, particularly in the making of clothing. In Tomb 14 at the site of Burgast (Altai Mountains, Mo...
Article
Full-text available
The Barbegal watermill complex, a unique cluster of 16 waterwheels in southern France, was the first known attempt in Europe to set up an industrial-scale complex of machines during the culmination of Roman Civilization in the second century CE. Little is known about the state of technological advance in this period, especially in hydraulics and th...
Article
Full-text available
Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) provides a means of rapid and highly accurate survey of archaeological excavations and structures at landscape scales, and is particularly valuable for documenting tidal environments. Here, the authors use TLS to record tidal fixed fishing structures and a tide mill within the Léguer Estuary at Le Yaudet, in north-w...
Article
The horse, as a domestic animal, had a strong impact on the organisation of ancient societies of the eastern steppes of Eurasia by enabling people to move faster and transport goods and people more efficiently. This newfound mobility was accompanied by profound changes in the expression of ritual practices, and horses are repeatedly found in funera...
Article
On the seashore, archaeologi’cal remains appear well preserved and sometimes immediatly visible during erosion periods. But the constraints are accumulating at all levels : limited intervention time, water, movement of tides, rapid change due to erosion, access conditions to excavations, difficulty encountered in implementation of heavy infrastruct...
Article
In Saint-Jean-le-Thomas, in the heart of one of the largest european estuaries, largely uncovered at low tide, the study of a several fishweirs was made possible only through the research of the most effective gestures dealing wtih remains very well preserved on nearly 3 hectares. This little article put in light some technical solutions permitting...
Article
The watermill complex of Barbegal is one of the first industrial complexes in the world, and one of the largest such installations known from antiquity. It has been studied through excavations and what is known about the complex, its history and purpose, is based on the remaining stonework of mills and water installations, since no traces of the wo...
Article
Full-text available
Deer stone and khirigsuur complexes are monuments that are characteristic of the Late Bronze Age (1200- 700 BC) of the steppes of central and northern Mongolia. The khirigsuurs are made up of a large central mound around which are distributed peripheral structures: mounds and circles of stones. The peripheral mounds cover heads, vertebrae and phala...
Article
Full-text available
The second century CE Roman watermill complex of Barbegal, France, is regarded as one of the first industrial complexes in human history. The 16 water wheels are no longer extant as all woodwork has decayed. However, carbonate deposits precipitated from water during operation of the mills forming casts on the woodwork. These casts are preserved in...
Article
Reconstructing the colonization and demographic dynamics that gave rise to extant forests is essential to forecasts of forest responses to environmental changes. Classical approaches to map how population of trees changed through space and time largely rely on pollen distribution patterns, with only a limited number of studies exploiting DNA molecu...
Article
Full-text available
Book
Actes de la séance de la Société préhistorique française de Rennes, 10-11 avril 2014, Paris, Société préhistorique française
Book
Découvert à une dizaine de kilomètres au sud de Lille, le site d’Houplin-Ancoisne le Marais de Santes présente un vaste ensemble architectural élevé sur les bords de la vallée de la Deûle, daté du IIIe millénaire avant notre ère. Comprenant palissade et bâtiments, il a constitué le point de départ de la reconnaissance des structures d’habitat régio...
Article
Between the fifth and the seventh century AD, Brittany was colonized and evangelized by Celtic populations from Wales and Ireland. Saint Efflam, who was the son of an Irish king, was according to oral tradition one of them. The value of this character is to deliver, through his Vita which was probably transcribed during the eighth century, incredib...
Article
Full-text available
The site of la Rochette was discovered by aerial photography in 1992. Photographs revealed a group of five ditches defending a promontory settlement which dominates the Yvel valley. The most imposing ditch is divided into four segments. A research excavation carried out on the totallity of the headland was engaged with questions concerning the chro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The dating process needs a set of historical, archaeological and mathematical postulations. The accepted error must be adapted to the aim : the way the dates will be used by other specialists, a date being either an accessory in a large speech or an essential node in a demonstration. The error effect is different in a local analyse, i.e. about a bu...
Article
Full-text available
Le processus de datation dendrochronologique implique un mélange de postulats historiques, archéologiques et mathématiques. La marge d'erreur tolérée des dates livrées doit être adaptée à l'usage qu'il en est fait, la date dendrochronologique pouvant être aussi bien une indication accessoire à un discours qu'un élément clé d'une démonstration. L'er...
Article
A new methodology was developed to estimate past changes of growing season temperature at Fontainebleau (northern France) (Etien et al, Climatic Change, in press). Northern France temperature fluctuations have been documented by homogenised instrumental temperature records (at most 140 year long) and by grape harvest dates (GHD) series. We have pro...
Article
Full-text available
From 2003 to 2006 a study of church roofs in Val d'Oise was performed within the framework of SDAVO to to outline the development of structures and techniques of carpentry from 11th to 20th century. 150 roofs were observed, from all periods, with particular emphasis on those that most typified each type and period. If several unknown Romanesque roo...
Article
Full-text available
A comparison between tree-ring and historical data requires a preparation that leads to several models. Dendrochronology produces three chronological models , a first one, a model of high frequency continuous and annual, a second one, which is smoothed (middle frenquency), and a third model, which is discontinuous and selects special years (event y...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we develop a new methodology to estimate past changes of growing season temperature at Fontainebleau (northern France). Northern France temperature fluctuations have been documented by homogenised instrumental temperature records (at most 140 year long) and by grape harvest dates (GHD) series, incorporated in some of the European-sca...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we develop a new methodology to estimate past changes of growing season temperature at Fontainebleau (northern France). Northern France temperature fluctuations have been documented by homogenised instrumental temperature records (at most 140 year long) and by grape harvest dates (GHD) series, incorporated in some of the European-sca...
Article
Full-text available
A tree-ring analysis based on oak samples in the North-West of France showed the effects of droughts periods on the growth index, during the late XIXth and XXth century. Four types of droughts were identified using the results of the tree-ring analysis and the available climate data. The "type 1" was subjected to a continuous and intense drought du...
Chapter
Full-text available
At Saint-Père-sous-Vézelay (Yonne, France), genuine water collection wells were constructed between 2309/2299 and 2223 BC, dates which are in close accord with the 14 C AMS dates. The dendrochronological dates as well as the typological study of the 16 oak trees hollowed out and set over the spring-head to capture the brine, give additional and tot...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we have combined a Burgundy grape harvest date record with new δ<sup>18</sup>O measurements conducted on timbers and living trees cellulose from Fontainebleau castle and forest. Our reconstruction is expected to provide a reference series for the variability of growing season temperature (from April to September) in Western Europe fr...
Article
A dendrochronological analysis was carried out using data from oak trees in northwestern France, over the Armorican massif and a large part of the Paris basin. The data were selected for the period 1880-1980, because the highest number of synchronous tree ring series was recorded during that period. The synchronization of the tree ring series was b...
Article
Full-text available
Une analyse dendrochronologique, confrontée aux données climatiques disponibles, a permis de mettre en évidence plusieurs types de sécheresse sur le quart nord-ouest de la France à l époque contemporaine, en fonction de leur durée, de leur intensité et des saisons concernées. Les écarts pluviométriques à la moyenne 1881-1980 ont confirmé ces résult...