Vincent Oladele Adeniyi

Vincent Oladele Adeniyi
Walter Sisulu University | wsu · Famile medicine & Rural Health

MBBS, MMED, MPHIL, FCFP (SA), HIGHHER DIP IN SEXUAL HEALTH & HIV MEDICINE (SA), DIP IN HIV MAN (SA), DIP OBSTETRICS (SA)

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84
Publications
16,861
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962
Citations
Citations since 2017
72 Research Items
949 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (84)
Article
Full-text available
Plain language summary There is a paucity of studies examining the prevalence and correlates of induced abortion among women living with HIV. Our study fills this gap by examining the prevalence and correlates of induced abortion among parturient women living with HIV in Eastern Cape, South Africa. We analysed a cross-sectional survey data of the E...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study describes the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in amlodipine-associated genes and assesses their correlation with blood pressure control among South African adults with hypertension. Methods: In total, 304 hypertensive patients on amlodipine treatment belonging to the indigenous Swati, Xhosa and Zulu population groups...
Article
Full-text available
Background Diabetes management is complex and requires several lifestyle modifications and engagement in self-management behaviours to prevent complications and to improve health outcomes. Adequate disease knowledge is required in order to engage in appropriate self-management behaviours. Yet, patients' knowledge of diabetes and associated factors...
Article
Full-text available
The present study assessed the prevalence, patterns and determinants of dyslipidaemia among South African adults with multi-morbidities. In this study, 614 individuals with DM and hypertension were recruited. Dyslipidaemia was defined as elevated levels of total cholesterol (TC) ≥ 5.2 mmol/L and/or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥ 2.6...
Article
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This study investigates the association of 5 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in selected genes (ABO, VEGFA, BDKRB2, NOS3, and ADRB2) with blood pressure (BP) response to enalapril. The study further assessed genetic interactions that exist within these genes and their implications in enalapril treatment response among South African adults wi...
Article
Background There is paucity of epidemiological data on the prevalence and determinants of obesity among South African adults with co-morbidities. This study therefore examined the prevalence, distribution, and determinants of obesity among South African adults with co-morbidities of hypertension and diabetes. Methods A total of 614 South African a...
Article
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose levels and is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. It is treated with various classes of oral antidiabetic drugs, however, response to treatment is highly variable with patients failing to achieve adequate glycemic control. Treatment res...
Article
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This study reports on the prevalence and demographic correlates of substance use among individuals with mental illness in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Outpatient Clinic of a large hospital in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. A pre-validated tool on alcohol and psychoactive drug use was administered...
Article
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Background Disclosure of HIV serostatus to a sexual partner can facilitate partner’s support and testing and better treatment outcomes. Studies examining changes in disclosure rates of serostatus from delivery and postpartum periods are scarce. Our study fills this gap by using a follow-up survey of postpartum women with HIV to examine if disclosur...
Article
Full-text available
Background This study describes the characteristics of pregnant women on ART and the rate of peripartum virologic suppression in a large PMTCT cohort who delivered in some selected maternity centres in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. In addition, the study examines the factors associated with virologic suppression in the cohort. Methods T...
Article
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Background Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is associated with a reduction of postnatal HIV transmission and optimal infant growth. Given that the factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding are multi-factorial and context-specific, we examined the prevalence and factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice in the first 6 months among moth...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: To examine the association of polymorphisms belonging to SLC22A1, SP1, PRPF31, NBEA, SCNN1B, CPA6 and CAPN10 genes with glycaemic response to metformin and sulphonylureas (SU) combination therapy among South African adults with diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM). Methods: A total of 128 individuals of Swati (n = 22) and Zulu (n = 106) origin...
Article
Full-text available
Exclusive breastfeeding has many health benefits for the baby and the mother. This study explored the reasons for the early introduction of supplementary feeding before six months, and the issues faced by parturient women in practicing exclusive breast feeding (EBF) for their HIV-exposed infants in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Narratives from 31...
Article
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an independent risk factor for the development of kidney disease. This study assesses the prevalence and determinants of asymptomatic kidney disease in individuals with DM attending health facilities in OR Tambo district, Eastern Cape, South Africa.In this cross-sectional analysis, medical data of 327 individuals receiving...
Article
Full-text available
Background Universal access to contraception is an important strategy adopted by the South African government to reduce the high rate of unintended pregnancies, especially in women living with HIV. In this article, we describe the choices of contraception and also, examine the influencing factors of the choices of contraception in the immediate pos...
Article
Full-text available
This study described single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in hydrochlorothiazide-associated genes and further assessed their correlation with blood pressure control among South African adults living with hypertension. A total of 291 participants belonging to the Nguni tribes of South Africa on treatment for hypertension were recruited. Nineteen S...
Article
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This study examines the rate and the influencing factors of glycemic control among adult residents living with DM in Mkhondo Municipality of South Africa.In this cross-sectional study, 157 individuals attending care for DM were recruited. Glycemic control status was categorized as poor if glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) > 7% and very poor if HbA1c ≥ 9%...
Article
Full-text available
HIV-1 subtype C is the predominant circulating virus in South Africa. There are reports of non-C subtypes emerging in different regions of the country, however, very little information exists on the genetic diversity of HIV in the Eastern Cape Province, despite having the third largest HIV epidemic in the country. In the current study, a near full-...
Article
The vulnerability of adolescents and young adults in South Africa to HIV and sexual violence is well documented. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is available for victims of sexual abuse in the country but awareness of this measure is required to maximise its HIV-prevention benefits. This study examined levels of PEP awareness and its correlates and...
Article
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Background: Recently, developing countries have shown a dramatic increase in non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The burden of NCDs in South Africa has increased over the past years resulting in an estimated 37% of all- cause mortality and 16% of disability-adjusted life years. Currently, diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) are the two mos...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Despite the beneficial health effects of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for infants, the practice of EBF remains low in South Africa, a country burdened with HIV. Given that the factors limiting EBF are multi-factorial and context-specific, we sought to examine the factors influencing EBF practice among mothers on antiretroviral therapy (...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Exclusive breast feeding (EBF) is associated with reduction of post-natal HIV transmission and optimal infant growth. Given that the factors influencing EBF are multi-factorial and context-specific, we examined the prevalence and factors associated with EBF practice in the first six months among mothers on antiretroviral therapy (ART) i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is associated with a reduction of postnatal HIV transmission and optimal infant growth. Given that the factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding are multi-factorial and context-specific, we examined the prevalence and factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice in the first six months among mothers...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is associated with a reduction of postnatal HIV transmission and optimal infant growth. Given that the factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding are multi-factorial and context-specific, we examined the prevalence and factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice in the first six months among m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is associated with a reduction of postnatal HIV transmission and optimal infant growth. Given that the factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding are multi-factorial and context-specific, we examined the prevalence and factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice in the first six months among m...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Achieving the blood pressure treatment target in individuals with hypertension is a serious global health challenge. Furthermore, the actual burden of uncontrolled hypertension is poorly understood, especially in the developing countries. Therefore, this study comprehensively examined the prevalence and factors associated with uncontro...
Article
Objectives Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a progressive metabolic disease characterized by relative insulin insufficiency and insulin resistance resulting in hyperglycemia. Despite the widespread use of metformin, there is considerable variation in treatment response; with approximately one-third of patients failing to achieve adequate glycemic contro...
Article
Objectives Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a progressive metabolic disease characterized by relative insulin insufficiency and insulin resistance resulting in hyperglycemia. Despite the widespread use of metformin, there is considerable variation in treatment response; with approximately one-third of patients failing to achieve adequate glycemic contro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Universal access to contraception is an important strategy adopted by the South African government in order to reduce the rate of unintended pregnancies in women with HIV. In this article, we describe the choices of contraception and also, examine the influencing factors of the choices of contraception in the immediate postpartum period...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Universal access to contraception is an important strategy adopted by the South African government to reduce the high rate of unintended pregnancies, especially in women living with HIV. In this article, we describe the choices of contraception and also, examine the influencing factors of the choices of contraception in the immediate po...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Achieving the blood pressure treatment target in individuals with hypertension is a serious global health challenge. Furthermore, the actual burden of uncontrolled hypertension is poorly understood especially in the developing countries. Therefore, this study comprehensively examined the rate and factors associated with uncontrolled hyp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Disclosure of HIV serostatus to sexual partner does not only facilitate partner's support and testing, but it also correlates with better treatment outcomes. We drew from a cross-sectional survey data conducted among postpartum women with HIV to examine the rate of serostatus disclosure to sexual partners, the influence of relationship s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Disclosure of HIV serostatus to sexual partner does not only facilitate partner's support and testing, but it also correlates with better treatment outcomes. We drew from a cross-sectional survey conducted among postpartum women with HIV to examine the rate of serostatus disclosure to sexual partners, the influence of relationship statu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Disclosure of HIV serostatus to sexual partner facilitates partner's support and testing, and correlates with better treatment outcomes. Studies examining changes in the rate of serostatus from delivery and postpartum periods are scarce. Our study fills this gap by using a follow-up survey of postpartum women with HIV to examine if disc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Despite the beneficial health effects of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for infants, the practice of EBF remains low in South Africa, a country burdened with HIV. Given that the factors limiting EBF are multi-factorial and context-specific, we sought to examine the factors influencing EBF practice among mothers on antiretroviral therapy...
Article
Full-text available
Background Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), especially during the postpartum period, remains a major challenge in the efforts towards eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This study examined the levels and determinants of postpartum adherence to ART among mothers with HIV in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Methods In this cro...
Article
Full-text available
Background: HIV-associated tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of death among pregnant women in South Africa. Isoniazid prevention therapy (IPT) strategy was implemented in South Africa concurrently with life-long antiretroviral therapy (ART) to reduce the TB-associated morbidity and mortality in individuals living with HIV. This study assessed the...
Article
Full-text available
South Africa has adopted pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as a preventive strategy for populations at-risk for HIV, though uptake is low among adolescents and young adults. We examined the awareness and use of PrEP among adolescents and young adults in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.This cross-sectional study was conducted between June and November...
Article
Background: The emergence of HIV drug resistance poses a significant threat to achieving the goal of elimination of mother-to-child transmission. Objectives: We assessed the extent and patterns of HIV-1 drug resistance mutations (DRMs) within the context of the public sector prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programme in the Eas...
Article
Full-text available
Undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus constitutes a significant threat to the health of commercial taxi drivers, safety of the passengers and other road users. This study determines the prevalence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus among commercial taxi drivers in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality (BCMM), Eastern Cape and examines the...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background:Despite the array of studies on infant feeding practices of HIV-infected women, gaps still exist in the understanding of the underlying reasons for their infant feeding choices. Potential for behavioural change exists,especially in the light of the 2016 updated World Health Organization guideline on HIV and infant feeding. The...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Commercial drivers have been identified as eliciting behaviours that promote non- communicable diseases and road traffic accidents. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of alcohol use, smoking and physical inactivity among commercial taxi drivers in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa. METHODS...
Article
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OBJECTIVE: To examine the blood pressure of high altitude dwelling Andibila adults in Oju, Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 121 Andibila adults living at a high altitude in Oju, Benue state, Nigeria. Body mass, stature, girths (waist and hip circumferences) were taken using standard procedures. Blood pressure (BP) measurement was asses...
Article
Worldwide, adolescents and young adults (aged 15–25 years) account for the highest proportion of new HIV infections, yet the uptake of HIV testing among this cohort is sub-optimal. Understanding factors that predict the uptake of HIV testing among adolescents and young adults is critical for designing effective and relevant interventions to increas...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study determined the diagnostic performance of new biomarkers for a composite diagnosis of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among Central Africans. Methods: This case-control study was conducted at LOMO Medical Centre, Kinshasa, DR Congo (DRC) between January - December, 2008. The cases comprised 226 participants with concurrent...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the recent advances in biomedical preventive strategies, young adults—especially adolescent girls— continue to be disproportionately at risk of acquiring HIV. To avert this trend, it is critical that access to HIV preventive strategies, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and postexposure prophylaxis be expanded, especially in sub-Sahar...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Health care visits during pregnancy, childbirth and after childbirth may be crucial in expanding the uptake of contraceptive care in resource-poor settings. However, little is known about how health care visits influence the uptake of modern contraception in Nigeria. The focus of this paper was to examine how health care visits influen...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Binge drinking (BD) is a significant risk factor for several acute and chronic illnesses, including injuries. This study examines the rate, frequency and intensity of BD in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality (BCMM), South Africa.Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of 998 adults attending the three largest outpatient clinics i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Contraceptive use has numerous health benefits such as preventing unplanned pregnancies, ensuring optimum spacing between births, reducing maternal and child mortality, and improving the lives of women and children in general. This study examines the level of contraceptive use, its determinants, reasons for non-use of contraception amo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Context-specific factors influence adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among pregnant women living with HIV. Gaps exist in the understanding of the reasons for the variable outcomes of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programme at the health facility level in South Africa. This study examined adherence levels...
Article
Full-text available
Early discontinuation of implanon, a long-acting, reversible contraceptive among reproductive age women in South Africa is a serious public health concern. The aim of this study was to examine the reasons for discontinuation of implanon among its previous users. This descriptive cross-sectional study involved 188 consecutively selected participants...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Integration of family planning services into HIV care was implemented in South Africa as a core strategy aimed at reducing unintended pregnancies among childbearing women living with HIV. However, it is unclear whether this strategy has made any significant impact at the population level. This paper describes the prevalence and correla...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Over a million people globally acquire sexually transmitted infections (STI) every day mainly through unprotected sexual contact. While the consequences of risky sexual behaviour are well documented, the literature on young educated women's perceptions of, and narratives about risky sexual behaviour is limited, and thus, it is difficult...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Waist circumference has been identified as one of the strongest predictive tool for metabolic syndrome. This study determines the optimal cut-off point of waist circumference for metabolic syndrome among low-income earning South African black population, in Eastern Cape, South Africa. The optimal waist circumference cut-off point was de...
Article
Full-text available
Background Hypertension is a critical public health issue in South Africa. Commercial taxi drivers constitute a vulnerable group who are predisposed to hypertension due to the nature of their work. Yet, unlike other population sub-groups, their health status and lifestyle behaviour have rarely been investigated. Objective To screen for hypertensio...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Central obesity (CO) confers a significant threat on the cardio-metabolic health of individuals, independently of overall obesity. Disparities in the measures of fat distribution lead to misclassification of individuals who are at risk of cardio-metabolic diseases. This study sought to determine the prevalence and correlates of central...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Obesity is the third leading cause of mortality and has become a global epidemic. There is a continuous increase in its prevalence both in the developed and in developing countries. Obesity is closely associated with chronic health conditions, thus increasing the overall burden of disease and disability at the population level. Several...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Binge drinking (BD) is a significant risk factor for several acute and chronic illnesses, including injuries. This study examines the rate, frequency and intensity of BD in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality (BCMM), South Africa. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of 998 adults attending the three largest outpatient clinics...
Article
Full-text available
Background Limited epidemiological data on pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus among public service workers, considered an at-risk population, may undermine the government’s efforts toward addressing the scourge of non-communicable diseases in Nigeria. This study aimed to address this gap by determining the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes me...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aim Urbanisation and westernisation have greatly influenced the metabolic health of individuals in South Africa, with resultant increase in metabolic syndrome (METs) components. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with METs among adults in Buffalo City Municipality, East London, South Africa. Methods...
Article
Full-text available
Background The global burden of hematologic malignancy (HM) is rapidly rising with aging, exposure to polluted environments, and global and local climate variability all being well-established conditions of oxidative stress. However, there is currently no information on the extent and predictors of HM at Kinshasa University Clinics (KUC), DR Congo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Obesity is the third leading cause of mortality and has become a global epidemic. There is a continuous increase in its prevalence both in the developed and in developing countries. Obesity is closely associated with chronic health conditions, thus increasing the overall burden of disease and disability at the population level. Several...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Tobacco use increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, premature death and certain cancers. This study investigated the prevalence and determinants of tobacco use among adults in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality (BCMM), South Africa. Methods: This study forms part of the cardio-metabolic risk survey carried out at the three largest ou...
Article
Background and Objective: Whilst information is available on the health status of high altitude populations in different regions elsewhere, none exist on the Andibila community, an indigenous population living at high altitude in Oju, Nigeria. This study was conducted to examine the body weight status of the Andibila adults using body mass index to...
Article
Full-text available
Background The vulnerabilities of young women of low socio-economic status and those with little or no formal education tend to dominate the discourse on unplanned pregnancy, unsafe abortion and emergency contraception (EC) in sub-Saharan Africa. This article draws on a survey conducted among female undergraduate students to shed light on sexual be...