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Viktória Mozgai

Viktória Mozgai
Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences · Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research

Geologist MSc

About

36
Publications
10,743
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39
Citations
Citations since 2017
34 Research Items
39 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023051015
2017201820192020202120222023051015

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Full-text available
In 2016, a Stollhof-type copper hoard was found during an excavation in Magyaregres, Hungary. It was placed in a cooking pot, and deposited upside down within the boundaries of an Early Copper Age settlement. Similar hoards dating to the end of the 5th millennium BCE are well-known from Central Europe, however, this hoard represents the only one so...
Article
Full-text available
Metallic idiophones dating to the Roman and the Great Migration period, excavated in Vas County and housed in the collection of the Savaria Museum in Szombathely are presented here. They were investigated archaeologically, archaeometrically, acoustically and psychoacoustically within the framework of the research project ‘Metallic Idiophones betwee...
Article
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Az 5. sz. második harmadára jellemzők a préselt aranylemezből, aranyozott ezüstlemezből és aranyozott rézötvözet lemezből álló leletegyüttesek. Jelen tanulmányban az ún. préselt aranylemezes horizontba tartozó négy Kárpát-medencei lószerszámzatos leletegyüttes (Árpás, Budapest-Zugló, Pannonhalma, SzederkényKukorica dűlő) roncsolásmentes (kézi XRF)...
Article
Full-text available
A nagyváradi csüngő különleges tárgy, annak ellenére, hogy típusára, kialakítására nézve nem rendkívüli darab a polikróm ötvösmunkák körében. Ráadásul régészeti kontextusa is ismeretlen, mivel szórványként került elő. Ezt a gránátberakásos aranyékszert sajátos története emeli ki a többi közül, ami több szálon és több idősíkban fut. Előkerülése a ré...
Chapter
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A hun kor kései szakaszára keltezhető leletegyüttesek, amelyek közé az általunk vizsgált lévai, nyíregyháza­orosi, valamint pécsüszögi lószerszámzatok sorolhatók, a préselt, aranylemezes tárgyak horizontjának képviselői. A jelen kutatás fő célja az anyagösszetétel és az aranyozás technikájának megállapítása, valamint az egy leletegyüttesen belüli c...
Article
Full-text available
The Great Migration Period collection of the Hungarian National Museum houses more than 67 pellet bells and bells from the Avar Period, which are part of the research project ‘Metallic Idiophones between 800 BC and 800 AD in Central Europe’. They originate from 17 archaeological sites. The idiophones are presented within their find context and clas...
Chapter
Three Early Bronze Age gold objects from Uljma were analysed non-destructively by using a handheld X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (hXRF). The gold objects were manufactured from rather high-quality gold (>80 wt%), but exhibit different composition. The silver content of the objects fits into the compositional range of natural gold (5–50% Ag). The...
Article
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Objects manufactured from pressed gold, gilded silver or copper alloy plates are characteristic assemblages from the Late Hunnic period (5th century AD, 420/430). In this study, horse trappings that belong to the ‘pressed gold plate horizon’ from three archaeological sites in the Carpathian Basin (Léva, Nyíregyháza-Oros and Pécsüszög) were analysed...
Chapter
In the case of the 5th-century AD horse harnesses found at Untersiebenbrunn (Austria) the question often arises whether they were made in a Roman or in a ‘Barbarian’ workshop, where the metalsmiths were familiar with Roman techniques. Based on the recent examinations made on the main finds of the Sösdala horizon, it is more likely that these object...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper describes a Hun-period solitary burial found in Kecskemét, in the central part of the Great Hungarian Plain in 2017 and discusses its wider archaeological significance. In parallel with the archaeological evaluation, the physical anthropological examination of the human remains, furthermore, analyses of the Y-chromosome haplogroups of th...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents a new Hun period deposit that was discovered in a clear and closed context during the archaeological excavation of the never-completed fortress from the Late Roman period at Göd, Hungary. The find assemblage consists of a horse cranium and horse leg bones as well as small fragments of silver-gilt saddle mounts with traces of pre...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on the collection of Enea Lanfranconi (1850–1895) engineer and collector in Bratislava/Pozsony (SK) now partly kept in the Department of Archaeology and Coins Cabinet of the Hungarian National Museum. Originally, the famous and huge colletion of its age comprised rare (partly hungarica) books, paintings and engravings, but also...
Article
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The use of non-destructive and non-invasive analytical methods is widespread in the archaeometric study of metal objects, particularly in the case of precious metal artefacts, from which sampling is not, or in a limited way, allowed due to their high value. In this study, we highlight the main advantages and limitations of non-destructive analytica...
Article
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This study details the non-destructive chemical analysis of composite silver objects (ewers, situlas, amphora and casket) from one of the most significant late Roman finds, the Seuso Treasure. The Seuso Treasure consists of fourteen large silver vessels that were made in the fourth–early fifth centuries AD and used for dining during festive banquet...
Article
Full-text available
Handheld X-ray fluorescence spectrometry is a widely used analytical method for the determination of the chemical composition of archaeological metal objects. Beside its several advantages (fast, cheap, portable, non-destructive, non-invasive, no sampling or special sample preparation is needed, etc.), the method has some limitations as well (surfa...
Article
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The Székely or Szekler Script is one of the most mysterious phenomena in the Hungarian cultural history. There is no common understanding either about its origin, or about the time of its genesis, editing, or its original function. The age of its certain monuments is still an open question, as only a few can be dated precisely. The researchers agre...
Article
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X-ray diffraction (XRD) is a widely used method to specify the mineralogical composition of archaeological artefacts, e.g. the material of inlays or corrosion products of metal objects. Laboratory micro-XRD instruments, like the RIGAKU DMAX RAPID II micro-X-ray diffractometer (μ-XRD), can be used instead of conventional X-ray (powder) diffraction a...
Article
Full-text available
Jewellery, dress accessories and other personal ornaments made of precious metal and decorated with gemstones were representative elements (prestige objects) of Migration-period supra-regional fashion in Europe. Due to their valuable materials and impressive appearance, these polychrome artefacts are highlighted items in art albums and exhibition c...
Article
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The paper presents a preliminary report on a new ritual deposit of the European Hun period, discovered near Telki in central Hungary. The archaeological and archaeometric analysis of the finds is currently in progress. The assemblage is made up of elements of horse gear, personal adornments (the mounts of a shoeset and at least three belts) and wea...
Article
Niello, a bluish black metal sulphide, was widely used for decoration of metal objects by artisans of the Roman Empire. Our knowledge, however, concerning the exact Roman-period niello technique, the appearance of binary silver–copper sulphide niello-decorated silver objects in particular is very scarce. An extensively nielloed silver augur staff (...
Chapter
Full-text available
A Dunakeszi-Székesdűlőn feltárt szarmata női sír aranyleleteinek kémiai összetételét határoztuk meg roncsolásmentesen, kézi röntgenfluoreszcens spektrométerrel (hXRF) és elektron-mikroszondás vizsgálattal (EPMA). Az ékszerek többsége nagy tisztaságú (>98 tömeg%) aranyból készült, kivéve a nagyobb (17 tömeg%) ezüsttartalmú aranyötvözetből készült ke...
Chapter
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Chemical composition of the gold artefacts of an early Sarmatian female grave, Dunakeszi – Székes-dűlő (Hungary) was determined non-destructively with handheld X-ray fluorescence (hXRF) and electron microprobe analyses (EPMA). Most of the objects were made from high purity (>98 wt%) gold, except the round beadlets and two granules on the lunula, wh...
Chapter
Full-text available
The goal of this study was to measure the chemical composition of late Roman silver artefacts preserved in the Hungarian National Museum by means of systematic handheld X-ray fluorescence analysis. The mapping of the elemental composition of silver objects is suitable for revealing their chemical inhomogeneity. The measurements were systematically...
Chapter
Full-text available
Az arany egyike az emberiség által először használt fémeknek. Ennek legfőbb oka, hogy terméselem formájában előfordul a természetben. Az arany fényes, sárga színű, nagy fényvisszaverő-képességű, könnyen alakítható, nyújtható, puha fém. Számos ércteleptípusban előfordul, leggyakrabban torlatos telepekben, termésarany formájában. Kevés ásványa ismert...
Article
Full-text available
A cikk irodalmi összefoglalás három fém (ólom, ezüst és réz) izotópjainak alkalmazásáról régészeti és történeti fémtárgyak nyersanyaga eredetének kutatásában. Ólomizotóp-méréseket már az 1950-es évek óta végeznek különféle fémtárgyakon. Az 1990-es években a multikollektoros induktív csatolású plazma tömegspektrométerek (MC-ICP-MS) megjelenésével le...
Article
Full-text available
The origin of Neolithic and Copper Age copper finds could not be discussed independently from archaeological interpretation due to the lack of appropriate archaeometallurgical analyses from Hungary. The overall aim of our project is to provide new data about the sources of raw materials of copper finds. By the analysis of comparative geological sam...
Article
Full-text available
A large variety of building and decorative materials, including mosaic tesserae, were discovered during the archaeological excavation of the medieval Bizere monastery. In order to assess the material usage for the decorative elements of the monastery, several tesserae made of rocks and ceramics and a “red marble” decorative stone were studied using...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Világszerte, így hazánkban is, egyre nagyobb igény mutatkozik a kulturális örökség tárgyi emlékeinek természettudományos, más szóval archeometriai vizsgálatára. Sok esetben olyan leletek/tárgyak vizsgálatáról van szó, amelyek egyediek, nagy értékűek, ezért kiemelkedő sze-rep jut a roncsolásmentes elemzési módszereknek. 2014 áprilisában került vissz...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The aim of the project is to study the spread of the products and technology of metallurgy in the Carpathian Basin from 5000 to 3000 BC, furthermore to re-evaluate the social background of this process based on archaeometric and radiocarbon data. Because of the lack of lead isotope data from Hungary, it was not possible to deal with the origin of copper finds independently from archaeological interpretation. This new series of analysis will provide us new data with the sources of raw materials of copper finds. By the analysis of comparative geological samples, we will be able to test the idea that considered the use of these local sources as a basis of the wealth of metal in the Carpathian Basin during the Copper Age. This has an utmost importance because our former analysis carried out on a small number of artefacts showed that further raw material sources have to be taken into consideration beyond the formerly known ones. We will complement the series of lead isotope analysis carried out on copper artefacts from secure find contexts by AMS dating in the frame of complex sampling strategy. This will make us possible to reconsider the typochronological system that classifies copper finds into the same time horizons from the Balkans via the Carpathian Basin to Central Europe. As results of the project we can shed new light on social relations related to the spread of products and technology of metallurgy, we can find evidence for confirming, rejecting of refining some widely accepted topoi of the metallurgy in the Carpathian Basin.