Viktor Kveton

Viktor Kveton
Charles University in Prague | CUNI · Department of Social Geography and Regional Development

Associate Professor

About

47
Publications
9,677
Reads
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517
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2020 - present
Charles University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
March 2012 - July 2020
Charles University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The research on the economic convergence of Central and Eastern European countries towards the old EU members is voluminous, and it has an obvious appeal to both policy-makers and public. Unlike the traditional literature concerned with selected macro-patterns of the European convergence process, this paper presents a comparative study of...
Article
This paper aims at a greater comprehension of the distribution of differentiated knowledge bases and their association with innovation performance. Drawing on evolutionary economic geography, we applied a combinatorial and dynamic view on knowledge bases. The main contribution is the examination of changes and transformations of knowledge bases ove...
Article
This article examines regional and sectoral impacts of R&D subsidies on firms in Czechia during the period 2007–2014. Driven by still-developing innovation policies where regional innovation systems are emerging, R&D support plays an important role for activating regional potential. To explore this we employed a geographical perspective and a combi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims at the comprehension of feasible development trajectories conceptualized within the new path-development model in the case of two less developed regions in Central Europe (CE). The main new element of this paper comprises the examination of the perception of key barriers and mechanisms hindering particular evolutionary trajectories...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past few years, scholarly debates on new path development have attracted increasing attention within the economic geography literature. This work distinguishes various trajectories of regional and industrial evolution. So far, these evolutionary trajectories have been mainly conceptualized as 'positive' forms of path development. However,...
Method
Full-text available
Předkládaná metodika přináší místním a krajským samosprávám návod pro evaluaci dopravních politik a strategií a dále dílčích dopravních opatření. Je přizpůsobena potřebám měst a krajů ČR, reflektuje nejnovější poznatky z problematiky dopravního plánování směrem k rozvoji udržitelné mobility a dále moderní přístupy k evaluaci. Metodika se také věnuj...
Article
This paper investigates the role of agency in regional industrial path development using an integrated framework that combines three recent conceptualizations of agency: (1) firm- and system-level agency; (2) trinity-of-change agency; and (3) reproductive and change agency. Our framework redefines firm- and system-level agency into organizationalan...
Book
Kniha nabízí charakteristiku jednotlivých druhů evaluace nástrojů městské mobility a popisuje jejich hlavní postupy. Problematiku evaluace zasazuje do širšího kontextu městského dopravního plánování na základně nejnovějších odborných pramenů a vychází také z aktuální praxe českých měst. Ambicí publikace je podpořit evaluaci v Česku jako nezbytnou...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse the impacts caused by the construction of new road infrastructure between 2005 and 2015 in Czechia, EU. The results provide an answer to which municipalities were affected by the construction of new road infrastructure or how the accessibility of individual regional centres changed. The study works with two key variables: a change in the...
Article
This paper explores effect of proximities on R&D collaboration and focus on a prime mechanism of intentional search for knowledge—joint R&D projects—using data on R&D projects co‐financed by various public sector bodies in the period 2003–2018. Our findings show that R&D collaboration based on cognitive proximity is intentional and firms prefer par...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic in the first months of 2020 posed an unprecedented threat to the health of the world's population. In this longitudinal design study, we elaborated the typology of 27 European countries based on the complete beginnings of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic based on health indicators and contextual variables. Two-step analysis using...
Preprint
During recent decades, the debate on how to sustain urban mobility has accelerated. Transport decision-making has been more reflective of sustainability issues and quality of life in cities; this process has especially accelerated with the setting of modern urban mobility planning concepts, substantially focusing on transport demand regulation and...
Article
During recent decades, the debate on how to sustain urban mobility has accelerated. Transport decision-making has been more reflective of sustainability issues and quality of life in cities; this process has especially accelerated with the setting of modern urban mobility planning concepts, substantially focusing on transport demand regulation and...
Article
The paper examines changes in economic activity occurring in municipalities around the motorway D11, after a new section of motorway has been opened in 2006. The aim of the paper is to determine the extent to which the detected changes in the region can be connected with the opening of the motorway section. The changes in establishment and extincti...
Article
Regional innovation systems in Central and Eastern Europe suffer from many handicaps connected with generally lower levels of business activity and unfavourable positions of firms within global value chains. In this paper, results of business coaching programmes implemented in South Moravia (Czechia) are evaluated. The success of support is assesse...
Article
This paper aims at an understanding of acquisition processes in a strongly industrialized and export‐oriented economy in Central Europe. Drawing on a proximity framework and behaviour theory, the paper investigates that the geographical proximity dimension is more influential than the cognitive proximity dimension. At the same time, cognitive proxi...
Article
This paper aims at a comprehension of existing intra-/inter-regional production flows in a dynamically transforming, export-oriented economy in Central Europe. Drawing on evolutionary economic geography combined with input–output approaches, we have assessed the sectoral compositions and relationships between regions from a buyer-supplier interacti...
Article
Public support of training in firms corresponds to the long-term importance of the quality of human capital in the competitiveness of firms and nations. Thus, the EU supports such training via the European Social Fund (ESF). The evaluation community evaluates the support by using either qualitative or quantitative methods. The simultaneous applicat...
Article
Universities and other knowledge institutions have quickly come to be seen as central to smart specialisation. However, their exact role in Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation has yet to receive much critical attention in the academic literature. This is particularly notable as defining features of smart specialisation – suc...
Article
Social entrepreneurship (SE) began to be strongly supported in Central and Eastern European countries during the programming period of 2007–2013. However, the level of SE development still lags behind developed countries. The paper focuses on the identification of barriers to SE development in the Czech Republic and recommendations for policymaking...
Article
The role of EU rural development policy in the neo-productivist agricultural paradigm. Regional Studies. European Union rural development policy tools have renewed their emphasis on agriculture for the period 2014–20. This shift has been driven by an incoming neo-productivism paradigm, a terminology only recently applied to rural studies. This pape...
Article
Strategic and legislative documents concerning the EU’s rural development policy emphasise the link with territorial cohesion. Long-term identification of the countryside with agriculture, however, ushered in a focus on this sector in the rural development policy. This has been also further emphasised by the policy inclusion into the Common Agricul...
Article
The continuing European recession underlines the urgency of the unemployment and labour force mobility issue. Therefore, the objective of this study is to scrutinise the relationship between changes in unemployment rate and transport indicators in the intercensal period 2001–2011. Both primary and secondary data are used in the analysis. Rate of ca...
Article
Full-text available
An influential body of literature suggests that economic diversity rather than specialization fuels the economic performance of regions and nations. The authors argue that this hypothesis has no universal applicability and that a more differentiated view is needed. In particular, historical specificity of the local environment and structural charac...
Article
Full-text available
Czechia has a relatively high density of the road network, although the basic network of motorways has not been completed and does not match the actual needs. Some regional centres still do not have good connection to the network of motorways or higher-quality railway network. This situation affects the key results of the analysis performed: 1. The...
Article
Full-text available
For downloading is available draft version of the paper pubished in European Planning Studies, Vol 22, Iss. 3, 2014 LA21, a voluntary tool for implementing SD in local level, is one way of implementing sustainability principles in practice. Twenty years after the UNCED Conference in Rio de Janeiro, which made the first reference of LA21 (intended...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We examine whether current economic performance of the Czech small city-regions is fuelled rather by in dustrial specialization or diversification when additionally accounting for urbanization economies, spatial interactions between regions, and industrial legacy from the communist era. Regression models showed that both industrial specializat...
Article
Outlined by the Common Agriculture Policy (CAP), the rural development policy enables the application of the territorial dimension. The goal of this paper is the analysis and determination of the appropriateness of the CAP development policy tools specifically within the Czech Republic. Furthermore, there is emphasis on the compliancy with the EU t...
Article
Full-text available
This article seeks to explore differentiated developments in transport serviceability at the level of municipalities and their sub-divisions in Czechia from 2001 to 2009. Two different peripheral rural micro-regions – Sedlčany and Ledeč nad Sázavou – were selected for evaluation. The analysis is based on a number of statistical indicators, such as...
Article
Full-text available
The study compares the role of agricultural green subsidies in rural development of the Czech Republic before and after joining the European Union (EU) in 2004. We use the perspective of multifunctional agriculture and contribute to the research on the contemporary trends in Czech agriculture by using the data collected through surveys in 2000 and...
Article
In recent years, urban–rural relationships have attracted an increasing interest for more than just the issues they represent, i.e. the growing polarization of economic growth and the ever widening disparities between cities and the countryside. Another factor includes their conceptual context that concerns—above all—the implementation of the Terri...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluation of Competitiveness of Rail Transport on Example of Connection Among Regional Capitals in Czechia The article is focused on evaluating the significance of rail passenger transport in transport contacts among regional capitals in Czechia representing the most important centres in the settlement hierarchy. The review of the particular conne...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to analyse the spatial differentiation of transport possibilities, i.e. the availability of public transport connections (bus and train) and households equipped with cars. Monitoring has been carried out on two levels. First, an analysis of differences in transport possibilities was made, in socio-geographical regions (with...
Article
The main aim of the article is detailed evaluation of spatial differenti-ation of transport opportunities, that means supply of public transport connec-tions (bus and train), and household’s equipment by cars at the municipal level.From the methodological point of view there are two main levels of observing:- the analysis of differentiation of tran...
Article
The aim of this paper is to analyse the spatial differentiation of transport possibilities, i.e. the availability of public transport connections (bus and train) and households equipped with cars. Monitoring has been carried out on two levels. First, an analysis of differences in transport possibilities was made, in socio-geographical regions (with...
Article
Full-text available
Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Přírodovědecká fakulta katedra sociální geografie a regionálního rozvoje 1.1 Úvod Vliv dopravní infrastruktury na lokální a regionální rozvoj je v odborné literatuře trvale sledovanou problematikou. Specifický vliv železnice jako faktoru rozvoje je hodnocena většinou v rámci různých historickogeografických a historických...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The project will provide detailed analysis of the role of extra-regional sources in regional industrial change and economic growth in different types of region in Czechia. Thus, the project will investigate the following research questions. RQ1: What are the intensity and spatial patterns of collaborative and contract research networks in terms of orientation towards extra-regional knowledge partners? RQ2: What are the intensity and spatial patterns of exogenous sources (in terms of corporate takeovers and foreign direct investments) in different types of regions? RQ3: How and in what ways do extra-regional sources (mentioned in RQ1 and RQ2) influence the probability of developing a specific type of path in different kinds of regions? (i.e. path upgrading, path diversification, path importation and path creation). RQ4: What are the positive and negative effects (e.g. on regional performance, unemployment etc.) of inflow of extra-regional assets and knowledge (e.g. via corporate takeovers) on regional industrial path development in different types of region? RQ5: How actors in different Czech regions mobilize knowledge from the outside and why do regions differ in their capacity to trigger new paths?
Project
The characteristics of evolutionary trajectories of economies in post-communist countries (and key driving mechanisms) have not yet been sufficiently explained. These economies have had to face fundamental challenges and the associated consequences during reintegration into the global economy. Recent empirical evidence underlines specific spatial organization and changes in regional economic structure in Czechia. For a deeper understanding and exploration of regional industrial development we apply concepts of evolutionary economic geography (path development and related variety). The project is built around the following research questions: (1) What type of path evolution trajectories characterizes industrial development processes in Czech regions? (2) What are the critical exogenous/endogenous drivers for new path development in Czech economy? What is the role of spontaneous and policy initiated processes? (3) What role in shaping the future development trajectories can play the newly built R&D infrastructure?