Viktor Freiman

Viktor Freiman
Université de Moncton · Éducation

Doctor of Philosophy

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108
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Publications

Publications (108)
Chapter
Design thinking, which emphasizes users’ needs and rapid prototyping, is a promising avenue in the field of sustainability. Used by international organizations such as IDEO.org and d.School, design thinking has yielded promising results in terms of sustainability solutions. Employed at strategic moments during the design thinking process, digital t...
Article
The political changes in the USSR and Russia almost coincided with the beginning of an unprecedented leap in the development of information technologies in the country (and to a certain extent spurred it). Gradually, many different initiatives emerged to apply these technologies in education in general, and in mathematics education. In the paper, w...
Article
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Recent scholarship around teaching elementary mathematics supports the learning of early algebra with 5- to 12-year olds. However, in spite of the recognition of the affordances of early algebra, issues about how to introduce it remain open. Within this context, Davydov’s work is often cited as a source of impressive demonstration of young learners...
Chapter
The K-12 school system in New Brunswick, Canada, has recently experienced the new wave of technology-related innovations, in the form of makerspaces. A case study presented in this chapter, focuses on teaching and teachers in makerspaces. Six school visits done in the first year of this ongoing study allowed the research team to conduct interviews...
Article
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Au 21e siècle, l'acquisition de compétences numériques est importante afin de rester à jour avec les avancements technologiques qui affectent la vie quotidienne. Cherchant à mieux comprendre l'acquisition des compétences numériques, ce projet de recherche vise les environnements d’apprentissage riches en technologies, plus précisément les laboratoi...
Chapter
This chapter contains findings related to social aspects of digital activities of youth. Computers, mobile devices, and the internet are increasingly used in everyday social practices of youth, requiring competencies that are largely still not being taught in schools. To thrive in the digital era, youth need to competently use digital tools and def...
Chapter
The chapter aims to explore, through the lens of digital divide, the challenges to alleviating socio-economic and intellectual limitations for prosperity of each individual. Cutting-edge research is reviewed to discuss in what way new technologies and access to them really help to develop citizens who are able to contribute in creative and democrat...
Chapter
This introductory chapter aims to introduce the volume providing new insights on creativity while focusing on innovative methodological approaches in research and practice of integrating technological tools and environments in mathematics teaching and learning. This work is being built on the discussions at the mini-symposium on Creativity and Tech...
Chapter
Piaget and Vygotsky’s prolific work continues to inspire many researchers in several areas of education. While these two authors are often referred to concurrently, sometimes as antagonists and sometimes as complementary theories from a developmental perspective, the debates regarding their epistemological stand and the interpretation of their rese...
Chapter
At a very young age, some children already manifest unusually strong mathematical abilities that need to be fully developed and nurtured in school. The chapter investigates in what way a kindergarten curriculum can offer all students a richer mathematical experience by means of open-ended and complex tasks. Hence, I developed and implemented challe...
Chapter
We are currently living in a period where computational thinking (CT) will influence everyone in every field of endeavor (Wing, 2006, 2008). While its definition as well as its place in school curricula are still not clear, the process of integrating CT within the K-12 school system is underway. In New Brunswick, Canada, as in other parts of the wo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
More than ever, students are exposed to a changing, global and interconnected world, caused by the explosion of information and communication technologies around us. But living in such a world has implications. In order to fully contribute to society by solving political, socio-economical and socio-cultural problems and become true citizens of the...
Conference Paper
Soft skills are now considered an important part of digital competencies in a lifelong continuum. As continuation of our work on the CompéTICA (Compétences en TIC en Atlantique, ICT Competencies in Atlantic Canada, www.competi.ca) project presented at the MACAS-4 Symposium in 2015, we continued researching digital competencies while observing exemp...
Conference Paper
At the secondary level (high school), there appears to be a lack of student motivation in mathematics courses (Wigfield, 1994, cited by Chouinard, 2001), and this lack of motivation can have negative repercussions on student learning and performance. Some authors argue that integrating games in the classroom is a good way of increasing young people...
Chapter
Mathematical recreations have continued, since antiquity, to attract not only amateurs who find numerous opportunities to enjoy solving challenging problems but also renowned mathematicians. Using examples of chessboard puzzles and, in particular, the Eight Queens problem, I analyse, from historical, as well as modern perspectives, how technology,...
Chapter
Even the brief analysis of the history of the invention of mechanical computing devices from the 17th to early 20th centuries that we provide in this chapter demonstrates the rich potential available to mathematics educators today. The first devices designed by Schickard and Pascal showed a technological complexity when dealing with the issue of re...
Chapter
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In this introductory chapter, the editors of the volume discuss the main directions of research on the history of counting instruments and computing devices and of their role in the transmission of mathematics knowledge from antiquity to the mid-twentieth century. They briefly present the issues discussed in the book, as well as in each contributio...
Book
This volume traces back the history of interaction between the “computational” or “algorithmic” aspects of elementary mathematics and mathematics education throughout ages. More specifically, the examples of mathematical practices analyzed by the historians of mathematics and mathematics education who authored the chapters in the present collection...
Technical Report
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Une synthèse des connaissances sur la citoyenneté numérique dans un contexte global. Un regard sur les enjeux, défis, tendances et pratiques en éducation à la citoyenneté numérique chez les jeunes Canadiennes et Canadiens.
Article
In Canada, as in other Western countries, solving word problems has comprised an important part of mathematics curricula. Traditionally, arithmetic thinking has largely been privileged as the main strategy for solving word problems at the elementary level, thus postponing the introduction of algebraic thinking to the secondary school. Drawing on th...
Article
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Meeting the needs of mathematically gifted and talented students is a challenge for educators. To support teachers of mathematically gifted and talented students to find appropriate solutions, several innovative projects were conducted in schools using funds provided by the New Brunswick, Canada, Department of Education. This article presents one s...
Article
Nous présentons une analyse rétrospective de l’expérimentation réalisée auprès d’élèves de 6 à 8 ans au Québec pendant trois ans. Inspirés par les travaux de Davydov, nous avons conçu des activités de résolution de problèmes écrits ayant une structure additive simple permettant aux élèves de modéliser des relations entre les quantités faisant évolu...
Article
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While robotics is becoming a popular tool to introduce an integrated STEM curriculum into both, elementary and secondary schools, its impact on students’ learning remains underexplored. This article addresses the complexity of assessing mathematics learning within a robotics-based task by identifying the different types of knowledge and processes r...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this Topical Survey is to give a brief overview of the current state of research on and activities for mathematically gifted students around the world, being of interest to educational researchers, research mathematicians, mathematics teachers, teacher educators, curriculum designers, doctoral students, and other stakeholders. The focal...
Article
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Is future teachers’ contact with the physical environment significant enough for them to choose to educate their students about sustainability? These digital natives stand out from previous generations by their way of living. The research based on grounded theory was aimed at understanding future teachers’ relationships with physical and technologi...
Article
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Strategy games are known not only as genuine tools for amusement activities, but also as efficient teaching tools used to stimulate mathematical thinking in regular classrooms and to support construction of new knowledge in situations in which students become fully engaged in meaningful learning activities with enthusiasm, curiosity and excitement....
Article
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Nous allons présenter une ressource web interactive disponible gratuitement qui peut être utilisée pour organiser l’exploration par l’élève de problèmes ayant les structures additives. Après avoir essayé de résoudre un problème à l’ordinateur, l’élève partage ses démarches avec ses pairs. Une discussion collective des stratégies de résolution effic...
Book
Full-text available
This Topical Survey offers a brief overview of the current state of research on and activities for mathematically gifted students around the world. This is of interest to a broad readership, including educational researchers, research mathematicians, mathematics teachers, teacher educators, curriculum designers, doctoral students, and other stakeho...
Conference Paper
By reflecting on a number of New Brunswick (Canada) educational initiatives that integrate mathematics and technology (for example, websites like CAMI and Virtual Mathe-matical Marathon, the use of individual laptops, and robotics-based learning) we will discuss the need to pay more attention to the development of transdisciplinary skills, often re...
Conference Paper
By reflecting on a number of New Brunswick (Canada) educational initiatives that integrate mathematics and technology (for example, websites like CAMI and Virtual Mathe-matical Marathon, the use of individual laptops, and robotics-based learning) we will discuss the need to pay more attention to the development of transdisciplinary skills, often re...
Article
Full-text available
Although there is a common result in recent research and practice that digital skills are important for every educated citizen, little is known of how these skills are evolving over a long period of time. Our study looks into the development and use of digital skills in former middle school students who had an individual access to the laptops a dec...
Data
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There are many ways to look for common sense (reified) constructs. They all imply some kind of exploratory research. Major part of theese methods are based on discourse (interviews) analysis, Here is a short example of the usefullness of (statistical) textual data analysis to verify if some preliminary evidences justify the development of a researc...
Article
Full-text available
According to numerous studies (Barrouillet & Camos 2002; Brousseau 1988; Chevallard 1988; Riley et al. 1984; Schubauer-Leoni & Ntamakiliro, Revue Des Sciences de L’éducation, 20(1): 87–113, 1994; Vergnaud 1982; Xin, The Journal of Educational Research, 100(6):347–360, 2007), a combination of many factors, including curriculum, didactic contract and...
Conference Paper
The new movement towards digital literacy in the 21st Century requires that the educational system shifts from developing consumers of technology to creators of technology. Given that software is pervasive in every aspect of our digital lives the ability to create software, or ‘coding’, has become the focus of this new digital literacy movement. La...
Article
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Les élèves doués et talentueux qui se trouvent dans nos salles de classe ne semblent pas avoir beaucoup d’occasions de développer leur plein potentiel. Ce constat est soulevé dans plusieurs articles de recherche, les rapports gouvernementaux et les témoignages provenant de milieux de pratiques éducatives. Au Nouveau-Brunswick, où le système éducati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper is a brief research report on the development of the CompéTICA partnership network whose goal is to develop a lifelong continuum of digital competences in the Atlantic Canada, to describe, initiate and implement practices in respect of challenges related to adaptability and transferability, as well as building of digitally inclusive ecos...
Article
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This essay proposes a reflection on the learning difficulties and teaching approaches associated with arithmetic word problem solving. We question the development of word problem solving skills in the early grades of elementary school. We are trying to revive the discussion because first, the knowledge in question—reversibility of arithmetic operat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper is a report on the findings of a study on the development of digital skills. Discourse analysis techniques were used to examine the resulting transcript of interviews with experts in technopedagogy for evidence of digital skill development from school and postsecondary contexts. Using the DELPHI method, six experts were consulted about k...
Book
CONTEXT AND PROBLEM STATEMENT OF THE STUDY Since high-speed Internet access became an everyday asset in many Canadian schools and homes, educators have started to look into the possibility of creating virtual spaces where children could have the opportunity to get involved in a less formal process of learning and sharing knowledge. Mathematics and...
Chapter
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In the literature, most environmental problems are deemed complex and multidimensional (Foladori, 2005; Sauvé, 1997). According to Jonassen (2000), a complex problem possesses a large number of characteristics, functions, and variables. Furthermore, many relationships exist between the elements of this type of problem. Bardwell, Monroe, and Tudor (...
Article
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Expanding the concept of symbolic play (Vygotsky, 1933/1966) addressed in the theory of the creative imagination (Smolucha, 1992), we defined the concept of imagination and creativity in relation to the student learning process (DeBlois, 2003). This work falls under the realm of algebraic problem solving by students in third cycle elementary and fi...
Article
Full-text available
Is future teachers’ contact with the physical environment significant enough for them to choose to educate their students about sustainability? These digital natives stand out from previous generations by their way of living, working and learning. Does the use of ICT by these young adults contribute to distancing them from the physical environment?...
Article
Cet article présente les résultats d’une recherche visant à mieux comprendre l’apport des communautés d’apprentissage professionnelles (CAP) à l’égard des élèves doués. Les auteurs s’interrogent sur la capacité d’une CAP à identifier les élèves doués, à dépister leurs besoins et à mettre en place les mesures pour y répondre. La recherche, de type e...
Article
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Mathematics teachers, researchers and specialists in educational technology from Quebec, Canada developed virtual tools that make interactive simulations of games of chance. These tools were presented to a group of teachers from New Brunswick through workshops and they then got to test and validate them with their students. Semi-structured intervie...
Article
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In this paper we report on the first year of an online competition in which 480 students took part. After a brief presentation of the organizational structure of the marathon and general data about students’ participation, we discuss findings from questionnaires about participants’ attitudes towards mathematics, technology, and their perception of...
Book
This first book in the series will describe the Net Generation as visual learners who thrive when surrounded with new technologies and whose needs can be met with the technological innovations. These new learners seek novel ways of studying, such as collaborating with peers, multitasking, as well as use of multimedia, the Internet, and other Inform...
Article
Since coastal communities are already subjected to the impacts of climate change, adaptation has become a necessity. This article presents competencies demonstrated by Canadian municipal employees during an adaptation process to sea level rise. To adapt, the participants demonstrated the following competencies: problem solving (highlighting compone...
Chapter
How do new digital tools and environments affect mathematics learning of students who belong to the Net Generation? In order to explore the complexity of the use of multimedia and Internet to make mathematics teaching and learning more visual and cyber-oriented, our chapter reflects on an add-on value of the new developments in research and practic...
Article
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RÉSUMÉ • De quelle façon l'usage des ressources virtuelles change la perception d'enseignement et d'apprentissage de mathématiques chez les enseignants et leurs élèves ? Une étude de valeur ajoutée d'expériences de résolution de problèmes mathématiques dans un espace numérique col-lectif nous dresse une perspective complexe et authentique : en cons...
Article
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World population growth, overconsumption of resources, competition among countries and climate change are putting significant pressure on agriculture. In Canada, changes in precipitation, the appearance of new pests and poor soil quality are threatening the prosperity of small farmers. What human competencies could facilitate citizens’ adaptation t...
Article
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Purpose – For communities threatened by current or impending climate change, adaptation is becoming a necessity. Although little research has been done on human competences so far, this research shows that some appear to facilitate the adaptation process. The purpose of this multiple‐case study is to identify adaptive competences demonstrated by tw...
Conference Paper
Dans le courant du renouvellement des pratiques pédagogiques, l'interactivité des outils techno-pédagogiques peut-elle servir aux enseignants de mathématiques ? Notre étude exploratoire a permis aux enseignants du Nouveau-Brunswick, Canada, d'essayer le simulateur virtuel de jeux de hasard développé par une équipe de techno-pédagogues, enseignants...
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p> Résumé Cette étude s’intéresse à la richesse des problèmes mathématiques posés et à la créativité des solutions soumises par les membres de la Communauté d’apprentissages scientifiques et mathématiques interactifs (CASMI), une ressource virtuelle destinée aux élèves francophones du Nouveau-Brunswick et d’ailleurs. L’exploration des problématiq...
Conference Paper
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To help understand the diversity that exists in Canadian mathematics education, this contribution focuses on the reality of English Canada, complementing the separate studies we have completed on Québec and NewBrunswick. As a country that is officially “bilingual” (English/French), Canada has unique constitutional considerations within education: e...
Conference Paper
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To increase understanding of the diversity that exists in Canadian mathematics education, this contribution focuses on Québec, complementing the separate papers that we have also written on New Brunswick and English Canada. The Canadian educational context involves both linguistic and constitutional factors: each region must provide primary and sec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To help understand the diversity of Canadian mathematics education, our contribution relates to the New Brunswick reality, having completed separate papers on the Quebec and English Canada contexts. As a country that is officially “bilingual” (English/French), Canada has unique constitutional considerations within education: each region must provid...
Article
Full-text available
In our study, we looked for an insight into students’ persistence and success in coping with challenging mathematics beyond the school walls and curriculum. The data received from the competition Web site were analysed from two perspectives. First, we analyzed the relationship between success in solving the problems and their persistence in partici...
Article
In many countries including Canada, an inclusive view of mathematics education aims to reach all students in mathematics classroom allowing everybody to make progress at her own pace. When we say ‘all students’, this also includes the gifted ones. Or, research shows that an appropriate mathematical provision for the most able students is still an u...
Article
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In this paper we analyze prospective mathematics teachers' conceptions about teaching mathematically talented students. Forty-two Israeli participants learning at mathematics education courses for getting their teaching certificates, and fifty-four Canadian pre-service (K-8) teachers participating in mathematics didactics course were asked to solve...
Conference Paper
Ce court exposé a pour but d’explorer la résolution de problèmes relative aux structures additives par les élèves du primaire. Malgré de nombreuses études en didactiques des mathématiques, les élèves continuent à y éprouver des difficultés. Les résultats de dernières recherches en didactique ainsi que dans certains champs adjacents, notamment la li...
Article
Modern societies deal with several issues related to the development of digitally literate citizens. Following an extensive literature review, we found that (1) the social and cognitive developments of N-Gen'ers have been shaped by the technologies they rely on; for instance, they are an autodidactic generation with a preference for multitasking; (...
Article
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In order to teach successfully, future teachers should not only be educated about students’ conceptions, but also about different forms of knowledge and classroom culture. In our research, we examined whether the participation in the Internet-based challenging problem solving community CASMI contributes to the development of the aforementioned awar...
Article
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A two-year study on the use of laptop computers by New Brunswick (Canada) grade 7–8 francophone students aimed to better understand the impact of laptops on learning. Two problem-based learning (PBL) interdisciplinary scenarios (math, science, language arts) were implemented in eight experimental classes to measure students’ learning process, parti...