Victorine Douin-Echinard

Victorine Douin-Echinard
French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Inserm · restore-lab.fr

PhD PharmD

About

63
Publications
6,387
Reads
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2,483
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2021 - May 2021
French Institute of Health and Medical Research
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Full-text available
The lymphatic network of mammalian heart is an important regulator of interstitial fluid compartment and immune cell trafficking. We observed a remodeling of the cardiac lymphatic vessels and a reduced lymphatic efficiency during heart hypertrophy and failure induced by transverse aortic constriction. The lymphatic endothelial cell number of the fa...
Article
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The incidence of disorders associated with low inflammatory state, such as chronic kidney disease, increases in the elderly. The accumulation of senescent cells during aging and the senescence-associated secretory phenotype, which leads to inflammaging, is known to be deleterious and account for progressive organ dysfunction. To date, the cellular...
Article
Objective The intestinal microbiota to immune system crosstalk is a major regulator of metabolism and hence metabolic diseases. An impairment of the chemokine receptor CX3CR1, as a key regulator shaping intestinal microbiota under normal chow feeding, could be one of the early events of dysglycemia.Methods We studied the gut microbiota ecology by s...
Article
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Accumulation of senescent cells in tissues during normal or accelerated aging has been shown to be detrimental and to favor the outcomes of age-related diseases such as heart failure (HF). We have previously shown that oxidative stress dependent on monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) activity in cardiomyocytes promotes mitochondrial damage, the formation of...
Article
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Inflammation is a physiological process by which the body responds to external insults and stress conditions, and it is characterized by the production of pro-inflammatory mediators such as cytokines. The acute inflammatory response is solved by removing the threat. Conversely, a chronic inflammatory state is established due to a prolonged inflamma...
Article
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Aging is a major risk factor in the development of chronic diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases. Age‐related organ dysfunction is strongly associated with the accumulation of senescent cells. Cardiac mesenchymal stromal cells (cMSCs), deemed part of the microenvironment, modulate cardiac homeostasis through their vascular differentiation po...
Article
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Ageing is the biggest risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Cellular senescence, a process driven in part by telomere shortening, has been implicated in age-related tissue dysfunction. Here, we address the question of how senescence is induced in rarely dividing/post-mitotic cardiomyocytes and investigate whether clearance of senescent cells atte...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ageing is the biggest risk factor for cardiovascular health and is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease. Cellular senescence, a process driven in part by telomere shortening, has been implicated in age-related tissue dysfunction. Here, we address the question of how senescence is induced in rarely dividing/post-mitotic card...
Article
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Cellular senescence, the irreversible cell cycle arrest observed in somatic cells, is an important driver of age‐associated diseases. Mitochondria have been implicated in the process of senescence, primarily because they are both sources and targets of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In the heart, oxidative stress contributes to pathological cardiac...
Article
Aims: Tenascin-C (TNC) is an endogenous danger signal molecule strongly associated with inflammatory diseases and with poor outcome in patients with cardiomyopathies. Its function within pathological cardiac tissue during pressure overload remains poorly understood. Methods and results: We showed that TNC accumulates after 1 week of transverse a...
Article
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Ageing is considered as a major risk factor for the development of chronic diseases. Among these, heart failure seems to be particularly important for both triggering and accelerating pathological ageing. In the present review, we give a general overview of the most relevant results concerning the mechanism of normal and premature senescence of car...
Article
A high-fat diet (HFD) induces metabolic disease and low-grade metabolic inflammation in response to changes in the intestinal microbiota through as-yet-unknown mechanisms. Here, we show that a HFD-derived ileum microbiota is responsible for a decrease in Th17 cells of the lamina propria in axenic colonized mice. The HFD also changed the expression...
Article
The mechanisms by which the heart adapts to chronic pressure overload, producing a compensated hypertrophy and eventually heart failure (HF) are still not well defined. We aimed to investigate the involvement of T cells in the progression to HF using transverse aortic constriction model (TAC). Chronic heart failure was associated with accumulation...
Article
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17β-Estradiol (E2) has been shown to regulate GM-CSF- or Flt3 ligand-driven dendritic cell (DC) development through estrogen receptor (ER) α signaling in myeloid progenitors. ERα regulates transcription of target genes through two distinct activation functions (AFs), AF-1 and AF-2, whose respective involvement varies in a cell type- or tissue-speci...
Article
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Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) produce large amounts of type I interferons (IFN-α/β) in response to viral or endogenous nucleic acids through activation of their endosomal Toll-like receptors (TLR-7 and TLR-9). Enhanced TLR-7-mediated IFN-α production by pDCs in women, compared with men, has been reported, but whether sex hormones, such as est...
Article
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Estrogens influence the incidence and the course of numerous immune or inflammatory diseases in humans and in experimental models. For instance, estrogens prevent the accumulation of granulocytes in acute inflammatory murine models, but the respective actions on neutrophil and eosinophil trafficking remain to be clarified. We demonstrate here that...
Article
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17Beta-estradiol (E2) has been shown to promote the expression of inflammatory mediators by LPS-activated tissue resident macrophages through estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) signaling. However, it remained to be determined whether E2 similarly influences macrophages effector functions under inflammatory conditions in vivo, and whether this action...
Article
Inflammatory processes play a critical role in myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and heart failure. The expression of the inflammatory chemokine osteopontin (OPN) is dramatically increased in cardiomyocytes and inflammatory cells during myocarditis and heart failure in human and animals. However, its role in the development of heart diseases is...
Article
The prevention of early atheroma by estrogens has been clearly demonstrated in all animal models and appears to be mediated through a direct action on the arterial wall rather than through an effect on the lipoprotein profile. The goal of the present study was to evaluate which cellular target is crucial in this beneficial action of estradiol. We f...
Article
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Factor associated with neutral sphingomyelinase activation (FAN) is an adaptor protein that constitutively binds to TNF-R1. Microarray analysis was performed in fibroblasts derived from wild-type or FAN knockout mouse embryos to evaluate the role of FAN in TNF-induced gene expression. Approximately 70% of TNF-induced genes exhibited lower expressio...
Article
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Full-length 66-kDa estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) stimulates target gene transcription through two activation functions (AFs), AF-1 in the N-terminal domain and AF-2 in the ligand binding domain. Another physiologically expressed 46-kDa ERalpha isoform lacks the N-terminal A/B domains and is consequently devoid of AF-1. Previous studies in cultu...
Article
Full-length 66-kDa estrogen receptorα (ERα) stimulates target gene transcription through two activation functions (AFs), AF-1 in the N-terminal domain and AF-2 in the ligand binding domain. Another physiologically expressed 46-kDa ERα isoform lacks the N-terminal A/B domains and is consequently devoid of AF-1. Previous studies in cultured endotheli...
Article
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Short-term exposure to 17beta-estradiol (E2) in vitro has been reported to decrease the production of proinflammatory cytokines by LPS-activated macrophages through estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-dependent activation of the PI3K pathway. In the present study, we confirm that in vitro exposure of mouse peritoneal macrophages to E2 enhanced Akt ph...
Article
1. Although hormonal therapy (HT) may increase the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke in postmenopausal women, epidemiological studies (protection in premenopausal women) suggest and experimental studies (prevention of fatty streak development in animals) demonstrate a major atheroprotective action of estradiol (E2). The understanding...
Article
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Dendritic cells (DC) are critical actors in the initiation of primary immune responses and regulation of self-tolerance. The steroid sex hormone 17 beta-estradiol (E(2)) has been shown to promote the differentiation of DO from bone marrow (BM) precursors in vitro. However, the estrogen receptor (ER) involved in this effect has not yet been characte...
Article
Whereas estradiol prevents fatty streak deposit in immunocompetent apoE-/- or LDLr-/- mice, it is totally ineffective in immunodeficient mice, underlining the key role of immunoinflammation in this effect. In the present work, the role of several major pro- and antiinflammatory cytokines involved in the atheromatous process was evaluated in the eff...
Article
Whereas hormonal replacement/menopause therapy (HRT) in post-menopausal women increases the coronary artery risk, epidemiological studies (protection in pre-menopaused women) suggest and experimental studies (prevention of the development of fatty streaks in animals) demonstrate a major atheroprotective action of estradiol (E2). The understanding o...
Article
Toll-like receptors (TLR) 2 are expressed in cardiac and inflammatory cells, and regulate leukocyte function. Because leukocyte adhesion is a critical event in endothelial injury induced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), we assessed whether TLR2 were involved in I/R-induced coronary endothelial injury. Ischemia-reperfusion markedly decreased NO-mediat...
Article
Whereas hormone replacement/menopause therapy (HRT) in postmenopausal women increases the coronary artery risk, epidemiological studies (protection in premenopaused women) suggest and experimental studies (prevention of the development of fatty streaks in animals) demonstrate a major atheroprotective action of oestradiol (E2). The understanding of...
Article
Whereas hormonal replacement/menopause therapy (HRT) in postmenopausal women increases coronary artery disease risk, epidemiological studies (protection in premenopaused women) suggest and experimental studies (prevention of the development of fatty streaks in animals) demonstrate a major atheroprotective action of estradiol (E2). The understanding...
Article
Full-text available
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease caused in most cases by autoantibodies against the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR). It is now well documented that many autoimmune diseases, including MG, are more prevalent in women than in men, and that fluctuations in disease severity occur during pregnancy. These observation...
Article
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Estrogen treatment has been shown to exert a protective effect on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), and is under clinical trial for multiple sclerosis. Although it is commonly assumed that estrogens exert their effect by modulating immune functions, we show in this study that 17beta-estradiol (E2) treatment can inhibit mouse EAE with...
Article
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Polycistronic retroviral vectors that contain several therapeutic genes linked via internal ribosome entry sites (IRES), provide new and effective tools for the co-expression of exogenous cDNAs in clinical gene therapy protocols. For example, tricistronic retroviral vectors could be used to genetically modify antigen presenting cells, enabling them...
Article
The majority of patients cannot benefit from the conventional curative treatments that are currently used for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which remains a world health problem. Interleukin (IL)-12 is one of the most potent anti-tumor cytokines. The aim of the present study was to examine the anti-tumor effect and toxicity of intrahepatic deliver...
Article
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CD70 and CD80 are co-stimulatory molecules which belong to the tumor necrosis factor family and the B7 family respectively. When they are co-expressed by gene-modified TS/A tumor cells, they provide an efficient protective and long-lasting T-dependent antitumor response. We first showed that when CD70 and CD80 were delivered in the tumor environmen...
Article
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CD70 and CD80 are co-stimulatory molecules which belong to the tumor necrosis factor family and the B7 family respectively. When they are co-expressed by gene-modified TS/A tumor cells, they provide an efficient protective and long-lasting T-dependent antitumor response. We first showed that when CD70 and CD80 were delivered in the tumor environmen...
Article
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As they should enhance tumor-specific antigen presentation by dendritic cells, tumor cell lines genetically modified to express CD154 molecules have been used in an attempt to induce protective antitumor immunity. Two murine models were used: the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I negative melanoma B16F10 and the MHC class I positive ma...
Article
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The expression of costimulatory molecules such as CD70 or CD80 by gene-modified tumor cells has been shown to enhance the antitumor immune response based mainly on T lymphocytes. However, most human tumors show defects of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) expression, preventing them from being recognized by MHC-restricted T cells. To investiga...
Article
The most common complication of cataract surgery is the development of posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Hyperplasia of the lens epithelium is one of the main cellular events following phacoemulsification and was found to be an important feature contributing to opacification of the posterior capsule. We investigated the feasibility of killing...
Article
The most common complication of cataract surgery is the development of posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Hyperplasia of the lens epithelium is one of the main cellular events following phacoemulsification, and has been found to be an important feature contributing to opacification of the posterior capsule. Adenoviral vector-mediated transfer i...
Article
CD70 (CD27 ligand (CD27L)), CD153 (CD30L), and CD154 (CD40L) are members of the tumor necrosis factor family of costimulatory molecules and expressed on the surface of T cells that are important for both T- and B-cell help. We examined the capacity for expression of these tumor necrosis factor family members on tumor cells to induce an antitumor re...
Article
The ability of tumors to grow in the presence of a functional immune system suggests that the host immune mechanisms have failed to detect and eliminate tumor cells. This failure does not result from the absence of recognizable tumor-associated antigens but rather from the inability of such antigens to efficiently stimulate the immune response or f...

Projects

Project (1)